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Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 
Lisa  Gitelman 
Gregory  Jankunis 
David  W.  Hutchings 
Leslie  Fields 

Theresa  M.  Collins 
Gregory  Field 
Aldo  E.  Salerno 
Karen  A.  Detig 
Lorie  Stock 

Robert  Rosenberg 
Director  and  Editor 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  Of  New  Jersey 
National  Park  Service,  Edison  National  Historic  Site 
New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
Smithsonian  Institution 

University  Publications  of  America 
Bethesda,  MD 

Edison  signature  used  with  permission  ofMcGraw-Edlsou  Company 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Papers 

Rutgers,  The  State  University 
endorsed  by 

National  Historical  Publications  and  Records  Commission 
18  June  1981 

Copyright  ©  1999  by  Rutgers,  The  State  University  ■  •  ■ 

All  rights  reserved.  No  part  of  this  publication  including  any  portion  of  the  guide  and  index  or  of 
the  microfilm  may  be  reproduced,  stored  in  a  retrieval  system,  or  transmitted  in  any  form  by  any 
means — graphic,  electronic,  mechanical,  or  chemical,  includingphotocopying,  recordhigor  taping, 
or  information  storage  and  retrieval  systems— without  written  permission  of  Rutgers,  The  State 
Uiuversity,  New  Brunswick,  New  Jersey. 

The  original  documents  hi  this  edition  are  from  the  archives  at  the  Edison  National  Historic  Site 
at  West  Orange,  New  Jersey. 

ISBN  0-89093-703-6 


Robert  A.  Rosenberg 
Director  and  Editor 

Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 
Associate  Director  and  Coeditor 

Paul  B.  Israel 

Managing  Editor,  Book  Edition 
Helen  Endick 

Assistant  Director  for  Administration 

Associate  Editors 
Theresa  M.  Collins 
Lisa  Gitelman 
Keith  A.  Nier 

Research  Associates 

Gregory  Jankunis 
Lorie  Stock 

Assistant  Editors 
Louis  Cariat 
Aldo  E.  Salerno 

Grace  Kurkowski 

Amy  Cohen 
Bethany  Jankunis 
Laura  Konrad 
Vishal  Nayak 

Student  Assistants 

Jessica  Rosenberg 
Stacey  Saelg 
Wojtek  Szymkowiak 
Matthew  Wosniak 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  National  Pork  Service 


Francis  L.  Lawrence 
Joseph  J.  Seneca 
Richard  F.  Foley 
David  M.  Oshinsky 
New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
Howard  L.  Green 

John  Maounis 
Maryanne  Gerbauckas 
Roger  Durham 
George  Tselos 
Smithsonian  Institution 
Bernard  Finn 
Arthur  P.Molelia 


James  Brittain,  Georgia  Institute  of  Technology 
R.  Frank  Colson,  University  of  Southampton 
Louis  Galambos,  Johns  Hopkins  University 
Susan  Hockey,  University  of  Alberta 
Thomas  Parke  Hughes,  University  of  Peimsylvania 
Peter  Robinson,  Oxford  University 

Philip  Scranton,  Georgia  Institute  of  Technology/Hagley  Museum  and  Library 
Merritt  Roe  Smith,  Massachusetts  Institute  of  Technology 


The  Alfred  P.  Sloan  Foundation 
Charles  Edison  Fund 
The  Hyde  and  Watson  Foundation 
National  Trust  for  the  Humanities 
Geraldine  R.  Dodge  Foundation 

National  Science  Foundation 
National  Endowment  for  the 

National  Historical  Publications  and 
Records  Commission 


Alabama  Power  Company 



Atlantic  Electric 

Association  of  Edison  Illuminating 

Battelle  Memorial  Institute 
The  Boston  Edison  Foundation 
Cabot  Corporation  Foundation,  Inc. 
Carolina  Power  &  Light  Company 
Consolidated  Edison  Company  of  New 
York,  Inc. 

Consumers  Power  Company 
Cooper  Industries 
Corning  Incorporated 
Duke  Power  Company 
Entergy  Corporation  (Middle  South 
Electric  System) 

Exxon  Corporation 

Florida  Power  &  Light  Company 

General  Electric  Foundation 

Gould  Inc.  Foundation 

Gulf  States  Utilities  Company 

David  and  Nina  Heitz 

Hess  Foundation,  Inc. 

Idaho  Power  Company 

IMO  Industries 

International  Brotherhood  of  Electrical 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Stanley  H.  Katz 
Matsushita  Electric  Industrial  Co.,  Ltd. 
Midwest  Resources,  Inc. 

Minnesota  Power 
New  Jersey  Bell 
New  York  State  Electric  &  Gas 

North  American  Philips  Corporation 
Philadelphia  Electric  Company 
Philips  Lighting  B.V. 

Public  Service  Electric  and  Gas  Company 

RCA  Corporation 

Robert  Bosch  GmbH 

Rochester  Gas  and  Electric  Corporation 

San  Diego  Gas  and  Electric 

Savannah  Electric  and  Power  Company 

Schering-Plough  Foundation 

Texas  Utilities  Company 

Thomas  &  Betts  Corporation 

Thomson  Grand  Public 

Transamerica  Delaval  Inc. 

Westinghouse  Foundation 
Wisconsin  Public  Service  Corporation 

A  Note  on  the  Sources 

The  pages  which  have  been 
filmed  are  the  best  copies 
available.  Every  technical 
effort  possible  has  been 
made  to  ensure  legibility. 


Reel  duplication  of  the  whole  or  of 
any  part  of  this  film  is  prohibited. 
In  lieu  of  transcripts,  however, 
enlarged  photocopies  of  selected 
items  contained  on  these  reels 
may  be  made  in  order  to  facilitate 

Edison  Manufacturing  Company  Records 
Journal  (1900-1926) 

This  journal  covers  the  period  May  1 900-February  1911,  with  additional 
entries  from  December  1911,  November  1917,  and  November  1926 
Chronological  entries  provide  information  about  transactions  posted  to  various 
accounts  and  recorded  in  the  corporate  ledger.  Included  are  entries  from 
February  1 91 1  detailing  the  sale  of  the  company's  property  rights  and  assets 
to  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc.,  for  $500,000  in  stock.  The  three  final  entries  are  in 
the  form  of  directors'  minutes  and  indicate  additional  stock  transactions 
between  the  two  companies  and  the  dissolution  of  the  Edison  Manufacturing 
Co.  in  November  1926.  The  spine  is  labeled  "29"  and  "Journal  Edison  Man’fg 
Co.  May  1900  -  Feby.  1911."  The  book  contains  601  numbered  pages-  it  has 
been  used  to  page  523. 

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Edison  Manufacturing  Company  Records 
State  and  Federal  Filings  (1902-1910) 

These  loose  pages  consist  of  annual  statements  filed  by  the  Edison 
Manufacturing  Co.  Included  are  statements  filed  with  the  New  Jersey  State 
Board  of  Assessors  (1902-1906);  the  federal  Census  of  Manufactures 
(1905, 1909);  the  State  of  New  Jersey  Bureau  of  Statistics  (1905, 1909);  and 
the  Internal  Revenue  Service  (1909-1910).  The  statements  provide 
information  regarding  capital  stock,  income,  labor,  and  expenses.  Also 
included  is  a  legal  brief  filed  in  1914  during  a  dispute  with  the  Internal 
Revenue  Service  over  the  company's  1909  and  1910  taxes. 



Thornes  A.  Edis 
J.E. Randolph, 
J.P.  Randolph,  S« 

on  .President 


Date  of  incorporation  Hay  8,1900 
Principal  Office  in  Hbw  Jersey-- 
City. or  .Town  ~rr  Orange  . .....  ■.  j 

Street  &■  Number  -3, else  side  Ave  &s  Valley  Road 
Name  of  Agent  in  charge  J.F. Randolph 
— — 000O000 - 


Trenton,  N.J. 

/  This  Report  must  show  existing  conditions  January  1st,  1902.  All 
of  the  following  questions  MUST  be  answered,  and  wherever  the  proper 
answer  is  "None"  cr  "Nothing",  it  should  be  so  stated. 

- 0 - 

?>rhat  is  the  amount  of  your  capital  stock  authorized? 

Into  how  many  shares  is  it  divided? 

How  many  shares  are  fully  paid,  either  in  cash  or  bv 
property  purchased? 

How  many  shares  are  partially  paid? 

What  is  the  amount  of  your  capital  stock  issued?  • 

P/hat  is  the  nature  of  the  bu&iness  cf  your  corporation?  Manufacturing 
batteries, Electric  and  other  appliances 
•  Is  your  corporation  engaged  in  manufacturing  or  mining?  Manufacturing 
If  so,  state  where,  A.  In  New  Jersey  New  Jersey 

City  or  Town  Belleville 

Street  and  number 
B.  Tf  in  oth?r  places, state  where 

City  or  town  _ 

Street  and  number-hake side  Ave  &  Valley  Road 
'•hat  is  the  total  amount  of  your  capital  stock  invested 
in  manufacturing  or  mining?  §590,000.00 

P.hat  is  the  amount  of  your  capital  stock  actually  em¬ 
ployed  in  manufacturing  or  mining  in  Hew  Jersey?  §500,000.00 

what  is  the  local  assessed  valuation  for  1901,  of  your 
■■  corporation's  real  and  personal  estate  used  in  manufa.cturin g 
or  mining  in  New  Jersey? 

Real  estate  .  §4,900.00 

Personal  5,000.00 


All  paid 

New  Jersey 

I,  the  undersigned  ,  do  hereby  certify  as  Treasurer  ofthe 
Edison  Manufacturing  Company,  that  the  foregoing  return  is  correct 
end  true 

- Witness 

J.F. Randolph 

Address  West  Orange,  N.J. 
— — ooOoo - 

The  above  certificate  is  made  in  conformity  with  section  3  of  the' 
act  of  April  13th,  1884,  which  provided  that  if  any  officer  of  any  com¬ 
pany  required  by -this -act  to  make  a  return;  shall  in  •suchrretum  make 
a  false  statement,  he  shall  be  deemed  guilty  of  perjury. 


Report  of  tile . 

Date  of  incorporation 
Principal  Office  in  New  Jers^] 

tc  Board  of  Assessors  of  New  Jersey  ut 

All  corporations  incorporated  under  the  laws  of  thii  sti 
ment  of  a  state  franchise  tax  assessed  upon  the  basis  of  gr 
board  of  assessors  on  or  before  the  first  Tuesday  of  May  in 
capital  stock  of  such  corporation  issued  and  outstanding  ot 

stock  issued  and  outstanding  in  excess  of  three  n 
license  fee  or  franchise  tax  of  one-twentieth  of  ot 
per  one  million  dollars,  or  any  part  thereof,  on  a 

cipts,  shall  make  annual  report  to  the  state 
»r,  juid  shall  state  therein  the  amottiU  of  the 

Sftise  Sfeatse  B©ai?d  ©H  J3ggeSS©PS. 

Trenton,  New  Jersey. 

This  Report  must  show  Existing  Conditions  January  ist,  1903.  A1.1.  of  tii: 


“None”  or  “Nothing,”  it  should  he  so  stated. 

1.  Wlmt  is  the  amount  of  your  capital  stock  authorized  ?  $  JxQlh  do  o  — 

2.  Into  how  many  shares  is  it  divided  ?  u  -  „  „  0 

3.  How  many  shares  are  fully  paid,  either  in  cash  or  by  property 

purchased.  p~oo  o _ 

4.  How  many  shares  are  partially  paid  ?  _ 

5.  What  is  the  amount  of  your  capital  stock  issued  ?  $  ~e  o  e  ®  o  °'~ 

6.  What  is  the  nature  of  the  business  of  your  corporation 

>r  purely  charitable  or  purely  educational  associations  not  conducted 

7.  Is  your  corporation  engaged  in  manufacturing  or  mining 

8.  If  so,  state  where,  A.  In  New  Jersey,  . 

City  or  Town,  . 

Street  and  number,  _ 

Ji.  If  in  other  places,  state  where, . 

City  or  Town,  . . O-t 

Street  and  number,  . 

9.  What  is  the  total  amount  of  your  capital  stock  invested  itt  manu¬ 
facturing  or  mining  ? 

10.  What  is  the  amount  of  your  capital  stock  actually  employed  in 
manufacturing  or  mining  in  New  Jersey  ? 

1 1.  What  is  the  local  assessed  valuation  for  1902,  of  your  corporation’s 
real  and  personal  estate  used  in  manufacturing  or  miniugin  New  Jersey  ? 


manufacturing  business;  if  any  i 
less  than  fifty  per  centum  of  its 
this  state,  such  company  shall  pa 
carrying  on  business  in  this  state 

apany  carrying  on  business  in  this  slate  shall  luv 
[standing,  invested  in  business  carried  on  with 
franchise  tax  herein  provided  for  companies  n< 

I,  the  undersigned,  do  hereby  certify  as 

. Company,  that  the  foregoing  return 

Slate  Board  of  Assessors  any  corporation  which  desires  to  appeal  to 
and  a  rc-adjustmcnt  of  the  tax  so  levied  must  file  with  said  Board 
:  of  assessment  a  petition  of  appeal,  duly  verified  according  to  law, 
:h  the  appeal  js  taken,  and  the  reasons  why  the  tax  is  considered  cxccs- 
is  not  filed  within  three  months,  the  right  of  appeal  to  the  State  Board 
been  waived  and  the  amount  of  tax  levied  shall  be  payable  and  col- 

rtijicatc  is  made  in  conformity  with  Section  j  of  the  act  of  April  iSth  rSSq, 
that  if  any  officer  of  any  company  required  by  this  act  to  make  a  return , 
'urn  make  a  false  statement,  he  shall  be  deemed  guilty  of  perjury. 


.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  PRESIDENT.  Date  of  Incorporation,  Hay  8,  1900. 

Principal  Office  in  Hew  Jersey: - 
J .  F ,  Randolph  TREASURER.  City  of  Town,  V/est  Orange. 

Street  ft  Humber,  lakeside  Ave., 

J , F.  Rand o 1 ph  SECRETARY ,  Valley  Road. 

Name  of  Agent  in  charge, 

J.  F.  Randolph. _ 


Trenton,  Hew  Jersey. 

This  Report  must  show  Existing  Conditions  January  1st.  1904.  All  of 
the  fol  1  owing  questions  MUST  be  answered,  and  wherever  the  proper 
answer  is  "HOME"  or  "NOTHING, "  it  should  be  so  stated. 

1 .  What  is  the  amount  of  your  capital  stock  authorised?  §500.000.00  .  .  . 

2.  Into  how  many  shares  is  it  divided?  5000 _ 

3.  How  many  shares  are  fully  paid,  either  in  chash 

or  by  property  purchased?  5.000-  _ 

4.  How  may  shares  are  partially  paid?  All  naid. 

5.  What  is  the  amount  of  your  capital  stock  issued?  §500. 000.00 

6  What  is  the  nature  of  the  business  of  your  Corporation?  Manufact-  . 
*  'lire  of  Batteries.  Electric  and  other,  appliances. 

7.  Is  your  Corporation  engaged  in  manufacturing,  or  mining?  Manufact 'ng, 

8.  If  so,  state  where,  A.  In  Hew  Jersey?  _ Hew  Jersey. _ 

City  or  Tpwn,  Belleville 

Street  and  number,  _ 

B.  If  any  other  places,  state  where,  Hev/  Jersey 
City  or  Town  West  Orange. 

Street  &  Humber.  Lakeside  Ave.  Valley  Road. 

9.  What  is  the  total  amount  of  your  capital  stock 

invested  in  manufacturing  or  mining?  _ §500,000.00  _ _ . 

10  What  is  the  amount  of  your  capital  stock  actually 

employed  in  Manufacturing  or  mining  in  Hew  Jersey?  §500,000.00 

11  What  is  the  local  assessed  valuation  for  1903  of  your 
corporation's  real  and  personal  estate  irsed  in 
manufacturing  or  mining  in  Hew  Jersey? 

____  Real  estate,  P>8,  000 _ _ 

“  'Personal',  *  '  $5 1.000  "j 

I,  the  undersigned,  do  hereby  certify  as  TREASURER  of  the 

EDISON  MANUFACTURING  COMPANY,  that  the  foregoing  return  is  correct 
and  true.  J.  F,  RAHDOLPH  (1.8.) _ 

ADDRESS.  West  Orange, ,H.J. 

A.  WESTEE,  Witnes s . 

The  above  certificate  is  made  in  conformity  with  Section  3  of  the  act 
of  April  18th,  1884,  which  provides  that  if  any  officer  of  any  company 
required  by  this  act  to  make  a  return,  shall  in  such  return  make  a 
false  statement,  he  shall  be  deemed  guilty  of  perjury. 

- 0 - - - 


Report  of  t ■!», 

.'!?'. fP.e&A-trt^r President.  Date  of  incorporation r^ta+/. .. &.-./. ,9 

/V  y  Principal  offico  in  New  Jerajy— 

Jffi:  •  SA-  ■Pr^s-.  .  Treasurer.  .  0 

-y  V  City  or  Town...<^;^./7/..^:..CT. -,..»,..,^.S....^.... 

.  <7?  ?Vw-.  .  Treasurer. 

/^ppf.^pfrTi-Apte^.  Secretary, 

Street  and  Numl)ortC^^R.S*.t3;A..<^.a,/2£,g^/«€^_ 
Name  of  Agent  in  eharg^^V^-tv.'rf=A^’-i^ 

0®G0  Sfeafee  B@apd  ©£  &sgess©i?s. 

This  Retort  must  show  Existing  Conditions  January  1st,  1005.  Alt,  op  tii 

“None”  or  “Nothing,”  it  should  nu  so  stated. 

1.  What  is  the  amount  of  your  capital  stock  authorized  ?  $  j/.o  p.  p.q  o 

2.  Into  how  many  shares  is  it  divided  ?  ... 

3.  How  many  shares  are  fully  paid,  either  in  cash  or  by  property 

purchased  ?  ..MlSfit*?.... 

4.  How  many  shares  are  partially  paid  1 

5.  What  is  the  amount  of  your  capital  stock  issued?  9aTp.q5ic>.  p.?t~ 

G.  What  is  the  nature  of  the  business  of  your  corporation  ? .  .«£.. . 

.^4^/TY  .  . .  f?. . 

7.  Is  your  corporation  engaged  in  manufacturing  or  mining 

8.  If  so,  state  whore,  A.  In  Now  Jersey  ?  . .  ■  •  y/ 

Street  and  number,  . . . . .  , 

B.  If  in  other  places,  stato  where . .  j 

City  or  Town,  .  .......  ! 

Street  and  number,  . . . «sCW|2* .y<Lt_<5LvA- . I 

9.  What  is  tho  total  amount  of  your  capital  stock  invested  in  manu-  (  1 

facturing  or  mining ?  5  i'Oq  qoo 

10.  AVhat  is  tho  amount  of  your  capital  stock  actually  employed  in  ^  B, 

manufacturing  or  mining  in  Now  Jorsoy  ?  O  P.  p.  0. .  “ 

11.  What  is  tho  local  assessed  valuation  for  1904  of  your  corporation’s  ' 

real  and  personal  estate  used  in  manufacturing  or  mining  in  New  Jersey  ?  00 

Real  estate,  § .7.)/. <>.<?.  .777. . 

Porsonal,  §.>^ 0.0.0. 

I,  tlie  undersigned,  do  hereby  certify  ns ... .  la.- 


is  correct  and  true.  g! 

X  P'  . of  the 

• . .  Company,  tliat  tho  foregoing  return 


cj&f.s  Ovy  .  .<Qw, 

The  above  certificate  is  made  in  conformity  with  Section  S  of  the  act  of  April  18tli,  188 j,  which 
provides  that  if  any  officer  of  any  company  required  by  this  act  to  make  a  return,  shall  in  such 
return  make  a  fake  statement,  he  shall  be  deemed  guilty  of  perjury. 

.President.  Date  of  incorporation. .  (Tr.  <"5!  «?,<?. . 
Principal  office  in  New  JersdyZ. 

?.  21 

City  or  Tom.. 
Street  and 

Name  of  Agent  in  charge.. 


s^jss^ssSdfi?  srsisi'S 

ranltal  "etoek,1teMdllan7ml^mlh!„1\^,M|'„  4"i?“ “«  P« «“um  on^U  amounS 
“oek  taiod and  outstandtaa ta  ™,S„!P  f  n”  ln,°'“din®  ,c  “““  ?£  “‘™>  ■”«Hlon  dollars:  on  all  sums  oE  capital 
..cense  fee  or  fraST $£?£  SS£ 

?^lZlCZ^  lS|8;,dando"Safd,i1n7.nCei-c«sUoE 

for^rofit^oi^manufa^turln^oTrn^nrn^corporatioM  a^loaat^'fif't1'  Ira'rClr  mSS 

“thaTfltW  p“r  "Sum  S^lta  Stal^'J^v01!  “*nl,“B  S>“I,“”y  “SB^'TbuSnmTu.i" state  sHinTave 

&S  2^,SSi,SLSS5fI-in 

sss?“.sr  ssMjsia  ^,^sa,52,s?,th: 

.  ..  .  At  w»  petition  oi  appeal  is  nc 

'shall  be  considered  and  treated  as  having  been 

i  appeal  Is  taken,  and  the  reasons  why  thorax  Is° considered °excos- 
t“lfiWlt'f.,tl,rce  mon?V1°  rlBllt  °£  "Wicnl  to  tlie  State  Board 
waived^  and  the  amount  of  tax  levied  shall  bo  payable  and  col« 

sEfise  Sfeafee  B©ai?d  ®§  &S3e&g®]?g. 

This  Rbvout  must  show  Exist: no  Conditions  January  1st,  1005.  Ar.i,  op  tii 

“Nonu”  oit  “  Nothino,”  it  siioui.n  nn  so  statisd. 

1.  What  is  the  amount  of  your  capital  stock  authorized ?  $ .^p.q,.  m  o ^ 

2.  Into  how  many  shares  is  it  divided  ?  ...  [q  ]L\ ' 

3.  I-Iow  many  shares  are  fully  paid,  either  in  cash  or  by  property 

purchased  ?  _  _  y~p  ©  .o  . 

.4.  How  many  shares  are  partially  paid ?  ‘ 

5.  What  is  the  amount  of  your  capital  stock  issued  ?  §  sTfeo?}  .o  o.°r?,- 

6.  What  is  thepaturo  of  the  business  of  vour  corporation 

«?&et&Xci±y  . (T.. . ' 

7.  Is  your  corporation  engaged  in  manufacturing  or  mining  ? 

8.  If  so,  state,  whore,  A.  In  Now  Jersey  ?  . . .  r'^Hv^K-.'^r^-Fy; 

Street  and  number, 

B.  If  in  other  places,  state  where,  . .  . 

City  or  Town,  . 

Street  and  number,  . 

9.  Wlmt  is  the  total  amount  of  your  capital  stock  invested  in  manu¬ 
facturing  or  mining?  ~  00 

10.  AVhat  is  the  am 

10.  AVhat  is  the  amount  of  your  capital  stock  actually  employed  in 

manufacturing  ortmining  in  Now  Jersey  ?  §vT<5  <?,  .c 

11.  AVhat  is  the  local  assessed  valuation  for  1904  of  your  corporation’s 
real  and  personal  estate  used  in  manufacturing  or  mining  in  Now  Jersey  ? 

Real  estate,  8 .  T) 

Personal,  $ .  .V.q  o. 

I,  the  undersigned,  do  hereby  certify  as . .•a^vf^.‘=f -i-^.d^fvi-r-rri 

. . .  .Company,  that  the  foregi 

is  correct  and  true.  CS  (y 

2  lie  above  certificate  is  made  in  conformity  with  Section  S  of  the  act  of  April  18th,  1884,  which 
provides  that  if  any  officer  of  any  company  required  by  this  act  to  make  a  return,  shall  in  such 
return  make  a  false  statement,  lie  shall  be  deemed  guilty  of  perjury. 

1905  AND  1909 

(E  96-165) 

Department  of  Commerce  end  Labor 
Bureau  of  the  Cenoue 

General  Schedule 

Name  of  establishment  r ^asphrrC o . 

Name  of  corporation,  firm,  or  individual  owner _ 

State  New  Jerse 
location  of  faotory^City  or  town 

County  Essex 

'Po  et  Office  Cl ^ 

o-o-j? ? .  Street  and  No »  ^ 

ZIZL  _ ^SL _ 

General  Office  at _ _ 

(Manufacturing  establishments  operated  the  same  corporation,  fin?,  < 
individual,  and  located  in  different  counties,  cities  oh  towns,  muBt  1 
separately  reported.) 

Washington,  D.C.,  January  3,1905. 

Under  the  Aot  of  Congress  approved  March  6,  1908,  the  Bureau  of  the  Census 
is  charged  with  the  duty  of  making  a  colleotion  of  the  statistics  of 
manufacturers  in  the  year  1905.  The  nature  of  the  statistics  and  the 
method  of  oolleoting  them  are  regulated  by  the  provisions  of  this  aot 
and  of  the  Aot  of  irarch  3,  1899 . 

The  canvass  is  to  be  made  under  the  supervision  of  77.  H.  Steuart, 
Chief  Statistician  for  Manufacturers 

The  information  returned  on  this  sohedule  should  cover  the  business 
year  of  the  establishment  most  nearly  conforming  to  the  year  ending 
December  31,  1904. 

will  be  made  in  the  Census  reports  disclosing  the  nameB  or  operations  of 
individual  establishments  in  any  particular,  AND  THE  INFORMATION  WILL  BE 

If  mining  or  other  business  is  carried  on  in  connection  with 
manufeo taring,  the  capital,  employees,  wages,  expenses,  products,  eto., 
reported  must  pertain  only  to  manufacturing. 

S.  N.  D.  NORTH, 

Director  of  the  census. 

Extract  from  Act  of  Congress,  March  3,  -1899: 

Section  88.-...  "And  every  president,  treasurer, secretary, director, agent, 
or  other  officer  of  every  corporation,  and  every  establishment  of  product¬ 
ive  industry,  whether  conducted  as  a  oorporate  body,  limited  liability 
company,  or  by  private  individuals,  from  which  answers  to  any  of  the 
schedules, inquiries,  or  statistical  interrogatories  provided  for  by  this 
Aot  or  herein  required,  who  shall, if  thereto  requested  by  the  Director, 
supervisor,  enumerator,  or  special  agent, willfully  negleot  or  refuse  to 
give  true  and  complete  answers  to  any  inquiries  authorized  by  this  aot,  or 
Shall  willfully  give  false  information,  shall  be  guilty  of  a  misdemeanor, 
and  upon  oonviotion  thereof  shall  be  fined  not  exceeding  ten  thousand 
dollars,  to  which  may  be  added  imprisonment  for  a  period  not  exceeding 
one  year." 


This  is  to  certify  that  the  information  oontained  in  this  sohedule  is 
complete  and  oorreot  to  the  best  of  ray  knowledge  and  belief,  and  covers 
the  period  from  _  y  _ ,1903  ,  to 

All  entries  must  "be  made  clearly  and  neatly  in  ink.  Amounts  and  values 
must  be  obtained  from  book  accounts,  if  such  aooounts  are  available. 

Each  question  i s  to  be  answered.  If  any  question  is  found  not  applicable 
and  no  amounts  are  reported,  write  the  word  "Hone"  Do  not  duplicate 
any  item  of  expense. 

a.  CHARACTER  OE  ORGANIZATION:  Designate  the  form  of  organization,  as  it 
existed  on  the  last  day  of  the  period  covered  by  the  report,  whether 
individual, firm,  limited  partnership, cooperative  association, incorporated 
company,  or  some  other  form. 

_  Incorporated  Company _ _ 

2.  CHARACTER  OE  INDUSTRY:  Specify  the  kind  of  goods  manufactured,  as,  for 
example,  cut  nails,  chairs,  leather  belting,  men's  clothing;  ofc  the  kind 
of  work  done,  as,  for  example, job  printing,maohine  shop  work.  Return  with 
the  schedule  a  card  or  other  printed  matter  describing  the  business. 

. <_-C- ■'&.  _ 

3.  CAPITAL  INVESTED — OWNED  AND  BORROWED:  The  answer  must  show  the  total 
amount  of  oapital,  both  owned  and  borrowed.  All  the  items  of  fixed  and 
live  capital  may  be  taken  at  the  an ounts  carried  on  the  books.  If  land 
or  buildings  are  rented,  that  fact  should  be  stafc  ed  and  no  valued  given. 
If  a  part  of  the  land  or  buildings  is  owned,  the  remainder  being  rented, 
the  fact  should  be  stsfc  ed  aid  only  the  value  of  the  owned  property  given. 
The  value  of  all  items  of  live  oapital,  bills  receivable,  unsettled 
ledger  accounts,  materials  on  hand,  stock  in  process  of  manufai  ture, 
finished  products  and  cash  on  hand,  etc.,  should  be  given  as  of  the  last 
day  of  the  business  year  reported. 

Land- _ $  2-3&*ao.  n  o 

Buildings  ....  t"  '*^-*^-*  - 

Machinery,  tools,  and  implements  g  Jo  s-  o  C- .  -o  C 

Bills  receivable,  unsettled  ledger  accounts,  raw  ' 

materials, stock  in  process  of  manufacture,  finished 

products  and  cash  on  hand,  and  other  sundries - - - §2.#^.  ->x  4 

Total  oapital - - - &S6Q4-4a.<i 

4.  Proprietors  and  firm  members:  Men,  number _ Women  .No. 

Give  the  number  of  proprietors  ea  d  firm  members, including  both  active 
and  silent  partners.  Dor.  not  inolude  stockholders  of  corporations. 



Total  amount 
;  Humber  .  paid  in  salaries 
during  the  year 

Salaried  officers  of  corporations - 

Superintendent  s, managers, foreman, clerks 
ahd  other  salaried  employees; 

Men - — - - - 

Women— — - - 

Total _ 

6,  Wage-earners,  including  pieceworkers: 
Do  not  include  salaried  employees 
reported  above . 



Greatest  lea^t  Ho, Total  amount 
Ho,  employemployed  paid  in  wages 
ed  at  any  at  any  during  year, 
one  time  one  I  time 
during  theduring  I 
year,  the 'year. 

Men  16  years  and  over — 
Women  16  years  and  over- 
Children  under  16  years- 

Total - 

L".  .^3. 


-MA pL7. ^ 

Salaries  and  wages  should  include  board  or  rent  furnished  as  part  com¬ 
pensation,  Foreman  receiving  wages  and  performing  work  similar  to  thfct 
of  the  men  over  whom  they  have  charge  are  to  be  reported  as  wage-earners. 
If  books  do  not  show  the  separate  amount  of  wages  paid  to  men,  women, 
and  children,  apportion  the  total  wages  for  the  year  upon  the  basis  of 
an  average  pay  roll.  Amount c's  paid  for  contract  work,  if  not  done  by 
the  regular  employees,  must  not  be  included  here,  but  reported  in 
answer  to  inquiry  8, 

DURIHG  EACH  MOHTH;  Do  not  include  proprietors  and  firm  members,  or  • 
salaried  officers, superintendents, managers, foremen,  or  clerks. 


men  16 
years  i 


Wnann  16 
&  over 

Children  ,;Men  16  i 

under  16  ■!  Month  j  years  & 
years-  over  1 

Women  16 
yearB  & 
tfwem.  ■ 

under  16 

January W 

VC  July  >5«3 




\ _ 

■September,,  qq 

April _ n_ 

•  i.  October  ,,  Qr’i 



n  \ 

i-  -Hoveniber"  .  --li 



" _  December  •,  L' 

i  n 


8.  MISCELLANEOUS  EXPENSES:  All  items  of  expense  incident  to  the  business 
not  accounted  for  under  inquiries  5,6  and  9  must  be  reported  here. 


_ _ 

Aiiount  < 

Amount  paid  for  rent  of  offices  and.  buildings  other 
than  the  factory  or  works,  and  for  interest, insurance, 
internal  revenue  tax,  ordinary  repairs  of  buildings 
and  machinery, advert I sing,  travelling  expenses,  and 
all  other  sundry  expenses  not  reported  under  the  head  { 

of  materials  y0tal  mine  all  one  ous  c2rxmco~  i 

Amount  paid,  if  any, for  contract  work — - - ? 

9.  MATERIALS  U3ED:  The  cost  of  ail  materials  used  during  the  year  must  be 
reported.  If  the  establishment  pays  freight  on  any  of  the  materials  used, 
and  the  amount  is  not  Included  in  their  cost,  report  the  amount  of  this 
freight  under  "Amount  of  freight, if  any,  paid  on  the  above." 

_ _ _ _ KIND _ _ _ 003T 

Used  in  raw  state:  Oive  the  name  and  the  cost  of  such 
materials  as  raw  cotton,  Iron  ore, etc.,  that  have 
undergone  no  process  of  manufacture. 

Used  in  partially  manufactured  form:  Include  materials 
that  have  passed  through  some  process  of  manufacture, 
such  as  pig  iron,  steel .leather, etc .  Give  the  name 
and  cost  of  the  principal  articles. 

Fuel _ _ . _  ■  _ 

Mill  Supplies:  Give  the  cost  of  lubricants, waste  and 

other  supplies  consumed  in  the  running  of  machinery - 

All  other  materials - 

Total  cost  of  all  materials - . - 

Amount  of  freight, if  any, paid  on  the  above, not 

included  in  the  cost - - - - - $- 

10.  PRODUCTS:  Give  the  total  value  or  price  at  the  factory  or  works  and 
account  for  all  products  manufactured  during  the  year,  including  by-products. 
The  principal  products  should  be  separately  enumerated  and  the  total  value 
given  for  each.  If  there  are  products  other  than  those  for  which  separate 
values  can  be  given,  they  should  be  enumerated  so  far  as  possible  and 
their  total  value  reported  under  "All  other  products".  The  amount 
received  for  odd  Jobs  must  be  given  as  "custom  work  and  repairing." 




All  other  products _ _ _  _  _ 

Amount  received  for' custom  WoriTeii'd'  repairing 
Total  value  of  all  products _ _ 

it:  cXA^ymy  m mwz  k?r  the 

ending  ^ 9 03 '  Distribute  employees  according  to 

actual  earnings  (not  rat 6 a)  for  one  week  only.  If  period  of  payment 
includes  two  weeks,  or  any  time  other  than  one  week, reduce  the  payroll 
to  a  weekly  basis  before  entering  the  figures  for  this  inouiry.  Do..: 
not  include  proprietors, firm  members,  officials,  superintendents, 
managers,  foremen,  or  clerks 

ken  16  Women  16  children 
EARNINGS  PER  WEEK.  yearB  and  years  and  under  1G 

_ ; _ Total _ over.No.  over,  HO.  yearB.NO. 

Under  §3  per  week  _ 23  S' 5  /  g- 

S3  and  over  .hut  under  84. "Tf^'4"  7  I  “  i  “  " 

§4  and  over, but  under  §5 _ <?  oo _ •?„  .  , ,  i _ ,, 

1*3  and  over  but  under  §6 _ 73P _ <r _ ,,  _ ,, 

6  and  over, but  under  8?  '  .  <>.-W2>5,.  )~3  "'  „ 

?  and  over  but  under  §8  -  irSrP-9-  '  y  '  ,,  '  ,, 

8  and  over  but  under  88 _ 3.-T3/ _ a  _ ,, _  ,, 

9  rnd  over  but  under  $10  1  g  la  *7-7  ■  >  p 

10  and  over  but  under  $12  ;  /  /  4  k.i  1  v  ,,  ,, 

12  and  over  but  under  S15  >U-a’ 73  t  o  ,,  ,, 

15  and  over  but  under  320  I  n  /  ff-jF  '  t?  '  ,,  „ 

20  and  over  but  under  325'  '  '  ao'i^y  / '  "  <;  ,, 

25  and  over _ ‘j\f-L‘42>  u 

Total  Number  _ _  _ - - — - — 

Total  wages  for  the  v/eeh  /yy  lT\„,  ^3  ~ 


Number  of  days  in  operation  during  the  year _ _ _ 3m~o 

Number  of  hours  per  day  (under  normal  conditions)  . .  /~3~ 

Nimber  of  hours  per  week  (under  normal  conditions)  JTir 

Extra  time  during  the  year, total  number  of  hours 


13.  POWER: 


Number  Total 

_ Horsepower. 

a.  Power  owned- 

Engines:  Steam  _ 

Gas  and  ga.Boline 

Water  wheels _ _ 

7/ate r  motors  _ _ _____ 

Electric  motors l  nm  by  current  generated  by 

establishment  reporting) _ 

Other  power (Specify  kind) 

h.  Power  rented  to  other  estahlishments,if  any 
Horsepower _ _ 

c.  Power  rented  from  other  establishments, if  any- 

Eloctric  power-Number  of  motors, _ ; total  horsepower 

of  motors _ _ 

Other  power-Klnd  _ Horsepower) ) ) ) ) 

Hame  and  address  of  establishment  supplying  the  power_ 

Srpartnintt  of  fflnmmrrn'  attii  Blalinr 

Dejiartnu'ttt  nf  Qlnutmrro  attii  Eiabnr 





1905  AND  1909 

State  of  New  Jersey. 



~~  .  •tfsnwu.c-a. 

{ x)Mame . . . 4^VKES4J3£-...A,VE  ,,, . 

Cl.  „„  „  W.'ORANRE  N  .  J. 

BE  FILED  AT  P-  o.  Address . 


-  THAN  APPIf  .  1g+  ~  Town  \or-CUy)  of..  .,..: . : . 

(2)  Kinds  of  Goods  Made  or  Work  Done. 

. . A.*Adgwxy . .^.....Soetei^aAtU. . (fysZ&tei <b?y . itkLx 

. . . . . . - . . . . 

Under  an  Act  of  the  Legislature  approved  March  23d,  1899,  the  Bureau  of  Statistics  is  charged  with  the 
duty  of  making  a  collection  and  compilation  each  year  of  the  statistics  of  manufactures  so  as  to  show  the  actual  con¬ 
dition  of  the  industries  of  the  State,  in  respect  to  form  of  management,  capital  invested,  material  used  and  goods 
produced,  number  of  persons  employed,  wages  paid,  and  such  other  information  indicated  by  the  questions  on  the 
blank  as  may  be  necessary  to  show  the  trend  of  industrial  activity  in  New  Jersey  from  year  to  year. 

The  questions  to  be  answered  have  been  reduced  to  the  least  possible  number  consistent  with  the  object  to  ' 
be  attained.  / 

All  answers  will  be  held  ABSOLUTELY  CONFIDENTIAL.  No  publication  will  be  made  in  the  Bureau’s 
reports  disclosing  the  names  or  operations  of  individual  establishments  in  any  particular  whatever;  the  information 
will  be  used  only  for  the  statistical  purposes  for  which  it  was  given. 

Parties  filling'  out  this  schedule  must  certify  that  the  answers  are  correct.  COMPLETE  AND  CORRECT 
RETURNS  PROMPTLY  MADE  will  enable  this  office  to  issue  its  reports  expeditiously. 

.  •  -  - . . . - .  . —  .  .  W.  C.. GARRISON, _ _ 

James  T.  Morgan,  Chief. 



Section  2.  Any  owner,  operator,  lessee,  manager  or  superintendent  of  an  establishment  or  industry  in  which 
labor  is  employed  within  this  state,  who  willfully  neglects  to  fill  such  blank  within  the  time  allowed  for  doing  so, 
or  who  refuses  to  fill  such  blank,  shall  forfeit  for  every  such  delay  or  refusal  the  sum  of  fifty  dollars,  to  be  recovered 
in  a  court  of  competent  jurisdiction  by  an  action  in  which  the  state  shall  be  represented  by  the  chief  of  the  bureau 
of  statistics  of  labor  and  industries  as  plaintiff.  ' 


or,  for  the  Last  FINANCIAL  YEAR,  Ending  in  1909,  for  this  Establishment. 

1909  AND  1910 



Dale  received .  jgj 



(Section  2,  Act  of  Congress  approved  October  3, 1913.) 


...  RfTURNOF  NET  INCOME  received  during  Ihe  |  Sg/f”^|  year  ended  A^txLsc^ . t3  / . .  7 qqj 

by - -  . 

Yf  (N«no  of  corporation,  Joint  Block  company,  or  naaodatloo") . 

the  principal  place  of  business  of  which  is  located  at _ ^  „ _ 

wry  or  1  own  of . . in  the  State  of _ 7Z*~US~\Lr  f . 

(The  “year”  as  hereinafter  nsed  means  the  calendar  year  or  fiscal  year  as  the  case  may  lx# 

2.  Total  amount  of  bonded  and  other  indebtedness  outstanding  at  close  of  year . . .  a  £  ?  &~(o  /  . 

3.  Gross  Income  (see  Note  A,  and  instructions,  paragraphs  10,  17,  18,  19,  22,  and  23) .  it  %S7y0y3.  /  / 

a)  total  amount  of  all  the  ordinary  and  necessary  expenses  paid  within 

the  year  in  the  maintenance  and  operation  of  the  business  and  prop- 
erties  ot  the  corporation  exclusive  of  interest  payments  (see 
Note  B  and  paragraph  23) . . .  ^  S  2  <2  &  3  J 

b)  All  rentals  or  other  payments  required  to  be  made  as  a  condition  to  —*** 

the  continued  use  or  possession  of  the  property  (see  paragraph  12 

on  reverse  of  this  form) . _ . ...  g  _ _ 7_ _ ,  ■ 

insurance  or  otherwise . .  . .  .•  ^  ^ 

(6)  Total  amonnt  of  depreciation  for  the  year  (see  paragraphs  13  and  14) .  $ _ U^SjULfff.. •_  'J.Si 

'6.  (a)  Total  amount  of  interest  accrued  and  paid  within  the  year  on  an 
^enatbLn^ng^debtednlL'S^0^  e?tce!ed£,^one^haIfd?f  the  ot  its 

... _ "-s ,  / 1 zi.’/f 

(b)  Total  amount  of  interest  received  upon  the  obligations  of  a  State  or  . 

political  subdivision  thereof,  and  upon  the  obligations  of  the  United 

•7.  (a)  Total  taxes  paid  duringthe  year,  imposed  under  authority  of  the  United 
States  or  any  State  or  Territory  thereof . . . 

!(, '  £/.  /<•) 

T°f\  ®EDVCT1i°KS: ' ' : . $ MjclLj£qJ^o_ 


D  subscribed  to  before  me  this  „ _ _ _ 





Revenue  on  or  before  March  I,  or  within  EO  Assessment  List .... 



(Section  2,  Act  of  Congress  approved  October  3, 1913.) 


RETURN  OF  NET  INCOME  received  during  the \C^ar\  year  ended j> J  3/  „  75/ « 

the  principal  place  of  business  of  whicnis  located  at 
City  or  Town  of........<QtUza^^<?L^ . 

U,ty  or  Town  . . : . a  the  State  of  . . L  Qj>.s>  . 

(The  "year”  ns  hereinafter  used  means  the  calendar  year  or  fiscal  year  ns  the  case  raaj/)>2) 

1*  Total  amount  of  paid-up  capital  stock  outstanding  at  close  of  the  year,  or  if  no  capital  stock  the 
■  capital  employed  in  the  business  at  the  close  of  the  year . ............  tfOO  Oeg/i,  0j0 

a.;  Total  amount  of  bonded  and  other  indebtedness  outstanding  at  close  of  year .  $  <9  <3  C>  n  P. 

).  Gross  Income  (see  Note  A,  and  instructions,  paragraphs  10,  17,  18,  19,  22,  and  23) . 


:.  (a)  Total  amount  of  all  the  ordinary  and  necessary  expenses  paid  within 
the  year  in  the  maintenance  and  operation  of  the  business  and  prop- 
erties  of  the  corporation  exclusive  op  interest  payments  (see  „  .  , 

,1F°t0?1and  paragraph  23).... .  %  3  &,  (>  /  Z  Z .  L  *(■ 

(b)  All  rentals  or  other  payments  required  to  he  made  as  a  condition' to  . . 

the  continued  use  or  possession  of  the  property  (see  paragraph  12 

on  reverse  of  this  form)  .  0 - . 

to.  I*  J 

(6)  Total  amount  of  depreciation  forthe  year  (see  paragraphs  13  and  14).  $ _ fL.Zi.'Sla.TJ.  ■ 

'■  (°)  Total  amount  of  interest  accrued  and  paid  within  the  year  on  an 
amount  of  bonded  or  other  indebtedness  not  exceeding  one-half  of  the  sum  of  its 

business  at  the  clrao'^Mh?  “tre*C“diDS  1116  lunount  of  “P‘b>>  employed  in  tho  /  $  L  9  ■  T jT 

(6)  Total  amount  of  interest  received  noon  the  obltoatinns'of  a  sintiTr  . 

political  subdivision  thereof,  and  upon  the  obligations  of  the  United 
States  or  its  possessions.  . . . . . 

States  or  any  State  or  Territory  thereof . . .  $_ . 

(i^eiieign-tosi^ . . .  $  t  tt_/  O  <f  .  £,0 

Total  Dedocttons . . .  .  *  X  O  Q  £,  Off.  £2, 

on  which  tax  at  l'pbt 

to  above  blank  spaces  for  figures  ehonld  show  tl 

aU° sources *"hy  tfmTa^corporatkm  d^ring^he f  ver, deceived' from 

whSK  1  net  lncom0  “  "*  forth  “  full  amount  upon 

Sworn"  Ap  subscribed  to  before  -me  thia 

,nJ  17™.®  deductions  authorized  shall  inoludo  all  expense  items  under  the  various  heads  acknowledged  ns  liabilities  hv  tho  conioration  mnkine  the  return 



Brief  on  Behalf  of 

Edison  Manufacturing  Company. 

and  1910. 



Washington,  D.  C. 


The  Edison  Manufacturing  Company  has  Been  re¬ 
quested  By  your  office  to  consent  to  an  assessment  for  the 
years  1909  and  1910  of  any  and  all  taxes  imposed  By  Seat! on 
38  of  the  Act  of  Congreso  approved  August  5,  1909.  Such 
an  assessment  was  Barred  By  the  statute  of  limitations. 

But  the  Edison  Manufacturing  Company  has  waived  its  rightB 

I  under  the  statute. 

The  only  item  in  dispute  1b  the  sum  of  $75,000. 
paid  to  Mr.  Edison  during  eaoh  of  the  years  in  question. 

I  am  informed  By  the  Internal  Revenue  Agent  at  New  York 
that  your  office  is  willing  to  allow  payments  of  $50,000. 
per  annum  to  Mr.  Edison  as  salary  for  the  years  in  question 
so  that  the  only  controversy  Between  your  office  and  the 
Edison  Manufacturing  Company  is  that  the  Company  claims  that 
the  payment  of  $75,000.  to  Mr.  Edison  for  each  of  these 
years  was  properly  made  as  salary  for  hiB  services,  whereas 
your  office  contends  that  only  $50,000.  per  annum  oould  Be 
properly  so  paid  and  that  a  tax  of  one  per  oent  should  Be 
paid  upon  the  remaining  $85,000.  which  would  make  a  total 
of  $600.  for  the  two  years  in  question  to  Be  covered  By 
the  new  assessment. 

As  to  the  nature  of  the  services  rendered  by  Mr. 
Edison,  I  would  state  that  the  business  oonduoted  by  the 
Edison  Manufacturing  Company  during  the  period  in  question 
consisted  in  the  manufacture  and  sale  of  motion  picture 
films,  projecting  machines  and  acoessories,  and  primary 
batteries  and  accessories.  This  business  was  founded  by  Mr. 
Edison  and  oonduoted  by  him  as  an  individual  during  the 
years  from  1894  to  1900  under  the  name  Edison  Manufacturing 
Company  and  in  1900  the  business  was  incorporated  under  the 
same  name.  The  business  wbb  built  up  entirely  through  Mr. 
Edison's  efforts  and  the  goods  dealt  in  were  invented, 
developed  and  improved  by  him.  The  payments  objeoted  to  by 
your  office  for  1909  and  1910  were  merely  a  continuation  of 
payments  in  1907  and  1908  for  the  same  amount.  During  the 
years  1907  to  1910  inclusive,  Mr.  Edison  was  actively  en¬ 
gaged  in  directing  all  the  operations  of  the  Edison  Manu¬ 
facturing  Company  including  experimentation  and  the  develop¬ 
ment  of  its  products,  he  being  also  the  president  of  the 
Company  and  passing  upon  all  matters  of  an  important  charac¬ 
ter  such  as  the  making  of  sales  contracts  and  the  develop¬ 
ment  and  oarrying  on  of  the  commercial  end  of  the  business. 
Mr.  Edison  was  present  at  his  office  and  laboratory  practi¬ 
cally  every  day  during  the  years  in  question.  The  faot 
that  similar  payments  were  madd  for  1907  and  1908  shows 
conclusively  that  the  payments  made  to  Mr.  Edison  in  1909 
and  1910  were  not  made  for  the  purpose  of  reducing  the 
exaise  tax  of  the  Edison  Manufacturing  Company  but  were  made 
as  in  prior  years  for  services  rendered. 

It  is  difficult  to  understand  how  anyone  oan 
seriously  contend  that  the  servioes  of  Mr.  Edison  are  not 
worth  |76,000.  per  year.  It  is  well  known  that  Mr.  Edison 
even  when  a  very  young  man  in  his  twenties  was  capable  of 
earning  and  did  earn  much  larger  sums  than  this.  Por 


instanoe,  during  the  year  1876  he  disposed  of  certain  in¬ 
ventions  for  $100,000.  to  the  Western  Union  Telegraph  Co. 
and  a  short  time  after  he  received  the  same  amount  for  in¬ 
venting  the  Elect romotograph.  It  is  safe  to  say  that  these 
amounts  were  earned  hy  labor  whioh  did  not  consume  anyv/here 
near  a  year.  (Edison,  HiB  Life  and  Inventions.  Haiper  Bros. 
New  York  1910  pp  180-183).  Mr.  Edison  worked  about  ten 
years  in  inventing  and  perfecting  the  incandescent  lamp  and 
the  Edison  direct  current  system  of  electric  lighting  which 
were  instantly  successful  from  a  commercial  standpoint  and 
resulted  directly  in  the  formation  of  enormously  profitable 
electric  light  companies  throughout  the  United  states ,  some 
of  whioh  undoubtedly  pay  munifioent  salaries  to  their 
presidents,  and  oertainly  the  creator  of  this  art  would  be 
competent  to  hold  a  position  p£  this  character. 

It  is  believed  that  the  Collector  of  internal 
Revenue  has  been  influenced  in  this  matter  largely  by  the 
fact  that  Mr.  Edison  was  the  owner  of  practically  all  of  the 
capital  stock  of  the  Edison  Manufacturing  Company  during  the 
years  in  question  and  that  he  has  failed  to  take  into  con¬ 
sideration  the  fact  that  Mr.  Edison's  services  would  command 
a  very  high  figure  in  the  open  market  if  they  were  for  sale. 
How  can  anyone  doubt  that  Mr.  Edison,  in  case  he  desired  to 
accept  a  salaried  position  from  a  oompany  not  owned  by  him¬ 
self  .  would  receive  bona  fide  offers  of  suras  vastly  in  ex- 
oess  of  $76,000.  per  annum  for  the  benefit  of  his  inventive 
genius  even  apart  from  the  value  of  his  name  in  connection 
with  the  perfecting  and  marketing  of  manufactured  goods? 

It  is  estimated  by  persons  in  a  position  to  know 
that  the  industries  whioh  have  arisen  as  the  direot  result 
of  Mr.  Edison's  inventions  together  with  others  whose  growth 
has  been  aided  by  his  inventions  are  represented  in  the  Unite, 
States  alone  by  a  capitalization  of  *6,727,000,000,  employ 
■  -3- 

1  . 

^ - 1  -  -  t 

680,630  persons,  and  earn  annually  $1,077,000,000. 

(Edison His  Life  and  Inventions  p.  703).  In  view  of 
these  figures  it  seems  unreasonable  to  hold  thst  Mr. 

Edison  is  not  capable  of  performing  work  which  is  worth 
$75,000.  per  year. 

It  is  thought  thio  matter  should  be  reconsidered 
and  that  upon  suoh  reconsideration  it  should  be  found  that 
the  payments  made  to  Mr.  Edison  considered  as  salary  are 
not  excessive  and  that  the  original  assessment  should 

Respeotfully  Submitted, 


By  — - - 

General  Counsel. 

Dated;  Orange,  New  Jersey 
September  /2s  1914. 

Edison  Manufacturing  Company  Records 
Profit  and  Loss  Statements  (1899-1911) 

These  unbound  statements  consist  of  profit  and  loss  reports  for  the 
period  March  1899-February  1911.  Each  statement  provides  summaries  of 
costs,  sales  revenues,  and  inventories  at  the  end  of  accounting  periods.  The 
products  covered  include  primary  batteries,  projecting  kinetoscopes,  fan 
motors,  and  films.  The  fiscal  year  beginning  in  March  1900  is  presented  in  two 
statements:  one  for  March  1 , 1 900-May  8, 1 900,  and  the  other  for  May  8, 1 900- 
March  1,  1901.  The  statements  for  the  fiscal  years  ending  February  1909- 
February  1 91 1  are  each  presented  on  two  sheets. 

togomw/.  'Lf.jM.Qt  -  3i. 

[REDUCTION  RATIO  =  18:1] 






The  Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate,  Ltd.  (EOMS  or  the  Syndicate)  was 
organized  in  London  on  February  24,  1898,  to  exploit  Edison's  ore  milling 
patents  in  all  countries  except  the  United  States  and  Canada.  The  founding 
directors  included  Edison  and  Herman  E.  Dick,  a  son  of  A.  B.  Dick  and  later  the 
foreign  agent  in  promoting  Edison's  storage  battery.  As  the  Syndicate's 
technical  advisor,  Edison  served  as  the  official  designer  of  the  company's  ore 
concentration  works,  but  EOMS  was  led  principally  by  London-based  interests, 
notably  Sir  Joseph  Lawrence,  M.P.,  chairman  of  the  Linotype  and  Machinery 
Co.,  Ltd. 

EOMS  used  Edison's  patents  and  ore  milling  designs  when  developing 
iron  deposits  in  the  Dunderland  River  valley,  near  Mo,  Norway.  The  Standard 
Construction  Corp.,  Ltd.,  was  organized  on  February  27,  1902,  as  the 
engineering  contractor  for  the  Dunderland  project.  On  April  25,  1902,  the 
Dunderland  Iron  Ore  Co.,  Ltd.,  was  incorporated  to  acquire  the  Dunderland  iron 
deposits,  control  Edison's  ore  milling  patents  in  Norway  and  Sweden,  and 
operate  the  Norwegian  ore  concentration  plant.  The  Syndicate  also  tried  to 
promote  the  use  of  Edison's  patents  and  milling  processes  in  diamond 
crushing,  gold  separation,  and  cement  manufacturing.  By  1 902  EOMS  included 
leading  representatives  of  the  British  iron  industry,  such  as  Sir  David  Dale  and 
George  Ainsworth  of  the  Consett  Iron  Works  and  Edward  W.  Richards,  past 
president  of  the  Iron  and  Steel  Institute.  Several  EOMS  members  were 
prominent  in  South  Africa,  notably  William  Rhodes,  a  nephew  of  Cecil  Rhodes, 
and  Charles  D.  Rudd  of  DeBeers  Consolidated  Mines. 

The  Dunderland  Iron  Ore  Co.,  Ltd.,  went  into  receivership  in  1908,  and 
EOMS  entered  liquidation  in  1 909.  Thereafter  Edison’s  involvementwas  limited 
mostly  to  the  discussion  of  the  project's  failure  and  his  liability  for  EOMS  debts. 
In  1910  the  Dunderland  company  emerged  from  receivership  with  a 
reconstituted  board  of  directors,  and  by  1914  it  was  known  as  the  New 
Dunderland  Iron  Ore  Co.,  Ltd. 

The  following  categories  of  documents  have  been  selected:  letters  by 
and  to  Edison;  letters  bearing  his  marginalia  or  otherwise  reflecting  his  direct 
involvement;  items  concerning  corporate  documentation,  including  prospec¬ 
tuses,  proceedings,  articles  of  association,  and  agreements;  and  a  sample  of 

inquiries  related  to  storage  batteries.  The  following  categories  of  documents 
have  not  been  selected:  requests  for  payment;  copies  of  patents;  documents 
relating  to  Edison's  British  patent  applications;  routine  ore  analyses  and 
inquiries  about  storage  batteries;  letters  of  transmittal  and  acknowledgment; 
letters  pertaining  to  the  family  and  personal  business  of  Herman  E.  Dick.  Other 
unselected  material  includes  a  magnetic  survey  of  the  British  Isles  conducted 
on  Edison's  behalf;  a  report  on  iron  mines  in  Algeria  by  Theodore  Lehmann; 
and  a  progress  report  on  railway  and  harbor  work  for  the  Dunderland  Iron  Ore 
Co.,  Ltd. 

The  records  are  arranged  in  four  series:  (1)  Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate 
Ltd.;  (2)  Dunderland  Iron  Ore  Company,  Ltd.;  (3)  Standard  Construction 
Corporation,  Ltd.;  and  (4)  bound  volumes.  A  finding  aid  for  the  archival  record 
group  is  available  at  the  Edison  National  Historic  Site.  Related  material  can  be 
found  in  the  Document  File  Series  and  General  Letterbook  Series,  as  well  as 
in  the  Edison  Portland  Cement  Company  Records  (Company  Records  Series) 
and  the  New  Jersey  and  Pennsylvania  Concentrating  Works  Records  ( Thomas 
A.  Edison  Papers:  A  Selective  Microfilm  Edition,  Part  III). 

Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate,  Ltd.,  Files.  These  records  cover  the 
period  1889-1911,  with  most  of  the  documents  dating  from  1899-1907.  They 
consist  of  correspondence,  reports,  agreements,  financial  statements,  ore 
analyses,  and  legal  opinions.  The  records  pertain  to  the  planning,  organization, 
capitalization,  operations,  and  failure  of  the  Syndicate.  Included  are  items 
relating  to  mining  surveys,  magnetic  separation,  and  briquetting,  as  well  as  the 
cost,  design,  and  operations  of  the  Dunderland  project.  Some  of  the  letters 
concern  the  inspection  of  Edison's  technologies  at  the  New  Jersey  Zinc  Co. 
and  the  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co.  Also  included  is  material  regarding  the 
development  of  Edison's  cement  patents  in  Europe;  the  marketing  of  his 
storage  battery  abroad;  and  the  promotion  of  his  ore  separation  process  in  an 
Australian  gold  enterprise. 

Dunderland  Ore  Milling  Company,  Ltd.,  Files.  These  records  coverthe 
period  1900-1917,  with  most  of  the  documents  dating  from  1902-1906.  They 
consist  of  correspondence,  reports,  proceedings,  promotional  material,  and 
other  documents  relating  to  the  development,  operation,  liquidation,  and  revival 
of  the  Dunderland  ore  milling  project.  Some  of  the  material  pertains  to  Edison's 
briquetting  experiments.  There  are  also  documents  concerning  interviews  with 
Edison  at  the  West  Orange  laboratory  and  inspections  of  the  cement  works  at 
Stewartsville,  New  Jersey. 

Standard  Construction  Corporation,  Ltd.,  Files.  These  records  cover 
the  period  1 902-1 904.They  consist  of  correspondence,  articles  of  association, 
proceedings  from  shareholders'  meetings,  and  other  documents  relating 
primarily  to  the  design  and  construction  of  the  Dunderland  works.  A  few  items 
pertain  to  briquetting  and  the  installation  of  magnets.  Some  of  the  material 
concerns  operations  at  the  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co. 

Bound  Volumes.  These  records  cover  the  period  1900-1908.  They 
consist  of  letterbooks,  experimental  notebooks,  and  other  bound  items  relating 
primarily  to  the  design  and  construction  of  the  Dunderland  works.  The  two 
letterbooks  contain  outgoing  correspondence  by  Edison  and  Herman  E.  Dick 
pertaining  to  the  Dunderland  project,  storage  batteries,  and  cement.  Included 
are  instructions  from  Edison  to  draftsman  William  Simpkin  regarding  the  plant 
and  machinery  at  Dunderland,  as  well  as  some  comments  concerning 
briquettes.  A  volume  labeled  "Experiments"  was  used  primarily  by  an 
unidentified  author  for  notes,  drawings,  calculations,  and  reports  relating  to 
experiments  with  ores.  It  also  contains  one  page  of  notes  and  calculations  by 
Edison  pertaining  to  a  sight-feed  experiment.  Another  volume,  used  primarily 
by  Simpkin,  includes  cost  estimates  for  construction  and  equipment  at  the 
Dunderland  works.  A  third  volume,  used  primarily  by  Edison,  contains  notes 
and  drawings  regarding  the  construction  of  the  Dunderland  works  and 
operations  at  Edison's  cement  works  in  Stewartsville,  New  Jersey. 


These  records  cover  the  period  1889-1911 ,  with  most  of  the  documents 
dating  from  1899-1 907.  They  consist  of  correspondence,  reports,  agreements, 
financial  statements,  ore  analyses,  and  legal  opinions.  The  records  pertain  to 
the  planning,  organization,  capitalization,  operations,  and  failure  of  the 
Syndicate.  Included  are  items  relating  to  mining  surveys,  magnetic  separation, 
and  briquetting,  as  well  as  the  cost,  design,  and  operations  of  the  iron 
concentration  plant  in  the  Dunderland  region  of  Norway.  Some  of  the  letters 
concern  the  inspection  of  Edison's  technologies  at  the  New  Jersey  Zinc  Co. 
and  the  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co.  Also  included  is  material  regarding  the 
development  of  Edison's  cement  patents  in  Europe;  the  marketing  of  his 
storage  battery  abroad;  and  the  promotion  of  his  ore  separation  process  in  an 
Australian  gold  enterprise. 

Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate,  Ltd.,  Files  -  Patents  (1889-1903) 

[not  selected] 

This  folder  contains  British  patent  specifications  relating  to  magnetic  ore  separation  and 
crushing  rolls.  Copies  of  Edison’s  patents  are  included. 

Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate,  Ltd.,  Files  -  Correspondence  (1898) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  rights  of  EOMS 
and  to  Edison's  ore  milling  patents  in  Great  Britain  and  Continental  Europe.  The  letters,  written 
mostly  to  Edison,  are  primarily  from  Edward  H.  Beazley,  secretary  of  EOMS;  Herman  E.  Dick,  a 
director  of  the  Syndicate;  and  Richard  N.  Dyer,  Edison's  patent  attorney.  Included  are  a  Syndicate 
prospectus,  an  agreement  regarding  its  rights  to  develop  Edison's  ore  milling  patents,  and  legal 
opinions  pertaining  to  the  status  of  Edison's  patent  in  Britain. 

Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate,  Ltd.,  Files  -  Patent  Applications  (1898) 

[not  selected] 

This  folder  contains  documents  relating  to  Edison's  British  patent  applications  for  magnetic 
ore  separation  and  briquetting  processes.  Most  of  the  documents  concern  the  issue  of  previous 
disclosure,  arising  particularly  from  published  articles,  including  one  appearing  in  the  British 
periodical  Engineering  (November  12, 1897). 

Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate,  Ltd.,  Files  -  Correspondence  (1899) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  Edison's  ore  milling 
technologies  and  to  surveys  of  mining  properties  in  Norway.  There  are  a  few  items  by  Edison,  but 
most  of  the  correspondence  is  by  Theodore  Lehmann,  an  experimenter  and  mining  surveyor  who 
evaluated  ore  at  the  Dunderland  Mine  with  Henry  Louis,  professor  and  consulting  engineer.  Other 
correspondents  include  Edward  H.  Beazley,  secretary  of  EOMS.  Some  of  the  letters  propose  the 
use  of  Edison's  crushing  machinery  in  the  diamond  industry.  One  letter  pertains  to  the  hematite  and 
phosphorous  content  of  ore.  Also  included  is  a  report  by  the  directors  of  EOMS  to  its  members. 

Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate,  Ltd.,  Files  -  Patent  Assignment  (1899) 

This  folder  contains  one  document,  dated  October  1 6, 1 899,  assigning  control  of  Edison's 
ore  milling  patents  to  EOMS  in  all  countries  except  the  United  States  and  Canada. 

Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate,  Ltd.,  Files  -  Correspondence  (1900) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  business  of 
EOMS,  its  development  of  the  Dunderland  iron  deposits,  and  the  use  of  Edison's  cement  patents 
by  the  Associated  Portland  Cement  Manufacturers,  Ltd.,  a  British  cement  concern.  Most  of  the 
letters  are  to  orfrom  Edison.  Among  the  other  correspondents  are  Herman  E.  Dick,  a  directorof  the 
Syndicate,  and  several  EOMS  officials,  including  Francis  Hungerford  Pollen,  managing  director;  J. 
Hall,  Jr.,  and  Edward  H.  Beazley,  secretaries;  and  Sir  Joseph  Lawrence,  chairman.  There  is  also 
some  material  by  Theodore  Lehmann,  experimenter  and  mining  surveyor. 

The  documents  dealing  with  the  Dunderland  ore  milling  project  include  an  undated  plan  for 
the  works  in  Edison's  hand,  along  with  other  items  concerning  his  decision  to  favor  direct 

investment  over  licensing.  Also  included  are  analyses  of  magnetic  concentrates,  a  financial 
statement,  an  announcement  regarding  the  increased  capitalization  of  EOMS,  and  a  list  of 
Syndicate  shareholders.  In  addition,  there  are  letters  to  and  from  Joseph  D.  Baucus  and  Frank  L. 
Roudebush,  promoters  of  Edison's  separation  process  in  a  gold  mining  enterprise  nearCoolgardie, 
Australia.  Related  notes,  calculations,  and  drawings  in  Edison’s  hand  pertain  to  the  costs  and 
capacity  of  the  proposed  Australian  mill. 

Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate,  Ltd.,  Files  -  Correspondence  (1901) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence,  reports,  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  business 
of  EOMS  and  its  development  of  the  Dunderland  iron  deposits.  Most  of  the  letters  are  to  or  from 
Edison.  Among  the  other  correspondents  are  Herman  E.  Dick,  a  directorof  the  Syndicate,  and  other 
EOMS  officials,  such  as  Francis  Hungerford  Pollen,  managing  director;  J.  Hall,  Jr.  and  Edward  H. 
Beazley,  secretaries;  and  Sir  Joseph  Lawrence,  chairman.  Included  are  Edison’s  instructions  for 
designing  the  iron  concentration  plant  at  Dunderland,  along  with  undated  notes  by  Edison  regarding 
the  estimated  costs  of  labor  and  materials.  Afewletters  request  Edison’s  presence  in  England  and 
Norway.  Other  documents  pertain  to  ore  analyses,  potential  mill  sites,  surveys  by  Theodore 
Lehmann,  and  the  depletion  of  iron  deposits  in  Spain. 

Also  included  is  a  report  on  magnetic  hematite  separation  written  by  E.  Windsor  Richards, 
a  Syndicate  member  and  consultant,  following  his  visit  with  Edison  at  West  Orange  and  his 
inspection  of  Edison's  installations  at  the  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co.  and  the  New  Jersey  Zinc  Co. 
In  addition,  there  are  two  evaluations  by  Professor  Henry  Louis,  engineering  consultant,  pertaining 
to  briquettes;  and  a  report  by  Theodore  Turretini,  adesignerofwaterpowerinstallations  at  Niagara 
Falls  and  Geneva,  Switzerland,  concerning  the  Renfossen  Waterfall  at  Dunderland  as  a  source  of 

Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate,  Ltd.,  Files  -  Correspondence  (1902) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence,  reports,  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  business 
of  EOMS  and  its  development  of  the  Dunderland  iron  deposits.  Many  of  the  letters  are  to  or  from 
Edison.  Among  the  other  correspondents  are  Herman  E.  Dick,  a  directorof  the  Syndicate;  Francis 
Hungerford  Pollen,  managing  director;  J.  Hall,  Jr.,  secretary;  and  George  Ainsworth,  a  Syndicate 
member.  Included  are  letters  dealing  with  patent  infringement,  briquetting  methods,  and  ore 
analyses.  Other  items  concern  the  development  of  the  cement  business;  the  sending  of  samples 
of  South  African  gold  to  Edison;  and  the  appointment  ofWilliam  Rhodes,  a  nephew  of  Cecil  Rhodes, 
as  a  director  of  EOMS  and  the  Standard  Construction  Corp.,  Ltd.  Also  included  are  a  report  of  a 
Syndicate  meeting  and  a  pamphlet  entitled  "Dunderland  Iron  Ore  Company,  Limited." 

Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate,  Ltd.,  Files  -  Correspondence  (1903) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence,  reports,  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  business 
of  EOMS  and  its  development  of  the  Dunderland  iron  deposits.  The  principal  correspondents  are 
Edison;  Herman  E.  Dick,  adirectoroftheSyndicateandforeignagentforEdison's  storage  battery; 
and  J.  Hall,  Jr.,  secretary  of  EOMS.  Some  of  the  letters  deal  with  a  stock  transaction  between 
Edison  and  John  H.  Harjes  of  Paris.  Also  included  are  items  regarding  efforts  to  promote  Edison’s 
cement  patents  in  Europe;  a  report  of  a  Syndicate  meeting;  and  several  letters  referring  to  the 
accidental  death  of  Edward  A.  Darling,  chief  engineer  at  Edison’s  cement  works  in  Stewartsville 
New  Jersey. 

Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate,  Ltd.,  Files  -  Correspondence  (1904) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  business  of 
EOMS  and  its  development  of  the  Dunderland  iron  deposits.  Among  the  correspondents  are 
Herman  E.  Dick,  a  director  of  the  Syndicate,  and  Stephen  Hungerford  Pollen,  secretary  of  EOMS. 
Included  is  a  letter  regarding  the  capitalization  of  EOMS,  along  with  a  circular  to  the  shareholders 
of  the  Dunderland  Iron  Ore  Co.,  Ltd. 

Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate,  Ltd.,  Files  -  Correspondence  (1905) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  business  of 
EOMS  and  its  development  of  the  Dunderland  iron  deposits.  Among  the  correspondents  are 
Herman  E.  Dick,  a  director  of  the  Syndicate  and  foreign  agent  for  Edison's  storage  battery,  and 
Walter  S.  Mallory,  vice  president  of  the  Edison  Portland  Cement  Co.  Included  are  items  pertaining 
to  stock  matters  and  to  the  Syndicate's  efforts  to  develop  Edison's  cement  patents.  Also  included 
is  a  report  of  a  Syndicate  meeting. 

Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate,  Ltd.,  Files  -  Correspondence  (1906) 

[not  selected] 

This  folder  contains  letters  of  transmittal  regarding  payments  to  Edison  as  a  director  of 
EOMS.  Also  included  is  a  letter  acknowledging  receipt  of  a  financial  statement. 

Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate,  Ltd.,  Files  -  Correspondence  (1907) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  relating  to  operations  at  the  ore  concentration  plant 
at  Dunderland.  Also  included  are  items  pertaining  to  Edison’s  cement  works  at  Stewartsville,  New 
Jersey;  problems  with  slag  cement;  and  the  foreign  marketing  of  storage  batteries.  Most  of  the 
letters  are  by  Edison  and  William  Simpkin,  his  former  draftsman.  As  an  engineer  for  the  Standard 
Construction  Corp.,  Ltd.,  Simpkin  was  responsible  for  executing  Edison's  designs  at  Dunderland. 

Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate,  Ltd.,  Files  -  Correspondence  (1908) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  receivership  of 
EOMS  and  to  the  status  of  Edison's  ore  milling  patents  in  Great  Britain,  Continental  Europe,  Africa, 
and  Australia.  The  letters,  written  mostly  to  Edison,  are  primarily  from  J.  Hall,  Jr.,  secretary  of 
EOMS.  Also  included  is  a  report  regarding  the  financial  affairs  of  the  Dunderland  Iron  Ore  Co.,  Ltd. 

Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate,  Ltd.,  Files  -  Correspondence  (1909) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  liquidation  of 
EOMS.  The  principal  correspondents  are  Edison;  Frank  L.  Dyer,  general  counsel  of  the  Legal 
Department;  Herman  E.  Dick,  a  director  of  the  Syndicate;  and  J.  Hall,  Jr„  secretary  of  EOMS. 
Many  of  the  letters  deal  with  Edison's  legal  obligations  in  regard  to  calls  for  capital  from  EOMS 
shareholders.  Also  included  are  items  regarding  the  disposition  of  Edison's  ore  milling  patents  in 
Great  Britain,  Continental  Europe,  Africa,  and  Australia;  and  a  report  from  the  board  of  directors 

Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate,  Ltd.,  Files  -  Correspondence  (1910) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  liquidation  of 
EOMS.  Most  of  the  letters  are  by  Frank  L.  Dyer,  general  counsel  of  the  Legal  Department,  and 
George  Croydon  Marks,  Edison's  patent  agent  in  London.  The  letters  deal  with  Edison's  legal 
obligations  regarding  additional  callsfor  capital  from  EOMS  shareholders,  as  well  as  the  disposition 
of  his  ore  milling  patents  in  Great  Britain,  Continental  Europe,  Africa,  and  Australia.  Also  included 
are  a  "Statement  of  Facts'1  concerning  the  history  of  the  Syndicate  and  Edison's  dispute  with  its 
liquidator;  and  minutes  from  an  EOMS  shareholders'  meeting. 

Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate,  Ltd.,  Files  -  Correspondence  (1911) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the  liquidation  of 
EOMS.  Most  of  the  letters  are  by  Frank  L.  Dyer,  general  counsel  of  the  Legal  Department,  and 
George  Croydon  Marks,  Edison's  patent  agent  in  London.  The  letters  deal  with  Edison's  legal 
obligations  regarding  additional  calls  for  capital  from  EOMS  shareholders. 

Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate,  Ltd.,  and  Related  Companies 
Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate,  Ltd.,  Files  -  Correspondence  (1898) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
the  rights  of  EOMS  and  to  Edison's  ore  milling  patents  in  Great  Britain  and 
Continental  Europe.  The  letters,  written  mostly  to  Edison,  are  primarily  from 
Edward  H.  Beazley,  secretary  of  EOMS;  Herman  E.  Dick,  a  director  of  the 
Syndicate;  and  Richard  N.  Dyer,  Edison's  patent  attorney.  Included  are  a 
Syndicate  prospectus,  an  agreement  regarding  its  rights  to  develop  Edison's 
ore  milling  patents,  and  legal  opinions  pertaining  to  the  status  of  Edison's 
patent  in  Britain. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
documents  not  selected  include  a  magnetic  survey  report  on  the  British  Isles 
by  Samuel  G.  Burn,  who  conducted  the  survey  on  Edison's  behalf. 

Private  and,  Confidential. 


CAPITAL,  £100,000  in  1,000  Shanes  of  £100  each. 

Issue  of  340  Shares  of  £100  each  payable:  25  per  cent,  on  application  and 
'  balance  on  allotment. 


This  Syndicate  has  been  formed  for  the  purpose  of  acquiring  the  patent  rights  in 
all  countries  (except  the  United  States  and  Canada)  of  Thomas  Alva  Edison,  of  Orange, 
New  Jersey,  U.S.A.,  in  his  Process  for  Ore-Milling  and  Crushing;  and  also  his  rights  in 
the  various  features  of  his  Crushing  plant  itself,  which  is  suitable  for  the  Gold,  Silver,  and 
General  Mining  business. 

For  the  purpose  of  efficiently  dealing  with  a  business  of  this  magnitude  in  Europe 
and  the  Colonies  it  has  been  found  necessary  to  form  a  parent  Syndicate. 

It  may  or  may  not  be  necessary  to  form  separate  Companies  for  each  Country,  as  in; 
some  cases  the  royalty  system  may  be  adopted.  Thus,  in  the  United  States,  Mr.  Edison, 
reports  that  he  has  taken  Orders,  and  is  now  furnishing  complete  Crushing,  Conveying  and 
Screening  Plants  for  the  Milling  of  Gold,  Silver,  Copper  and  Zinc  Ores;  the  order  for  the 
Zinc  Plant  being  from  the  New  Jersey  Zinc  Company,  a  Corporation  with  S3, 000, 000  of 
Capital,  and  well  known  in  Europe. 

Enquiries,  for  example,  have  been  received  from  Germany  (from  the  Metallurgische 
Gesellschaft  of  Frankfort,  who  also  want  a  Mill  like  that  now  being  built  for  the  New 
Jersey  Zinc  Company);  from  Russia,  from  Prince  Lapoukhine  Demidoff;  Korsoua 
(Government  of  ICieff);  also  from  Sweden,  South  Africa,  etc.,  etc. 

In  the  event,  however,  of  separate  Companies  having  to  be  formed  considerable 
expenditure  will  have  to  be  incurred  in  Government  registration  fees,  legal  expenses, 
patent  fees,  and  in  advertising  prospectuses,  and  also  in  defraying  the  cost  of  obtaining 
technical  and  expert  reports,  surveys,  &c.,  and  in  covering  the  cost  of  journeys  to- 
America  and  elsewhere,  for  the  purpose  of  verifying  data  of  all  kinds,  geological  and 
mechanical,  also  obtaining  latest  commercial  results. 

Dr.  John  Hopkinson,  F.R.S,  C.E,  M.I.M.E.,  Past  President  of  the  Institution  of 
Electrical  Engineers,  one  of  the  £1,000  Subscribers  to  the  Syndicate,  has  been  engaged  to  visit 
America  for  the  purpose  of  inspecting  and  reporting  upon  Mr.  Edison’s  Ore-Milling  plant, 
situate  at  Edison,  New  Jersey. 

Professor  Edward  ITull,LL.D.,  F.R.S.,  F.G.S.,  and  late  Director  of  the  Royal  Geological 
Society  of  Ireland  (who  lias  spent  the  greater  part  of  his  life  in  making  Geological  Surveys 
in  Great  Britain  and  Ireland)  has  reported  the  existence  of  enormous  bodies  of  Magnetite 
in  England,  Scotland  and  Ireland.  A  full  copy  of  his  Report  can  be  seen  on  application  at 
the  Solicitor’s  Office  by  intending  Subscribers. 

The  Purchase  Price  for  the  patent  rights  above  mentioned  has  been  fixed  at  the  sum 
of  £8o,coo,  payable  as  to  ,£14,000  in  cash  and  the  balance  of  £66,000  by  the  issue  to  Mr. 
Edison  and  his  partners  of  660  fully-paid  Shares,  leaving  £20,000  working  capital 
available.  Three  hundred  and  forty  Shares  are  now  offered  for  subscription. 

An  Agreement,  dated  the  20th  day  of  June,  189S,  embodying  the  terms 
•of  the  purchase,  has  been  entered  into,  between  - Thomas  Alva  Edison,  Sigmund 
Bergmann  and  Herman  Ernest  Dick,  of  the  one  part  and  Edwin  Henry  Beasley, 
:as  Trustee  for  and  on  behalf  of  this  Syndicate,  of  the  other  part  Under  this  agreement 
this  Syndicate  has  also  the  option,  at  any  time  within  two  years  from  the  date  thereof,  of 
purchasing  from  the  Vendors  170  of  their  Shares  in  this  Syndicate  at  £400  per  £100  Share. 
This  option  has  been  asked  for  by  the  Syndicate,  although  Mr.  Edison  desired  to  retain  as 
Jarge  a  holding  in  Shares  as  he  could  get. 

Intending  Subscribers  to  the  proposed  Syndicate  are  required  to  fill  up  the  attached 
form  accompanied  by  a  cheque  for  25  per  cent  deposit  on  the  nominal  value  of  the  Shares 
applied  for,  such  Application  Form  and  cheque  to  be  sent  to  the  Bank  of  Messrs.  Child  &  Co., 
No.  1,  Meet  Street,  London,  E.C.,  to  the  credit  of  the  "Edison  Ore-Milling  Syndicate, 

Among  the  first  Directors  proposed  and  willing  to  serve  on  the  Board  of  the  Syndicate 
are  Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison  and  Mr.  Herman  E.  Dick  (co-owner  with  Mr.  Edison) 
together  with  the  following  gentlemen  chosen  from  the  first  list  of  promised  subscribers  of 
^1,000  each,  viz. : — 

Mr.  J.  Lawrence,  (Chairman  of  the  Linotype  Company,  Limited,  and 
also  Chairman  of  the  Machinery  Trust,  Limited),  and; 

Mr.  Roger  VV.  Wallace,  Q.C.,  (Chairman,  British  Aluminium  Co.,  Limited; 
Director,  Westminster  Electric  Supply  Corporation,  etc,  etc); 

with  Mr.  H.  R.  Scmettau  (of  Messrs.  Hays,  Schmettau  &  Ancrum),  actingas  Solicitor. 

No  promotion  money  has  been  paid,  or  intermediaries  engaged  between  the  Inventor 
(and  his  partners)  and  the  proposed  Syndicate,  but  in  consideration  of  services  to  be 
rendered  by  Mr.  Lawrence  and  Mr.  Wallace  as  Directors,  the  Vendors  have  agreed  to  give 
each  of  these  gentlemen  25  Shares  out  of  the  purchase  price,  which  they  will  accept 
»n  lieu  of  Directorial  fees  from  the  Syndicate  for  two  years  from  the  date  hereof.  It  follows 
from  this,  that  all  the  profits  of  re-sale  of  the  patents  or  the  Syndicate’s  business  will  fall  to 
the  Members  of  this  Syndicate  in  proportion  to  their  respective  holdings. 

By  Order , 


Temporary  Registered  Office: 

No.  31,  Aiichurch  Lane, 

Lombard  Street,  E.C. 

20th  June,  1898. 


For  Private  Distribution  Only. 


Cbe  Ore=l»il!ing  and  Crushing  process : 

This  Process,  which  is  Mr.  Edison's  latest  and  most  successful  Invention,  is 
described  in  the  various  Scientific  Journals  of  England  and  America  (copies  of  articles 
submitted  herewith)  ns  one  calculated  to  revolutionise  the  Mining  business  of  the . 

To  the  Iron  Industry  of  Great  Britain  it  is  of  especial  and  national  importance. 

Mr.  Edison  states  that  lie  has  himself  been  engaged  for  four  years  at  an  expenditure  of 
about  £400,000  in  demonstrating  the  feasibility  of  his  Crushing  Process,  and  that  it  has 
now  reached  the  state  when  it  is  not  only  commercially  practicable,  but  highly 
remunerative  as  an  investment. 

Mr.  Edison  is  already  known  to  the  world  for  his  successful  inventions  in  the  field  of 
electric  lighting  and  electricity  generally.  He  has  embarked  on  nothing  that  had  not 
great  commercial  possibilities  in  it,  and  upon  which  he  had  not  spent  his  own  time  and 
money  up  to  the  point  of  perfection.  He  tests'  his  inventions  before  offering 
them  to  the  public.  He  takes  the  bulk  of  his  interest  or  reward  in  shares  which  are 
dependent  upon  realised  results  for  dividends.  His  partners  do  the  same. 

And  as  for  users,  the  South  African  gold  mines  afford  one  indication  of  the  large 
field  open  for  the  supply  of  crushing  machines.  Mr.  Dick,  Mr.  Edison’s  partner,  states  that  in 
the  Transvaal  a  sum  estimated  at  ^5, 000,000  sterling  is  represented  by  crushing  plant  alone. 

The  Edison  Ore-Milling  System  is  believed  tobe  incomparably  superior  to  this  latter  class 
of  plant,  as,  according  to  the  returns  furnished  by  Mr.  Edison,  it  is  at  this  moment  crushing 
ores  at  one-tenth  of  the  cost  of  any  known  process,  while  Mr.  Edison  claims  that  the  plant 
itself  is  much  less  costly  to  buy,  and  is  simpler  in  principle  and  construction  than,  any  other. 

Mr.  Edison’s  patents  cover,  in  addition  to  the  patents  for  the  above  process,  his 
separate  rights  for  crushing,  conveying,  screening,  briquetting  and  drying  machinery.  The 
methods  governed  by  these  various  patents  are  so  far  in  advance  in  point  of  economy  of 
the  methods  used  in  existing  crushing  systems,  that,  in  their  entirety,  they  give  to  any 
Syndicate  or  combination  of  Capitalists  who  acquire  ail  the  patents  a  commanding  position 
m  the  Ore-Milling  and  Crushing  business.  Mr.  Edison  states  that  in  addition  to  Metals, 
there  are  many  Mineral  and  other  Industries  (to  the  number  of  30)  to  which  the  Crushing 
Plant  is  applicable. 

In  the  United  States,  for  example,  Mr.  Edison  reports  that  he  has  taken  orders,  and  is 
now  furnishing  complete  Crushing,  Conveying  and  Screening  Plants  for  the  Milling 
of  Gold,  Silver,  Copper  and  Zinc  ores;  the  order  for  the  sine  plant  being  from  the 
New  Jersey  Zinc  Co.-a  Corporation  with  $3,000,000  of  capital  and  well  known  in  Europe.  • 

The  details  of  the  specific  application  of  Mr.  Edison's  invention  to  the  Iron  Milling 
Industry  can  be  gleaned  from  the  accompanying  printed  Scientific  descriptions.  From 
these  reports  it  will  be  seen  that  in  that  section  of  the  field  of  operations  alone  Mr.  Edison 
has  crushed  large  quantities  of  rock  experimentally.  Mr.  Dick  and  his  Surveyor 
(Mr.  Hum)  now  in  England  state  that  the  total  quantity  so  crushed,  up  to  the  1st  May,  1898, 
was  from  400,000  to  500,000  tons. 

Mr.  Dick  states  that  the  daily  quantity  of  rock  now  being  crushed  is  from  4,000  to 
5,000  tons;  and  that  Mr.  Edison  is  engaged  upon  drawings  for  erecting  a  mill  capable  of 
treating  10,000  tons  per  day. 

Mr.  Edison  states  that  he  is  now  making  a  nett  profit  of  about  Seven  shillings  a  ton 
on  the  concentrates.  His  crushings  yield  about  23  per  cent,  of  concentrates  which  assay 
68  per  cent,  of  pure  metallic  iron.  This  Iron  Ore  is  recognised  as  the  highest  quality  of 
ore  on  any  market 

Taking  the  nett  output  from  (say)  4,500  tons  of  rock  as  equal  to  1,035  tons  of 
concentrates  per  day,  or  310,500  tons  per  (working)  year,  a  profit  of  £108,670  per  annum 
"ou’d  bc  realised  This  P^t  °n  an  entire  capital  expenditure  of  *400, 000  is  equal  to 
27  per  cent,  per  annum.  But  much  of  this  expenditure  was  experimental,  and  it  Is 
estimated  that  a  similar  plant  could  be  built  to-day  for  £150,000. 

Full  written  details  of  this  expenditure,  under  every  head,  in  Mr.  Edison’s  own 
handwriting  is  in  the  hands  of  Mr.  H.  R.  Schmettau  (of  the  firm  of  Hays,  Schmettau  and 
Ancrum,  Solicitors),  31,  Abchurch  Lane,  London,  E.C.. 

f  D,V°hn  H°pk!nSOn’  ER’S”  CE”  Past  President  of  the  Institution  of 

Electrical  Engineers,  has  been  engaged  to  visit  America’ for  the  purpose  of  inspecting  and 
reporting  upon  Mr.  Edison’s  Ore-Milling  plant,  situate  at  Edison,  New  Jersey. 


Professor  Edward  Hull,  LL.D.,  F.R.S.',  F.G.S.,  and  late  Director  of  Royal  Geological 
Society  of- 1  reland,  who  hasspent  the  greater  part  of  his  life  in  making  Geological  Surveys 
in  Great  Britain  and  Ireland,  has  made  a  preliminary  report  confirming  the  existence  of 

•enormous  bodies  of  Magnetite  in  England,  Scotland  and  Ireland.  Professor  Hull’s  Report 

is  in  the  hands  of  Mr.  Schmettau,  from  whom  all  further  details,  including  information  as  to 
the  private  Syndicate  of  Capitalists  now  being  organised  to  exploit  the  patents  can 
Be  obtained. 

A  supply  of  large  photographs  of  Mr.  Edison’s  Ore-Milling  Works,  at  Edison,  New 
Jersey  (U.S.A.),  is  in  the  hands  of  Mr.  Edwin  H.  Beasley,  Secretary  to  the  Provisional 
Syndicate,  at  Ins  temporary  office,  care  of  the  Machinery  Trust  Limited,  189,  Fleet  Street, 
London,  E.C. 

June,  1898. 

*~V  c 


t£~ .  /T^' & 

C^^-0-*^-0^-0  •  ^c^MTVO 

/U^s .  cx . 


(Hv,  /  a  ^  _^x>.  ca_  — ,  Tv^  ^-a 

"  „ 
f&  eH^sa^trTs^  (3e*Ja^y  , 



AH  AGREEMENT  made  the  20th  day  of  June  1898  BETWEEN,  THOMAS 

ALVA  EDISON  of  the  Town  of  Orange  County  of  Essex  and  State  of  New  Jersey  in 
the  United  States  of  America  SIGMUND  BERGMANH  of  the  Borough  of  Manhattan 

City  and  State  of  Hew  York. in  the  United  States  of  America  and  HERMAN  ERNEST 

DICK  of  Chicago  United  States  of  America  (hereinafter  called  "the  Vendors")  of 

the  one  part  and  EDWIN  HENRY  BEAZLEY  of  189  Fleet  Street  in  the  City  of 

London  on  behalf  of  the  Syndicate  below  mentioned  (which  Syndicate  is  herein¬ 

after  referred  to  as  "the  Syndicate")  of  the  other  part  WHEREAS  the  Vendors 

are  entitled  to  the  patents  now  granted  or  applied  for  particulars  of  which 

and  of-  the  inventions  to  which  the  same  relate  and  the  Countries  within  which 

the  same  have  been  granted  or  applied  for  are  contained  in  the  Schedule  hereto 

AND  WHEREAS  a  Syndicate  to  be  called  the  Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate  Limited 
is  about  to  be  formed 'under  the  Joint  Stock  Companies  Acts  1862  to  1893  having 
for  its  objects  amongst  other  things  the  acquisition  and  working  of  the  said 

patents  AND  WHEREAS  the  Memorandum  and  Articles  of  Association  of  the 

Syndicate  have  with  the  privity  of  the  Vendors  been  already  prepared  AND 

WHEREAS  the  nominal  Capital  of  the  Syndicate  is  to  be  £100,000  to  be  divided 

into  1,000  Shares  of  £100  each.  AND  WHEREAS  by  the  said  Articles  of 



Association  it  is  provided  that  the  Syndicate  shall  immediately  after  the 

incorporation  thereof  adopt  the  Agreement  therein  referred  to  being  these 

presents  NOW  IT  IS  HEREBY  AGREED  as  follows 

1.  THE  Vendors  shall  sell  and  the  Syndicate  when  incorporated  shall 


(a).  The  several  letters  patent  set  out  in  the  Schedule  hereto 
together  with  all  rights  and  emoluments  thereto  belonging 
including  the  right  to  apply  for  the  extension  of  the  term 
of  any  of  the  said  Letters  Patent. 

.  (b).  All  rights  in  respect  of  any  applications  for  Letters  Patent 

set  out  in  the  said  Schedule  together  with  the  right  to 
complete  the  said  applications  for  Letters  Patent  or  at  the 
Syndicate's  pption  to  call  upon  the  Vendors  or  any  persons 
through  whom  they  claim  to  complete  the  said  Letters  Patent  and 
subsequently  to  execute  formal  assignments  of  the  same  to  the 
Syndicate  who  shall  then  hold  the  same  together  with  the  rights 
profits  and  emoluments  thereto  belonging  including  the  right 
aforesaid  of  applying  for  the  extension  of  the  term  of  any  of 
the  said  Letters  Patent  granted. 

(c).  The  right  to  apply  for  Letters  Patent  for  the  inventions 

protected  by  the  Letters  Patent  or  applications  set  out  in  the 
Schedule  hereto  in  all  countries  in  the  world  where.  Patents 
may  have  already  been  granted  for  the  same  except  the  United 
States  of  America  and  Canada  and  to  hold  the  said  Letters 
Patent  when  granted  to  the  purchasers  absolutely, 

Id).  All  rights  of  the  Vendors  to  and  in  any  inventions  or 

improvements  upon  the  inventions  the  subject  matter  of  the 
Patents  in  the  Sohedule  set  out  including  the  right  to  take 
out  patents  for  the  same  in  all  countries  in  the  world  other 
than  the  United  States  of  America  and  Canada  and  to  hold  the 



said.  Letters  Patent  when  granted  to  the  Syndicate  absolutely. 

2.  _AS_  consideration  for  the  said  sale  the  Syndicate  shall  pay  to  the 

Vendors  the  sum  of  £80,000  as  to  £14,000  part  thereof  in  oash  and  as  to  the 

balanoe  the  said  Syndicate  shall  issue  to  the  Vendors  or  their  nominees  660 
fully  paid  Shares  of  £100  eaoh  in  the  Capital  of  the  said  Syndicate. 

3*  IN  the  event  of  the  Vendors  becoming  the  Owners  of  or  entitled  to 
any  inventions  or  improvements  relating  to  the  invent ioris^orming  the  subject 
matter  of  the  patents  set  out  in  the  Schedule  hereto  they  will  as  soon  as 
each  suoh  invention  is  sufficiently  perfected, to  the  subject  of  an 
application  for  letters  patent  in  the  United  States  of  America  or  to  be 
described  in  any  way  transmit  to  the  Syndicate  specification  drawings  and 
proposed  claims  thereof  together  with  such  other  information  and  necessary 
documents  as  may  be  required  to  place  the  Syndicate  in  full  possession  of  the 
respective  inventions  and  enable  them  to  apply  for  at  their  own  expense  letters 
patent  for. all  parts  of  the  world  except  the  United  States  of  America  and 
Canada  for  any  of  the  Inventions  aforesaid  or  to  complete  any  applicatioh  for 
the  patent  which  at  the  date  hereof  may  be  pending  on  communications  from 

the  Vendors. 



4.  THE  Vendors  further  agree  with  the  Company  that  they  will  whenever 

required  by  the  Syndicate  their  successors  or  assigns  at  the  cost  of  the 

Syndicate  execute  all  such  documents  and  do  all  such  acts  and  things  as  the 

Syndicate  their  successors  or  assigns  may  be  advised  shall  from  time  to  time 

become  necessary  or  convenient  in  respect  of  applications  for  leave  to  amend 

any  application  for  or  specification  of  any  of  the  Letters  Patent  hereinbefore 

referred  to  or  in  respect  of  Petitions  or  extensions  of  the  teim  of  the  said 

letters  patent  or  any  of  them  to  vest  in  them  the  full  benefit  derivable  under 

this  Agreement  either  from  any  of  the  Inventions  hereinbefore  referred  to  or 

from  any  of  the  letters  patent  herein  mentioned  or  from  any  application  for 

letters  patent  hereunder. 

6.  THE  Vendors  shall  not  in  any  Country  or  Countries  where  there  are 

no  provisions  for  grant  of  Letters  patent  or  other  provisions  for  protecting 

inventions  by  monopolies  sell  or  in  any  way  deal  with  any  rights  to  any  of 

the  Inventions  hereinbefore  referred  to  to  any  person  other  than  the  Syndicate 

nor  shall  the  Vendors  themselves  dirqetly  or  indirectly  trade  in  any  of  the 

machines  forming  the  subject  of  any  of  the  said  Letters  Patent  or  covered  by 

any  of  the  inventions  hereinbefore  referred  to  nor  shall  the  Vendors  in  any 



of  the  said  Countries  in  any  way  enter  into  competition  with  the  Syndicate 
their  successors  or  assigns  with  regard  to  any  of  the  Machines  or  rights 

6.  THE_  Vendors  shall  from  time  to  time  and  at  all  times  during  the 
term  of  3  years  to  be  computed  from  the  date  hereof  and  without  making  any 
charge  therefor  give  all  such  advice  explanation  and  instructions  to  the 
Directors  and  other  the  Officers  and  workmen  of  the  Syndicate  as  may  be 
necessary  to  enablehtham  effectually  to  exercise..and  work  the  invention. the 
subject  of  the  patents  set  out  in  the  Schedule  hereto  and  all  improvements 
and  further  inventions  respectively  and  shall  for  such  purpose  at  the 
expense  of  the  Syndicate  prepare  and  furnish  to  the  Syndicate  all.  necessary 
plans  drawings  models  jigs  and  patterns. 

7.  THE  purchase  shall  be  completed  on  or  before  the  30th  day  of  June 
1898  at  the  Offices  of  Messrs  Hays,  Schmettau  &  Ancrum,  Ho  31  Abchurch  Lane 
in  the  City  of  London  when  the  said  sum  of  £14,000  cash  shall  be  paid  to  the: 
Vendors  and  the  said  Shares  shall  be  allotted  as  aforesaid  and  at  the  same 
time  the  Vendors  shall  make  out  a  good  title  to  all  patents  then  granted  for  ‘ 
the  said  Inventions  and  also  to  all  pending  applications  and  shall  effectually 


transfer  the  same  to  the  Syndioate  and  from  time  to  time  and  at  any  time 

afterwards  the  Vendors  shall  at  the  expense  of  the  Syndicate  execute  and  do 

all  such  assurances  and  things  as  may  reasonably  be  required  by  the 

Syndioate  for  carrying  the  sale  into  effect  and  giving  to  the  Syndicate  the 

full  benefit  of  this  Agreement. 

8.  THE  Vendors  agree  that  the  Syndioate  shall  have  the  right  for  a 

period  of  two  years  from  the  date  hereof  to  purchase  170  of  the  Shares 

allotted  under  this  Agreement  to  the  Vendors  or  their  nominees  at  the  price 

of  £400  for  each  £100  share. 

9.  IE  this  Agreement  shall  not  be  adopted  by  the  Syndicate  in  manner 

aforesaid  before  the  30th  day  of  July  next  and  at  least  200  shares  in  the 

Syndicates  Capital  shall  by  the  same  date  have  been  taken  up  by  responsible 

persons  either  of  the  parties  hereto  may  by  notice  in  writing  to  the  other 

rescind  this  Agreement  and  such  rescission  shall  not  give  rise  to  any  claim 

for  expenses  or  otherwise. 

10.  THE  Syndioate  shall  cause  this  Agreement  or  some  other  sufficient 

Contract  to  be  filed  with  the  Registrar  of  Joint  Stock  Companies'  before  any 


of  the  said  Shares  are  allotted. 

11.  ANY  notice  hereunder  may  be  given  by  sending  it  through  the 

post  in  a  registered  letter  addressed  if  given  on  behalf  of  the  Syndicate 

to  Herman  Ernest  Dick  at  154  Lake  Street,  Chicago,  and  if  given  on  behalf 

of  the  Vendors  to  the  Syndicate  at  31  Abchurch  Lane,  London,  E.  C. ,  and  such 

notice  shall  be  deemed  to  have  been  received  in  the  ordinary  course  of  post 

and  in  proof  of  same  it  .shall  be  sufficient  to  prove  that  the  same  was 

properly  addressed  and  registered. 

12.  UPOH  the  adoption  of  this  Agreement  by  the  Syndicate  in  such 

manner  as  to  render  the  same  binding  on  the  Syndicate  the  said'Edwin  Henry 

Beazley  shall  be  discharged  from  all  liability  in  respect  thereof. 

AS  WITNESS  the  hands  of  the  said  parties. 

by  their  Attorney 

i  the  signatures  of  THOMAS  ALVA 


Hermann  R.  Schmettau. 

31  Abchurch  Lane , 

London,  E.  C. 




THE  SCHEDULE  before  referred  to. 






•  t 



Concentrating  and 
Bricking  Ores. 

T.  A.  EDISON. 



Breaking  Rock. 








Elevators  &  Conveyors 




Bricking  Machine. 






THE  corresponding  Patents  now  granted  or  applications  for  which  are 
pending  in  Germany,  Russia,  Austria,  Prance,  Spain,  Horway  &  Sweden,  Belgium, 


r~  V^  £>Uj^„£t 

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^  g£*r>~Zjr-zz. zr  tcsr-^e  *e  ^dL  *z£zi  &c> 

'^1^'  /t^^a-^Tj  ,  /&t-cs-<S 

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^ - e> 

{%et./eu£  '^eueJcJ. 
tyht/,-  Sept.  9,  1898. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  ] 
Orange , 

Dear  Sir,- 

X  am  In  receipt  of  the  letters  you  forwarded  me  from 
the  Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate,  Limited,  from  Messrs.  Brydges 
&  Co.  in  reference  to  the  Swedish  applications,  and  from  Messrs. 
Harris  &  Mills  in  reference  to  the  British  applications.  I 
beg  to  return  these  letters  herewith. 

Enclosed  I  hand  you  copy  of  a  letter  which  I  have  writ¬ 
ten  today  to  the  Syndicate,  together  with  a  copy  of  the  notes 
referred  to  therein. 

The  article  in  the  London  Engineering  to  which  the 
Syndicate  refers  is,  to  my  mind,  so  utterly  insufficient,  am¬ 
biguous  and  misleading  that  I  cannot  conceive  of  the  Syndicate 
receiving  any  such  broad  advice  of  counsel  as  that  to  which 
they  refer  in  their  cablegram  to  Mr.  Dick.  That  advice  must 
either  have  been  given  without  a  careful  consideration,  or  from 
a  misapprehension  of  the  facts.  It  seems  almost  impossible 
that  the  Engineering  article  can  have  created  any  real  appre¬ 
hension  on  the  part  of  the  Syndicate,  and  I  am  led  to  believe 
that  the  article  is  being  relied 

upon  as  a  mere  pre- 

text  by  which  the  Syndicate  may  avoid  the  meeting  of  its  obli 

Yours  very  truly, 





Sept.  9,  1898. 

Edison  Ore  Milling  Byndicate,  Ltd*, 

189  meat  fit., 

London,  S.C, 


I  have  recolvod  your  letters  of  August  85th  and  87th 
respectively,  enclosing  copy  of  a  letter  from  Mr.  J.  Lawronco 
to  Mr.  X,  A.  Edison,  and  lettorn  to  yourselves  dated  August 
23rd  and  34th  from  Messrs.  Brydgoa  &  Co.  mad  Mosers.  Harris  & 
Mills  respootivoly. 

Mr,  H.  7!.  Dick  has  also  written  me  that  you  have* cabled 
him  in  substance  that  you  have  boon  advised  by  counsel  that  tho 
British  and  Continental  patents  on  Mr.  Edison's  ore  milling  ma¬ 
chinery  are  invalid  by  reason  of  tho  publication  of  an  article 
in  tho  London  Engineering  of  Hovombor  12,  1897.  Tho  articlo 
in  question  has  been  given  very  careful  attention,  and  it  is 
a  matter  of  surprise  to  mo,  in  view  of  its  manifest  obscurity 
mad  ambiguity,  that  you  should  have  boon  given  such  swooping 
advice  as  tti&t  to  which  you  refer  in  your  cablegram  to  Mr. Dick. 
My  understanding  of  tho  British  practice  concerning  tho 

sufficiency  of  mi  anticipating  prior  description  is  that  it  is 

inAaccord  with  tho  statement  of  Lord  V/ostbury,  who  In  Hills  vs. 
Evans  (31  L.  J ,  Ch.  483)  said: 



"2ho  antecedent  statement  must  (in  order  to  invalidate 
a  subsequent  patent)  be  ouch  that  a  person  of  ordinary 
knowledge  of  the  subject  would  at  once  perceive,  understand 
and  be  able  practically  to  apply  tho  diseovory  without  the 
necessity  of  waking  further  experiments  and  gaining  further 
knowledge  before  tho  invontion  can  bo  mado  useful  »  m  h 
She  info mat! on  as  to  the  alleged  invention  given  by  tho 
prior  publication  must,  for  tho  purposes  of  practical  uti¬ 
lity,  be  equal  to  that  given  by  tho  snbaoquont  patent,  ’fhe 
invention  must  00  shown  to  "Have  boon  'before  maSsEnown. 
Whatever  therefore  is  eBsontlal  to  tho  invontion  must  bo 
road  out  of  tho  prior  publication.  If  specific  details 
ara  nooossary  for  the  practical  working  and  roal  utility 
of  the  alleged  invontion,  they  must  bo  found  substantially 
in  tho  prior  publication.  Apparent  generality,  or  a 
proposition  not  true  to  its  full  extent,  will  not  prejudice 
a  subsequent  eta  turnout,  which  is  limited,  accurate,  and 
givos  a  specific  rule  of  practical  application.  2he  rea¬ 
son  is  manifest,  because  much  further  information,  find 
therefore  much  further  discovery,  are  required  baforo  tho 
real  truth  can  be  extricated  and  embodied  in  a  form  to  serve 
the  uses  of  mankind.  It  is  tho  difference  between  the 
ore,  and  the  refined  and  pure  metal  which  is  extracted 
from  it.*" 

2o  my  mind  the  article  in  Tfoginoaring  is  susceptible 
of  the  exact  criticism  above  stated,  and  as  I  have  not  boon 
able  tc  find  that  the  British  practice  has  materially  differed 
on  thin  point  nines  this  statement  of  J.ord  Wostbury  was  an¬ 
nounced,  I  find  it  impossible  to  reconcile  my  views  with  those 
of  your  counsel. 

In  order  that  you  may  perceive  in  what  respects  the 
article  in  question  is  misleading,  insufficient  and  ambiguous, 

I  have  carefully  digested  It  and  have  pointed  out  in  a  aeries 
of  notes  the  criticisms  to  whioh,  in  my  opinion,  it  is  fairly 
to  bo  subjected.  2hoso  notes  are  enclosed. 

In  referonco  to  oaso  A  on  tho  genoral  process,  you  will 
observe  that  the  article  is  entirely  fragmentary  in  character, 
and  doos  not  purport  to  doscribo  tho  mode  of  operation  through- 


out  its  entire  extent.  S,tnoa  the  process  is  r.  oormoofced  ono, 
and  since  the  various  manipulations  performed  am  mutually  de¬ 
pendent  one  on  the  other,  it  is  manifest  that  a  sufficient 
prior  description  should  clearly  point  out  tho  entire  node  of 
operation,  otherwise  that  operation  could  not  be  carried  out. 

1  also  point  out  In  ray  notes  that  in  saveral  respects  tho  arti¬ 
cle  la  misleading,  and  if  an  attempt  wore  made  to  carry  on  tho 
process  to  which  the  article  rslatoa,  absolute  failure  would 
inevitably  result.  Purtheraioro,  since  the  article  dooe  not 
rotor  to  the  process  throughout  Ite  entirety,  that  process 
could  not  bo  performed  without  the  making  of  independent  ex¬ 
periments  and  without  tho  exorcise  of  invention,  which  facto 
additionally  support  my  opinion  that  tho  article  cannot  be  con¬ 
sidered  as  an.  anticipating  description. 

Uo  far  as  case  3  on  the  giant  rolls  is  concerned,  1 
hare  pointed  out  that  tltt*  article  makes  no  roforenoo  to  the 
number  of  rolls  used,  to  tho  direction  in  vrtiich  they  are  ro¬ 
tated,  to  tho  fact  that  they  are  independently  driven,  to  the 
fact  that  they  aro  providod  with  knobs  on  tholr  peripheries, 
or  to  tho  use  of  tho  additional  slugging  plates  which  deliver 
sledgolikd  or  hammer  blows  to  tho  rook,  All  of  those  require¬ 
ments  aro  absolutely  essential,  and  if  a  person  is  not  advised 
as  to  their  nooesoity,  tho  invention  could  not  be  carried  into 
affect.  I  also  point  out  that  tho  article  is  not  clear  as  to 
tho  mode  of  operating  tho  giant  rolls  by  an  intermittent  opera¬ 
tion,  and  that  it  is  cloarly  implied  in  tbo  description  that  a 

o rushing  notion  takos  place  instead  of  a  cracking  or  brooking 
action.  „ 


Concerning  case  c  on  the  3-high  rolls,  I  have  directed 
your  attention  to  the  fact  that  the  article  in  utterly  insuffi¬ 
cient,  and  In  order  to  ejuphasissa  ray  position  I  have  submitted 
to  your  attention  a  drawing  of  a  machine  which  complies  in 
evoiY  respect  with  the  requirements  of  the  article.  if  the 
language  of  the  article  can  bo  considered  as  applying  to  such 
a  worthless  and  absolutely  distinct  type  of  machine  as  I  havo 
illustrated,  I  think  you  will  agree  with  me  that  it  cannot  bo 
considered  as  spocifloally  and  distinctly  describing  tho  exact 
machine  which  forms  the  subject  of  this  cass. 

In  reference  to  case  V  on  the  conveyors,  I  have  pointed 
out  that  the  article  is  likewise  ambiguous.  While  it  says 
that  wire  ropes  are  used,  for  all  that  appears  to  the  contrary 
such  ropes  might  be  employed  in  the  construction  of  a  series 
of  links  like  an  ordinary  chain.  tfot  only  Is  tho  article  am¬ 
biguous  in  its  description  of  the  elevators  and  conveyors,  but, 
as  I  have  also  pointed  out,  it  is,  in  my  opinion,  insufficient 
as  a  proper  anticipation  of  that  invention,  since  it  does  not 
describe  the  necessary  dements  which  must  bo  used  to  carry 
that  invention  into  effect. 

80  far  as  oases  s  and  on  the  bricking  machine  and 
dryer  respectively  are  concerned,  tho  articlo  dooo  not  pretend 
to  even  refer  to  the  type  of  devices  used;  much  lose  does  it 
specifically  describe  tho  exact  arrangements  covered  in  these 

J'or  those  reasons,  and  as  I  have  before  said,  it  is  a 
mat tor  of  surprise  to  mo  that  yon  should  havo  been  advised  by 


counsel  in  such  sweeping  terms  as  you  convoy  In  your  cablegram 
to  Ur.  Pick.  So  my  mind  such  advice  must  have  boon  given 
either  without  u  careful  examination  ol*  tho  article  In  quoation 
and  a  close  comparison  of  that  artiola  with  tho  oovoral  appli¬ 
cations,  or  else  from  a  mistaken  idea  of  tho  inventions  covered 
in  those  applications.  1  will  b®  much  obliged  to  you  if  you 
will  send  mo  a  copy  of  the  opinion  with  which  you  have  boon 
furnished,  and  1  feel  confident  that  I  will  have  no  difficulty 
in  demonstrating  to  tho  persons  interested  that  such  an  opinion 
is  founded  on  an  erroneous  assumption  of  fact. 

Referring  particularly  to  your  favor  of  the  27  th  of 
August,  whorein  you  compare  tho  first  claim  of  case  33  with  the 
article  in  question,  I  bog  to  say  that  since  to  my  mind  tho 
article  is  cloarly  insufficient,  it  could  not  be  considered  as 
anticipating  a  claim  based  upon  a  sufficient  description,  ovon 
though  that  article  might  in  a  g on oral  way  comprehend  tho 
language  of  tho  claim.  This  question  night  therefore  bo  dio- 
posotl  of  on  this  broad  proposition,  although  you  will  observe 
from  a  careful  examination  of  my  notes  that  the  language  of 
the  claim,  oven  when  tho  eamo  is  considered  apart  from  the  de¬ 
scription,  is  not  found  in  tho  article  in  question. 

Bo  far  as  the  letter  from  Uaasra.  Brydgos  i  Co.  is  con- 
oo mod,  in  reference  to  tho  several  Swedish  applications,  I  bo- 
liovo  that  lattor  is  founded  on  a  misapprehension  of  the  inven¬ 
tions  involved.  2hia  must  bo  so,  to  ray  mind,  because  I  am  ut¬ 
terly  unable  to  perceive  upon  what  grounds  tho  Swedish  Patent 
Office  eonoidoro  tho  article  in  question  to  anticipate  tho  epe- 


cifio  Inventions,  to  which  it  inolsss  absolutely  no  reference.  x 
suggest  therefore  that  you  furnish  Messrs.  Brydgos  &  Co.  with 
a  copy  of  my  notes,  in  order  that  they  may  intelligently  answer 
any  objootions  which  may  be  urgod  by  the  Swedish  Office. 

I  an  sonding  a  copy  of  this  letter  to  Mr.  Dick  and  to 
Mr.  Edison. 

Yours  vory  truly, 





/  Head  Offloe,  60  Old  Broad  Street,  Iiondon,  England.  ^  ' 


HEW  YORK,  40  Broadway  &  51  New  Street. 

•  '444  Broome  Street. 

“  ■  .  Spruce  Street..  .  , 

,  BOSTON,  Old  State  Rouse.  '  '  * " 


LONDON,  39  Mark  Lane. 

OLIVERFOOI.;  D  6,  Exchange  Buildings.  •„  r»r»r» 

GLASGOW,  4  Waterloo  Street.  Q17D  OQ  1  QQR 

^BRISTOL.,' ,  .  ;  Back  Hall < Chambers.  O  J-i 1  4.0  1  UdU 

The  following  CABLEGRAM  RECEIVED  "Via  Direct, Cable.1’; 



IT  WAS  VERBAL  and  preliminary  thole  CASE  NOW 










and  their 

Chas.  S.  Woodroffe,  0 

188  Fleet  Street,  E.C. 

Registered  Patent  Igent. 



and  Mr.  J.W.  GORDON. 

The  following  six  letters  Parent  -8628,  8629, 
8630,  8631,  8532,  and  8633  all  dated  April  12th  1898, 
assume  to  protect  a  group  of  valuable  corelated,  inventions 
appertaining  to  the  milling  of  iron  ores  especially  those 
of  low  grade. 

Before  the  date  of  the  patents,  certain  journals 
published  articles  professifctji  to  give  a  correct  description 
of  the  inventions  and  of  the  way  in  which  they  were 
carried  out  practically.  Five  journals  published  such 
articles,  viz:  -  McClure's  Magazine,  Engineering,  ) 
Electrical  Engineer,  Iron  Age,  and  Scientific  American.' 
Engineering  is  a  London  Journal;  the  other  four  are 
published  in  the  United  States.  Three  of  them  however 
are  regularly  filed  at  the  Patent  Office  in  London. 

Querist  has  not  been,  able  to  trace  t'he  publication  of. 
McClure's  Magazine  in  this  Country.  .  The  following  table 
gives  the  names  of  the  other  four  journals,  the  dates 
when  the  articles  appeared  and  the.  dates  of  the  publication 
of  the  respective  numbers  in  this  country. 

i  of  Journal 

Date  of  Issue 

Electrical  Engineer  Oct.  28th  1897  Nov;  10th  1897 

.Engineering  Nov..  12th  "  Nov.  12th  . 

•  Iron'-AgeV1"  •  '  Oct.  28th  "  Nov.  7th  " 

Scientific  American  Jan.  22nd  1898  Feb.  3rd  1898 


Querist  has  not  copies  of  the  three  United 
States  Journals  so  that  he  must  ask  Counsel  to  accept  a 
copy  of  a  verbatim  Reprint  af  them  and  of  some  other 
articles,  which  Reprint  was  first  issued  to  interested 
and  other  parties  on  May  24th  last.  There  has  not  been 

any  difficulty  in  procuring  copies  of  the  number  of 

In  the  Reprint  above  mentioned  the  above  articles 
appear  on  the  following  pages  respectively, 
Electrical-Engineer  page  23 

Engineering  "32 

Iron  Age  "16 

Scientific  American  "28 

The  dated  of  the  publication  in  London  of  the  four 
Journals  enumerated  above  are  anterior  to  the  dates  of 
the  six  patents  also  enumerated  above.  Couisels' 
attention  is  directed  to  the  following  sample  instance:  ■ 
Patent  85291898  and 

"Engineering"  page  679,  column  2  paragraph 
beginning  "On  arriving  at  the,  etc." 

"Iron  Age"  t  Reprint  page  17,  column  1.  "The 
Slant  Rolls", 

"Scientific  American"  -  Reprint  page  29,  column 
2,  paragraph  beginning  "The  giant  rolls  are,  etc." 

Counsel  awe  requested  to ' answer  the  following 


1.  Are  any  of  the  claims  of  the  6  Patents  8628*898 
to  85381898  anticipated  by  the  publication  in  London 
of  either  of  the  4  articles  enumerated  above? 


2.  If  the  answer  to  the  first  query  is  at  all  in 
the  affirmative,  which  are  the  claims  so  anticipated  and 
which  is  the  anticipating  article  or. articles? 

3.  What  is  the  genera?  scope  -of  the  amendment  or 
amendments  necessary  to  make  the  anticipated  patent  or 
patents  valid? 

A  conference  will  be  attended  should  Counsel 
think  it  desirable. 

There  are  sent  herewith:  ~ 

S  Blue  Books  85281898  to  85331898 

"Engineering"  *«■  November  12th  1897. 

(Sd.)  Chas.  S.  Woodroffe, 

Registered  Patent  Agent. 

A  few  days  after  the  preceding  Case  was  submitted 
I  sent  copies  of  Mr  Dyer’s  arguments  and  opinions  to 
each. Counsel  writing  each  as  follows:  - 

Dear  Sir, 

188  Fleet  Street,  E.c. 

Sept.  26th  1898. 

Referring  to  the  case  which  I  submitted  to  you 
on  the  22nd  inst.  I  now  beg  to  lay  before  you  the 
following: . - 

An  extract  from  a  letter  from  the  Patent  Attorney 
who  wrote  the  specifications,  and 

Notes  by  him  on  the  6  cases, 
which  were  written  on  his  being  informed  that  the 
"Engineering"  article  constituted  prior  publication  of 
the  inventions  in  this  country. 


Will  you  please  take  them  into  your  consideration 
as  part  of  the  above  Case? 

I  am,  dear  Sir, 

Yours  faithfully, 

(Sd)  Chas.  S.  Woodroffe. 


We  have  carefully  considered  the  six  Edison 
Specifications  submitted  to:  us  and  the  prior  publications. 
We  are  of  opinion  that  the  effect  of  these  prior  publics-  . 
tions  is  very  seriously  to  restrict  the  patentable  subject 
matter  disclosed  in  Mr  Edison’ s  specification.  .  We  will 
take  them  in  order  and  indicate  how  far.  we  think  the 
several  claims  are  affected. 

No.  8528  of  1898. 

Dealing  first  with  the  specification  which  sets 
out  the  general  operation,  we  think  bhat  by  much  the  most 
formidable  anticipation  is  that  contained  in  the  article 
in  the  "Iron  Age"  of  the  28th  October  1897  and  published 
in  this  country  on  the  7th  November  1898.  The  description 
here  comprised  on  pages  17  to  20  of  the  reprint  sent  to  us 
is  very  full  in  some  particulars  even  fuller  that  the 
specification,  and  the  diagram  on  page  19  makes  the 
intricate  part  of  the  description  very  clear.  A. general 
description  of  this  process  is  given  also  in  the  Article 
in  ."Engineering"  and  in  the  "Electrical  Engineer",  but 
we  think  that  in  view  of  the  very  complete  disclosure  made 


in  the  article  in  the  "Iron  Age",  these  other  two 
publications  need  not  be  considered.  We  have  carefully 
considered  in  this  connection  the  letter  from  the  Patent 
Attorney  in  correspondence  with  Mr  Woodroffe.  Many  of  the 'j 
,  points  which  he  makes  iii  criticism  of  the  "Engineering"  ! 
article  are  themselves  equally  damaging  criticisms  of  the  ' 
specification;  for  instance  the  screens  No.  13,  referred 
to  in  the  paragraph  marked  1  on  page  6  of  this  gentleman's 
notes  are  not  mentioned  in  any  claims  of  the  specification,  j 
No  doubt  they;  are  shewn  in  figure  1,  but  having  regard 
to  the  very  detailed  nature  of  the  claims  and  particularly 
of  the  third  claim,  we  do  not  think  that  it  is  possible 
to  say  that  the  omission  to  mention  the  use  of  these 
screens  (itself  a  very  obvious  expedient)  can  be  relied 
upon  to  distinguish  earlier  publications  seeing  that 
although  described  on  page  1  line  28,  these  screens  are 
not  claimed  as  being  an  essential  feature  of  the  invention. 
She  same  remark  will  apply  to  the  use  of  the  fan.  No.  28 
of  figure  1,  referred  to  in  paragraph  2  upon  this  page  of  j 
the  notes,  and  also  th  the  screens  shewn  in  figure  2  and  j 
marked  34,  which  are  mentioned  in  the  next  paragraph  of 
the  notes.  With  regard  to  the  paragraphs  Nos.  4,  6  and  6  ! 

upon  this  page  of  the  notes,  the  writer's  remarks  will 
not  apply  to  the  article  in  the  "Iron  Age",  which  upon 
all  these  points  is  clear  and  correct.  With  regard  to  the  j 
points  made  in  paragraphs  7  and  8  oil  page  7  of  these  notes,  * 
the  same  observation  must  be  made  as  with  reference  to 
the  paragraphs  already  mentioned  and  marked  1,  2,  and  3, 
that  is  to  say  that  although  the  processes  mentioned  are 
described  in  Edison’s  specification  they  are  not  included  1 
in  his  claims  and  cannot  therefore  be  relied  upon  for 


present  purposes.  The  only  point  made  in  these  notes 
against  the  "Engineering"  article  which  applies  to  the 
publication  in  the  "Iron  Age"  is  that  contained  in 
paragraph  9  on  page  2,  to  the  effect  that  no  reference  is 
made  to  the  cooling  of  the  material  after  it  has  been 
mixed  and  before  it  has  been  bricked.  It  would  we  think 
be  attributing  too  much  importance  to  a  matter  of  detail, 
and  one  which  we  should  imagine  to  be  very  obvious  to  a 
competent  person,  to  reply  upon  this  cooling  operation  as 
a  distinctive  feature  of  Mr  Edison's  invention.  We  think, 
therefore,  that  it  would  not  be  possible  to  save  even  the 
third  claim  of  this  specification  by  establishing  this 
distinction  and  with  regard  to  the  first  and  second  claims, 
they,  equally  with  the  anticipating  publication,  are  open 
tottie  reproach  of  omitting  to  mention  this  step. 

It  is  possible  that  the  fourth  claim,  which 
specifically  refers  to  the  cooling  device  described  on 
page  3  lines  1  to  3,  might  be  supported,  but  having  regard 
to  the  very  common  use  of  a  current  of  air  for  this 
purpose,  we  think  that  extremely  doubtful.  For  these 
reasons  we  are  of  opinion  that  this  patent  cannot  be  sup¬ 
ported  as  it  stands.  It  would  be  improved  by  disclaiming 
the  1st,  2nd  and  3rd  claims,  but  taking  it  at  the  best 
we  think  that  even  after  amendment  it  would  be  of  very 
doubtful  validity.  In  a  case  of  this  sort  it  is  not 
improbable  that  the  Court  would  be  influenced  by  the 
consideration,  not  material  in  strict  law,  as  to  whether 
the  prior  publication  of  this  invention  had  taken  place 
with  the  inventor's  consent.  If  he  authorised  the 
publication  of  these  articles,  we  think  that  the  Courts 
would  take  the  view  that  he  intended  to  communicate  his 


invention  to  the  public,  and  in  that  case  it  would  be 
extremely  difficult  to  save  any  part  of  this  Patent. 

The  distinction  between  the  consequences  of  publication 
in  the  United  States  and  in  other  countries  must  be.  well 
known  to  Mr  Edison,  as  he  has  already  suffered  from  it 
in  respect  of  his  patent  for  the  electro  chemical  tele¬ 
phone  receiver,  and  we  therefore  think  that  the  Court 
would  take  the  view  that  when,  authorising  the  publication 
in  detail  of  his  invetion*  he  intentionally  accepted  the 

No.  8529  of  1898. 

The  rolls  described  and  claimed  in  this 
specification  are  very  fully  described  in  the  "Iron  Age" 
reprint,  page  17,  the  "Electrical  Engineer"  page  24,  and 
the  "Scientific  American"  page  29.  We  think  that  the 
omission  in  the  "Engineering"  article  of  any  reference 
to  the  breaking  knobs  would  suffice  to  distinguish  the 
invention  as  embodied  in  the  4th  claim  of  this  specifica¬ 
tion  from  that  prior  description,  but  as  this  point  cannot 
be  made  against  the  other  publications  cited  it  is  not 
wofcth  considering  and  we  do  not  think  that  this  patent 
can  be  saved  even  by  amendment. 

No.  8830  of  1898. 

These  pulverizing  rolls  are .described  with 
great  minuteness  in  the. "Scientific  American"  reprint 
page  30,  and  Ihe  "Iron  Age"  page  18.  In  both  these  des¬ 
criptions  it  is  stated  that  the  centre  roll  is  mounted 
in  fixed  bearings.  This  is  clearly  contrary  to  what  is  • 
stated  at  page  2  line  3  of  the  specification,  where  it  is 
said  that  the  total  weight  of  the  rolls  is  carried  at  the 


the  bearings  of  the  bottom  roll.  We  do  not  know  what 
importance  to  assign  to  this  distinction.  If  the 
apparatus  described  in  the  articles  is  an  improved  form. of 
Mr  Edison's  rolls,  then  we  think  that  the  anticipation 
is  complete  for  although  in  the  -Iron  Age"  the  grooves  in 
which  the  wire  rope  runs,  are  described  as  being  cut  in  a 
sleeve  instead  of  being  cut  in  seven  separate  sheaves,  . 
yet  this  fact  is  quite  correctly  stated  in  the  "Scientific 
American".  If  the  mounting  of  the  centre  roll  in  fixed 
bearings  would  be  an  impracticable  way  of  working  out  this 
invention,  then  we  think  that  this  patent  could  be  held 
as  it  stands.  Otherwise  we  are  of  opinion  that  the  first 
three  claims  will  have  to  be  struck  out. 

No.  8631  Of  189B. 

This  appears  to  have  been  tmitted  from  the 
descriptions  given,  of  Mr  Edison's  machines,,  and  therefore 
no  question  as  to  validity  of  this  patent  arises  out  of 
these  prior  publications. 

This  relates  to  the  briquette  forming  machine. 

The  machine  is  described  with  some  minuteness  in  the 

"Iron  Age",  page  20  of  the  reprint,  but  as  no  mention  is 
made  in  this  or  the  other  publications  of  the  bottom  dies, 
we  think  that  these  publications  do  not  amount  to  antici¬ 
pations  of  the  inventions  claimed. 

No.  8533  of  1898. 

This,  related  to  a  dr,sr  »hioA  la  doacalbed  in 
“*  -Iron  Ago-  roprint  a„nrt,tl,n  ^though 


not  very  precise  is,  we  think,  sufficiently  full  to 
invalidate  the  first  claim  and  for  this  we  think  that  this 
specification  should  he  amended  hy  striking  out  that  claim.. 

The  second  claim  might  perhaps  be  supported  although  the 
subject  matter  is>very  slight.  We  think  that  the  3rd 
and  4th  claims  could  be  supported. without  amendment*  ' 

(Signed)  J.  FEET CHER  MOULTON. 

(Signed)  J.  W.  GORDON. 

The  Temple, 

20th  October  1898. 

Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate,  Ltd.,  and  Related  Companies 
Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate,  Ltd.,  Files  -  Correspondence  (1899) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
Edison's  ore  milling  technologies  and  to  surveys  of  mining  properties  in 
Norway.  There  are  a  few  items  by  Edison,  but  most  of  the  correspondence 
is  by  Theodore  Lehmann,  an  experimenter  and  mining  surveyor  who 
evaluated  ore  at  the  Dunderland  Mine  with  Henry  Louis,  professor  and 
consulting  engineer.  Other  correspondents  include  Edward  H.  Beazley, 
secretary  of  EOMS.  Some  of  the  letters  propose  the  use  of  Edison's 
crushing  machinery  in  the  diamond  industry.  One  letter  pertains  to  the 
hematite  and  phosphorous  content  of  ore.  Also  included  is  a  report  by  the 
directors  of  EOMS  to  its  members. 

Approximately  60  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
unselected  material  includes  letters  from  Edison  to  Herman  E.  Dick  and 
James  Coats  that  appear  in  Thomas  A.  Edison  Papers:  A  Selective 
Microfilm  Edition,  Part  III. 

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ssion- London"  ■'  S  //  ^ 

<=^Zcmc/on/r  .s’,  c. 

August  30th  1899. 

Thomas  A. Edison,  Esq., 

Dear  Sir, 

Messrs  Dunford  &  Elliott  of  Newcastle -on-Tyne,  Iron 
Ore  merchants  and  exporters,  are  engaged  in  forming  a  Company 
to  obtain  from  us  a  license  to  use  the  Edison  Process  for 
treating  low-grade  iron  ores  for  Norway  and  Sweden.  There  is  * 
some  delay  in  completing  this  Company,  and  meanwhile  they  have 
had  brought  to  their  notice  a  very  large  deposit  of  low  grade 
iron  ore  situated  at  Dunderland,  N.  Norway,  which  from  all 
reports  seemed  to  be  exceedingly  well  adapted  for  the  process. 
They  engaged  the  services  of  Professor  Louis,  of  the  Durham 
College  of  Science,  and  we  lent  them  Dr  Lehmann  to  carry  out. 
an  investigation  on  the  property.  To  deal  with  this  property 
and  if  necessary  to  buy  an  option,  Messrs  Dunford  S>  Elliott 
proposed  to  form  a  small  Syndicate  of  not  exceeding  80  share¬ 
holders.  We  were  obliged  to  stipulate  that  out  Syndicate 
should  have  the  option  of  taking  up  to  half  the  shares  in  it, 
to  be  declared  by  us  when  the  Experts*  reports  had  been  feeeiyed. 
Professor  Louis  and  Dr  Lehmann  completed  a  partial  examinatibn 


and  we  met  Messrs  Dunford  &  Elliott' and  some  other  gentlemen 
who  intended  to  Join  the  North  Dunderland  Syndicate,  at 
Newcastle  on  the  23rd  instant,  to  consider  the  reports  of 
Frofessoi  Louis  and  Dr  Lehmann,  who  were  present  in  person. 

Dr  Lehmann  is  writing  you  giving  you  the  essential  points  of  the 
property.  Everything  seems  to  turn  upon  whether  the  hematite 
could  he  extracted  to  any  satisfactory  degree  hy  concentration, 
as  it  would  not  pay  to  work  the  magnetite  alone.  Our  Chairman, 
Mr  Lawrence,  urged  that  it  would  he  very  unwise  to  pay  down 
a  large  sum  of  money  for  an  option  until  the  question  of  the 
hematite  could  he  determined  hy  you,  and  for  that  purpose 

suggested  sending  over  large  samples  to  he  put  through  your 
plant.  It  was  decided  to  adopt  this  plan,  and  not  to  take 
any  steps  to  secure  an  option  meanwhile.  Some  samples  are  now 
being  sent  to  you,  and  Dr  Lehmann  is  giving  you  full  particulars 
about  them.  We  would  he  very  much  obliged  if  you  would  he  kind 
enough  to  try  these  on  your  separators.  Perhaps  you  might, 
find  it  possible  to  separate  the  hamatite  hy  a  different 
arrangements  of  the  magnets.  If  you  could  do  this  hy  tfcfJ  time 
MT  Lawrence  meets  you  in  America,  about  the  22nd  or  so  Of 
September,  he  could  cable  hack  your  definite  opinion,  or  whether 
youhw  would  require  a  hulk  sample  before  being  sure. 

It  is  very  important  that  this  question  should  be  -settle^  as 
the  winter  is  coming  on,  and  locality,  waterpower,  and  Other 
conditions  appear  exceptionally  favourable  for  putting  up 

a  doping  you  will  be  able  to  examine  these  samples  without 
delay,  and  thanking  you  in*  anticipation, 



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BEMROSE,  Sir  H.  H.,  M.P. 



COX,  C.  STEWART,  Esq. 
CUTHBERTSON,  E.  H.,  Esq. 

DAY,  ERNEST  A.,  Esq. 

DAY,  Mrs.  A.  L. 

D’ARCY,  W.  K.,  Esq. 

DICK,  HERMAN  E.,  Esq. 

DIXON,  JAMES,  Esq.  . 

EDISON,  THOMAS  -A.,  Esq. 

EVANS,  J.  H.,  Esq. 

FANE,  C.  T.,  Esq. 

GALLOWAY,  W.  L.,  Esq. 

KELVIN,  The  Right  Hon.  Lord,  F.R.S 

LAWSON,  H.  L.  W.,  Esq. 
MACKINNON,  J.,  Esq. 

MARTIN,  E.  P„  Esq. 


NOBLE,  Sir  A.,  K.C.B.,  F.R.S. 
NORMAN,  H.  J.,  Esq. 


PRICE,  C.  H.  'T.,  Esq. 

PRICE,  F.  G.  H.,  Esq. 

RAE,  GEORGE,  Esq. 

ROSS,  W.  D.,  Esq. 

RUDD,  C.  D.,  Esq. 

SOWLER,  Exors.  of  the  late  THOS. 
SPENCER,  JOHN  W.,  Esq. 
STEEDS,  E.  P.,  Esq. 

THOMPSON,  W.  J.,  Esq. 
WALLACE,  A.  F.,  Esq. 

WALLACE,  ROGER  W.,  Esq.,  Q.C. 
WARK,  JOHN,  Esq. 




JOSEPH  LAWRENCE,  Esq.  (Chairman).  ,  THOMAS  A.  EDISON,  Esq. 

ROGER  W.  WALLACE,  Esq.,  Q.C.  I  HERMAN  E.  DICK,  Esq. 


Messrs.  CHILD  &  Co.,  I,  Fleet  Street,  London,  E.C. 

Solicitors : 

Messrs.  HAYS,  SCHMETTAU  &  DUNN,  31,  Abchurch  Lane,  London,  E.C 


Messrs.  P.  L.  ELLIS,  MAW,  &  Co.,  Winchester  House,  Old  Broad  Street 

t,  London,  E.C. 



of  the  Edison  Ore-Milling  Syndicate  Limited ’,  to  be  held  (by  the  courtesy 
of  the  Directors  of  the  Machinery  Trust  Limited)  at  189,  Fleet  Street , 
London ,  E.C.,  on  Tuesday  ithe  12th  day  of  December,  1899,  at  2.30 
o'clock  in  <the  afternoon. 

Your  Directors  submit  herewith  the  Balance  Sheet  of  the  Syndicate,  show¬ 
ing  Statement  of  Accounts  from  22nd  June,  1898  (the  date  of  incorporation), 
to  30th  November,  1899. 

Your  Directors  have  the  pleasure  to  report  progress  to  you  since  the 
Syndicate’s  incorporation  in  June,  1898. 

Objects  of  the  formation  of  the  Syndicate. 

Some  of  the  Members  are  aware  that  in  the  steps  preceding  the  formation  of  this 
Syndicate,  it  was  suggested  that  its  purpose  should  be  practically  that  of  acquiring  an  option’to 
own  and  control  Mr.  Edison's  Ore-Milling  patents  (outside  America),  with  a  view  to  investigating 
their  merits  and  the  field  for  their  operation  ;  and  in  the  event  of  sucli  investigations  proving 
satisfactory,  either  to  lease  or  sell  the  patents  in  detail,  or  to  form  separate  and  larger  Com¬ 
panies  for  different  Countries  and  Industries. 

The  arrangement,  however,  subsequently  took  the  form  of  an  out  and  out  purchase  from 
Mr).  Edison — he  accepting  the  bulk  of  his  payment  in  shares — because  no  time  limit  could  be 
placed  to  any  option. 

1  . ' 

Investigation  in  America. 

The  death  of  Dr.  John  Hopkinson,  F.R.S.,  and  the  difficulty  experienced  of  finding  any¬ 
one  with  his  peculiar  and  special  scientific  attainments  fitted  to  go  out  and  report  on  the  position 
and  future  prospects  of  the  whole  enterprise,  caused  that  part  of  the  original  programme  to  be 

But  as  regards  the  commercial  features,  especially  the  cost  of  Mr.  Edison's  plant  at  the 
Mines,  cost  of  production,  &c.,  your  Directors  sent  out  to  America  in  August,  1898,  an 
Accountant,  Mr.  J.  R.  Hosker,  and  he  remained  three  months  in  America,  where  he  compiled 
and  verified  a  large  amount  of  data  from  Mr.  Edison’s  Books,  &c. 

Mr.  Dick's  visits  to  England,  and  his  offer  to  buy  back  Shares. 

Since  the  last  Meeting  in  October,  1898,  Mr.  Dick,  who  is  associated  with  Mr.  Edison  in 
this  enterprise,  has  been  to  England  three  times,  and  has  communicated  with  and  personally 
visited  almost  every  Member  of  the  Syndicate. 

On  his  first  visit,  owing  to  the  death  of  Dr.  Hopkinson,  he  felt  that  some  Members 
might  not  care  to  give  that  time  and  patience  to  the.  development  of  the  Edison  Invention 
which  it  deserved,  and  he  accordingly  offered  to  buy  out  at  par  any  of  them  who  did  not 
care  to  remain  in  and  face  some  inevitable  delays.  Only  a  small  fraction  of  the  Members 
availed  themselves  of  this  offer. 

Chairman's  Visit  to  America. 

In  the  Autumn  of  this  year,  your  Chairman,  Mr.  Joseph  Lawrence,  accompanied  by 
Mr.  Dick  and  Mr.  W.  D.  Ross  (a  Member  of  the  Syndicate),  together  with  an  eminent  patent 
lawyer  of  New  York,  Mr.  R.  Fletcher  Rogers,  and  the  Secretary  (Mr.  Beazley)  visited  Mr.  Edison 
at  his  laboratory  at  Orange,  New  Jersey,  and  also  inspected  the  Mine  at  Edison  where  the 
vast  Ore-Concentrating  Works  are  erected.  . 

These  gentlemen,  who,  besides  having  several  interviews  with  Mr.  Edison,  derived  much 
information  from  Mr.  Mallory  (Vice-President  of  the  Company  owning  the  works)  and  Mr.  Dyer 
(Mr.  Edison's  Patent  Counsel),  were  eminently  satisfied  with  the  bona  fides  and  prospective 
value  of  Mr.  Edison’s  Ore-Milling  Inventions,  and  some  of  these  gentlemen  will  explain  in 
person  to  the  forthcoming  meeting  their  views  and  impressions  on  the  whole  enterprise. 

Mr.  Edison  himself  will  also  address  the  meeting  on  his  own  Phonograph. 


In  addition  to  the  Patents  secured  under  the  Agreement  of  20th  June,  1898  your 
Directors  have,  since  the.  formation  of  the  Syndicate,,  taken  out  additional  Patents  in-Hungary 
Portugal  the  Colonies  in  South  Africa,  as  well  as  the  Orange  Free  State  and  the- South 
African  Republic,  the  various  Provinces  of  Australia,  Tasmania,  New  Zealand  and  Tunis. 

•  '  An  iimPortant  improvement  in  Pulverising  Rolls  has  been  communicated  to  your 
..Directors  by  Mr.  Edison  under  the. aforesaid  Agreement,. and  this  has  been  made  the  subject  of 
British,  Foreign,  and  Colonial  Applications.  Other  valuable  improvements  will,  It  is  promised 
also  be  communicated  in  a  similar  way. 

Survey  Operations  for  Magnetite. 

Mr.  Edison  having  stated  that  he  was  convinced  that  there  existed  in  Great  Britain  and 
Ireland  deposits  of  magnetite  which  might  be  found  to  be  suitable  to  the  Process,  Professor 
E.  Hull,  F.R.S.,  LL.D.,  was  specially  retained  by  the  Directors  to  make  a  detailed  report 
on  the  occurrence  of  magnetic  iron  ore  in  the  British  Isles,  and  the  services  of  Mr.  S.  G.  Burn 
Mining  Engineer,  were  lent  by  Mr.  Edison  for  the  purpose  of  making  a  systematic  search.’’ 
After  some  months  of  prospecting,  Mr.  Burn,  following  suggestions  by'  Professor  Hull 
located  Gabbro  deposits  in  the  Western  Highlands  of  Scotland.  He  had  not  the  opportunity 
to  make  a  detailed  examination  of  these,  but  his  »  needle  »  showing  good  readings,  he  concluded 
that  further  examinations  of  these  deposits  would  prove  that  they  were  or  the  desired  quality, 
and  so  reported  at  the  Statutory  Meeting  of  the  Syndicate  held  on  October  2tst,  1898. 

'  In  N?vembef,  i898>  Mr.  Burn  returned  to  America  to  take  up  an  appointment  which 
he  had  received  prior  to  visiting  England,  and  his  place  was  taken  by  Dr.  Theodor  Lehmann 
(Graduate  of  Freiburg  University),  assisted  by  two  other  Surveyors,  Mr.  R.  D.  Casterline  (who 
•“  Df-  Lehmann,  had  been  for  some  years  prospecting  for  low-grade  iron  ores 

on  Mr.  Edison’s  behalf)  and  Mr.  J.  L.  Jeffery  (Associate  of  the  Royal  School  of  Mines) 

For  many  reasons  your  Directors  considered  it  advisable  to  have  a  thorough  magnetic 
SZIZ  "T  m  Tf.  °f,  tHe  deposits’  with  systematic  trenching  and  blasting  operations 
ou  on  Mr.  Edison  s  methods.  Permission  to  do  this  was  obtained  from  Mr.  C.  D.  Rudd, 

cLir  /iW  P;°Per.ty',  and  a  Member  °f  th£  S*ndicate-  having  made  a  complete 

examination  of  the  deposit,  lasting  some  two  months,  the  Surveyors’  report  did  not  warrant  your 
Directors  taking  further  steps  at  present  to  work  the  same,  the  percentage  of  metallic  iron  being 
lound  to  be  on  an  average  too  low  for  present  needs. 

Zinc  Ore  Crushing. 

Mr.  Edison  has  designed. g  large  plant  (which  is  practically  completed)  fqr.the  N.ety  Jersey 
Zinc  Company, ■  for  ,thc  Cr^liiqg, Handi|ng and  Screening  .of -their -Zinc. Ores.  Yopr  ClrairmAn 
•  his  party  inspected  thisplant  (Mstipg.a^put^Sp.oopJ.seyqn.weeks  ggo,  and  tlie , machinery 
.WS  $en  peprly  ill  .in  ,<;e, -and  -the  .Manager  qf  tlie  Ziqc  Works  ;  ;.\yquid  ,be  supping 
within  a  month  pivtflrq.  *  •'  :  , 

Mr.  Eclison  and  Mr.  Dlqk  .state  .that  this  plant  Gold-Crushing  'Plants, 
rBnd  jit-ip  .expected  .that -it  .will  be  iin  .regular  working. order  'at  the  beginning  of  .thie  year,.the.delay 
paying  ihitiiertp  (men  caused  jby  .the  difficulty  experienced  in  getting  .delivery  of  machinery 
;Rr;°UlPlly.-'  AWithUhis plant  in  operation,  its  ’capacity  and  -efficiency  will  soon  be  Jwojted  beybnd 
question;;  '•  -r  ,.-  .'  .. 

Cement  Crushing. 

JliP.coatly  experimenting  which;has  been  carried  on  fqr  many.jjears  by.  lyin.Edispn  on  the 
.  Concentrating ’'Plant  at ’New  Jersey  is  noW  bearing ' fruit  '  Vis  'found',  tjjat  ’ffie’’ 
Machineiy  in  particular,  as  also  the  Drying  and  Elevating  System)' which ’is  all  of' iris  own 
devising,  can  be  adapted  to  ftreat,a.. variety,  of.  materials.  A  most  striking  instance  of  this  is  seen 
in  his  process  of  Crushing,  Drying,  Pulverising,  etc.,  “Cement  Rock,”' whereby  the  very  highest 
quality  of  Portland  Cement  can  be  produced  at  a  very  low  cost 

American  Cement  Company.  , 

As  most  of  you  were  personally  informed  by  Mr.  Dick*  early  in  the  year,-  the  Edison 
Portland  Cement  Company  had  been  formed  in  America  with  a  Capital  of  £2, 000,090, Preferred 
and  £9,000,000  Common  Stock. 

Representatives  of  the  Cement  Company  had  had  previously  an  Opportunity  of  seeing 
Mr.  Edison’s  Crushing  and  Concentrating  Machinery  at  the  works  at  New  Jersey,  and  they  also 
examined  his  experimental  Cement  Pulverising  Rolls. 

Exhaustive  tests  were  made  at  which  leading  members  of  the  above-nibntioned  Company 
were  present,  with  the  result  that  the  Company  bought  from  Mr.  Edison  the  right  to  use  his 
machinery  for  the  Crushing  and  Manufacture  of  Cement  only,  in  the  United  States  and  Canada, 
for  55  per  cent  of  the  Common  Stock  and  a  royalty  of  half  the  saving  he  can  effect  in  manufac¬ 
turing  at  under  60  cents  a  barrel.  Mr.  Edison  has  designed  and  is  now  building  an  entire  plant 
for  the  purpose,  at  a  cost  of  about  £ 200,000 ,  having  a  capacity  of  10,000  barrels  per  day. 

An  important  improvement  in  the  surfaces  of  the  Rolls,  especially  invented  for  Cement 
grinding,  has  been  communicated  to  your  Directors  by  Mr.  Edison  and  is  referred  to  under  the 
heading  of  Patents. 




Balance  Sbeet,  '  30tb  IRovember,  1899. 

To  Capital 

1,000  Shares  of  ^100  each  . 

660  Fully  Paid  Shares  issued  to  Vendors  in  p 

of  purchase  money . 

340  Shares  subscribed  (fully  paid  up) 

We  have  examined  the  above  Balance  Sheet  with  the  Books,  J 
and  fair  Balance  Sheet,  properly  drawn  up  so  as  to  exhibit  a  true* 

London,  4 th  December,  1899. 

By  Cash  at  Bankers  and  in  hand  ...  . 

By  Purchase  of  Patents  under  Agreements  of  aoth  Juno,  and 

12th  July,  1898... 

Add  Stamp  Duty,  and  Cost  of  taking  out  Foreign  and  Colonial 

By  Preliminary  Expenses,  including  Registration  Fees,  Legal 
Expenses  and  Expenses  attendant  upon  issue  of  shares  ... 

By  Office  Furniture  and  Survey  Instruments  . 

By  Sundry  Expenditure  from  22nd  June,  1898  (the  date  of  the 
incorporation  of  the  Syndicate)  to  30th  November,  1899... 
Surveyors’  Salaries  and  Expenses,  Cost  of  Investigation 
of  data  in  America  re  Process,  also  Experts’  Fees  for 

Reports  and  Analyses  . ;  . 

Legal  Expenses,  Patent  Charges  and  Renewal  Fees . 

Travelling  Expenses,  Salary  of  Secretary,  Printing,  Station¬ 
ery,  Cablegrams,  Telegrams,  Postages,  and  Sundry 

Office  Expen 

Accounts,  and  Vouchers  relating  thereto,  and  certify  that  it  i 
and  correct  view  of  the  state  of  the  Syndicate’s  affairs. 

P.  L.  ELLIS,  MAW  &  Go. 

Chartered  Accountants. 

Edison  Ore-Milling 
Syndicate  Limited. 

IRepott  of  tbe  XDivectovs 

■;}  AND 

}:  Balance  Sheet 

!  .  zoth  NOVEMBER,  1899.  | 

I  s  \  ■  ■ 

ro  ((£  - 

Thqpias  A. Edison,  Esq., 
J/  ORANGE,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir, 

We  hope  that  by  this  time  you  will  have  received  the 
case  of  samples  of  iron  ore  from  Dunderland  which  were  picked 
out  from  others  sent  us,  by  Dr  Lehmann. 

we  have  to-day  received  a  copy  of  Professor  Louih’  full 
report  on  the  Dunderland  mines,  based  upon  his  investigations 
with  Dr  Lehmann  last  July.  A  copy  of  this  will  be  sent  you 
next  mail,  together  with  a  sketch  map  of  the  locations. 

We' enclose  herewith  an  extract  from  a  letter  to  hand 
from  Messrs  Dunford  S>  Elliott,  of  Newcastle-on-Tyne,  who  Wfe' 
expect  will  form  the  Scandinavian  Company  to  take  from  us  a 
license  to  use  your  process  in  those  countries,  and  who  brought 
the  Dunderland  proposition  to  our  notice.  This  contains 
a  suggestion  of  Professor  Louis  as  to  magnetising  the  hematite, 
and  we  should  be  glad  to  hear  whether  you  Can  make  any  use  of  it. 

Yours  very  truly* 



E.H.Beazley,  Esq., 

Newcastle -on-l'yne. 

i&3rd  December  1899. 

Dear  Sir, 

Since  receiving  the  report  from  Professor  Louis,  he  has 
been  experimenting  on  the  Dunderland  ore  and  informs  us  that  he 
finds  that  the'  hematite  can  be  rendered  magnetic  by  heating  to  a 
very  low  temperature  in  the  current  of  some  reducing  gas,  such 
as  Producer  Gas.  He  suggests  that  it  will  be  possible  to  replace 
Mr  Edison's  drying  furnace  by  a  Furnace  in  which  the  ore  shall  be1 
exposed  to  a  current  of  such  gas  and  at  the  same  time  heated, 
possibly  by  gas  firing-,’  to  the  requisite  temperature.  He 
further  suggests  that  the  ore  in  the  lower  part  of  this  Furnace 
shall  be  exposed  to  a  current  of  steam  sufficient  to  convert 
any  Metallic  iron  that  may  haye  been  formed  by-  too  high  a 
temperature  into  magnetite,  so  that  the  whole  of  the  iron 
practically  will  be  obtained  in  the  form  of  Magnetite. 

In  a  preliminary  experiment  on  crushed. Dunderland  ore,  he 
found  that  over  90#  of  the  iron  present  in  the  ore  which  is  not 
magnetic*  (in  the  natural  state),  can  thus  be  rendered  magnetic. 

We  shall  be  glad  to  know  if  Mr  Edison  can  adapt  his  Drying  Furnace' 
to  the  above  magnetising  process,  attd  if  he  can  give  us  any 
idea,  in  the  evant  of  his  being  able  to  do  so,  whether  it  will 
add  to  any  extent  to  the  expense  of  conducting  the  process  or 
of  the  necessary  plant.  Professor  Louis  estimates  the 
temperature  required  as  about  300  degrees  to  400  degrees 
Centigrade, " 

etc,  eto, , 

(Signed' DUNFOKD  &  ELLIOil.  - .  . . •- 


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Dear  Mr.  Lawrehoe, 



r,f  i  t0  you?  lefct-er  of  the  a7th  ult.  I  send  you  couv 

of  letter  I  have  now  received  from  Mr.  Rudd.  7  Py 

thir&*ttUwm,idi>:X  1  ??XieV-e*  be  ±n  towa  all  next  week  and  I 

«s&£  &  * 

Beli^ne  x/' 

Very  truly  yours, 

Bouohier  F.  Bawksley. 

(copy  enclosure) 

£5  Hyde  Park  Gardens, 

SOth  Deer*  1899 

My  dear  Hawksley, 

„„  n?"  5feply  b0  youra  °£  *he  S7ih  ii®  afraid  I  can  he  of 
®®IT1°e  08 .  regards  the  Drakensberg,.- ■  I  knew  the  oountry  30 
years  ago,  hut  never  paid  any  attention  then  Jto  minerals. 

Lawrence  ever  enquired  into  or  considered  the 
m?ti^nSi0n«0f  B  ary  ashing  to  "diamond  ores  or 

mi^htXnI  rrJ*6  h5vf  a  *alk  about  these,  as  many  mines 

MoSM'iS^o^oS5'.1^81”  ’,lth  o6*a’  i®»  W  w 

Sincerely  yours, 
C.  5.  Rudd. 




Those  deposits  are  situated  at  the  head  of  the  Ranen 
fjord  in  the  Province  of  Helgoland,  Nordlands-Amt.  on  the  , 
coast  of  Northern  Norway,  about  lat.  66"  20'.  They  consist 
of  two  groups  of  concessions,  namely  the  Dunderland  conces¬ 
sions  and  the  Helgoland  concessions,  the  ore  deposits  of 
the  latter  forming  the  geological  continuation  of  the  former 
though  separated  from  them  by  an  interval  of  some  9  Kilo¬ 
meters  [5%  miles),  in  which  no  iron  ores  are  known  to  occur. 

Both  groups  are  owned  by  Consul  N.  Persson  of  Helsing- 
borg,  the  former  comprising  460  claims  and  the  latter  over 
100.  The  length  of  a  claim  is  280  meters  so  that  the 
former  are  considered  to  contain  a  length  of  nearly  128 
Kilometers  (80  miles)  and  the  latter  of  over  28  Kilometers 
P.7-J-  miles)  of  iron-bearing  ground. 

This  report  is  devoted  mainly  to  the  Dunderland  group, 
but  it  should  be  borne  in  mind  that  all  the  deposits  have 
been  studied  from  the  point  of  view  of  their  adaptability  to 
the  Edison  process  of  magnetic  concentration.  Por  all  data 
concerning  this  process  the  writer  is  indebted  to  others 
experienced  in  its  working,  and  he  is  necessarily  taking 
their  correctness  for  granted,  but  is  of  course  unable  to.: 
accept  any  responsibility  on  this  head. 

MO.g.RAPHIOAl  POSITION.  As  shown:  by  the  accompanying 
sketch  map,  the  Dunderland  group  of  deposits  lies  along  the 
valley  of  the  Dunderland  or  Ranen  river,  mainly  to  its  North, 
but  in  part  also  along  its  Southern  bank.  Por  the  sake 

of  convenient  description,  these  extensive  ore  fields,  some 
14  miles  in  length,  have  been  divided  into  districts  by 
previous  workers  and  this  same  division  will  be  adhered  to 
in  the  present  report. 

These  districts  are  as  follows  commencing  at  the  Wests- 
North  of  the  River 

1*  The  ^^aalid-Urtvand  District. 

3.  The  Lilleajden  District. 

3.  The  s|£^®yo£d  District . 

4.  The  Dunderland  District. 

South  of  the  River 

5.  The  Bjolmhei  District  »J o4wv AVWwt 

6.  The  Naevernaes  » 

The.  Helgoland  groufi  of  concessions  comprises  two  dis¬ 
tricts,  the  Langvand  district  to  the  North  of  the  lake  of 
that  heme,  and  the  Bjomaa  district  on  an  affluent  of  the 
main  river.  In  each  district  there  are  several  belts  of 
ore,  the  existence  of  which  is  proved  by  outcrops  and  by 
trenches  or  small  tunnels,  but  it  is  only  a  small  portion  of 
the  first  named  district,  on  the  Urtvand,  that  can  be  looked 
^upon  as  at  all  properly  opened  up. 

GEOLOGY.  The  entire  country  consists  of  beds  of 
mica-schist  alternating  with  crystalline  limestone;  the  ore 
occurs  within  the  former  rock  but  generally  close  to  its 
junction  with  the  limestone.  The  boundary  between  the  ore 
and  the  enclosing  rock  is  generally  sharply  defined,  the 
former  but  rarely  fussing  into  the  latter.  Inclusions  of 
barren  country  rock  within  the  ore  mass  are  frequent,  whilst 
alternations  of  narrow  belts  of  ore  and  rock  also  occur. 

The  general  strike  of  the  strata  is  nearly  East  and  West, 
roughly  parallel  to  the  course  of  the  Dunderland  River,  but 
the  dip  varies  being  now  to  the  North  and  now  to  the  South, 
sometimes  steep  but  more  often  flat  varying  between  7'  and 
30'.  Though  the  general  strike  is  fairly  constant,  the 
beds  are  subject  to  numerous  flexures  and  contortions ,  batkon 
a  large  and  on  a  small  scale,  whilst  trou^i-shaped  folds 
seem  also  to  occur.  It  must  be  clearly  understood  that 
though  the  mineral  belt  is  practically  continuous  throughout 
each  group  of  concessions,  the  individual  beds  are  not. 

ORE  DEPOSITS.  These  are  best  described  i 

of  ferriferous  schists,  a  quartzose  rock  of  gneissose  struc¬ 
ture  with  layers  of  specular  hematite  and  magnetite  in  very 
varying  proportions;  some  parts  form  practically  a  very  rich 
ore  whilst  others  are  nearly  barren,  and  these  variations 
are  found  to  take  place  with  extreme  rapidity,  the  greatest 
diversity  being  presented  at  times  by  sections  of  the  same 
deposit  only  a  few  yards  apart.  The  same  is  true  of  the 
ratio  between  the  hematite  and  the  magnetite.  With  such 
great  variability  it  is  more  then  probable  that  tests  of 
merely  one  or  two  openings  on  a  big  deposit  are  likely  to  be 
misleading  as  to  the  composition  of  that  deposit  as  a  whole,  " 
and  it  seems  possible  that  the  composition  of  each  deposit 
is  more  likely  to  approximate  to  the  general  average  of  all 
the  results  than  to  the  results  obtained  from  the  few  openings 
on  that  particular  deposits.  At  the  same  time  it  must  be 
noted  that  the  deposits  that  are  richest  in  mn^etlta  are 
often  the  narrowest,  and  that  the  very  widest  deposits  shew' 
a  predominance  of  hematite  greater  than  the  average. 

The  average  result  of  all  the  samples  collected,  as 


shewn  in  the  subjoined  table  gave:- 

13 #  of  metallic  iron  in  the  form  of  magnetite 
-33ft  .  "  "  hematite: .  etc. 

41#  total  metallic  iron  present. 

The  samples  were  taken  across  the  respective  ore  bodies 
with  the  exclusion  of  certain  narrow  barren  belts',  which 
would  however  probably  have  to  bo  got  with  the  ore  in  working 
large  opeucasts,  and  which  would  probably  have  to  be  cal¬ 
culated  at  rather  under  10#  of  the  ore,  so  that  the  average 
composition  of  the  ore  as  mined  may  be  taken  to  bes- 
11.75#  of  metallic  i-r.on  in  the  form  of  magnetite 
-2.s.-25#  "  w  "  hematite 

37  #  of  metallic  iron  present. 

The  deposits  are  of  the  bedded  type  and  therefore  run 
parallel  to  the  strata  both  in  dip  and  strike;  the  result  is 
that  the  ores  themselves  are,  like  the  strata,  much  flexured 
and  are  subject  to  numerous  interruptions  being  often  cut  off 
by  folds  in  the  beds  of  limestone  or  pinched  out  between  them. 
At  times  however  a  bed. of  ore  may  be  followed  almost  without 
a  break  for  a  distance  of  2  or  3  Kilometers.  The  width  of 
the  ore  bodies  is  very  variable,  from  quite  unwo rkable  thi^ — 
ness  up  to  some  250  meters;  any  that  average  much  under  10 
meters  in  thickness  have  been  disregarded. 

like  the  strata  the  ore  bodies  often  dip  at  flat  angles 
and  very  often  into  the  hillsides  in  which  they  lie.  On  this 
account  opencast  working  will  necessarily  be  limited  in 
practice,  as  to  depth,  by  the  large  amount  of  barren. over¬ 
burden  that,  will  have  to  be  removed  as  depth  is  attained. 


the  proportion  increasing  rapidly  with  the  depth.  Thus 
taking  figures  that  may  be  said  to  represent  fairly  the 
average  conditions  in  this  district  as  shown  by  the  subjoined 
diagram,  about  1  cubic  meter  of  barren  rock  would  have  to  be 
removed  for  each  cubic  meter  of  ore  mass  got,  on  working 
down  to  a  depth  of  60  meters.  Hence  it  may  be  fairly 
assumed  that  this  latter  figure  represents  the  maximum 
average  depth  at  which  opencast  working  will  be  economically 
possible  in  these  deposits.  Of  course  the  contour  of  the 
country  will  not  allow  even  this  depth  to  be  attained  in 
every  case. 

Furthermore  the  question  of  the  permanence  in  depth 
of  these  deposits  down  to  the  above  limit  of  60  motors  has  to 
be  considered.  Having  regard  tp  the  folding  shewn  in  their 
horizontal  development  and  the  probability  that  similar 
vertical  folds  may  exist,  it  may  fairly  be  said  that  whilst 
geological  indications  favour  the  presumption  that  the  de¬ 
posits  '  Will  hold  down  to  a  moderate  depth,  there  is  no 
proof  obtainable  anywhere  that  such  is  the  case,  and  doubts 
on  this  point  are  so  well  warranted  that  they  can  only  be 
set  at  rest  by  practical  trials  by  means  of  boring.  The 
permanence  in  depth  of  these  deposits  and  their  character  in 
depth  if  they  go  down  should  be  tested  by  means  of  a  series 
of  boreholes  put  down  with  a  small  diamond  drill  giving 
about  a  i"  core;  the  cores  so  obtained  should  be  submitted 
to  careful  examination.  The  cost  of  such  boreholes  varies 
between  26/-  and  £2  per  meter.  Meanwhile  all  the  evidence 
obtainable  by  natural  cross-sections  favours  the  view  that 
no  great  alteration  in  character  of  ore  is  likely  to  occur  in 
depth,  and  the  extent  of  the  surface  indications  proves  tfafcb 


.these  ore  deposits  are  of  undoubtedly  great  magnitude. 


Vestraaild-Urtvand  District:-  This  district  is  shown 

on  a  large  scale  plan;  that  part  of  it  that  lies  East  of  the 

Urtvand  lake  is  the  only  one  that  has  been  at  all  properly 

explored.  The  chief  bed  in  it  is  known  as  the  Urtvand 

deposit;  it  extends  eastward  from  the  shores  of  the  lske  for 

a  length  of  1100  meters,  rising  gradually  from  the  level  of 

the  lake  to  a  height  of  some  65  meters.  Several  trenches 

have  been  cut  across  it  which  shew  its  true  width  to  range 

betweon  20  and  70  meters.  The  average  height  above  the  lEke 
6-o\f  HOp 

and  the  mean  width  may  be  taken  at  3  0  and  40  meters  res- 

1°{r  mfr 

pectively,  and  the  quantity  of  workable  ore  above  lake  level 
,  <rK 

rnay  .be  estimated  at  4$  millions  of  tons.  The  dip  of  the 
deposit  is  between  50°  and  76°  so  that  its  exploitation  offers 
no  special  difficulties.  Samples  A  to  G  and  1  were  taken 
at  various  points  along  this  deposit;  the  average  of  all 
these  assays  gives  about  19 $  of  iron  as  magnetite  and  21$ 
as  hematite.  A  short  distance  to  the  South  of  this  deposit 
a  quarry  has  been  opened  upon  a  small  deposit  known  as  the 

Stilvand  deposit;  this  can  however  only  be  traced  for  a  short _ 

distance  and  may  possibly  be  a  portion  of  the  first-named. 

There  are  indications  of  other  beds  of  iron  ore  in  this 
district,  but  no  others  of  any  importance  have  yet  been 

To  tke  West  of  the  Urtvand  lake  near  the  Vestraalid 
farm  several  bods  of  ore  are  known  and  have  been  partially 
opened  up  in  a  few  places,  but  by  no  means  enough  to  enable 

their  value  to  be  ascertained.  Some  of  them  lie  on  very 

high  ground  and  are  well  situated  for  mining,  except  that 

their  dip  is  rather  flat  iji  places;  with  some  breaks  they 

can  be  traced  for  about  1600  meters  with  a  width  of  20.  to 


25  meters.  Samples  K  and  L  are  from  these  deposits. 

'Sample  M  is  from  a  well  situated  deposit  that  has  not  yet 
been  properly  opened  to  the  South  of  the  former,  and  Sample 
N  from  the  Stensundt jern  deposit,  a  narrow  bed,  only  some  10 
meters  thick,  but  which  has  been  traced  for  over  2  Kilometers. 

ffVX y  T. 

None  of  these  latter  deposits  have  been  properly  opened  up 
and  their  contents  can  be  hardly  more  than  guessed  at  some 
12  or  15  millions  of  tons  of  available  ore.  .  The  average 
composition  of  these  ores  shows  nearly  10#  of  iron  present 
as  magnetite  and  about  31#  as  hematite.  Hence  this  dis¬ 
trict  may  be  looked  upon  as  capable  of  producing  15  to  20 
millions  of  tons  of  ore  containing  say  12#  of  iron  as 
magnetite  and  28#  as  hematite,  without  deducting  anything 
for  barren  partings. 

East  of  the  Stilv&nd  deposit,  in  what  are  at  times 
spoken  of  here  as  the  Torbackmo  or  the  Kvandvand  district 
there  are  numerous  indications  of  ore,  but  no  work  to  speak  of 
has  been  done,  and  no  big  ore  bodies  are  yet  known.  The 
bare  existence  of  ore  in  this  area  is  all  that  can  fairly 
be  recorded. 

lilleaaen  and  Strand.lord  Districts 
In  these  districts  which  cover  some  6  Kilometers 
included  between  the  streams  Eiteraa  and  Strandjordaa,  there 
are  several  indications  of  important  ore  bodies,  but  too 

little  work  has  boon  done  to  enable  their  continuity 
to  be  traced  or  even  to  form  any  clear  idea  of  the 
number  or  size  of  the  deposits.  In  the  neighbourhood 
of  Urtfjeldmo  farm  house,  there  are  one  or  two  narrow 
beds  of  ore,  but  further  to  the  North  and  lying  in  part 
above  the  limit  of  tree  growth,  there  are  some  large 
exposures  of  ore.  Sample  R  represents  the  formar 
narrow  bed;  Sample  V  was  taken  from  a  mineral  belt  con¬ 
taining  a  number  of  narrow  beds,  making  up  together  a 
width  of  30 ^meters  of  workable  ore,  in  the  Strsndjord 
district,  snd  Samples  0  and  P  are  from  a  shallow  surface 
cut  in-  the  Lilleaan  district,  whore  a  deposit  attains 
the  exceptional  width  of  about  250  meters  with,  however, 
numerous  partings  of  barren  rock,  and  some  bends  that 
add  to  its  apparent  width. 

.  lM  tbe  -P»»dcrland  district  proper,  a  number  of 
beds  are  known  ranging  from  4  to  17  meters  in  width- 
samples  V  and  X  are  from  these  deposits  which  have  beer 
irnt  little  prospected  and  which  are  not  especially 
favourably  situated  for  mining. 

Averaging  the  composition  of  all  these  latter  thre 
districts,  it  will  be  seen  that  they  shew  about  of 
iron  as  magnetite  and  36J?  as  hematite;  in  other  words, 
whilst  the  total  amount  of  iron  remains  practically 
constant,  the  Eastern  portion  of  the  field  contains  los 
than  half  as  much  magnet ite  as  there  is  in  the  Western 



Ths  BjoVnhel  District  is  well  situated  for  working 
an  ore  deposit  extending  into  the.  hillside  from  the 
banks  of  the  Dunderland  river.  It  has  been  traced 
foresters  and  has  been  opened  in  a  few  places 
which  shew  it  to  have  a  mean  width' of  12  to  16  meters; 
Samples  A  and  T  represent  its  composition!!" 

At  Naevernaes  a  deposit  of  about  the  same  length 
but  apparently  rather  wider,  has  been  opened  by  means 
of  some  three  trenches.  it  lies  high  above  the  river 
and  about.  1  Kilometer  away  from  it.  As  will  bo  seen 
from  Samples  Y  and  z,  taken  from  this  deposit,  its 
composition  approximates  to  that  of  the  ores  from  the 
Vestraaiid-Urtvand  district,  whilst  the  ore  from 
BjoVnh.ei  -  lying  to  the  West  of  it  -  is  almost  identical 
with  that  from  the  more  Easterly  districts  on  the  North 
side  of  the  river.  Thus  the  ores  South  of  the  River' 
shew  the  reverse  behaviour  so  far  as  the  ratio  of  mag- 
.  netlte  of. hematite  is  concerned,  to  what  was.  noted 
among  the  Northern  deposits,  and  it  is  obvious  that  the 
information  obtained  so  far  does  not  admit  of  any  safe 
generalisations  being  indulged  in. 

The  total  iron  contents  seem  to  be  fairly  constant 
everywhere,  and  it  would  seem  safest  for  the  present  to 
keep  to  the  general  average  already  arrived  at,  and  to 
assume  the  ore  as  mined,  that  is  unsorted  and  including 


barren  partings,  to  contain 

11.75$  of  metallic  iron  as  magnetite 

25.25#  «  «  hematite 

37__$  of  total  iron. 

With  regard  to  the  total  quantity  of  ore  no 
useful  estimate  can  be  given;  it  can  only  be  said, 
always  subject  to  the  results  of  boring  operations, 
that  there  is  every  reason  to  believe  that  this  field 
contains  a  vast  amount  of  ore,  sufficient  for  all 
practical  purposes,  af  about  the  above  composition.  As 
already  said,  the  continuity  of  the  deposits  in  depth 
will  have  to  be  proved  by  boring,  and  in  horizontal 
extension  by  a  good  deal  more  surface  trenching,  before 
reliable  estimates  can  be  preparod.  Jt  is  probable 
than  an  expenditure  of  say  £2000  to  £3000  and  a  period 
of  3  to  4  months  would  be  needed  for  such  exploratory 

Helgoland  Concessions.  In  view  of  the  large  amount 
of  ore  that  appears  to  exist  in  the  Dunderland  ore  fields 
it  seemed  unnecessary  fully  to  investigate  this  second 
group.  If  the  ore  in  the  Dunderland  Districts  cuts 
out  at  shallow  depths,  it  will  probably  do  the  same  in 
the  Helgoland  area,  and  if  the  former1  holds  down  in 
depth,  there  will  be  ample  for  all  practical  purposes. 

The  great  object  therefore  of  uniting  the  two  groups 
in  one  hand  would  be  to  prevent  interferencenand  possible • 
competition.  There  are  two  districts,  one  at  FugelviclC 
and  Qimli.  on  the  North  shore  of  the  IWngvand  lake,  which 
shews  several  beds  of  hematite  and  magnetite  dipping  into 


the  hill  at  the  rather  flat  angle  of  some  30*  and  a 
second  deposit  at  Bjornaa  on  the  Rodv&self  which  enters 
the  Ban gv and  at  the  point  where  the  langvasaa,  an  af¬ 
fluent  of  the  Dunderland  River,  leaves  that  lake.  These 
deposits  seem  to  be  in  all  essential  particulars  iden¬ 
tical  with  those  of  Dunderland,  but  on  a  rather  small 
scale.  They  have  however,  never  been  properly  explored. 

ECONOMIC  CONSIDERATIONS.  it  will  be  seen  from  the 
list  of  analyses  that  few,  even  of  the  best  average  sam¬ 
ples,  excluding  barren  portions,  contain  over  50#  metallic 
iron;  bearing  in  mind  that  the  ore  contains  about  0.5#  of 
phosphorous  and  is  hence  unsaleable  as  a  Bessemer  ore,  and 
that  only  a  small  amount  could  be  obtained  rich  enough  for 
profitable  export,  or  say  over  57#  and  then  only  by  care¬ 
ful  handpicking,  which  would  involve  the  rejection  of  a 
large  proportion  of  the  poorer  material,  it  may  safely  be 
said  that  the  profitable  working  of  this  property  for  dirett 
shipping  purposes  is  out  of  the  question,  and  that  it  only 
deserved  serious  consideration  as  a  concentrating  proposi¬ 
tion.  This  would  involve  the  cheapest  mode  of  mining  by 
means  of  large  opencuts  on  Edison’s  system,  for  which  the 
contour  of  the  ground  and  the  lie  of  the  deposits  are 
fairly  well  adapted,  whilst  the  numerous  waterfalls  in  all' — 
parts  of  the  property  would  furnish  choiply  all  the  requi¬ 
site  motive  power  for  actuating  rockdrills,  loading 
machinery  &c.  Climatic  conditions  are  said  to  be  less 
severe  than  might  be  expected  and  allowing  for  these  and 
for  the  removal  of  a  bulk  of  overburden  equal  to  that  of 
the  ore  got,  and  setting  off  against  these  drawbacks  the 
fact  that  labour  is  cheap  and  very  good,  it  is  fair  to 
estimate  that  the  price  of  ore  loaddd  into  cars  in  the 


quarries  should  not  exceed  8d  or  9d.  per  ton. 

TREATMENT  OP  OKB:-  Assuming  that  the  Edison  process 
is  capable  of  producing  a  briquette  containing  about  67$  of 
iron  and  less  than  0.03$  of  phosphorus  from  this  ore,  the 
mines  and  works  will  have  to  be  laid  out  with  reference 
to  the  most  economic  method  of  employing  this  process. 

Power  for  driving  the  Edison  mill  can  be  most  cheaply, 
obtained  from  the  splendid  falls  known  as. the  Renfossen, 
formed  by  the  union  of  the  D underland  and  Langvand  rivers 
falling  over  a  steep  slope  with  a  clear  height  of  110  feet 
nearly  the  whole  of  which  drop  could  be  made  available  by 
means  of  a  short  race.  The  river  just  above  the  falls  is 
300  feet  wide  and  at  date  of  measurement  had  a  maximum 
depth  of  30  feet,  and  a  mean  depth  of  quite  10  feet.  The 
mean  velocity  of  the  stream  was  about  150  feet  per  minute. 
Of  course  these. latter  data  fluctuate  according  to  the 
season,  but  it  is  stated  on  all  sides  that  the  river  runs 
the  whole  year  tl^ugh  carrying  a  big  body  of  water. 
Obviously  such  a  fall  could  easily  supply  10,000  or  20,000 
H.P .  or  more  if  required.  Owing  to  the  great  extent  of 
ground  covered  by  these  deposits,  the  question  of  trans¬ 
port  to  the  mill  will  need  special  consideration,  wherever 
the  mill  is  erected.  Of  the  alternative  schemes  of  - 
(1)  Erecting  the  mill  at  a  central  site,  running  the  ore1"”" 
to  it  and  transmitting  the  power  electrically  from  the 
falls,  and  -  (2)  Erecting  the  mill  at  the  falls  themselves 
and  carrying  the  ore  to  it;  the  latter  seems  the  more 
promising  for  various  reasons.  A  good  mill-site  can  be 
got  at  the  falls,  there  is  ample  space  for  depositing 
tailings,  and  the  position  suits  both  the  Eunderland  and 
the  Helgeland  concessions.  From  Storfosshei,  at  about  the 


centre  of  the/ Dunderland  group  to  the  falls  is  a  distance 
of  about  8/miles  by  river;  the  river  offers  no  serious 
obstaole  to  large  transport;  it  is  deep,  averaging  some  15 
feet,  the  shallowest  sounding  obtained  being  about  5  feet, 
and  the  mean  velocity  of  the  Current  is  little  over  3 
miles,  per  hour.  In  places  a  few  rocks  will  need  blasting 
away,  but  the  river  can  be  rendered  easily  navigable  at 
very  small  cost.  It  is  stated  that  the  river  freezes 
at  the'  surface  in  the  winter,  but  most  of  the  residents 
seem  to  think  that  it  could  easily  be  kept  open  by  regular 
traffic.  T/hen  the  Helgoland  deposits  are  worked,  the  ore 
from  them  could  be  conveyed  down  the  Langvandsaa,  which, 
though  shallower  than  the  Dunderland  river,  seems  to  be 
quite  suitable  for  large  transit. 

The  ore  could  be  brought  to  the  riverside  by  means 
of  self-acting  inclines  ranging  from  a  few  hundred  yards 
to  about  3  miles  in  length.  Provisionally  a  sum  of 
■^£50,000  maybe  taken  to  suffice  for  the  requisite  barges 
and  tug-boats,  whilst  another  £25,000  should  suffice  for 
the  inclines.  The  Mill  is  estimated  to  cost  £150,000; 
in  view  of  the  steep  slope  available  for  its .erection, 
which  will  allow  it  to  be  disposed  in  terraces,  and  will 
admit  of  some  of  the  elevators  being  dispensed  with, 
whilst  excellent  rock  foundation  is  to  be 'got,  this  sum  ~ 
should  not  be  exceeded,  and  £50,000  may  provisionally  be 
added  for  water  race  turbines  etc. 

The  cost  of  conveying  the  ore  (assuming  the  mill  to 
treat  5,000  tons  of  crude  ore  per  day)  from  the  quarries  to 
the  mill  by  this  scheme  may  be  provisionally  set  down  at  6d 
per  ton.  It  must  however  not  be  forgotten  that  any  rela¬ 
tively  high  cost  under  this  head  is  in  great  part  offset  by 


the  cheapness  of  motive  power  in  the  mill,  the  economy  of 
transport  within  the  mill  due  to  the  natural  fall  available 
and  the  ease  with  which  tailings  can  be  disposed  of. 

The  conveyance  of  briquettes  from  the  mill  to  the 
place  of  shipment  is  a  more  difficult  problem.  The  river 
below  Renfossen  can  only  be  made  navigable  by  constructing 
one  or  two  big  locks,  and  loading  steamers  from  barges  is 
neither  an  expeditious  nor  a  satisfactory  system.  It  looks 
as  though  the  best  solution  of  the  problem  might  be  found 
in  a  meter-gauge  railway  from  the  mill  to  the  head  of  the 
Ranen  fjord  along  the  North  bank  of  the  river,  a  distance 
of  some  IS  kilometers  (8  miles) ;  it  is  probable  that  such 
a  railway  might  be  worked  electrically  by  means  of  power 
developed  at  the  falls.  Several  places  at  the  head  of 
the  fjord  offer  good  anchorage  with  ample  depth  for 
large  vessels.  Including  the  necessary  loading  piers, 
rolling  stock  etc.  a  sum  of  £50,000  may  provisionally  be 
estimated  for  this  railway,  and  She  cost  of  transport  and 
loading  may  be  assumed  at  l/-  per  ton.  It  must  be  under¬ 
stood  that  each  portion  of  this  scheme  would  need  investi¬ 
gation  by  specialists;  it  is  here  put  forward  tentatively 
aid  to  afford  a  basis  for  calculation,  but  it  is  quite 
possible  that  better  methods  of  accomplishing  the  object 
may  be  devised. 

Upon  the  above  basis,  the  requisite  capital  for  ^  ~ 
acquiring  and  equipping  the  mines,  and  erecting  a  mill 
to  treat  5,000  tons  of  crude  ore  per  day,  could  be  pro¬ 
visionally  assumed  as  follows:- 

Purohase  price  of  mines,  etc.  including 
preliminary  expenses 
Erection  of  mill  with  waterpower,  etc. 

Systems  of  transport,  as  above 
Equipment  of  mines,  houses  for  men,  etc. 

Allowance  for  3  months’  working  expenses 

Add  for  contingencies,  say 



.  25,000 


It  may  be  assumed  that  there  is  at  least  enough  ore 
to  last  for  20  years  at  the  above  rate  of  Y/orking,  so 
that  £48,000  a  year  may  be  set  aside  for  amortisation 
and  interest  at  5  per  cent,  on  a  capital  of  £600,000 
supposed  to  be  sunk.  This  amounts  to  nearly  8d.  per  ton 
of  crude  ore.  Taking  the  costs  for  mining  and  transport 
as  above,  and  reckoning  the  operations  of  crushing s,  drying 
and  concentrating,  to  cost  9d  per  ton  of  crude  ore,  and 
of  briquetting  l/6  per  ton,  and  allowing-  Id.  per  ton  of 
crude  ore  for  general  end  administrative  expenses,  the 
cost  of  producing  briquettes  and  loading  them,  on  board 
ship  will  be  as  shewn  in  the  following  table.  It  obviously 
must  vary  with  the  proportion  of  iron-i  in  the  crude  ore 
that  is  recoverable  in  the  form  of  concentrate. 

Percentage  of  recoverable 

iron  in  the 


.  10  15  20  25  30 


Percentage  of  briquettes 


15  22.5  30  37.5  45 


Tons  of  crude  to  1  ton 

1  2 

of  Briquettes 

7  4f  3  3  2  3  2£ 


Bally  output  of 

Briquettes  Tons 

750  1125  1500  1875 

2250  2625 

Cost  per  ton  of 

•  :  : 

Briquettes  f.o.b. 

Of  amortisation 

.  i.d.o 


Of  administration 


4.5  3.3  2.7 



Of  mining 


3.4.5.  Z.€.Q  2 



Of  transport  to  mill 


2.3  1.8  1.4 



Of  crushing  &  concen- 


3.4.5  2.6  2 




Of  briquetting 

Of  transport  to  ship 


1.6  1.6  1.6 



and  loading 


1  1  1 


_1 _ 



s  s'  s 



*  TON  s  s  s  s  s  s 

F.0.B .  21.9  14.10.5  11.8  9.10  '  8.8.25  8 

These  figures  are  only  to  be  regarded  as  a  preliminary 
rough  estimate  based  on  admittedly  imperfect  data,  but 
nothing  better  seems  to  be  available  at  present.  Freights 
from  the  Ranen  fjord  to  this  country  will  probably  be  be¬ 
tween  5/-  arid  6/-  per  ton,  whilst  a  briquette  of  the  above 
composition  may  be  taken  as  worth  here  about  20/-  per  ton, 
so  that  its  value  f.o.b.  in  the  Ranen  fjord’ may  be  assumed 
at  14/-.  Accordingly  the  minimum  amount  of  recoverable 
iron,  at  which  any  profit  may  fairly  be  expected,  is  20#, 
and  according  to  the  Qbove  table  the  annual  profit  realised 
may  be  estimated  to  be  as  follows,  according  to  the  per¬ 
centage  of  conoentrable  iron  in  the  ore. 

With  20#  of  recoverable  iron  £52,500 

"  25#  "  "  »  £117,200 

"  30#  »  "  '•  £179,300 

"  35#  w  "  "  £236,200  )  \%i 

It  is  now  abundantly  clear  that  the  success  or 
failure  of  the  whole  scheme  depends  upon  the  percentage 
of  iron  that  can  be  concentrated.  It  has  already  been 
shewn  that  the  average  percentage  of  magnetite,  or  of 
iron  in  a  form  readily  attracted  by  the  magnet  and  there¬ 
fore  susceptible  of  ordinary  magnetic  concentration,  is 
under  12,  though  in  a  few  of  the  deposits  it  rises  to  17#. 
It  may  therefore  be  definitely  laid  down  that  these  de¬ 
posits  are  not  likely  to  pay  to  treat  unless  a  distinct 
proportion  of  the  haematite  can  be  concentrated  as  well 
as  the  magnetite.  If  sufficient  of  the  Haematite  can 
bd  saved  together  with  the  magnetite  to  yield  over  30# 
of  the  crude  ore  as  briquettes,  which  must  contain  over 
66#  of’ iron  and  under  0.03#  of  phosphorus,  there  is  little 


doubt  b„ut  that  the  operation  would  prove  to  be  profitable. 
SUMMARY :  These  deposits  may  fairly  be  ranked  as  amongst 

the  most  important  in  Scandinavia,  and  by  far  the  largest 
of  any  known  to  exist  wi thin  reasonable  distance  from  the 
Western  seabord.  They  evidently  contain  a  good  deal  of 
low  grade  iron  ore,  too  poor  and  too  phosphoric  to  be 
worth  shipping  without  concentration.  Ho  doubt  they  have 
their  drawbacks,  ohiefly  due  to  their  geographical  posi¬ 
tion  on  the  edge  of  the  Arctic  circle,  but  they  also 
present  many  counterbalancing  advantages,  chief  of  which 
is  perhaps  the  magnificent  waterpower  available.  The 
whole  question  of  their  successful  exploitation  turns  upon 
the  fact  that  less  than  one  third  of  the  total  iron 
present  is  in  a  form  in  which  it  is  readily  attracted  by 
the  magnet:  the  residual  haematite  appears  however  not  to. 
be  altogether  insensible  to  magnetic  influence.  In  view 
of  the  many  favourable  features  presented  by  these  large 
deposits,  it  seems  clear  that  .every' effort  ishould  be  made 
to  devise  a  system  of  concentration  by  which  a  considerable 
proportion  of  the  haematite  can  be  saved  along,  with  the 
magnetite.  In  other'  words  !the  problem  is  the  separation 
of  the  heavier  and  more  or  less  magnetic  portions  of  the 
ore  . from 'theT  lighter  and -quite  nonmagnetic  portions.  In, 
this  form' the  problems'  look's 

especially  having  regard  to  the  fact  that  the  total  per¬ 
centage  of  iron  in  the  crude  ore  is  high  enough  to  allow  an 
even  moderately  large  loss  to  be  disregarded.  The  subject 
will  necessarily  have  to  be  attacked  experimentally,  and 
there  is  a  powerful  incentive  to  commencing  such  work 
seeing  that  its  successful  accomplishment  promises  to  form 
the  basis-  upon  which  a  highly  profitable  industry  may  be 

Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate,  Ltd.,  and  Related  Companies 
Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate,  Ltd.,  Files  -  Patent  Assignment  (1899) 

This  folder  contains  one  document,  dated  October  1 6, 1 899,  assigning 
control  of  Edison's  ore  milling  patents  to  EOMS  in  all  countries  except  the 
United  States  and  Canada. 


Y/IffiKEAS,  the  undersigned  THOMAS  ALVA  EDISON  of  the 
Oity  of  Orange,  County  of  Essex  and  State  of  Hew  Jorsoy, 
in  the  United  States  of  America,  has'  invented  certain 
improvements  for  which  letters  patent  of  the  United  King¬ 
dom  of  Ora at  Britain  and  Ireland  have  been  granted  to 
Benjamin  Joseph  Bernard  Mills,  oach  as  a  communication 
from  him,  the  said  Thomas  Alva  Edison,  the  first  of  said 
patents  being  numbered  8528  and  entitled  Process  and 
Apparatus  for  Concentrating  Magnetic  Iron  Ores  and 
Bricking  the  aarne  for  Market:  the  secdnd  of  said  patents 
being  numbered  8529  and  entitled  Method  and  Apparatus  for 
Breaking  Rook;  the  third  of  said  patents  being  numbered 
8530  and  entitled  Improvements  in  Roller  Crushing  Mills, 
Particularly  Applicable  to  Calendering  Machines, Rolling 
Mills  and  Similar  Machines  in  Tfliich  Rolls  are  employed; 
the  fourth  of  said  patents  being  numbered  8531  and  en¬ 
titled  Improvements  in  Elevatdrs  and  Conveyors:  the 
fifth  of  said  patents  being  numbered  8532  and  entitled 
Improvements  in  Machines  for  Moulding  Briquettes  and  Blocks; 
and  the  last  of  paid  patents  being  numbered  8533  and 
entitled  Improvements  in  Dryers,  all  of  said  British 
patents  bearing  date  the  12th  day  of  April  1898; 

AND  V/HEEEAS,  the  said  Thomas  Alva  Edison,  has  ob¬ 
tained  Austrian  patent  48/3483  dated  June  22,1898,  on 
tho  second  of  said  inv  oat  ions;  Austrian  patent  48/3743 
dated  July  10,1898,  on  the  fourth  of  Bald  inventions; 
Austrian  patent  48/3361  dated  June  22,1898,  on  the  fifth 
of  said  inventions;  Austrian  patent  48/5291  dated  October 
24,1898  on  tho  last  of  said  inventions;  Belgian  patents 

186,930,  136,931,  136,932,  136,933,  136,934  and 

136,936,  respectively,  each  dated  July  16,1898,  on  all 
of  said  inventions;  French  patents  276,896,  276,896, 

276,897,  276,898,  276,899  and  276,900,  respectively , each 

dated  April  12,1898,  on  all  of  said  inventions;  Italian 
patents  Volume  96,  numbers  192,1193,  194,  and  196,  Vol¬ 
ume  96,  number  166,  and  Volume  98,  number  196,  respoctively, 
each  dated  June  30,1898,  on  all  of  said  inventions;  and 
Spanish  patents  numbers  22498,  22496,  22497,  22498,  22499, 
and  22500,  respoctively,  each  dated  June  28,1898,  on  all 
of  said  Inventions; 

AND  WHEREAS,  two  applications  for  patents  in 
Austria  wero  filed  April  12,  1898,  on  the  first  aid  third 
of  said  inventions;  six  applications  for  patents  in 
Germany  wore  filed  April  12,1898,  on  all  of  said  inventions; 
six  applications  for  patents  in  Russia  were  filed  April 
12,1898,  on  all  of  said  Inventions;  six  applications  for 
patents  in  Sweden  were  filed  April  12,1898,  on  all  of 
said  inventions;  and  other  applications  wore  filed,  on 
dates  not  now  known  to  the  said  Thomas  Alva  Edison,  for 
patents  on  all  of  said  inventions  in  Hungary,  Hew  Zealand, 
Norway,  Orange  Free  state,  Cape  Colony,  Natal,  and  South 
African  Republic;  and  an  application  for  a  patent  on  the 
third  of  said  inventions  was  filed  on  dates  not  known  to 
the  said  Thomas  Alva  Edison, in  each  of  the  following 
countries,  to  wit,  Hew  South  Wales,  Queensland,  Rhodesia, 
Soutfc  Australia,  Tasmania,  Victoria  and  West  Australia; 

LIMITED,  a  corporation  organized  under  the  Company's  Acts, 
1862  to  1893,  whose  registered  office  is  situate  at  31- 
Ab church  Lane  in  the  City  of  London,  by  virtue  of  an  agree- 

went  made  the  twentieth  day  of  June  A  .D. 1898,  between  the 
said  Thomas  Alva  Edison,  Sigmund  Beigmann,  of  the  Bor¬ 
ough  of  Manhattan,  Oity  of  How  York,  in  t  he  United 
States  of  America,  and  Herman  Ernest  Dick  of  the  city 
of  Chicago,  United  States  of  America,  on  the  one  part, 
and  Edwin  Henry  Beazley  of  189:.IXeet- Street  in  the  City 
of  London,  on  the  other  part,  is  entitled  to  an  assignment 
of  the  entire  right,  title  and  interest  in  and  to  all 
of  said  inventions,  and  in  and  to  all  patents  or  similar 
privileges  which  may  havo  been  secured,  or  which  may  here¬ 
after  be  secured,  on  the  said  inventions  in  any  country 
or  countries  whatsoever  (except  tho  Ihlit od  States  of 
America  and  Canada)  including  the  patents  and  applications 
specifically  referred  to  above,  and  any  patents  which 
may  have  been  issued  at  or  prior  to  this  date  upon  any 
or  all  of  the  said  applications; 

HOW  THEREFORE ,  to  all  whom  it  may  concern,  be 
it  known,  that  for  and  in  consideration  of  tho  premises 
and  the  sum  of  one  dollar,  paid  by  the  said  Tho  Edison 
Ore  Milling  Syndicate, Limited,  to  the  said  Thomas  Alva 
Edison,  Sigmund  Bergnann,  and  Herman  Ernest  Dick,  receipt 
of  which  is  hereby  acknowledged,  the  said  Thomas  Alva 
Edison,  Sigmund  Bergmann,  and  Homan  Ernest  Dick,  have 
bargained,  sold,  assigned,  transferred  and  set  over,  and 
by  these  presents  do  bargain,  sell,  assign,  transfer  and 
set  over,  unto  tho  said  The  Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate, 
Limited,  its  successors  and  assigns,  the  entire  right, 
title  and  interest  in  and  to  ths  said  inventions  (except 
for  and  in  the  United  States  of  America  and  Canada)  and 
in  and  to  any  patents  or  other  similar  privileges  which 
are  or  may  hereafter  be  granted  on  said  inventions  in 
any  country  or  countries  whatsoever  (except  in  tho  United 

States  of  America  and  Canada),  including  the  patents  and 
applications  specifically  referred  to  above,  to  have  and 
to  hold  the  same  to  the  full  end  of  the  terms  for  which 
said  patents  or  other  similar  privileges  are  or  may 
hereafter  be  granted,  including  all  extensions  thereof. 

And  t  iie  said  Thomas  Alva  Edison,  Sigmund  Berg- 
mann  and  Herman  Ernest  Dick  DO  HEREBY  AUTHORIZE  ADD 
REQUEST  the  said  Beniamin  Joseph  Bernard  MillB  to  prepare, 
execute  and  deliver  to  fee  said  The  Edison  Ore  Milling 
Syndicate,  Limited,  an  assignment  or  assignments  vesting 
in  said  The  Edison  Oro  Milling  Syndicate,  Limited,  the 
entire  right,  title  and  interest  in  and  to  each  and  all  of 
tho  patents  above  referred  to  granted  to  the  said  Benjamin 
Joseph  Bernard  Mills  for  tho  United  Kingdom  of  Great  Brit¬ 
ain  and  Ireland. 

And  tho  said  Thomas  Alva  Edison,  Sigmund  Beig- 
mann  and  Herman  Ernest  Dick,  HEREBY  AGREE,  each  for  him¬ 
self  and  his  heirs  and  legal  representatives,  upon  the 
request  and  at  the  expense  df  the  said  The  Edison  Ore 
Milling  Syndicate, Limited,  its  successors  and  assigns,  to 
execute  and  do,  and  cause  or  procure  to  be  executed  and 
done,  every  instrument,  act  and  thing  which  may  be  neces¬ 
sary  or  convenient  for  the  purpose  of  enabling  the  said 
Tho  Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate, Limited,  its  successors 
and  assigns,  to  obtain  and  secure  title  in  and  to  any 
and  all  of  said  patents  and  applications  and  in  and  to 
any  and  all  patents  or  other  like  privileges  which  may  be 
granted  on  tho  said  inventions  or  any  of  them,  in  any 
country  or  countries  whatsoever  (except  in  the  United 
States  of  America  and  Canada) . 


Ill  WITNESS  V/lISKBOP  l.he  said  Thomas  Alva  Edison* 
Sigmund  Dergmann  and  Herman  Ernest  Dick  have  he^unto  set 
t  heir  hands  and  affixed  their  seals,  the  Ji  /,  day  of 
October,  A.D.  1899  . 

Unitod  States  of  America 
State  of 
County  of 

0»  this  day  of  October  1099, before 

me  personally  appeared  THOMAS  ALVA  EMS01T  to  me  known 
and  known  to  me  to  bo  the  individual  described  in  and 
7,ho  executed  the  foregoing  assignment ,  and  acknowledged 
to  me  that  he  executed  the  same  for  the  uses  and  purposes 
therein  mentioned. 






United  States  of  America 
State  of 
County  of 

On  this  day  of  October  1899, before  me 

personally  appeared  Herman  Ernest  Dick,  to  me  known  and 
known  to  me  to  be  the  individual  described  in  and  who 
executed  the  foregoing  assignment,  and  acknowledged  to 
me  that  he  executed  the  same  for  the  uses  and  purposes 
therein  mentioned. 


)  SS: 



On  this  day  of  October  1899, before 

me  personally  appoarod  3igraund  Bergmann,  to  me  known  and 
known  to  mo  to  bo  tho  individual  described  in  and  who 
executed  the  foregoing  assignment,  and  acknowledged  to  me 
t  hat  ho  oxecutod  tho  same  for  tho  uses  and  purposes 
therein  mentioned. 



United  states  of  America  ) 

State  of  new  .Ter Bey  )  .SB. 

County  of  Its  sox  ) 

I3v  IT  that  on  this  alxtoonMi  day  of  October, 

in  the  year  of  our  3 Bird  One  Thousand  Ki>;ht  Hundred  nnd  Hinaty-nine, 
before  mo  Alexiinder  IBlliott,  Junior,  a  "Taster  in  Rhancery  of  the  . 
ft tute  of  :rew  Jersey,  personally  nppe.tred  l'l tOl’Aft  ATjVA  3SDIS0H  who:,.  J,  • 
oil  satisfied,  is  one  of  '.lie  persons  nomad  in,  and  who  executed  the 
within  instrument,  and  X  having  first  nude  known  to  him  the  contents 
thereof,  ho  dir!  acknowledge  tJt.'tL  he  sl^ied,  sealed  and  delivered 
the  BiU'te  as  his  voluntary  act  and  deed-. 

KB  IV  Kl'!'?! ri.'Mo?),  that  on  this  sixteenth  day  .of  October.,.., 
in  the  year  of  our  X.ord  One  Thousand  ?Uj;ht  Hundred  and  ”inety-ri:t)ie 
before  me.  Alexander  Elliott,  Junior,  a  ’raster  in  ohancory  of  the-  , 
otate  of  Hew  Jersey,  jmrsonally  appeared  1G3RMAH  JTOU5S5?  3)1(2:  Who’-, .  I-  . 
ain  satisfied,  is  one  of  the  persons,  mined:  in,  and  who  executed  the 
within  instrument,  and.  T  having  first  made  known  to  him  the  contents 
thereof,  he  did  acknowledge  that  he  signed,  sealed  and  delivered 
the  same  as  his  voluntary  act  and  deed. 

Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate,  Ltd.,  and  Related  Companies 
Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate,  Ltd.,  Files  -  Correspondence  (1900) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
the  business  of  EOMS,  its  development  of  the  Dunderland  iron  deposits,  and 
the  use  of  Edison's  cement  patents  by  the  Associated  Portland  Cement 
Manufacturers,  Ltd.,  a  British  cement  concern.  Most  of  the  letters  are  to  or 
from  Edison.  Among  the  other  correspondents  are  Herman  E.  Dick,  a 
director  of  the  Syndicate,  and  several  EOMS  officials,  including  Francis 
Hungerford  Pollen,  managing  director;  J.  Hall,  Jr.,  and  Edward  H.  Beazley, 
secretaries;  and  Sir  Joseph  Lawrence,  chairman.  There  is  also  some  material 
by  Theodore  Lehmann,  experimenter  and  mining  surveyor. 

The  documents  dealing  with  the  Dunderland  ore  milling  project  include 
an  undated  plan  for  the  works  in  Edison's  hand,  along  with  other  items 
concerning  his  decision  to  favor  direct  investment  over  licensing.  Also 
included  are  analyses  of  magnetic  concentrates,  a  financial  statement,  an 
announcement  regarding  the  increased  capitalization  of  EOMS,  and  a  list  of 
Syndicate  shareholders.  In  addition,  there  are  letters  to  and  from  Joseph  D. 
Baucus  and  Frank  L.  Roudebush,  promoters  of  Edison's  separation  process 
in  a  gold  mining  enterprise  near  Coolgardie,  Australia.  Related  notes, 
calculations,  and  drawings  in  Edison's  hand  pertain  to  the  costs  and  capacity 
of  the  proposed  Australian  mill. 

More  than  95  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected. 


**  ft  f  6~d 

'p.  Mr  Jl  jry 

'i  Hr-  ^  j^CnJA  njnrC  p.  rO  ^4y 



j  f  S$A]~  S^^Tsh-A^AAAA.  d .  /9 

L.  Mr  nVmvv.  U/v/^  ^  ^7/Y  ■ 

£■  K»  ^  fiM.  JbuK,c[  :Uftft,:^f 

<iX  I^^aJiJ1  2.$~o  0>  ^  O 

/  ‘X  : 

/  cUr^AA.  OdU^AAJ^  ^ 

f  d>^(xy^  *  /  %1^/r4^ Jv.  55^0> 

%  ^l/^A'VUjL/L'U, 

13th  January,  1900. 

Mr  Thomas  A.Edisoh, 



Dear  Sir, 

Under  separate  registered  cover  we  beg  •  to  fotyj  yon 
Rrofessor  Louis*  full  report  on  the  Dunderland  properties, 
together  with  a  sketch  map  of  the  district,  both  of  whi-Sh 
be  interesting’ to  jrou. 

Dr  Lehmann  does  not  agree  that  the  overburden  is  n«jual 
to  the'  ore  raised,  ke'  thinks  it  can  be  made  le'ss.  ffcoweVar  -ads 
could  only  be  definitely  established ’by  a  survey  property 
opening  up  the  properties. 

We 'were  much  interested  and  gratified  with  -fiiS 
purport  of  the  letters  you  sent  Mr  Lawrence.  We'  hope'  -Qjart.  «re 
long  you  may  fce  able  to  bring  down  the  phosphorous  da  -Site 
haematite'  concentrate,  to  a  sufficiently  low  percentage. 

Yours  faithfully. 


RAPHiU  Address.  ^C&W^oUtty'  M9,  S/faeefi 

<=>*/c>?r.<d#?ts,  js.  a. 

January  84th  1900, 

Dear  Sir, 

We  have  to  acknowledge  receipt  of  your  letter  of 
10th  inst  reporting  progress  on  the  Dunde'r land  separator.  We 
were  very  glad  to  receive'  your  cable  of  13th  saying  that  the 
same  was  a  great  success,  and  we  Cabled  you  our  congratulations. 
We  also  wired  to  sky  we  were  keeping  silent  until  receiving 
your  full  report  by  mail,  which  we  hope  we  will  receive  shortly. 

We  are  writing  Mr  Dick  very  fully  this  mail  on  the 
Whole  question  of  Dunderland  option  and  also  the  licensing 
question,  with  the'  request  that  he  would  see  you  on  the  subject 
and  explain  the  position  of  affairs. 

When  you  mention  the  cost  of  a  mill  to  work  8,600  tons 
and  producing  1000  tons  briquettes*,  we  suppose  you  mean  8600 
prudem,  magnetite  as  well  as  hematite'?  you  would'  hot  than 
intend  putting  up  a  mill  of  more  than  that  capacity:  but  this 
would  all  depend  no  doubt  on  the  result  Of  the  -systematic 

Hoping  to  hear  before  long  that  yon  barf  bean  able  to 

start  ^Cqpjfor 'a  long  run  at  Ogdeh, 

Yours  very  truly. 


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'IktoAoif  'i^AVUAAMX/,  j 

9th  February,  1900. 

Thomas  A. Edison,  Esq., 



Dear  Sir, 

Your  letter  of  26th  ult  came  duly  to  hand;  in  which 
you  ash  many  questions  in  connection  with  the  Dunderland 
property.  I  enclose  copy  of  a  letter  from  Dr  Lehmann  (who  is 
at  present  in  the  S.'E.  of  Ireland)  in  which  he  mates  answer 
categorically  as:  far  ‘as  he  can.  . 

With  reference  to  steam  coal,  the  quotation  for 

January  1900  was  14/6  per  ton,  f.o.b.  Newcastle,  and  the  price' 
at  the  same  time  last  year  was  -9/9.  There  does  not  seem  any 
immediate  prospect  of  a  drop  in  the  price  of  coal.  Good 
quality  ca'al  has  recently  reached  £2  per  ton.  The  prices  I  have 
given  are  averages'.  As  regards-  timber  it  is  difficult  to 
obtain  reliable  information,  but  will  write  you  later,  both 
on  this  subject  and' freight  and  insurance.  We  will  obtain  if 
possible  from  the  Meterologic'al  .Department  of  Norway  data  as 
to  rainfall  and  temperature,  and  also  a  Chart  of  the  coast 
near  Ranen.  Dr  Lehmann  will  send  you  direct  his  Geological 
map  of  Norway,  and' will  obtain  anothe'r  for  pur  use. 


We'  are'  endeavouring  to  get  an  option  over  the  Dunderland 
property,,  hut  the  term's  hitherto  offered  us'  seem  excessive 
and  we  are  trying  to  obtain  more  favourable  conditions.  For 
this  reason  we  have  not  yet  informed  the  Newcastle  people 
that  you  have  been  successful  in  your  concentration  of  the 
hematite,  and  therefore  we  have  not  asked' them  to  get  us  the 
information  which  you  require,  and  which  we  are  not  able  to 
give  entirely.  If  we  acquire  the  option  it  will  be  easy  to 
get  their  assistance. 

Dr  Lehmann  has  examined  some  of  the  titanic  magnetite1 
in  Antrim,  Ireland,  and  finds  a  large  area  of  the  ore',  a  good 
deal  of  which  contains  about  SO  par  cent  of  magnetite,  but 
it  is  only  of  an  average  thickness  of  15  to  SO  inches,,  and 
is  overlaid'  by  a  thick  mass  of  Doie'rite-  so  that  the  mining 
would  have  to  be  carried  on  underground. 

We  have  not  heard  whether  the  New  Jersey  Zinc  Plant 
has  been  running,  or  whether  you  expect  to  be  running  soon 
at  Ogden.  It  would  be  a  practical  impossibility  to  form  a 
Very  large  company  in  Europe,  say  for  working  Dunderland,' 
unless  we' could  point  to  the  success  of  the  Ogden  machinery. 

Yours  faithfully, 

L~  Secretary. 


Dr  Lehmann  says:-  "As  regards  labour,  probably  some  40  men 
could  be  obtained  from  the  vicinity  of  the  mines,  and  a  great 
many  more  could  be  obtained- from  the  other  parts  of  the  Valley, 
Ihe  price  of  labour-  is  from  £  to  5  kronor  a  day  (S/S^  to  5/4). 

The'  people  are  intelligent  and  fairly  educated,  there  are  good 
Schools.  The  principal  occupation  of  inhabitants  of  the  Valley 
i.S  farming!  many-  engage  in  building  river  boats}  no  other  narked 
industry  came  to  my  knowledge.  Wood  seems  fairly  plentiful; 
principally  pine,  fir,  al&o  birch,.  On  Dunderland  property  tree's 
are  of  middle  size.  There  are-  a  few  Saw  rniilB  along  the  river 
and  its*  tributaries.  Whether  18  by  IS  timber  can  bd  obtained 
I  am  not  certain,:  but  believe  it  can  be  furnished.  Its  cofefc 
unknown  to  me.  About  freshndts  cannot  give  certain  information.  - 
Prom  reports  the  water  in  river  rises  in  springtime  several 
.feet  above  it*s  u'SHal  height,  I  do  not  know  of  any  records  of 
daily  temperature,  rainfall  etc,,  the  Government  has  a  Met: 
Department.  Horses  are  plentiful;  of  small  size,  lightly 
built,  Prices  unknown  to  me-.  Carpenters  I  think  are  at  Mo, 
about  masons  1  am  unable  to  say.  Houses  generally  built  of 
wood.  Logs-  floated  down  the  river  in  spring*  The  wagon'  road 
along  river  valley  is  fairly  good,  A  few  pretty  steep  grades  in 
it,  generally  easy.  Am  informed  that  -frost  goes  out  of  the 
ground  in  April  or  May  {Ploughing  done  in  May).  Thickness  of 
ice  on  river  not  certain}  reports  Vary-  on  that  subject!  most 
reports  State  that  it  is  not  considerable,  and  that  river 
Hardly  ever  freezes  over  it*s  whole  breadth.  But  thd  fjord  has- 


sometimes  frozen  over.  I  have  not  heard,  about  ice  gorges 
backing  up_  the  water  on  the  lowland^.  The  rock  along  river 
from  mouth  to  where  mines  are  located  is  principally  mica  schist 
and  limestone.  Drift  along  river  sometimes  pretty  deep. 

Cutting  will  be  principally  4rift,  Sometimes  rock. 

The  question  about  high  water  marks  X  cannot  answer,  I  do 
not  fully  understand  how  it  is  meant. 

About  the  title  of  the  property,  X  have  understood 
that  Consul  Pehrs'bn  owns  the  bulk  of  the  property,  including 
mineral  rights.  It  is  not  known  to  me  whether  the  Government 
exacts  a  royalty,  I  doubt  it.  (I  shall  get  a  copy  of  the 

ift  i 

'  Norwegian  mining  laws. ) 

I  do  not  think  that  the  snow  drifts  badly  in  winter  time. 
In  winter  the  wind  is  principally' west 'and  south  west,  in 
summer'  from  West  and  North  West.  About  fogs  I  am  unable  to 
give  answer.  There  is  pretty  muo5>- fain  in  summer,-  The  price 
of  wood  for  burning  is  not  known  to  me#  wood  uBed  for  that 
purpose  principally  birch  and  pine'.  Which  titanic-  ore  does 
Mr  Edison-  refer  to?  About  custom  house'  charges  on  machinery, 
taxation,  insurance',  etc,,  I  am  unable  to  gins  information. 

There  are  no  port  charges  at  Ranen  that  I  know  off  I  do  not 
think  pilotage  is . compulsory.  There  is  a  lighthouse  at 
Sannesjoen,  some  little  distance  south  from  the  entrance  into 
the  fjordf  {about  others  X  cannot  give  information), . . . .  About 
the  altitude  of  the  timber  line  in  Dunderland  district  I  am  'at 
present  unable  to  give  information.  I  have  taken  measurements 


but  ray  field  notes  are  in  my-  trunk  in  London.  Small  patches 
of  snow  are  lying  on  the  mountains  near  the  ore  deposits  all 
the  summer. 

1  think  that  plenty  of  hematite  ire  can  he  obtained 
with  a  small .amount  of  magnetite;  nearly  all  the  big  deposits 
are  largely  composed  of  hamatite. 

About  the  water-rights  X  have  always  understood  that 
they  were  included  in  the  price  asked  for  the  property.  X  am 
unable  to  recall  the  word's  in  which  the  statement  was  put, 
but  X  am  certain  of  having  heard  statements  to  that  effect.... 

As  to  the  phosphorous  analysis  in  our  report,  0.65956  £ 
was  the  average  of  several  analyses  made  by  Messrs  Pattinson  & 
Stead  of  our  aagnetije  concentrate^.  X  have  understood  that 
the  figure  expressed  the  percentage  of  phosphorous,  not  of 
phosphoric  or  phosphorous  aoids. 

About  the'  title  of  Consul  Fehrsson  to  the  property  X 
haye  been  informed  that  a  portion  of  those  deposits  lying  on 
the.  southside  of  the"  river,  is  also  olalmed  by  another  party, 
the  name  of  which  I  could  not  obtain,” 

Go  0-j! 

;  ,  >■  -J^. .*..!}  ■•.•..>v.,' 

.  cj-^  i  <j  o-o  ^  0; 

'S^-o-s  .  Ct  .  ‘LAsLcum^,  CUuyUj 

,  'll  .  J. 

0  A.  'Vj/o-w  /4-o  - 

-  - - <r  '•;  f  ~Tf 

'VUru^uy  [ v <***%  S*wU*A^ 
WUuv  £  I  .  %ju  ^VUjyw^-a^u- 

,vvw«^4  S»A^-  O-G-4.  Oy^y-i.  ~yiytssr>y. 

QyvXA £cA_*_  OCAUU  -W>  'tetCA- 

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My  dear  Edison, 

I  have  your  several  letters  of  Jan. 17th,  19th,  &  80th  before 
me  and  X  am  thinking  over  the  subjects  raised  by  you.  Your 
letters  most  welcome  as  they  are,  come  Just  now  in  the  middle 
of  my  busiest  month.  When  we  are  making  up  the  accounts  and 
holding  the  annual  meetings  of  the  Companies  of  which  I  am 
Chairmani  and  it  seems  as-  though  all  the  business  o^the  year 
is  crowded  into  one. month.  To  make  matters  worse  X  am  short- 
handed;  . my  son-in-law  is  away  sick  in  the  Mediterranean,  and 
two  of  my  managers  Eire  also  under  the  weather.  But  I  am  taking 
your  letters  with  me  down  to  the  seaside,  where  I  am  going  to 
spend  Synday,  so  as  to  think  the  business  over  carefully. 

In  the  meantime  I  have  had  two  conference's  with  Roger  Wallace 
$>,.C. ,  and  I  have  also  been  in  communication  with  the  parties 

owning  the  option'  for  the  Dunderland  property,  and  I  am  also 
looking  up  a  man  to  send  to  Portugal.  X  shall  hope  to  write' 
you.  within  the  next  thres:::or :  four. 'days; 

I  wish  Dick  were  over  herej;  he  could  give  me  a  helping  hand 
Just  at  the  present  pressure,  •  because  I  foresee  a  tremendous 
amount  of  work  looming  in  the  future',  which  it  will  be  impossible 
for  two  men  who  have  many  other  irons  in  the  fire,  to  handle 
with  that  thoroughness  and  constanCyywhich  the  importance  of 
the  subject  deserves. 

For  a  few  days  please  accept  this  as  merely  an  acknowledg¬ 

ment  of  your  valuable  communications.  I  have  told  the  Secretary 
to  write  you  in  full  in  regard  to  the  German  Patents. 

Yours  faithfully. 


P.  S.  -  I  enclose  a  few  notes-  by  Lehmann  about  Portugal 



Prom.  Dr  Lehmann. 


-  Thisa  occur  In  three  different  region's 

the  principal  deposits  are  in  the  neighbourhoods  of  Valongo, 
Paredes  and  Gondomar  in  the  district  of  Oporto;  they  appear  to 
be  bedded  deposits,,  and  may  for  that  reason  be  expected  to 
continue  to  considerable  depth.  The  second  series  of  deposits 
is  in  the  district  of  Evoraj  the  Deposits  occur  at  the-  contact 
of  Granite  and  old  sedimentary  rocks,  together  with  copper, 
lead  and  magnetic  iron  ore-.  The  third  location  of  antimonial 
ores  is  near  the  town  of  Aleontim,  in  the  South  of  Portugal;  only 
one  of  the  several  deposits  in  this  region  is  being  worked  now. 

As  to  the  extent  of  these  deposits,  the  richness  of  the 
ore,  and  the  whole  prospect  of  these  mines,  I  cannot  find 
anything  in  the  books  I  have  here  with  me.  The  only  figure  I 
find  mentioned  is  that  of  the  output  of  these  mines  in  the 
year  1894  being  S96  tons  of  Antimony  ore-,  valued  at  £4, 827. 

••Altogether  the  literature  on  the  mines  and  ore-depositB 
of  Portugal  is  very  meagre,  but  I  think  I  may  be  able  to  find 
some  definite  information  later  on. 


- -  As  to  the  existence  of 

copper  schists  in  Norway  and  Sweden,  I  have  never  heard  anyone- 
speak  of  such;  but  when  I  passed  from  Skien  to  Odda  last  fall 
I  observed  some  distance  west  of  Hankelis&eter,  small 
quantities  of  copper  pyrites  and  copper  carbonate  disseminated 
through  certain  portions  of  the  schists.  You  will  find 

reference  to  this  in  iay  report  to  Mr  Wallace  dated  October  80. 

"Copper  does  exist  in  many  places  in  Norway,  generally  as 
copperpyrites  disseminated  through  ironpyriteB,  either  in  . 
bedded  deposits,  iri  slates,  or  in  nests  in  granite  veins  — 
traversing  homoblond  and  quartzite  schists,  or  in  veins  5k 

running  through  dykes  and  n 

i  of  Diprite  and  Gabbro. " 

(He.  will  look  up.  the’  subject  further). 

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15th  March,  190(1. 

Thomas  A.Edison,  Esq., 


Dear  Sir, 

We  teg'  to  enclose  copies  of  the  following: - 
Contract  signed  by  Consul  Pefsson  as  Seller  and  ourselves 
as  buyer's  relating  to  an  option  to  purchase  hiS  mining  rights,' 
expropriations  for  railway,  water  rights;  etc  in  connection 
with  the'  Dunderland  properties'.  Also  copy  of  opinion  of 
lawyer  engaged ‘by  us  in  Cristiania  to  examine  the'  titles. 

Also  copy  of  agreement  between  ourselves  and  Messrs  Dunford' 

&  Elliott  of  wewcastle-on-Tyne  by  which  they  stand 'aside  and 
allow  us  to  arrange  the' option  and  also  give  up  the  formation 
of  the  Scandinavian,  Spainish,  Portuguese,  Algierian  and 
Tunis  Companies  unless  again  called  upon  by  us. 

Mr  Diels:  has  no  doubt  shown  you  any  correspondence 
which  may  have'  passed  between  us  on  the'  Dunderland  question 
by  which  you  will  see  that  we  were  obliged  to  act  promptly 


.‘so  that  we  might  fall  in  with  your  wishes  to  secure  the 
property  ourselves. 

Capts  F.B.  Pollen,  (who  has  been  appointed  Manager  of  the  ’ 
Syndicate),,  Dr  Lehmann,  and  myself  went  over  to  Sweden  on 
the  17th  of  last  month,  and  arranged  the  terms  and  signed  the 
Contract  on  behalf  of  the  Syndicate  after  we'  had  made  an 
investigation  in  Cristiania  on  the  validity  of  the  titles, 

The  £5, 000  has  been  paid,  and  Capt:  Pollen  and  Dr  Lehmann  are 
now  up  at  Dunderland  arid  are  expected  back  at  the  end  of  the' 
month.  X  returned  here'  last  Sunday  spending  a  day  in  Berlin 
to  see  Mr  Bergmann  and  Mr  Se’ubel,  and  also  to  make  some 
enquiries  on  diamond' drilling. 

It  will  be  necessary  to  have  everything  ready  to  bore 
and  make  a  systematic  survey  by  the '1st  June  next,  and  we  are 
getting  estimates  from  Stockholm  and  Germany  for  drilling 
by  contract.  We  would  be  much  obliged  if  you  would  give 
us  some  information  as  to  what  you  consider  would  be  the  best 
mode  of  procedure  in  this  boring,  and  whether  with  hand  or 
steam  drills.  Dr  Lehmann  will  also,  require  to  know  in  what 
way  to  concentrate  his  samples  of  hematite.  Perhaps  you 
will  send  over  an  apparatus.  You  will  see  from  the  terms 
of  the  contract  that  it  will  be"  to-  our  advantage  to  come  to  some 
definite  decision yafter  we  have  begun  the  surveyyas  Boon  as 





WS'  are  much  obliged  for  the' Hematite  Briquettes  which 
arrived 'just  before  we  left  for  Sweden.  We'  at  once' bored 
holes  in  one  of  them  and  sent  the  powder  to  be  analysed. 
The  result  is  somewhat  di sappointing 

.  65. 90  per  cent. 

Phosphorus  . . ;......  0.061  ••  ". 

Hoping  you  have' completely  recovered  your  health. 
Yours  faithfully,. 



:js.  a. 

March  20th  1900. 

Herman  E.Dick,'  Esq. , 

164,  Lake'  Street, 


Dear  Sir, 

Your  letter  of  12th  instant  is  to  hand,  from  which 
it  would  appear  that  Mr  Edison  has  recovered’  from  his  recent 
illness,  which  we  :are"  glad  to  he'ar. 

Mr  Pollen  and  Dr  Lehmann  have  left  Mo.  and  are  now  on 
their  way  hack  to  London. 

In  view  of  the  fact  that  it  will  before  long  he 
necessary  to  obtain  fresh  capital,,  perhaps  by  the'  formation 
of  a  larger  company,  Mr  Lawrence  has  instructed '  me'  to  work 
up  information  on  various  subjects  where  the’  applicability  of 
the  Edison  Crushing'  process  might  come'  in. 

It  would  be  a  favour  if  you  would  request  Mr  Mallory 
to  furnish  us  with  any  particulars  he’  may  have'  aB  to  the 
following: - 

1.  CEMENT;,  ;  What  is  thd  consistency  of  the  particular 
Cement  rock  which  Mr  Edison  intends  to-  treat  in  America,  and 
where  is  it  to  be  found?  Where  lie's  the'  chief  advantage  in 


using;  the'  Edison  Crushing  Rolls,  and  what  is  the'  saving  lii 
fuel  etc, , } 

2.  GOLD.  What  are  the  advantages  of  dry  crushing? 

Can  the  product  he'  treated  successfully  by  the"  Cyanide  Process? 

3.  ZINC.  What  is  the  consistency  of  the  Zinc  ore  for 
the  treatment  of  which  the'  Edison  Process  is  especially  adapted? 
Where-  do  the  New  Jersey  Zinc  Company  ekpeot  to  find  their 
greatest  saving? 

4.  BRIQUE'KES,  Have  any  tests  been  carried  out  by  Blast 
Furnace's '  on  the  Edison  Briquettes  3ince'  that  of  the  Crane  Iron 
Works  in  January  1897?  How  much  fuel  is  required  to  smelt. 

Edison  Ore  as  compared  to  other  ores? 

B,  MESABA  ORE.  What  is  the  respective  value"  of  irfesaba 
Ore,  Hard  and  Soft?  In  what  respect  does  the'  former  differ 
from  the  latter  as  regards  quality? 

I  would  he  much  obliged  if  you  could  supply  me  with  inform- 
-ation  on  these  points  at  your  earliest  convenience';  as  we 
have  new  reached  a  point  where  general  statements  will  be  of 
little  use.  we  shall  have  to  show  why  the  Edison  Process 
should- be  used  in  preference  to  others. 

Yours  faithfully,. 


I  send  you  herewith,  as  requested,  statement  of  the  information 
which  we  desire  from  Hr.  Edison  in  reference  to  the  Australian  Gold  ore 
Mines  near  Coolgardie,  known  a3  "Pug"  gold  ore.  We  would  like  the  let¬ 
ters,  etc.,  relating  to  this  matter,  addressed  to  . Messrs.  F.  L,  Roudebuoh 
and  Maguire  &  Baucus  jointly.  we  would  like  to  have  Mr.  Edison  give  us 
the  following :- 

1.  -  A  letter  stating  the  basis  on  which  he  will  grant  to  us  and  our 
associates  the  exclusive  right  to  use  his  special  process  of  reducing 
gold  ore  similar  to  the  sample  submitted  to  him  and  known  as  "Pug,"  for  u 
the  district  near  Coolgardie,  Australia,  from  which  said  ore  was  taken. 

■crushing  machines  owned  by 

your  London  Co.,  as  are  required  for  the  proper  operation  of  this  process 
The  letter  we  desire  is  simply  a  confirmation  of  the  verbal 
proposition  of  Mr.  Edison  to  Mr.  Roudebush,  Maguire  and  myself  and  should 
state  the  minimum  amount  of  working  cash  capital  required  to  secure  the 
mines  in  question  and  for  the  erection  and  operation  of  the  proposed 

2.  -  A  statement  showing  approximately  the  cost  of  erecting  the  nec¬ 
essary  plant  for  working  the  ore  by  Mr.  Edison's  process,  giving  in  de¬ 
tail  (as  far  as  possible)  the  cost  of  material,  labor,  transportation, 
etc.  and  the  time  which  would  probably  be  required  to  have  said  plant 
completed  and  in  operation.  If  Mr.  Edison  prefers,  he  can  base  his  es- 

Mr.  H.D.,  (2) 

timate  upon  the  cost  of  a  plant  erected  in  Hew  Jersey,  stating  the  aver¬ 
age  rate  of  wages,  cost  of  material,  etc.,  and  we  can  then  work  out  for 
ourselves  what  would  be  the  approximate  cost  of  the  same  .plant  erected  in 
Australia  under  the  conditions  there  prevailing. 

3.  -  Approximately  the  cost  per  ton  of  working  this  ore  by  the  pro¬ 
posed  process  with  the  proposed  plant,  also  the  proportion  of  gold  which 
is  saved  by  this  process. 

I  send  herewith,  for  your  information,  a  letter  received  by  me 
from  Mr.  Roudebush,  giving  his  understanding  of  Mr.  Edison's  proposition 
and  also  a  general  statement  of  the  special  information  which  he  desires, 
in  order  to  present  the  matter  to  his  London  associates.  In  case  ur. 
Edison  is  not  prepared  to  give  all  the  data  at  this  time,  Mr.  Roudebush 
would  like  to  have  Mr.  Edison  write  a  letter  (by  the  next  mail  if  possir-:|t 
ble),  stating  the  results  of  his  experiments  made  upon  the  sample  of  ore 
submitted  to  him.  This  letter  can  be  sent  to  me  here  or  it  can  be 
mailed  direct  to  Mr.  Roudebush,  c/o  Maguire  &  Baucus,  #5 'Warwick  Court, 
High  Holbom,  London,  W.C.,  England.  If  the  other  data  is  ready  so  that 
you  can  take  it  with  you  when  you  sail  on  the  10th,  it  will  be  in  time. 

It  is  advisable  that  the  arrangement  be  formally  approved  by  your  company 
in  London,  but,  as  you  are  to  be  in  London  yourself,  that  can  be  arranged 
after  your  arrival. 

Thanking  you  for  your  courtesy. 

Very  truly  yours, 




Hew  York,  March  27,  1900. 

Messrs .  Maguire  &  Baucus, 

44  Pine  St.,  City. 

Dear  sirs:- 

Confirming  our  verbal  understanding  in  reference  to  the  Austra¬ 
lian  "Pug"  Gold  Ore  proposition  in  which  we  are  jointly  interested,  would 
state  that  my  understanding  of  the  arrangement  with  Mr.  Edison  is  as  fol¬ 

After  the  actual  cash  investment  has  received  ZOf,  dividends  per 
year,  the  balance  of  the  net  profits  is  to  be  divided  -  l/3  to  Mr.  Edison 
and  the  owners  of  the  Patents  on  the  Ore  Crushing  devices  used, 

the  other  2/3  to  go  to  ourselves. and  associates. 

I  am  very  sorry  that  my  business  compels  me  to  sail  for  London 
to-morrow,  as  I  would  have  liked  to  have  seen  Mr.  Edison  before  I  left. 

I  have,  however,  ordered  a  quantity  of  ore  sent  to  me  in  London  and,  as 
soon  as  the  same  is  received,  will  forward  the  same  to  Mr.  Edison  for 
experiment.  This  ore  is  about  the  average  as  it  lies  in  the  bed.  As 
soon  as  possible  I  would  like- you  to  secure  from  Mr.  Edison  a  written 
confirmation  of  this  arrangement  and  his  estimates  as  to  the  cost  per  ton 
of  working  this  ore  and  of  the  cost  og  the  plant  required,  and,  as  soon 
as  same  is  received,  I  will  at  once  arrange  for  the  necessary  capital  and 
will  probably  go  myself  to  Australia  in  order  to  secure  the  proper  con¬ 
cessions  and  to  see  that  the  enterprise  is  started  on  the  right  lines. 

In  case  Mr.  Edison  is  not  prepared  to  give  full  Estimates  as  to 
the  cost  of  the  treatment  of  the  average  ore,  I  would  like  you  to  secure 
a  -letter  from  him>{fn‘<time- for  t  he .  next  mall  if  possible)  ,  stating  .the 
results  of  his  experiments  with  the  sample  of  ore  which  I  submitted  to 
him.  I  desire  this  letter  so  that  I  can  submit  it  to  my  London  associT 
ates  so  that  when  the  final  estimates  are  submitted,  all  arrangements 
will  have  been  perfected  for  immediately  organizing  the  company.  / 

Yours  very  truly,  .<■  A 

if  they 

irUt  iwtiiu- 
.  -  j/mua.  The  mUrj 

tiia  t  if  nci  lower.  It  does  not  make  any  difference  to  us 
use  a  land  or  po-ver  drill,  as  the  price  is  por  foot,  but 
traKe  a  great  difference  how  i,;uoh  core  they  ’-.reduce.  They 
for  instance  drill.  300  feet  and  only  save  150  fast  of  core. 

.  ,  .  .  ..  0*£<f 

lalanco  ooing  all  ground  up,  ind  cWr. 

can  bo  saved,  however,  for  each  section,  so  you  should  make  them 
guarantee  that  in  every  five  feet,  there  must  be  atleast  enough 
-ooa  core  tn  each  section  of  5  f  t.  t/**f  say  2  ft.  long,  and  tha 
mud  must  also  be  recovered  for  that  section.  Be  sure  that  the 
core  and  mud  after,  for  each  section  is  nut  toother  i.n  box- 
:ore  places,  say  "Section  8  -  1,‘Vg  ft.  y 
and  so  on." 


ee  and  marked  in  t 
inches  to  157  ft.  4  1/2  inches  ? 

7th.  The  only  thin,  that  we  want  to  know  really,  is  that  the  ore 
extends  to  a  reasonable  depth.  It  would  be  an  extraordinary  de¬ 
parture  from  all  know  experience,  if  bodies  of  such  -reat  length 

and  width,  and  standing  at  suf>h  .»,i . 

’  at  aucil  an^les,  should  have  little  e.xten- 

«on  in  a,,,,,..  I  «„t„*  you  rtll  rin<,  „U1  th9„ 

at  1000  feet. 

Sth.  When  you  assay  the  „o,.c  = 

y  ne  oores,  done  break  them  all  up,  but  cut 

out  a  slice  from  the  sides  only.  Keying  the  mud.  Dry  it,  thea 

mix  the  whole  from  each  B  ft.  section,  and  assay  it  separately 

rrom  cores  of  that  section.  The  sections  may  be  more  of  less  than 

b  ft.  according  to  drill  used. 

T“  «■»»•*-*•*»  “*“«  «•«•.«.  „,u  M  r„  XM  t„n  nn< 

(10)  L  can  not  see  the  necessity  of  nutting  down  more  tiian  two 
drill  holes  on  one  body,  one  hole  in  the  middle  and  one  near  the 
end.  There  are  3  or  4  lar*a  bodies, and  o  to  3  holes  should  be 
sufficient.  Four  would  satisfy  me. 

(11th.  The  ore  dins  at  an  an tie  in  most  cases,  ana  it  mi^ht  be 
boot  to  put  the  drill  in  such  a  position  that  assuming  the  untie 
Kept  nearly  constant,  tlat  the  drill  would  ''o  through  limestone 
clown  to  4  or  500  feet  and  enter  the  - ore,  should  the  anode  change, 
then  drill  would  strive  it  further  down,  should  it  not  strike  it 
at  this  depth,  you  could  then  drill  a  new  hole  from  this  data  that 
woula.  strike  it..  Drilling  in  limestone  is  much  easier,  quicker 
and  cheaper  than  in  the  Hematite.  However,  t  may  be  mistaken  about 
this,  but  i  am  told  that  drillin'*  in  specular  ore  in  our  lake 
region  is  hard  on  diamonds. 

ISth.  If  alon**  the  vein  there  is  a  low  snot,  this  would  -jive  you 
a  shorter  hole,  as  the  contour  o.f  the  hills  have  no  relation  to 
the  vein. 

13th.  I  should  .Like  to  have  lehrnan  take  some  deflections  of  the 
magnetic  needle  the  usual  distance  from  the  ground  and  then  ^o  up 
a  tree  or  double  ladder,  or  out  up  some  poles  and  take  deflections 
as  far  away  from  the  ground  as-he  can  tot.  if  there  is  not  much 
difference  in  deflections,  you  may  be  sure  the  depth  is  very 
>*reat.  This  with  drill  holes  data,  can  be  made  useful  all  over 
the  mines  after  urillinrc  is  finished. 

14th.  Of  course  I  would  like  to  have  5  or  6  tons  of  ore;  some  frcm 
each  of  the  sample  troches  for  experimental  purposes  when  co.n- 

s true  tin*  the  worvin*  separators  for  the  Magnetite  and  Hematite. 
This  I  suppose  you  can  easily  procure  when  you  start  drills. 

IS tiia  X  think  you  should  send  authorization  for  construction  of 
full  siz  ed  rach  ines.  They  will  have  to  be  built  at  Laboratory. 
The  Magnetic  will  cost  about  S,«00.00,  The  Hematite  requires  a  lo 
of  patterns  and  special  things  and  may  cost  12  to  $1500.00  or  mot 
The  laboratory  charges  only  cost  and  do  not  make  any  profits  from 
Xa  b  o  ra  tor  y  w o rk . 

lbth.  Retrain*  an  assay  device  for  Lehman  to  work  Hematite,  I 
will  try  and  -ret  up  something  that  will  serve  his  ouroose,  and 
shin  to  you  at  London  when  you  can  forward. 

17th.  X  have  read  the  Option  Contract.  Would  like  to  know  how  the 
Vendor  tot  hie  title,  is  it  a  concession  forever  or  a  limited 
government  wan  tv  must  royalty  be  raid  -rovernmentV  must  mines  be 
worked  to  hold  concession  etc.V  X  6Se  in  contract  Vendor  is  to  r 
turn  over  Licenses,  if  he  holds  in  under  a  license,  what  is 
nature  of  licenseV  would  like  a  little  more  infromation  on  the 
title  question.  What  must  be  done  to  keep  -licenses"  intactv 

lHth.  About  railway,  Woat  rights  do  we  tet  and  forrests  etc.  and 
vdia  t  are  the  obliya  tionsV 

10th.  These  prior  licensees  title  should  be  looked  up  well,  for 
the  moment  real  work  *oes  on,  they  will  have  somethin*  bi*  to 
ftn;ht  for,  and  then  we  shall  have  a  world  of  trouble.  Us  been  my 



March  29th,  1900. 

Dear  Mr.  Lawrence 

Your  cable — "Kindly  cable  whether  Ogden  Mill 
running.  If  not,  when  definitely  expected.  Also  if  Zinc  Mill 
success.  Mail  full  particulars;  important. " —  just  received,  and  we 
have  replied— -"Zinc  Mill, been  running  satisfactorily  several  weeks 
except  one  seotion  not  ready.  Ogden  Mill  will  start  middle  April."— 
Which  now  beg  to  confirm. 

The  Mill  at  Ogden  is  fully  98^  ready  for  work.  We  are  being 
held  up  waiting  for  castings,  which  we  are  having  made  in  several 
places,  and  have  reoeived  over  Half  of  them,  and  expect  to  receive 
the  balance  in  the  next  week  or  ten  days.  So  unless  something  very 
unexpected  happens,  we  will  be  in  operation  by  the  middle  of  April. 
Everything  is  in  first  class  shape,  and  we  should  make  a  fine 
record  during  our  next  run. 

The  Zinc  Mill  has  been  running  steadily  since  about  early  in 
January;  not  running,  however,  their  Dryer  or  3  High  Rolls,,  they 
also  have  been  delayed  in  the  reoeipt  of  castings,  which  are  very 
hard  to  get  promptly  at  present.  The  Zino  people  say  that  they  are 
very  much  pleased  with  the  working  of  the  machinery,  and  have  been 
unable  to  get  enough  ore  to  the  Mill  to  in  any  way  test  our  machinery 
this,  however,  due  to  the  laok  of  sufficient  Mining  facilities, 
whioh  they  are  at  present  increasing. 

We  hope  to  be  in  a  position  to  oable  you  within  the  next 
thirty  days  that  everything  is  running  satisfactorily  at  the 
Ogden  plant. 

(  Copy) 

March  29th,  1900. 

Mr.  Lawrence  #2. 

Mr.  Edison  joins  me  in  extending  kindest  regards  to  you 
Yours  very  truly, 

(Signed)  W.  S.  Mallory 

Mr.  Joseph  Lawrence, 
188  Fleet  Street, 
London,  Eng. 


March  39th  1900. 

To  the  Directors  of"  the 


189,  Fleet  Street,  E.  C. 


re  Dunderland  Option. 

In  accordance  with  your  instructions.  Dr  Lehmann,  Mr 
Beazley  and  myself  proceeded  to  Stockholm  on  the  16th  of  last 
month  and  purchased  an  option  over  the  Dunderland  properties  from 
Consul  Fersson,  of  Helaingborg,  on  the  following  terms,  which, 
with  certain  stipulations,  we re  embodied  in  a  formal  Contract  (copy 
of  which  is  hereto  annexed) 

1.  Immediate  cash  payment  of  £6, 000. 

3.  £1,000  per  month  from  1st  «Tuly  to  31st  December,  1900, 

making  £6,000  in  addition  to  the  £6,000  down;  the  option 
to  be  declared  before  March  31st  1901,  but  it  may  be 
relinquished  at  any  time  before  that  date  on  forfeit 
of  moneys  paid. 

3.  Purchase  price  fixed  at  £166,667,  from  which  would  be 

deducted  the  £11,000  previously  paid  for  the  option. 

4.  During  the  month  of  April,  1901,  £66,667  to  be  paid  in 

cash.  The  remaining  £100,000  to  be  paid  by  mortgage 
bonds  on  the  properties  and  rights  sold,  bearing  interest 
at  6  per  cent,  with  amortisation  in  30  equal  half- 
yearly  payments  ,  the  first  to  be  due  1st  October  1901 
and  the  last  April  1st  1911. 


We  "then  proceeded  to  Christiania  to  investigate  the  titles 
and  Instructed  Hoeiesteretsadvokat  Johnny  Hamm  to  examine  same 
on  behalf  of  the  Syndicate. 

There  are  641  mining  claims  of  which  393  are  "Utmal"  and 
a  clause  has  been  inserted  in  the  Contract  that  the  Vendor  will 


do  all  in  his  power  to  have  ‘the  remainder  measured  as  "Utmal" 
during  the  coming  summer. 

rX'he  property  includes  the  land  expropriated  for  the  rail- 
-way,  about  185  acres  of  freehold  land  at  Ouldesmevik,  and  the 
water-rights  at  Renfoasen  and  on  the  Dunderland  river  and  itS- 

Mr  Johnny  Hamm  having  reported  to  us  that  he  had  examined  the 
papers  and  documents  and  found  them  to  be  in  order,  Mr  Beazley  and 
myself  signed  the  Contract  on  behalf  of  the  Syndicate,  and  paid 
over  the  stipulated  sum  of  £5,000  to  Consul  Fersson. 

Dr  Lehmann  and  myself  then  proceeded  to  Dunderland,  and 
beg  to  report  as  follows: - 


----- —  The  past  winter  appears  to  have  been  an  exceptionally 

severe  one.  The  snow  fall  seems  to  be  vary  variable.  At  the  time 
of  our  inspection  it  lay  on  the  ground  from  6  to  6  feet  deep, 
but  this  we  were  informed  was  unusual. 

tempfraturr.  sf  a,/ 

-  The  minimum  temperature  during  our  stay  was  6|-  deg: 

Centigrade  below  zero.  As  a  rule  the  fjord  is  frozen  over  for 
about  15  to  80  miles,  the  ice  being  about  1  ft  to  18  inches  thick. 
We  think  there  would  be  no  difficulty  in  keeping  it  open. 

The  river  was  entirely  frozen  over  with  ice  about  1 
meter  thick  including  the  Falls,  and  transportation  on  the  river 
appears  to  be  impossible  during  the  winter  months.  There  is 
however  a  good  flow  of  water  under  the  ice  amply  sufficient  for 
water-power.  There  were  no  ice  gorges,  and  the  river  apparently 
never  floods. 

The  water  in  the  fjord  is  very  deep  and  presents  no 
difficulties  to  navigation. 


On  the  whole  the  climate  and  the  conditions  prevailing  do 
not  appear  to  offer  any  serious  impediment  to  the  continuous 
working  of  the  mines. 


The  contour  of  the  country  is  favourable  to  tno  building 
of  a  railway. 


-  There  is  a  plentiful  supply  of  6  to  8  inch  timber  all 

over  the  ml ley.  The  Government  Saw  Mill  can  furnish  larger 
timber  if  ordered  in  the  autumn  for  the  following  summer.  All 
timber  has  to  be  bought  except  that  on  expropriated  or  freehold 


Boat  building  forms  the  staple  industry  of  the  district. 
All  labour  that  may  be  required,  both,  skilled  and  unskilled,  can 
be  easily  obtained.  No  labour  troubles  of  any  sort  need  be 


- - -  There  are  several  points  in  the  Norwegian  Mining 

Laws  to  which  we  should  like  to  draw  your  attention.  The  only 
one  which  we  need  emphasise  here  is  that,  as  former  owners  of  the 
property,  the  Norwegian  Government  have  certain  rights  which  will 
probably  have  to  be  compounded  for  by  payment  of  a  small  royalty. 


-  Any  transport  necessary  for  the  forthcoming  explorat¬ 
ion  work  can  be  readily  obtained. 



-  We  have  obtained  estimates  from  two  boring  companies 

(one  from  Stockholm  and  the  other  from  Berlin)  for  boring!800  meters 

(4),  diamond,  drills. 

Wa  recommend  that.  t.ha  estimate  of  the  Stockholm  Company 
should  be  accepted. 

The  total  costs  of  a  thorough  and  complete  investigation 
of  the  districts  concerned  we  approximately  put  at  the  following- 
figures:  - 

Boring  . .  S3, 000 

Trenching,  blasting,  and  other 

mining  operations. . . . .  3, 500 

Building  of  houses,  raaervoir, 
transport  etc..  Surveyors 
salaries  and  expenses . .  3,500 

Total  £  8, 000. 

The  work  can  be  started  at  any  time  after  the  beginning 
of  May,  and  all  arrangements  have  been  made  to  enable  this  to  be 
carried  out,. 

I  have  engaged  Mr  Sitsert,  a  German  engineer,  and  Mr 
Michaelson,  a  Norwegian  engineer,  as  assistants  (together  with  Mr 
.Teffery)  to  Dr  Lehmann  during  the  summer.  The  former  at  a  salary 
of  £6-10/-  per  month  and  necessary  expenses,  and  the  latter  at 
£E-3i6/-  per  month,  but  no  allowance  for  expenses. 

I  am.  Gentlemen, 

Yours  faithfully. 


/6'9,  S$iee£' 

c=>*/omd0?ls,  JS.i 

Sra  April,  1900. 

Thomas  A'.Edison,  Esq.  > 

ORANGE,  New  Jersey,  U.S.A. 

Dear  Sir, 

We  are' '  much  obliged  for  your  cable'  of  Thursday  last, 
from  which  we  are  glad  to  se'e  that  the'  New  Jersey  Zinc  Company's 
Mill  has  be'en  running  satisfactorily  for  Boas'  time;  OTcept  one 
section  which  was  not  ready,  and  that  you  expected  to  start  up  at 
Ogden  the  middle'  of  this  month. 

WS  now  beg  to  confirm  our  cable  of  date  •which  read  as 
■follows:  - 

"Lehmann  sails  to-morrow  for  New  york  to  see  you  before 
"starting  Dunderland  survey". 

Mr  Pollen  and  Dr  Lehmann  have  Just  returned  from  a 
inspection  of  the  Dunderland  district,  and  a  copy  of  the'  report 
is  enclosed.  By  this  you  wi.ll  see  that  the  cost  of  a.  thorough 
survey  will  be  considerable;  In  this  connection  wS  beg  to  refer 
you  to  our  letter  to  Mr  Mallory  of  the  88th  ult:. 

It  is  clear  that  our  Syndicate  must  soon  obtain  some 
fresh  working  capital  in  order  to  carry  on  the  investigation  and 

also  to  make  the  necessary  payments  for  the  option  in  terms  off  the 
Contract,  copy  of  which  i3  in  your  possession;  and.  then  should' 
these  results  prove  satisfactory,  to  form  a  large  Company  to  work 
the  property. 

When  we  call  a  Meeting  of  our  Members  and  place’  before' 
them  the  necessity  of  obtaining  fresh  working  capital,  our  Directors 
must  be  in  a  position  to  point  to  facts  accomplished.  That  is  to 
say  (among  other  points) 

1.  The  undoubted  success  of  the  concentration  of  the 

•Dunderland  ore',  both  as  to  iron  and  phosphorus.  (An 
analysis  of  a  briquette  sent  over  here  recently  showed 
63.90  ft  iron  and  0.061  #  phosphorus,  as  against  your 
figures  6656  iron  and  0.018  $  phosphorus. 

8.  What  progress  has  been  made  with  the  Mill  at  Ogden,  and 
what*  definite  results  have  been  achieved. 

3.  The  results  of  the  running  of  the  New  Jersey  Zinc  Plant. 

4.  Progress  being  made’  with  the  Cement  Mill. 

As  personal  interviews  are’  so  much  more  satisfactory  than 
cabling  and  letter  writing^  we  are  sending- over  Dr  Lehmann  so  that 
he  may  obtain  from  you  the  latest  information  which  at  this  stage 
it  is  necessary  for  us  to  have;  and  also  to  become"  thoroughly 
familiar  with  your  method  of  concentrating  the  hematite  ore.  He- 
will  also  be-  able  to  lay  before'  you  details  of  the  deposits  at 

Prom  the  terms  of  the  Contract  you  will  see  that  it  i,s 
most  desirable  that  there  should  be  the  least  possible  delay  in 
coming  to  a  decision  as  to  the  value  and  extent  of  the  deposits. 


the’  payments  of  £1,000  per  month  beginning  from  1st  July. 

In  view  of  this  fact  if  you  would  Iclndly  furnish  Dr  Xiehmann 
with  the'  information  he  may  require,  and  render  him  such  assistance 
whe'reby  he  may  be  the  sooner  enabled  to  return  and  commence  the 
operations  in  Norway;,  you  will  greatly  oblige. 


April  S,  1900. 

My  dear  Edison: 

I  this  morning  received  the  following 

cable : 

"Lehman  sailed  yesterday  for  New  York." 

I  presume  he  is  coming  over  to  talk  the  Norweigian 
matter  over  with  you. 

The  new  shares  of  the  N.  A.  T.  &  T.  Co. 
will  not  be  ready  until  about  the  10th  or  11th  instj 
as  the  Yfestern  Bank  Note  Co.  has  had  a  strike  on  ! 

their  hands,  but  as  soon  as  they  are  ready  500  j 

shares  will  be  sent  you,  which  you  can  turn  over  j 

to  our  friend,  remitting  the  money  to  the  Company .  j 

Sincerely  yours, 

Orange  N.J. 

Dear  sir: 

Referring  to  my  letter  of  20th  ulto.  owing  to  the 
disorganized  coastal  arrangements  between  Adelaide  and  Sydney 
through  Quarantine  restrictions  we  have  been  unable  to  catch 
the  s.s. "Alameda"  with  the  box  of  Ore  Samples.  The  case 

however  is  now  on  the  way  to  Sydney,  and  will  be  sent  on  by  the 
very  first  opportunity. 

April  10,  1900. 

My  Dear  DicK! 

Before  we  show  anything,  they  should  -rive  evidence  that 
they  can  or  have  secured  mineral  rights  from  the  government  for  the 
whole  of  the  deposit.  They  might  secure  enough  for  this  one  mill, 
and  privately  get  hold  of  a  large  amount  in  addition  nrivately 
hoping  to  pirate  the  machinery  and  go  ahead  or  hold  it  to  sell. 
After  I  have  made  other  tests  and  ant  sure  of  tue  quality  of  the 
material,  we  should  work  tlie  thing  up,  and  before  giving  the 
process  away,  have  our  men  sent  to  Cool-uirdie  to  see  that  they 
turn  over  and  have  secured  all  the  deposits  of  this  Kind  of  ore. 

All  t  want  from  the  London  Syndicate  is  the  right  to  use 
»ny  ,h.y  hay,  or  «y  «...  on  .creenln,,  ,»„, 

machinery  i,  neceeeary.  I  thin*  J/5  or  .lat  „  ,.t  i.  fair. 


April  10,  1900. 

My  Dear  Dioki 

In  reply  to  Mr.  Bacus  statement  that  t  agreed  that 
after  the  actual  cash  had  received  20/,  that  the  division  should 
be  1/3  to  Sdison  and  2/3  to  Roudebush  and  others.  I  would  say 
that  he  is  quite  mistaken,  and  has  entirely  misunderstood  me.  In 
the  conversation  we  had,  I  told  him  that  the  above  was  the  terms 
I  uade  for  the  Ortiz  Mine  Grant  people  in  New  Mexico,  but  that  i.n 
the  Coolnardie  scheme,  I  had  to  consult  you,  and  as  I  wanted  to  use 
one  or  two  things  belontint  to  the  London  Syndicate,  t  could  .not 
make  any  terms  until  T  saw  you,  and  you  had  a r ranted  with  the 
London  Syndicate  to  tet  rights.  Mr.  Roudebush  will  remember  this 
conversation.  My  impression  is  that  after  the  cash  or  founders 
shares  have  received  20/,  the  balance  of  the  profit  should  be  paid 
half  to  us,  from  which  we  will  arrange  to  pay  the  London  Syndicate 
and  1/2  to  Roudebush  and  associates,  from  which  they  can  pay  the 
underwriters  etc.  T  think  this  only  a  fair  division. 

+  Yours, 


MEMORANDUM  OF  AGREEMENT  made  this^  day  of 

parties  of  the  first  part  and  FRANK  L.  ROUDEBUSH,  FRANCK  Z. 

MAGUIRE  and  JOSEPH. D.  BAUCUS  parties  of  the  second  part  WHEREAS 
the  parties  of  the  first  part  own  and  control  a  process  for  the 
treatment  of  gold  ore  known  as  png  AND  WHEREAS  the  parties  of  the 
second  part  are  desirous  of  operating  this  said  process  and 
patents  in  Austral^NOW  THEREFORE  IT  IS  HEREBY  AGREED  as  fcHows:- 

1.  THAT  the  parties  of  the  second  part  shall  cause  to  be 
furnished  to  the  parties  of  the  first  part  bulk  sanples  not  less 
than  40  lbs.  and  more  if  possible  withih  two  (2)  months  fron  the 
date  of  this  agreement. 

2.  THE  parties  of  the  first  part  agree  to  make  a  test  on 
the  quantity  above  mentioned  conditional  on  the  parties  of  the 
second  part  satisfying  the,  parties  of  the  first  part  that  they 
have  contracted  with  substantial  persons  to  form  a  Company  for 
working  the  said  process  with  a  wo ifcing  capital  to  be  provided  of 
not  less  than  Sixty  thousand  pounds  (£b0,000). 

3.  IT ‘Trill  'be-  understood  that  the  formation  of  such 
Company  and  the  provision  of  such  Working  capital  shall  be  sub¬ 
ject  to  the  demonstration  of  such  process  being  satisfactory  in 
every  way  to  the  engineer  or  engineers  appointed  by  the  parties  of 
the  second  part 'to  inspect  it  on  their  behalf. 

4.  Provided  that  the  demonstration  of  the  process  is 

satisfactory  to  the  engineer  or  engineers  of  the  parties  of  the 
second  part' then  the  parties  of  the  second  part  shall  form  or 
CaUS°  ^  f0m6*  within’ six' (8)  mottWis from  the  date  thereof 



a  Company  to  work  said  process  said  Company  to  have  a  cash  working 
capital  of  sixty  thousand  pounds  (£&0,000)AND  IT  IS  HEREBY 
AGREED  that  those  who  subscribe  such  capital  shall  receive  a  pre¬ 
ferential  dividend  of  20 %  in  each  year,  such  p referential  dividend 
to  be  accumulative.  After  the.  payment  of  said  20X  in  each  year 
a  balance  of  the  natt  profits  of  said  Company  are  to  be  divided 
equally  between  the  parties  of  the  first  part  and  the  parties  of 
the  second  part, 

THE  true  intent  and  meaning  of  the  foregoing  is  that  in  the 
Company  to  be  formed  preferred  shares  shall  be  created  to  the 
extent  of  Sixty  Thousand  pounds  (£60,000)  which  shall  parry  a 
perferential  cumulative  dividend  of  20^.  The  remainder  of  the 
capital  of  said  Company  shall  be  in  the  form  of,  deferred  shares 
and  shall  be  allotted  equally  between  the  parties  of  the  first 
part  and  the  parties  of  the  second  part,  such  deferred  Bhares  to 
be  entitled  to  ti  e  balance  of  the  nett  profits  less  income  tax 
earned  by  the  Company  after  the  payment  of  the  aforesaid  20/C 

5.  THE  parties  of  the  first  part  shall  take' out  at  their  own 
expense  and  transfer  to  the  parties  of  the  second  part  or  their 
nominees  all  Australasian  patents  covering  the  process  and  all 
improvements  that  shall  be  made  thereon  by  the  parties  of  the  first 

6.  THE  Company,  to  be  formed  by  the  parties  of  the  second 
part  shall  order  from  the  parties  of  the  first  part  a  working 
plant  to  have  a  capacity  of  not  less  than  One  thousand  (1,000) 
tons  a  day.  Said  plant  shall  be  designed  by  Thomas  A.  Edison 
and  be  furnished  by  the  parties  of  the:  first  part  at  .cost  price 



f.o.b.  New  ' Yfii'lt  the  parties  of  the  first  part  to  famish  an 
expert  engineer  to,  erect  it  in  Australia  at  the  expense  of  the 
Company  to  be  formed  by  the  parties  of  the  second  part. 

7.  THOMAS  A.  EDISON  agrees  to  act  as  Consulting  engineer 
giving  such  time  as  he  is  able  to  give  in  assisting  the  Company 
until  the  plant  is  in  practical  working  condition  it  .being  un¬ 
derstood  however  that  Thomas  A.  Edison  does  not  agree  to  visit 
Australia  and  that  consultations  shall  be  at  his  laboratory, 
Orange,  New  Jersey,  U.S.A. 

8.  WHILE  the  parties  of  the  second  part  intend  to  and  will 
take  all  reasonable  precautions  to  assure  themselves  of  the  bona 
“a  ability  of  t*e 

to  form  the  Company  above  mentioned  and  to  provide  the  working 

capita  yet  from  circumstances  that  might  arise  not  now  to  be 
foreseen  or  from  other  reasons  beyond  their,  control  the  persons 
referred  to  above  might  fail  to  fom  such  Company  and  to  provide 
such  working  capital  and  in  this  event  provided  alway  that  the 
parties  of  the  first  part  have  signified  in  writing  that  they  are 
satisfied  with  the  persons  named' to' them  by  the  parties  of  the 
second  part  or  in  the  event  of  the  parties  of  the  second  pkrt  not 
being  aide  to  obtain  concessions  for' the  working  of  the  pug 
deposits,  the  parties  of  the  second  part  shall  not  be  liable  for 
damages'to  the  parties'of  the  firsts  part  "because  of  the  persons 
with  whom  they  have'  contracted  to  form  the  Company  above  mentioned 
and  to  provide  the  working  capital  failing  to  carry  out  the 

9.  IN  the  event  of  the  demonstration  of  process  not  being 


to  the-  satisfaction  og  the  -  engineer  or  engineers  referred  to 
in  Clause  .3.. then. .this  agreement  r shall.  nullndvoid  and, neither 
of  .  the  parties  ,  shall  have.  any:>elaim  against . the  O.thdr'j 
Witness  to f the- signatures 

of -THOMAS  A.  EDISON  i  and-  !'-  1  ! "  ’ :  "9 

HERMANN  E.  DICK.  '  '  i  i  -  ■  ‘  ■  •"  «•“ 


The  follow  l  ITT  i «  h  n  est  ima  te  I've  a  plan*,  of  lin-tt  stool 
bolted  construction,  ready  for  erection,  with  engines,  boilers  and 
separatin''  Machines,  one  00  ton  steam  shovel,  one  40  ton  steam 
shovel,  two  locomotives,  or.e  mile  of  track,  switches  etc.  'mall 

ntichins  chop  with  tools  to  ko-,n  mill  in  renal  rs,  all  s'. 0.3.  Mew 
York  City,  Such  plant  to  excavate  and  deliver,  and  the  mill  to  ru 
anc3  have  a  capacity  to  separate  a 000  tons  op  ore  daily,  as 

per  samnle  furnished  me  by  >.r.  Roudebuch  ana  under  conditions  of 
environment  descrW  by  Mr.  Roudebush.  Th«  cost  of  this  plant 
P.O.B.  will  be  approximately  ^2*7,000.  As  it  U  of  bolted 
construction,  its  erection  will  not  0*  expensive,  from  the  w^es 
oaid  at  OoolMardie  as  given  me  by  Mr.  Soudebush,  t  should  say  that 
outside  of  the  nositioninw  of  the  shovels  and. cost  of  railroad,  it 

should  not 
climatic  c 

erected  -vi- 

:  *lp"000-  ••*«»*  of  -l«ck  of  information  about 

conditions,  C  can  not  say  if  the  erection  of  Drying 
essential,  but  t  must  have  the  ore  dry,  and  if  the  ore 
dried  naturally  in  open  air,  ary In t  c.eds  must  be 
■  <:  bed  to  a  druurht  massing  over  t;:n  ore.  a  similar  shed 

holoinn;  15,000  tons  is  used  at  one  of  „;y  mills  and  cost  Slu.OQO. 

Tr.e  approximate  weight  of  mill  and  machinery  is  about 

2200  tons. 

heve  estimated  the  cost  of  running  such  a  plant  31s 

c^-ya  in  the  year  averaging  »«  days,  and  an  average  output  for 

2W  °f  1300  t0nS  0,JT'  »-P  -be  2000  ton  caoacity.  Taking  the 

as  iv  en  me  i,.y  mr.  Roudobush  as  those  paid  ut  Cool  cardie  wii 

coal  at  .510  per  ton,  the  account  win  amn„  „  ,  e  ’ 

n v  wi.lj.  amount,  to  £>124 ,  P44. 

ThiS  inBluai^  Leninist  in  shop  for  repairs. 

fl“  ^  '•'**'  M  .«r  *»,«>. 

fU"a  f°r  te4,ooo;  ,M»  „  „  ,  ,ottl 


Supplies  &  Repairs 
Sinking  Fund 

IL.2,4,  000 


T.C  we  assume  the  bead  cost  of  the  plant  ruinin'*  hap  beers 
&32b,000,  then  if  the  founders  shares  are  to  receive  2V/>  on  this,  it  will  call  for  $65,000,  brin-tinn-  the  total  to  §296, 32-5.  if 
we  assume  1800  ton  for  2 H5  days  as  the  outnut  of  the  o.lant,  the 
total  will  be  513000  tons. 

My  tests  have  shown  that  75  per  ' sent  of  the  s-olfl  can  bo 

recovered  if  the  e  furnished  me  by  Mr.  Roudebuah  correctly 

represents  tire  conditions  of  the  material.  Mr.  Koudobush  also 

'staled  that  in  no  event  would  the  ore  average  loss  than  §6  per  ton 

but  as  he  nay  not  be  certain  as  to  this,  t  will  assume  that  it 

assays  §8  per  ton  of  2000;  75  oer  cent  of  this  would  be  2.85  net 

or  §1,154,000  annually,  subtracting  Founders  orofits  and  cost  of 

operation  leaves  §857,926,  as  the  yearly  profits  to  the  promoters. 

There  will  be  of  course  no  difficulty  at  all  in  nuiitnw  up  larger 
/y> MU. 

miil s  or^ mills  of  this  size,  orovidin*  there  is  enough  out;  ore  to 
supply  them. 



Git/cdo/i/  C^4/nc^c€i 

ny  c  Sy/ncUczzt 
f/ieifsA-y-  tfjffictiJ.  Z(PS?. 

llth  April,.-  1900. 

Thomas  A.Edison,  Esq., 

N.J.  U.S.A. 

Dear  Sir,. 

Your  Memorandum  of  29th  March  has  been  received  for  which 
we  are  much  obliged.'  We  note'  what  you  say  with  regard  to  the' 
phosphorus.  We'  hope  that  thd  Zinc  Company  will  shortly  be  able 
to-  test  the  full  capacity  of  the  new  crushers,  and  that  you  may 
be  in  a  position  to  start  up  at.  Ogden  on  the  lBth  as  expected. 

Dr  Lehmann  is  by  this  time  with  you  and  we  think  that  you 
will  find  that  he'  has  with  him  the  data  you  wished  to  have'  about 
Dunde'rland.  Re  has  also-  particulars  of  the'  cost  of  Diamond  ! 

Drilling  by  the  Stockholm  Company,-  and  will  be"  abie  to  discuss 
the'  method  of  boring  and  assaying  of  core's  which  you  advise’; 

The"  point  about  authorisation  for  the  construction  -of  full 
sized  concentrating  machine's  has  our  attention,  and  fro  may  ber 
able  to  give  the  required  authority  soon  after  Mr  Dick* a 

With  reference  to  the  option  contract.  Dr  Lehmann  was  with 

_ i 




us  during  the  negotiation's  and  will  be’  able  to  give  you  inform- 
-‘ation  should  any  further  questions  occur  to  you  on  the  subject 
of  title*  He  has  also  with  him  a  copy  of  the  Norwegian  mining 
laws  which  you  will  perhaps  like  to  keep  and  we  will  procure’ 
Others.  We  append  some  notes'  on  the'  mining  laws,  etc,  and 

Yours  faithfully. 



Mining  Laws 

,  The  Norwegian  laws  seem  to  encourage  mining*  and 
many  facilities  are  offered..  A  mining  claim  does  not  carry  with 
it  the  freehold  of  the  land  surface,  hut  the  owner  of  the'  claim 
can  use  the  surface  for  any  purpose  connected  with  mining,  and 
has  the  right  of  pre-emption  if  he'. wishes  to  obtain  free-hold  of. 
timber  rights  from  the  Government  by  purchase.  If  any  land 
{besides  that  included  in  the  claim}  or  timber  rights  are  rettuired 
for  buildings  or  any'  other  purpose  connected  with  mining,  they 
can  be  obtained  from  the  Government,  The  only  timber  rights 
which  Consul  Persson  actually  possesses  are  those  on  the  free-hold 
land  near  Mo  and  along  the  proposed  railway  line. 

Dr  Lehmann  will  be  able  to  point  out  the  extent  of  these 



A  claim  is  geo  metres  long*  and  includes  $3  feet  of  land 
on  either  side  of  the  ore  deposit.  All  claims  are  registered 
with  the'  Burgmester  of  the  district,  in  the  present  case  with  the 
Burgmeste'r  of  Nordlandsamt.  ■  When  a  man  registers  a  claim,  he 
obtains  from  the  Burgmester  a  license  called  *"Mutung%  and  after 
the'  lapse-  of  a  certain  tim<f  he  can  reUuest  the  Burgmester  to 
measure-  out  his  claim,  whioh  then  becomes  a  claim  in  perpetuity. 

This  measur'emsht  is  termed  getting  "utmai’V  and  once  this  is . 

obtained  there  can  be  no  dispute. 

Owner* s  rights. 

-  There  is  a  law  (see  pars  ie.  Law  14th  4 une,  1848) 

whereby  any  owner  of  property  who  sells  his  mineral  rights 
shall  be  entitled  to  share  ip  the  operations  to  the  extent  of 
l/10th  part  along  with  the  discoverer.  Within  4  months  after 
lawful  intimation  of  the  license-  to  work  the  discovered  mineral 
has  been  made  to  him,,  the  owner  shall  declare  whether  he  will 
avail  himself  of  his  right.  If  he  decline s  . to  share’  in  the 
business,  or  if  he,  within  S  months  thereafter,  can  neither  agree 



with  the'  hicerisae  or  another  to  taka  over  his  share*  he  shall 
he  allowed  3  months  grace  to  sell  his  share  by  public  auction, 
disputes  to  he.  settled  by  the  Superintendent  of  Mines* 

If  the  owner  fails  to  avail  himself  of  his  right  to  a  share' 
in  the  manner  prescribed,  it  shall  lapse  in  favour  of  the'  licensee. 

Remarks  on  above'  law. 

In  the  case  of  the  Dunderland  properties*  the  Government  i/s 
the  owner  and  Consul  Fersson  the  licensee,  whe'n  we  were  in 
KTlstiania,  Mr  Schjolbarg,  Consul  Persson*s  lawyer  from  Bodo, 
lodged  a  copy  of  the  claims  which  form  the  subject  matter  of  our 
option,  before  the  Norwegian  Minister  for  the  Interior,  and 
so  the  Government  are  considered  as  having  received  the  noti.ce 
referred  to  above  from  that  date,  so  that  they  must  declare 
themselves  within  6  months.  It  is  considered  very  unlikely  that 
the  Government  will  makS'the  claim*  as  it  is  a  very  unusual 
course.  It  is  possible  however  that  the  person  working  the 
claims  would  have'  to  pay  a  small  Royalty  in  Compensation.  The' 
Consul  had  previously  been  in  communication  with  the  Government 
on  the  point,  and  10  ore  was  mentioned  as  a  likely  Royalty  to- 
pay  on  every  ton  of  ore  shipped,  but  when  the  Government  make 
their  declaration  terms  would  have'  to  be  discussed  and  the 
matter  thoroughly  gone  into.  If  any  Royalty  were  paid  the 
Government  would  probably  allow  free  import  of  machinery  etc,. 

hist  lodged. 

-  -  The  list  thus  lodged  may  be  summarised  as  follows 

Sdl  claims,  of  which  |9S  have  issued  as  ,rUtmal"  and  the  rest 
.  .  . .  _  ^  S4G  are'  at  present''Mutungt'  but  the' 

S^°rity,of  thase  are  expected  to  issue'  as  *'Utmal" 
during  the  coming  summer* 

We  have'  the*  assurance  of  the'  Owner  that  there  are  no.  other 
claimants  except  those  which  will  be  mentioned  lateb,  and  in 
this  connection  our  bawyer  in  Kristiania  telegraphed  to  the' 
Burgmester  and  received  satisfactory  replies*  so  that  we  may 
confidently  expect  the  requisite  measurements  will  be  made  this 




The  for  the  proposed  railway  runs  along  the  South 
aider,  of  the  Dunderland  river,  from  the  extreme  East  of  the' 
deposits  to  the  Ranen  Fjord.  Maximum  width  SO  to  40  metres,  in 
no  place  less  than  IB  metres  (horizontal  measurement},  Land  has 
been  expropriated  at  points  along  proposed  line  for  stations  etc. 
There  is  a  certain  amount  of  forest  on  -the  land  and  this  goes 
with  it, 


These  must  be  Kept  in  force  by, the  payment  of  about 
6  to  a  Krona  per  annum  on  each,  If  this  is  done  ’it  is  not 
necessary  to  actually  carry  on  worK  on  the-  claim’s.  Strictly 
speaking  bo$h  the’  «Utmals<-  and  the-  "Mutungs*  come  under  the  head 
of  license's, 


-  - -  ThSre  are  411  claims  in  this  district, 


-  Measurements  for  *Utmal"  have  not  yet  been  taken. 

The-  Consul  already  possesses  the  license  under  *Mutung‘',  The- 
Burgmester  has  decided  that  ^  claimants'  who  have  entered  claims 
and  have  not  renewed  them  have"  allowed  the’ir  title  to  lapse'. 

They  belong  to  Consul  Forsaon  at  the  present  time'. 

East  Dunderland. 

There  are  10  claims  here  which  are  disputed  by 
the  Pastor  of  the  district.  He  he'ld  the  ♦’MutungS*  in  1879 
but  allowed  them  to  lapse-.  Consul  Fersson  does  not  absolutely 
possess  them  because  there  is  no  certainty,  but  the  matter  will  be 
investigated  in  the  summer. 


-  There  are  &  claims  here  in  the  same  condition  as  East 
Dunderland,  •  ' 

Fugle strand.  ^ 

"  olBims*  There  has  been  a  law  suit.  Consul  Persson 

has  got  Mutung*  but  another  has  fought  him  in  court.  The-  latter 



has  lost  in  the'  first  instance  hut  has  appealed  to  a  higher 
oourt.  This  win  probably  be  decided  in  the  coming  summer. 


th0ra  a-*10'  13?  claims  but  Consul  Pers.Bon  only  has 
Matung  over  them.  One  of  the  claims  may  not  he  upheld,  but  it 
is  stated  that  there  is  no  doubt  about  the  Validity  of  the* 
others;  . 

11th  April,  lgpo, ( 


*.  5  ^i—'~ 

fj  -ft  <^-4~J^^!Bi*a 
11  .^p~v  A-  "> 

•V/X,  Jtey..,  ^  •'•'•T 

G/Ict 4t^v  ^ C^ifr-^f^— 

tOf*  stisCjl^  's^Ca/vh- 


V«e  have  been  making  some  enquiries • about  the  limit 
for  phosphorus  in  this  country  for  Bessemer  Pigi 

Some  say  that  it  should  be  well  under  O.OSB.  others 
say  that  the  usual  limit  is  .  026$.  Extreme'  limit  is  . 055$. 
This  limit  must  not  be  exceeded  in  ores'  containing  even  the" 
greatest  amount  of  iron. 

In  reply  to  a  question  put  to  the  South  Durham  iron 
&  Steel  Co  Ltd,  it  is  stated  that  an  ore  containing. 66^6 
metallic  iron  and  SB-  thousandths  phosphorus  is  considered  to 
be  a  Bessemer  orb  Suitable  for  making  Bessemer  Pig. 

Yours  faithfully, 


^  tfc^.  iff**  . C(IX  riu* 

^-t'.*-^-  3ii+^r  ™_1t  ^  cvi^ 

^se"rlXn^  7s- ^ 

~i-a~~  t-xJlU 

2  <5  “Uv'-C-t, 

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f^uJXfJi  **  c 

2y6.o-<“  - 

— - 

We  have  received  your  letter  of  23rd  ult  in  which  you 
say  that  our  cable  of  that  date  was  unintelligible',  we  had 
alto  received  your  cable'  of  the  same  date  to  the  same  effect. 
We  thought  that  perhaps  the  cable  to  the  Stockholm  company  had 
been  sent  by  Dr  Lehmann  and  that  he  could  explain.  She  full 
wire  which  we  had  from  Mr  Craelius  was  as  follows: - 

"Edison  America  asks  price  for  diamond  boring  with  solid 
"crown  vfithout  cores  please  inform  them  that  this  comes 
"twice'  as  high  as  with  cores"  -  CRAELIUS- 

Our  understanding  of  this  is  that  solid  bit  is  double 
price  of  core  hole,  and  we  hoped  that  we  had  conveyed  this 

Yours  faithfully, 

L  '  Secretary. 

Dear'  Sir, 

Re  Australian  pug  proposition. 

Since  I  met  you  last,  J  haye  talked  with  several  mining  men 
and  mining  engineers  who.  are  very  familiar  with  ttys  pug  deposit, 
and  they  all  agree  that  there  is  an  unlimited  quantity  of  material 
that  will  run  from  $2  to  $3  per  ton.  They  say  there  exists  an 
area  of  about  5  miles  long  by  1-J-  miles  wide  and^To  25  f°et  in 
thickness  that  carrioa  a  value  of  from  $8  to  $lbl$r  ton.  ~  ThiB 
deposit  Seems  to  be  tho  bottom  of  an  old  river  channel  and  the 
material  ia  generally  covered  by  several  feet  of  gravel  and 
wash  and  in  some  places  small  streaks  of  layers  of  find  white 
gravel  occur  fn  the  pug  material.  So  estimating  the  better 
part  of  the  material  15  miles  long  by  l£  miles  in  width  and  only 
10  feet  in  thickness  and  allowing  20  cubic  feet  (in  place)  to 
the  ton  gives  a  total  of  10^544*000  tohs. 

ateam^hLfi11  that  thS  pus  oannot  b®  mined  and  moved  by 

face"  b^The  bulf  olZelX*  -r- 

sre  r*- 

““ br^  ■  •T£isZ"iz\?^itr- 
b*  °r  *•■*«"«  *»  »'■  «1». 
to  keep  employed  1  man  to  everyVaTes tkriwnfK”606 ‘ 6ar/ 
expensive  proposition  to  corral  all  tL„  f  b9  rt®h«*  «« 

that  *y  people  S„l“*  '"W'J  ««  »  i. 

ff°int  protection 



oat,  theprocess  as  well  as  themselves,  the  sole  rights  for*  Western 
Australia,  and  the  original  deal  to  be  carried  through  on  the 
lines  we  have  dioeu seed.  This  is  an  essential  featture  in  this 

project,  arid  i  believe  that  Mr  Edison  so  anticipates  it,  hut  1 
should  like  to  have  his  confirmation  of  it  at  the  earliest 
possible  date.  If  there  is  protection  given  by  the  process  and 
the  workmen  cannot  get  the  information  by  working  in  the  mill,  and 
taking  it  to  others,  it  is  very  much  more  satisfactory. 

Let  me  hear  your  ideas  as  to  the  possibility  of  arranging  some 
form  of  protection  in  this  matter.  I  think  it  wpuld  be  a 
good  plan  to  see  Mr  Dick  about  it.  If  you  have  me 

talk  with  Mr  Dick  any  time  ear-ly  next  week,  please  make  the 
appointment  and  notify  me  by  telephone. 

.  I  am. expecting  the  large  quantify  of  material  here  any  steam¬ 
er,  and  will  immediately  reforward  it  to  Mr  Edison’s  works. 

Yours  very  truly, 

iy .  dj? 

Jy  '/fuL'is^U&sli, 

(Zsl..t—*  S  —  gts-ts-U-f^-L’l'-l -i. -■£ 

/-LI,  £&&-£.>&£  ,  tY'i 

vf  4,  /chjLw 
/  '  '  .,%* 

,  €e.-i  I  t:  L  i  t*C-C"  i**i' 

U&&L  //*•<' 


0  St,  iMUu. 

y/1  L  C.  J_«-t  t^CZo^L,^  , 

CL-  C)L6^-cl6C^^  **  . . . . 

0&€L<* , .  kypptu  Mrc&uCsylZL?  ,  '  ■■ 

Ct-l'l-C'C  ,  C  ”, 

<U  &^H/t‘CCSm ,  CLz&Asz  '%>il;'L’\ mSX&t^C  M  it/t  (  C 


c ^  Cc/f<  . 

MAGUIRE  &  BAUCUS,  limited, 


»  WARWICK  COURT.  44  P I N  E  ST R E E T, 

NEW  YORK,  May  11,  1900. 

Mr.  Thoa .  A  Edison, 

Orange,  1I.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  presume  Hr.  Pick  is  keeping  you  fully  informed  of  the  pro¬ 
gress  he  is  making  with  Maguire  and  Rouderbush  on  the  Australian  Gold 
matter,  and  Maguire  writes  that  they  are  working  very  hard  on  this  and 
expect  to  have  a  syndicate  formed  within  a  few  days.  He  states  that  a 
Mr.  Go Ids tone,  a  mining  engineer  whom  I  know  very  well  in  London,  was  in 
the  office  two  or  three  days  ago  and  stated  that  this  deposit  was  a  very 
extensive  one,  or,  as  he  expressed  it  ."Mad  no  end,"  and  will  average  from 
§6  to  $7  per  ton.  Another  engineer  who  is  thoroughly  familiar  with  the 
property,  told  Maguire  that  it  would  average  as  high  as  §10.  a  ton. 

There  is  another  deposit  similar  to  this  and  Mr.  Rouderbush, has  sent  for . 
samples  which  will  be  forwarded  to  you  as  soon  as  received  from  Austra¬ 
lia.  v;  . 

As  soon  as  the-  samples. of  the  original  deposit,  which  Mr.  Rou¬ 
derbush  has  ordered  .sent  to  you,  arrive,  I  Would  like  very  much  to  go  to 
Orange  £uid  see  the  samples  worked,  as  you  kindly  promised  you  would' let 
me  do.  I  will  probably  return  to  London  in  a  few  weeks  j .And  would  like 
very  much  to  be  able  to,  state  as  a  fact,  from  personally  witnessing  the 
test,  that  I  have  seen  the  process  worked  on  a  quantity  of  the  ore  and  $#&■'■ 
the  results  obtained  bear  out  everything  you  have  claimed  for  your  pro¬ 
cess,.  I  think  that  that  Would  have  a  very  good  affect  on  the  people 
putting  up  the  money  in  case  they  had  any  lingering  doubt  as  to  the  prac¬ 
tical  working  of  this  process,  .  -  . 

'Yours  truly, 


yn  &  <LSwna 




dontdon.-.  w.c. 

26th.  May  1900. 

Mr,  Thomas  A.  Edison, 


New  Jersey, 


Dear  Sir, 

I  have  received  your  letter  enclosing  laboratory  Bill 
of  Costs  on  machines  for  separating  Dunder land  ore.  This  we 

Mr  Diels:  has  requested  me  to  enclose  the  following  statement 
showing  the  financial  position  of  the  Syndicate,  and  the  estimated 
expenditure  up  to  the  end  of  the  present  year I  have  pleasure 
in  doing  so. 

Yours  faithfully, 

* -  Secretary. 


sdison  o^-;v.TT,T1xmj  syndic atb  itinera). 

Financial  Statement. 

May  31st  1900. 

Cash  at  Hank,  T.ondou,  . . ”^tf3,4S9.  l.  i 

300.  I 

>  TroncUvjam  . . .  . 

(This  account  will  to  drawn  upon  by 
Dr  tahinenn  for  Survey  Expanses) 

*3,739.  1.  6 

T.ess  sums  duo  at  data. 

Salaries,  (including  4  Surveyors) 

Furniture ,  ( say )  300. 0. 0 

laboratory  Bill  cost  price  •  .  4i 
to  April  3rd  on  machines 
for  separating  ore 
from  Sunderland,  D1  a : 

1389.67,  (say)  386.0.0 

-  636.  3.  s 

Balance  approximately  *3,103.19.  3 


Survey  Operations; - 

Borilig,  *3,800  to  *3,000 

Trenching,  Blasting  etc.,  (80  men  for  ■ 

4  months  at  *io  per  day,  *1300 
Tools,  etc. ,  300 

-  1,800 

Dynamite,  Fuel,  Transport, 

Piping,  etc. ,  ’  500 

Expenses  and  Salaries  of  Surveyors, 

other  Travelliilg  Kcpensosf  anrt  —  8jq00 

*  7,000 

Option  Payments ;- 

(•Tuly,  August,  September j "  October! 
A  December,  at  *1,000  par  month,) 




£  13,000. 



Forward  £13, 000. 


- of  fronarcer,  Secretary  &  Olerk,  also 

o.f  London  Patent,  'Igent,  (In  all  £6:5.13,10 

ter  month)  tor  7  months,  445.  9. 10 


- of  Offices,  two  quarters,  106,  0.  0 

£13,660,  9.10 

In  addition  to  the  above  there  will  be  other  expenses 
in  keeping;  up  the  London  Office  as  well  as  of  Patent  Expenses, 
■Renewal  Fees,  taking  out  new  Patents  etc. , 


f  ..  02<zcdo?t' 

A  £6  & ZS$n/eA^t'  (5$od 

Mr.  Thomas  A. Edison,  \  C<  v'.iiOf//  OZC)  »  ILx^  _ 

Orange,  /  ^  ^  C.'StA'.cvi't"* jxife^  frX&Ji*.  (fx*-?*  ^ 

New  Jersey,  11^  ^Cv,f  LxC^}  -(0r7& 

Dear  Sir,  ,  rfW*  6«*'Gkxuuv1  (J^^ 

Our  Patent  Agent,  Sir.  C.  S,.Y/oodrqffe,,.  Of  188  Eleet  Street,.  ■ 

cteJT  {Ua-X  *£k?,^  «/»**"* 

E.C.  has  informed  us  of  thevriling  at  the  British  Patent  Office 

,|-tr  €* — -A  N  ^-ir- -~0  //*r 

of  the  following  application  for  tetter? Patent:  -  JXtJtvOxw.-  *-*&»•*» 
Thomas  Alva  Edison-  Method  of  and  apparatus  for  grind&ig 

.  C 

screening  and  reBcreening  very  fine  materials  in  bulk 
No.  8485  May  8th  1900. 

The  agents  acting  in  the  ;matter  are  Messrs.  Harris  &  Mi 11% 

Mr.  Dick  had  previously  informed  us  that  an  application 
embodying  the  subject  matter. of  the  above  application  would  be 

i  instructed  to  Suggest  that  it  would 'be  a  saving  of  ‘ 

and  expense  if  applications 

r  this  nature  could  be  transmitted 

direct  through  ourselves  instead  of  •  through  Messrs.  Harris  6  Mill's 
in  the  first  instance., .  X  am  cammunicatiiig  with  Mr.Dyer  to  ask 
him  to  adopt  this  plan  -for  the  future. 

Would, you  kindly  inform  us  whether  any  foreign  applications, 
other  than  tho'se’fbf'the  United  Kingdom  have  been  made  in  respect 
of  the  invention  referred/; to. ^ 


Via  should,  also  bo  glad  if  you  would  cause  the  necessary 
instructions  to  be  sent  to  Messrs.  Harris  &  Mills  to  prepare 

and  execute  assignments  to  us  of  the  six  British  Patent's  Nos. 

8529  to  8553  inclusive  (all  of  1898)  and  hand  such  assignments 
to  us. 

Yours  faithfully. 


-  '  7 

-T-  - 

On  iMvffw* 

t)  ^  f-(U*JL  c*  {=- 

.  et«rt^ 

<w<  ■ — *  ^  '  -  •‘T- 

ic.  «^,^--c  d^c^t-— «- 

f  tXXT  <5  w.  U^rt^ 


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rV^'-  Ce rv^  o^Ajcl^  U^2_ 

y  uJ^o<l£  ^ 



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IL-es  lA- XjJu^>  ^eL +-< 


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rjL^obJ  c^-e' 


lU"2—  T 


-2^  ^CLt- 

6,  Old  Jewry,  E.C., 


Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq, 
"Orange , 

New  Jersey,  U.S.A. 

Dear  Sir, 

I  have  Bebn  notified  Wat  about  4D0  Vbs  of  pug  ore  has 
arrived  hare  and  I  have  giveh  instructions  to  have  it  forwarded 
to  you  at  once  and  it  shduld  reach  you  in  about  2  weeks. 

Mr.  Maguire  and  I  had  several  interviews  with  Mr  Dick 
before  he  went  to  Paris  ahd  X  have,  arranged  a  meeting  between 
him  and  one  of  tfie  principals  i  have  interested  in  the  pug 
proposi  tion-.  ° 

Mr  Maguire  pnd  I  have  prepared  preliminary  contract  which  1 
earliest^SVr  6i«patu'’e*  Kindly  return  same  at  your 
~  ca° ,Be-  u  «««”'>  »p  ™- 
runddrdtand  Mr  Baucus  will  be  here  inside  of  lo  days, 
after  I  LHS Vt°h"^“e“ ™ ““  *l»t 

conclusion  that  <*  j.  4  p  rail  a  j  have  o6ne  to  the 

“*?!  *•  »»  M.  ««  .t  J 

Will  you  kindly  make  art  estiplatV^o <ted  V**  thlS  lnfe™ation. 

.  .  1000.  tons  per  day  including LuiU  3  plant  ~  capacity  of  : 

fZ*-**1**^^  an*  the  -W  »i«.  Oi 

«*  —  w. 

#  Some  time  ago ^i^f owrarded^ou^a  ?*"  that  may  0One  HP. 

|L  If  you  have  made  a  Wst  on  it  I  should  like^6  °F  ^ellurida  °re 
—5?  your  opl^on  regarding  the  cost  of  tW** V  9xprS8sio«  of 
X  to  large  business.  °*  t^eatment  as  this  might  1 

^  to  1 arge  bus inebs ,  *n£ 

r-  V,  Yours  faith  All  Ter 

H.  35. Dick  Esqr, , 

154  Lake  Street, 

6  th.  July,  1900. 

Dear  Sir, 

In  continuation  of  our  letter  of  the  2nd.  July,  y/q  beg 
herewith  to  enclose  for  your  information  extract  from  the 
London  "Echo"  of  the  2nd.  July,  and -a  copy  of  a  letter 
dictated  "by  Mr,  Lawrence  to  Mr.  0* Hagan  thereupon;,  and  'also 
coj 5y  of  a  letter  received  from  Mr.  0* Hagan  in  reply  to  our 
Idttor  of  the  2nd.  July,  a  copy  of  Yfhich  we  have  already  sent  you. 

:  1  Yours  faithfully; 



3  Enclosures. 


Extract  from  the 

ted.  tfuly,  1900. 


?f  ,1> 

paruc?artlculars  arc  now  available  Concerning  the  great 
comeijti ^combine ,  No  less  than  BS  different  properties 

tjHgaupo  be  taken  over  by  the  new  company.  Of  these  16  are 
situated  on  the  Thames*  IS  on  the  Medway*  and  the  remaining 
three  elsewhere.  The  combine  does  not  embrace  absolutely 
all  the  firms  engaged  in  the  production  of  cement*  but  wording 
agreements*  covering  a  period  of  at  least  three  years  have 
been  entered  into  with  three  further  concerns  not  included 
in  the  amalgamation. 

It  is  hinted  that  the  capital  of  the  undertaking  will 
consist  of  *6000000  in  shares  and  *8000000  in  Pour  and  a 
Quarter  per  Cent,  First  Mortgage  Debentures*  the  former  t 
being  divided  into  equal  amounts  of  Five  and  a  half  per  Cent 
Cumulative  "Preference  and  Ordinary  Shares  of  *10.  It  is 
not  at  present  proposed "to  ask  subscriptions  for  the  entire 
sum  mentioned*  *400000  divided  equally  between  the  two  classes 
of  share's  being  held  Aver  for  future  contingencies*  and 
*465000  of  the  Debentures  being  used  to  retire  mortgages 
,%o£  that  amount  on  four  of  the  businesses  to  be  acquired, 
iaj^Qat-3SUe  w111  thus  consist  of  *8000000  Ordinary  Shares, 

■  *8800000  Preference  Shares*  and  £8656000  Debentures. 


rind.  .Tuly,  1900. 

Dour  Sir, 

with  reference  to  the  various  conversations  between  the 
members  of  thi-..  Syndicate  and  t.h:j  members  of  the  proposed  Cement 
Combination  relative  to  the  acquisition  of  a  license  to  use 
the  Edison  Ore  and  Mineral  Crushing  Patents,  T  have  now  to  stats 
that  after  having  met  you  on  the  8fh.  in  at,  I  communicated  with 
Mr.wdiaon's  works  in  America  to  ascertain  their  willingness 
to  receive  a  deputation  from  your  body  for  the  purpose  of  in spec 
inn  the  0  ment  Crushing  Machinery  and  processes,  and  X  have  a 
reply  today  to  state  that  they  will  be  quite  willing  and  pleased 
to  see  your  deputation. 

Hr.  “di-;on  end  his  Manager,  and  Kr.Jlick  will  arrange  to  be 
present  to  see  the  deputation  arid  the  writer  will  accompany 
the  deputation  to  America,  if  you  will  kindly  intimate  the 
names  of  the  gentlemen  who  are  going,  and  the  date  of  their 
probable  departure. 

Of  course  it  is  understood  that  after  this  interview  takes 
place  in  America,  your  Syndicate  ere  prepared  to  discuss  terms 
with  us.  You  are  aware  from  ou»  letter  of  the  :51st.  May 
that  we  have  been  making. arrangements  for  sometime  past  with 
a  view  to  the  independant  working  of  the  Cement  processes  in  thi; 
country  and  it  will  be  a  source  of  inconvenience  and  loss  to  us 
the  possible  prospective  arrangements  between  your  Syndicate  and 
ours  are  delayed  to  such  an  extent  as  ho  jeopardize  our  chances 
of  bringing  out  our  own  organisation  this  autumn,  should  we  not 

As  a  nroof  that  we  ware  acting  in  good  faith  towards  you 
in  this  matter,  we  have  refused  to  listen  to  suggestions  from 
responsible  quarters  +.o  bring  out  our  Company  iu  the  course 
of  the  next  month.  I'o  do  so  would  hardly  give  you  that  time 
for  investigating  the  value  of  the  Edison  processes  which  you 

have  a  reasonable  right  to  ask  for. 

Yours  faithfully, 

(Signed)  H. H. pollen.  Manager. 


Mr.  H. 0. 0’ Hagan  to  Capt.  F. H. Pollen. 

4th.  ,Tuly  1900. 

Dear  Sirs,;- 

I  have  to  acknowledge  the  receipt  of  your  favour  of 
the  3ncl.  -Tuly,  arid  tun  glad  to  hear  that.  Mr.  Fdison  is  prepared 
to  receive  a  deputation  of  nty  friends  for  the  purpose  of 
seeing  the  Cement  Crushing  Machinery  and  Processes.  I 
think  when  you  were  here  either  you  or  Mr.  Dick  tola  me  that 
your  whole  cement  works  ‘would  he  in  operation  m  a  week  or 

Have  you  yet.  heard  that  this  is  the  case;  as  I  need 
scarcely  say  it  would  greatly  assist  us  if  we  could  see  the 
whole  operation  at  the  same  time. 

t'hen  would  it  be  most  convenient  for  the  deputation  to 
go  to  America,  i.e.  when  would  it  be  moat  convenient  to  Kir. 
Edison  and  Mr.  Dick?  I  should  think  that  it  might  he  arranged 
in  about  three  weeks  time.  I  hardly  think  I  could  arrange 
it  before;  as  we  shall  have  some  little  difficulty  as  to 
selecting  the  right  men.  Our  manufacturers  are  all  so  much 
interested  in  anything  new,  thatthore  will  be  some  competition 
as  to  who  shall  go,  and  of  course  we  want  to  select  the  best  men. 

X  quite  appreciate  that  you  will  give  us  every  opportunity 
of  coming  to  terms  with  you  before  dealing  elsewhere. 

Yours  faithfully, 

(Signed.)  H. Osborne  O'Hagan. 

YVLo  a! 

Uc-^-^aJG-^aaaJI  (  /Koyxas»j^( 

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Ifith.  July,  1900. 

Herman  E.  Dick  Esqr, 

154  Lake  Street 
Chi cage. 

Dear  Sir, 

With  reference  to  recent  occurrences  in  the  Cement 
negociations  we  sent  you  yesterday  the  following  telegram. 
Telegram  begins:-  "Cement  prospectus'  issued  tomorrow. 
Obsession."  Telegram  ends.  We  are  endeavouring  to  procure 
a  prospectus  and  will  send  you  one  directly  we  succeed. 

We  enclose  a  cutting  from  a  newspaper  "Pair  Play"  of 
July  5th,,  which  will  meantime  give  you  some  information. 

'  We  enclose  a  copy  of  a  letter  dated  9th,  July  from  Mr. 

0* Hagan  to  Capt.  Pollen.  Mr.  Lawrence  has  -been  absent  from 
town  for  the  past  few  days  and  only  returned  yesterday 
and  consequently  we  have  not  yet  sent  a  reply  to  Mr.  O' Hagan*  s 
letter  of  the  4th.  July  of  which  you  have  already  received 
a  copy.  We  are  expecting  a  Board  Meeting  to  be  held  shortly 
and  a  definite  answer  to  the  question  of  sending  a  deputation 
to  America  in  a  week  or  two  * s  time  will  be  given  by  us. 

On  his  return  to  town  last  night  Mr.  Lawrence  wrote  a 
.  personal  letter  to  Mr,  O'Hagan  to  which  a  reply  was 



today.  Copies  of  each  are  enclosed, 

Mr,  Lawrence  yesterday  desired  us  to  call  your  special 
attention  to  the  essentially  practical  tone  of  Mr,  O' Hagan' s 
letter  of  the  Pth,  July  which  gives  clear  evidence  that  the 
Cement  representatives  will  require  a  complete  and  convincing 
demonstration  of  the  general  superiority  Of  Mr,  Edison's 
process  over  those  now  used  in  England,  and  that  a  very 
substantial  saving  and  improvement  will  be  effected  by  their 
adaption.  You  will  observe  that  Mr,  o'Hagan  refers  to 
the  Atlas  works  where  the  Hurry  &  Beaman  process  is  used  and 
states  that  the  production  there  is  6/8  of  the  total  pro¬ 
duction  of  America,  We  are  not  able  to  test  the  accuracy 
of  this  statement,  and  it  would  be  very  useful  if  you  could 
give  us  some  detailed  information  with  which  we  couldconfront 
Mr,  O'Hagan  if  necessary. 

We  are  not  opposing  by  any  public  means  the  iBSUe 
of  the  Cement  Combine  to  the  Public  but  we  have  made  it 
clear  to  Mr,  O'Hagan  that  we  still  strongly  entertain  the 
idea  of  forming  a  Company  ourselves  to  work  Mr,  Edison's  Cement 
process  in  England,  and  Mr,  Lawrence  has  an  appointment 
with  Mr,  E.A.Hambro  today  for  the'  purpose  of  discussing 
the  subject  with  him.  We  have  a  Geologist  at  work  to  discover 
rock  in  this  country  which  is  likely  to  be  suitable  for  our 
process  of  manufacturing  Cement, 

Dr,  Lehman  reports  that  up  till  the  Both,  June  Drilling 


had  been  done  to  the  extent  of  166  metres  and  at  one  bore 
hole  some  ore  had  been  struck  at  a  depth  of  36  metres  but 
further!  examination  Is  necessary  before  the  significance 
of  this  can  be  ascertained. 

Dr*  Iiehman  is  about  to  start  the  Magnetic  survey* 

He  is  sending  Shortly  to  Mr.  Edison  a  large  quantity  of  ore 
for  testing  and  experimental  purposes. 

As  Dr.  Iiehman  is  writing  Hr.  Edison  a  detailed  description 
of  the  boring  and  its  results,  we  need  not  enter  into 
further  particulars  here. 

We  will  write  you  again  shortly. 

Yours  faithfully,  i 



4  Enclosures. 




H.  O.  O' Hagan  Ksqr.  to  Capt.  f'.H.  Pollan 

9th.  -Tuly  1900. 

Dear  Sir, 

fo\xc  letter  of  the  4*h,  inst  has  come  as  a  surprise  to 
me,  -11  though  X  have  impressed  upon  those  connected  vrith  the 
Cement  Combine  the  importance  of  thoroughly  investigating 
every  alleged  improvement  in  the  manufacture  of  Cement 
(whether  in  the  process  as  a  whole  or  in  the  grinding  or 
other  portions  of  the  process)  in  order  that  the  benefit 
of  every  improvement  may  be  secured  to  the  Combine,  and 
although  X  entered  into  nogociations  with  your  Syndicate  in 
perfect-  good  faith  I  never  for  an  instant  gnv&  it  a.  thought 
•hat  you  would  be  of  opinion  that  I  could  delay  the  formation 
of  the  Combine  for  a.  single  week —  to  awaitk  the  result  of 
such  inve stigation, 

Dio.  you  realize  the  difficulties  in  carrying  out  such 
a  Combination  you  would  have  recognised  tliat  such  a  course 
was  impossible  as  engagements  for  bringing  out  the  Combine 
within  certain  dates  were  entered  into  prior  to  any  negociations 
with  your  -Syndicate. 

1-fy  delay  in  answering  your  letter  has  been  caused  by 
enquiry  among . t  those  who  have  seen  you  or  your  Colleagues 
on  this  matter  as  to  whether  they  Ji  ve  by  any  word  led.  you 
to  believe  that  such  a  programme  as  tliat  suggested  could  be 
possible.  X  can  g-ef  no  confirmation  of  your  views  and 
certainly  nothing  X  said  from  time  to  time  should  be  construed 
into  my  giving  a  pledge  which  it  was  impossible  for  me  to 
fulfil  and  which  I  never  contemplated. 

I  was  invited  to  meet  Mr.  rTioseph  T.-awrenco  the  Cahlrman 
of  the  Linotype  Company  (and  X  understand  the  Chairman 
of  your  Syndicate)  Mr.  Hoger  Wallace  Q.C.  and  other  gentlemen 
connected  with  them.  I4r.  w. A. White  the  proposed  Chairman 
of  the  new  Combine  accompanied  me,  and  it  was  at  once  apparent 
to  both  of  us  thatf;  although  your  Directors  had  a  very 



great  idea  of  the  value  of  Me.  Edison’s  Patents  they  knew 
very  little  a'oout  the  manufacture  of  Cement  nor  could  they 
give  any  reliable  data  which  would  enable  the  Combine 
to  decide  whether- or  not  there  was  any  merit  in  the  inventions 
so  far  as  Cement  was  concerned.  Mr.  Dick  who  was  present 
and  who  we  understand,  to  be  Mr.  Edison's  partner  claimed 
to  have  a  full  knowledge  of  the  crushing  machinery  but  no 
knowledge  of  the  manufacture  of  Cement. 

Under  these  circumstances  it  was  thought  well  to  get  ever 
a  full  statement  from  Mr.  Edison  of  what  he  had  to  sell  and  1 
stated  that  1  would  consult  the  Manufacturers  when,  if  it 
afforded  sufficient  encouragement.,  and  they  were  given 
an  option  upon  the  process  I  f-»lj»  sure  that,  they  would  send 
out  experts  to  thoroughly  investigate  the  merits  of  anything 
Mr.  Edison  had  to  show  them. 

It  was  -Then  arranged  that,  a  Cable  should  be  sent  to  Mr. 

Kdison  to  mail  over  full  particulars  and  later  on  1  was 
furnished  with  a  copy  offi  his  statement  concerning  his  Cement 
making  plant. 

After  full  consideration  1  fold  Mr.  Dick  (Mr.  Edison’ sj 
partner)  tnat  in  the  earlier  part  of  the  process  I  saw 
nothing  applicable  to  Thames  and  Madway  manufacture  which 
could  bo  described  as  original.  In  the  latter  part  there 
did.  appear  to  be  something  novel  in  "Crushing  the  Clinker" 
and  I  suggested  Mr.  Dick’s  meeting  some  of  the  Manufacturers 
to  discuss  this  part  of  the  process.  I  also  painted  out  that 
the  cost,  per  ton  at.  which  Mr.  Edison  claimed  that  he  could  turn  obt 
C  ;mant  showed  no  advantage  over  the  cost  of  produetion  at  the 
Atlas  works  iri  America  where  the  Hurry  &  Seaman  process  is  in 
operation  and  where  5/8  of  all  the  Cement  used  in  America  is  at 
present  produced.  A  Commit, +.eeof  Cement  Hajiufac+.uwers  met  Mr. 

Dick  and  yourself  and  discussed  the  matter  very  fully  when  Mr. 

Dick  ly.ying  no  stress  upon  any  part  of  the  manufacture  of  Cement 
excop  t.he  Crushing  for  which  Mr.  Edison  holdB  patents. 


•fl  (8.) 

^mPr3SSraA  With  the  very  possibly  under  the 

Kdlson  Patents  the  Clin  Jeer  could  be  ground  somewhat  cheaper 
+JlSJ1  by  rany  ot  the  Processes  now  in  use.  it  would  be  an 

experiment,  but  one  worth  following  up  end  investigating. 

Miey  wanted  to  Jmow  Mr.  Bdison's  estimate  ot  cost  and  this 
you  .furnished  at  64  cents  per  barrel  ot  1/7*  per  long  ton. 

As  I  understand  on  an  average  of  the  last  three  years  the 
cost  to  the  Thames  and  Medway  Manufacturers  for  grinding  Clinker 
ha,  averaged  about  8/-  per  ton  .a  saving  of  44  per  ton  might, 
be  effected  on  each  ton  crushed  provided  Mr.  bison's  estimate 
toed  out  right  in  practice,  or  if  introduced  into  all  the 
Factories  of  the  Combine  at  a  considerable  cost  a  saving  .of 
something  like  £86,000  to  £30000  per  annum. 

Shortly  after  this  I  received  your  letter  of  the  Hist, 
bay  asking  Practically  a  million  sterling  for  the  Patents. 

I,  at  once,  saw  you  and  said  that  to  bring  such  a  proposition 
before  the  Cement  Manufacturers  would  be  useless  as  bo  far 
as  they  had  looked  into  the  matter  they  saw  no  advantage 
in  the  Mi  son  System  except  a  very  probable  improvement  iu  the 
Clinker  Crushing- which  would  not  .-justify  ^  sucjl  fiGUr9s. 

I  then  suggested  that  no  figures  should  be  discussed  until 
the  Manufacturers  had  been  out  to  America  and  seen  the  whole 
process,  they  could  then  form  their  opinion  as  to  what  the 
Clinker  Crushing  Patents  were  worth  end  whether  Mr.  Fdison 
had  any  other  rights  which  would  prove  valuable,  in  which  case 

I  fel'  sure 

English  -Manufacturers  would  give  a  fair 

price  for  any  Patents  which  they  were  satisfied  were  valuable. 

To  this  you  agreed  and  said  you  were  sure  your  people 
would  give  a  reasonable  • ime  for  a  thorough  investigation  into 
the  merits  of  the  Patents,  and  there  I  left  it  until  I  had  your 
letter  of  the  and.  inst. 

Ihe  fact  of  the  Cement  Combine  now  coming  out  will  make 
no  difference  in  the  negociations  with  your  Syndicate. 

The  Directors  will  send  some  of  their  number  to  America  as 



proposed;  indeed  you  should  see  the  advantage  of  dealing 
with  .'-ion  established  Company  rather  than  with  intermediaries 
engaged  in  the  formation  of  such  Company. 

1  note  your  remark  "that  your  directors  do  not  feel 
bound  any  longer  to  observe  their  promise  to  withhold  from 
the  Public  their  knowledge  of  the  existence  of  the  developments 
so  for  as  Cement  Crushing  are  concerned  in  Mr.  Kdi son's 
Ore  fh  Mineral  Crushing  Patents. " 

Certainly  1  never  asked  you  to  withhold  any  such  infor¬ 
mation.  411  1  asked  you  to  do  was  not  to  negotiate  with 
anyone  else  until  the  British  Manufacturers  had  an 
opportunity  of  investigating  and  coming  to  terms  if  they 
.judge  the  Patents  valuable. 

While  perfectly  willing  to  continue  the  negociation 
with  your  Company  X  cannot  allow  the  negociation  to  be 
hurried  either  by  the  necessity  for  bringing  out  the  Cement 
Combine  nor  by  any  suggestion  that  premature  disclosure 
on  your  part  may  injure  the  prospects  of  the  Combine. 

Of  course,  all  proper  publicity  may  reasonably  be 
given  to  Mr.  Bdison's  inventions,  but  there  is  a  way  and  a 
time  of  doing  so  which  would  be  malicious,  and  which  I  am 
certain  -would  not  be  adopted  by  your  Syndicate  so  long  as 
Mr.  Joseph  Lawrence  remains  its  Chairman,  or  its  members 
number  those  -who  are  now  connected  with  it. 

vours  faithfully. 

(Signed.)  H. Osborne  0' Hagan. 


6.-10  p.m.  10th-  1900. 

-To soph  Lav/renca  BlBcy?.  To  Bar.  H.  0’ Hagan. 

Dear  ter.  O’Hagan, 

I  iiava  bean  away  in  South  wales  on  ay  political  can¬ 
didature  for  some  days  past:  and  it.  is  only  on  my  return 
this  fuftemoon  that  I  have  become  posted  in  the  developments 
of  the  Cement  matter  within  tin-  past  '.reels:. 

As  soon  as  we  can  ar.r.v:n;;o  a  meeting  oi’  the  Bidiaou 
Board,  you  shall  receive  an  ansv.'er. 

All  I  now  vrish  to  say  in  the  meantime,  is:-  go  on  with 
your  combination  by  all  means. 

wq  have  no  wish  bo  stop  or  hinder  you. 

It  is  not  necessary  that  either  body  should  do  anything 
unworthy  of  each  other. 

It. is  natural,  however,  we  should  feel  prejudiced-  its 

The  real  point  is  after  all,  do  you  mean  business  with  u 

In  view  of  a  fo  eting  I  shall  be  seeing  Jar.  Hambro:  and 
t.o  or  three  Bank  Directors,  all  members  of  our  Syndicate 

Through  you! action,  or  rather  you?.-  Syndicate’s  action — 
we  are  like  Kahomst’u  coffin.  Tliree  months  ago  we  meant 
business  on  cur  own  account,  genuinely,  and  the"world"  will 
certainly  form  conclusions  at  the  waywe  have  been  "held  up" 
by  all  the  pourparlers  first  between  Wallace  and  White, 
and  then  between  Dick  and  yourself  and  others  these  many 
weeks  past. 

This  is  all  personal  between  you  and  me. 

Yours  faithfully. 



\JSigned.  )  <T.  Tjawrence, 


i  City  of  London  Contract  Corporation  Irtd, 
Si  Tokenhouse  Buildings*  E.C, 

«fuly  10th.  1900. 

Joseph  tewrence  Esqr* 

188  Fleet  Street*  E.C. 

Dear  Mr.  Lawrence* 

I  have  your  letter  of  the  10th,  inst,  I  was  quite 
sure  that  whatever  misunderstanding  there  may  have  been 
you  would  not  be  a  party  to  anything  unfriendly.  I  am  very 
glad  to  see  the  contents  of  your  letter  and  I  can  at  once 
assure  you  that  we  do  mean  business  and  my  friendB  axe 
quite  prepared  to  send  out  a  deputation  to  investigate 
what  Mil, Edison  has  to  show  them,  This  cannot  now  be  done 
until  after  we  have  allotted*  but  directly  t,^8  .  all°'fc®0n't 
is  complete^  a  deputation  will  be  nominated  to  go  out 
with  Mr.  Pollen  and  in  a  few  days  I  shall  be  glad  to  make 
arrangements  to  that  end* 

Tours  faithfully* 

{Signed*}  H«(|flbome  0*Sagan» 

VVLo  -C  1L 

C=r\\u*w^_4  l 

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•^tLc  '•w*^' 

H.E.Dick  Esqr. 

164  Lake  Street* 


Dear  Sir, 

We  beg  to  enclose  a  copy  of  a  letter  received  from  Mr. 
0*Hagan  this  morning.  We  have  today  forwarded  to  Mr.  Edison 
a  complete  copy  of  all  the  correspondence  between  Mr.  O’ Hagan 
'and  ourselves* 

Wo—onolopo  a  oopy  of  tho-C-qaont  procpootuB. 

We  do  not  know  if  you  are  in  the  habit  of  using  any 
telegraphic  code  but  if.  you  do  use  one  we  should  be  glad  if 
you  would  infornjus  which  code  it  is/as  a  great  salving  would 
be  effected 'in  cables  exchanged  between  us.  We  ourselves 
use  the  ABC  code-,,  and  also  Mclfeil*s  mi  ning  and  general  bode. 

Yours-  faithfully. 


cum.  w:c. 

17th.  July  1900. 

Mr.  -homa3  A>  Edison 

,,-Jfew  Jersey, 

Dear  Sir, 

We  teg  to  send  you  herewith  copies  of  all  the  correspondence 
which  has  passed  between  our  Syndicate  and  Mr.  O'Hagan,  who 
is  acting  on  behalf  of  the  Cement  Combination-  here.  She 
letters  explain  the  negotiations  which  have  been  in  progress 
for  more  than  two  months  pa&t. 

Upon  the  receipt  of  the  letter  of  31st,  May  Mr.  O'Hagan 
requested  an  interview  with  our  Manager,  Capt.  Pollen,  oh 
the  8th.  June,  at  which  it  was  agreed  that  a  letter  should 
be  written  by  us  inviting  the  Cement  Experts  to  visit  your 
Cement  works'  and  see  the  process  in  operation.  In  order  to 

satisfy  ourselves  of  the  opportuneness  of  the  suggested 
-.visit  we  cabled' to  Mr.  Dick  ofl  87Bh.  June  as  follows: - 

Efficiently  justifies  us  in  telling  cement  combine 
t  they  .will  see  whole  process  in  operation  if  they 
^  now.  We  must  be  quite  sure  and  have  no  set  backs. 

received  from  him' 


"Obsession,  "  telegram  ends.  And  we 
on  the  30th.  June  a  reply  as  follows.  Telegram  begins 

'’Have  enough  process  to  show  to  convince  practical 

"men.  Diok."  Telegram  ends. 

Whereupon  we  sent  Mr.  O'Hagan  our  letter  of  find.  July 

The  oause  of  our  now  declining  to  continue  our  invitation 
to  the  Cement  representatives  is  fully  explained  in  the 
ensuing  correspondence. 

Mr.  Lawrence  desires  U3  to  call  your  attention  to  the 
references  jttade  by  Mr.  0*Hagan  in  his  letters  to  U3  of  the 
'♦fch.''  &  16th,  jyuiy  as  to -whether  the  whole  cement  works  are 
now  in  operation.  We  trust  that  you  will  shortly  be  able 
to  inform  us  that  this  is  the  case. 

We  enclose  a  copy  of  the  Cement  prospectus. 

We  do  not  lmow  if  you  are  in  the  habit  of  using  any 
telegraphic  code  but  if  you  do  Use  one  we  should  be  glad 
if  you  would  inform  us  which  code  it  is,  as' a  great  saving 
would  be  effected  in  cables  exchanged  between  us.  We 
ourselves  use  the  ABC  code  'and  also  McNeil's  mining  and 
general  code. 

Yours  faithfully, 



COPY.  Pollen  Ksqr.  to  H.O.  O'Hagan  Bsqr. 

31st..  May  1900. 

Deal’  Sir, 

v'ith  reference  to  the  interviews  between  Members  of  this 
Syndicate  and  the  Members  o.f  your  proposed  Cement  Combination 
our  Directors  have  today  held  a  board  Meeting  to  discuss  the 
whole  question  of  whether  wo  should  sell  a  Licence  for  the 
exclusive  use  of  the  British  rights  under  the  various  Bdison 
Patents  for  Cement  Manufacture  or  carry  out  our  original 
intention  of  commencing  t)ie  manufacture  of  Cement  ourselveB 
by  a  separate  Company  formed  for  the  purpose . 

A-s  you  are  doubtless  aware  since  the  Bdison  Portland 
Cement  Company  of  .America  was  formed  Mr.  Edison  has  become 
increasingly  opposed  to  parting  with  any  of  our  British  rights 
except  to  a  Company  organized  and  cont.rolidd  by  ourselves. 

Our  Board  is  however,  not  unwilling  to  listen  to  a  proposal 
for  .lb  thing  hands  with  your  intended  Combination  providing 
satisfactory  terms  can  be  settled. 

Having  regard  to  the  value  that  has  already  been  placed 
on  the  "disou  patents  in  America  even  before  they  had  reached 
their  present  developments,  and  the  efforts  being  made  by 
American  and  European  Capitalists  to  gain  control  of  the 
rights  owned  by  the  British  Kdison  Syndicate,  our  Board  are 
of  opinion  tha" ■  a  consideration  for  the  acquisition  of  ?ui 
exclusive  License  to  make  Cement  by  the  JSdison  process 
ought  not  to  be  less  than  a  sum  of  one  hundred  thousand 
pounds  in  cash  and  ten  per  cent  od£  the  Debenture  and  Share 
Capital  of  your  proposed  Hngliuh  Cement  Combination. 

These  terns  we  should  be  prepared  to  submit  for  Mr.  Bdisou’ 

As  we  are  now  continually  receiving  communications  from 

Mr.  Edison  as  to  the  necessity  of  making  progress  with  the 

formation  of  Company,  we  beg  that  you  will  let  us  know 
whether  the  farms  above  mentioned  meet  with  your  approval. 

In  any  case  the  matter  must  be  settled  as  soon  as  possible. 


(». ) 

it.  being  obvious  that  very  little  time  novr  remains  ror  perfect- 
inp:  arranges. ents  before  the  Autumn  holidays  approach. 

Should  you  think  it  necessary  for  your  Experts  to 
visit.  America  to  see  Mr.  Edison's  work  in  progress  we  sho.ll 
ax-range  to  place  everything  before  them  forthwith. 

VoUI-S  faithfully, 

( Signed. )  E.  H.  Pollen. 


Capt,  POLLEN  to  Mr,  H.O.O*SAGAir, 

4th »  tfuly^  1900. 

Dear  Sir* 

With  reference  to  ay  letter  of  the  find*  (July*  our 
ivbtkhtion  has  been  to-day  called  to  paragraphs  apparently 
Wi&d  in  the  newspapers  announcing  the  particulars  of 
your  proposed  Cement  Combine  and  the  issue  of  9  millions  of 

It  is  now  several  weeks  since  my  Board  first  entered, 
in  good  faith#  into  discussions  with  yourdelf  or  your 
associates#  sometimes,  individually  and  sometimes  collectively, 
as  to  the  acquisition  of  the  British  right  to  use  Mr,  Edison*s; 
Cement  and  Crushing  Patents  which  it  ±3  claimed,  will  enable 
Cement~and  that  of  a  better  quality—  to  be  manufcatured 
at  much  less  cost  than  by  existing  processes. 

We  told  you  (a  fact  which  is  already  public  property) 
that  we  declined  at  our  annual  meeting  last  October,  an  offer 
to  purchase  our  English  rights  which  came  from  certain 
American  capitalists  who  had  already  bought  Mr,  Bdison*s 
American  rights  for  four  and  a  hal-f  million  dollars,  plus 
certain  royalties,  and  were  spending  two  million  dollars  in 
Edison  plant. 

We  did  this  because  negooiations  were  on  foot  here,  to 
organize  an  English  Company  instead  and  we  intended  to  bring 
the  same  out  this'  Autumn, 

We  have  in  fairness  to  you  Mheld  up*'  our  negooiations 
in  order  to  admfit  of  your  having  time  to  investigate  Mr. 

Edison*s  process  and  see  it  experimentally  at  woi^|  in 
America,  We  have  verbally,  at  various  conferences  between 
yourself  and  your  colleagues  and  my  Directors,  placed  all 
information  at  your  disposal,  including  the  privilege  of 
seeing  the  invention  at  work  in  America  and  having  it 
explained  by  Mr,  Edison  himself.  We  also  gave  you  our  written 
assurance  that  wej  would  do  nothing  further  in  the  matter 
of  bringing  out  our  Company  until  you  hatl  formally  decided  to 
accept  or  decline  our  terms,  3et  forth  in  our  letter  of  the 


'  .  <BO 

Blst  May  last. 

We  naturally  assumed  that  you  would  under  the  olroumstanoes 
extend  to  us  equal  consideration*  and  'withhold  the  issue 
o^your  prospectus  or  abstain  from  publishing  any  advance 
particulars  of  the  same* 

yntr^n^  may  therafore  iJudge  of  our  surprise  at  seeing 
tWsPafmouncement  of  your  forthcoming  issue*  The  apparent 
fiialty  and  definiteness  of  the  faots  already  published- 
concerning  your  Combine  dearly  indicate  an  immediate  issue 
and  a  consequent  forestalling  of  our  issue*  thereby  prejud¬ 
icing  our  chances  of  success. 

My  Directors  now  deem  it  their  duty  to  say  that  they 
do  not,  under  the  circumstances,  feel  that  they  are  bound 
any  longer  to  observe  their  promise  to  withhold  from  the 
public  their  knowledge  of  the  existence  of  the  developments 
so  far  as  Cement  Crushing  are  conoeraed  in  Mr,  Edisort*s 
Ore  and  Mineral  Crushing  Patents. 

Mr.  Edison*s  Patents  are  not  matters  of  yesterday  or 
matters  of  unimportance*  as  over  half  a  million  sterling 
has  been  expended  upon  them  in  experiments  and  developments 
during  the  last  eight  years!  whilst  the  names  of  the  40 
members  of  this  (the  English)  Syndicate*,  owning  the  European 
and  Colomial  rights*,  are  a  guarantee  for  the  respon3ibleness 

aiSl  ^seriousness  of  the  claim  made  for  Mr,  Edison* 3  invention, 


ah  invention  which  they  have  spent  two  years  in  carefully 
investigating  before  bringing  it  under  public  notice. 

Tours  faithfully*. 

(Signed.)  P.B.  POIAEN, 



t  COPY.,.  li1. H.  Pollen  to  H. 0. 0’ Hagan  Bsqr. 

14th.  July,  1900. 

Dear  Sir, 

'"1th  reference  to  my  letter  of  the  11th.  July,  I  have  now 
harl  an  opportunity  of  submitting  your  latter  of  the  9th. 
instant  to  my  Directors,  after  conference  with  some  of 
our  leading  shareholders. 

There  are  some  statements  in  your  letter  which  under 
ordinary  circumstances  would  call  for  specific  reply- 
a specially  one  such  statement  wherein  you  allege  that  Mr. 

Dick,  when  he  met  your  Cement  Manufacturers  "laid  no  stress 
"upon  any  part  of  the  manufacture  of  Cement  except  the 
"crushing. " 

1  have  a  clear  recollection  that  the  principal  members 
of  your  Board  were  greatly  impressed  vfitn  the  details  given 
by  Mr.  Dick,  more  especially  as  to  the  Bldison  Kiln  and 
Screening  processes. 

But  it  is  now  immaterial  to  further  discuss  such  details, 
as  it  is  quite  'evident  that  the  original  purpose  in  view, 
viz:-  an  agreement  for  the  use  of  Mr.  Bdi son’s  patents, 
which  might  obviate  the  bringing  out  of  a  Company  by  us, 
has  been  forestalled  by  the  actual  bringing  out  of  your 
Company,  without  the  slightest  intimation  to  us. 

have,  all  along,  in  goou  faith  and  in  the  most 
friendly  manner  given  you  information,  -  not  all  we  possess 
it  is  true-  but  sufficient  to  show  you  that  there  -was  a 
case  for  immediate  enquiry  by  you,  before  youjflaunchad  your 
own  Company. 

Kir.  Bldison's  Cement  processes  have  been  before  the 
Trade,  at  least  in  America,  for  more  than  a  year,  his 
American  rights  for  Cement-making  having  been  bought  12 
months  ago,  and  an  offer  made  to  us  for  our  own  rights  9 
months  ago. 

Some  of  your  people  were  aware  of  these  facts  13  weeks 



ago  (certainly  prior  to  May  1st. ),  and  3  or  4  weeks  would 
have  amply  sufficed  to  enable  a  deputation  to  have  gone 
over  to  America,  and  gleaned  all  essential  facts,  more 
particularly  as  you  state  in  your  prospectus  that  your 
Directors  have  3pent  considerable  time  in  investigating 
various  methods  of  manufacture. 

Outside  ourselves  you  could  have  learned  that  the 
Trade  and  other  newspapers  in  America  have  for  2  or  3  years 
past  been  full  of  Mr.  Edison’ s  Mineral  Crushing  inventions, 
one.  it  surely  will  to  most  people  seem  odd,  that  the  greatest 
and  most  modem  of  all  the  various  methods  of  manufacture 
should  have  escaped  notice  by  your  people,  and  that  when 
they  were  made  acquainted  with  it  through  us,  they  should 
have  spent  nearly  another  3  months,  not  in  investigating  it, 
but  in  perfecting  their  arrangements  for  launching  their 

Under  these  circumstances,  lay  Directors  have  now 
reluctantly  come  to  the  conclusion  that  it  would  not  meet 
with  the  approval  of  Mr.  Edison  and  other  shareholders 
any  more  than  fct  meets  with  my  Director^  own  ideas  of  the 
fitness  of  the  case,  that  we  should  continue  to  volunteer 
to  place  you  in  possession  of  any  further  details  of  the 
Edison  Cement-making  processes;  and  we  accordingly  hereby 
terminate  the  nagociations  subsisting  between  us. 

My  lOirectors  wish  me  to  assure  you  that  notwithstanding 
the  possibility  of  your  fiction  having  prejudiced  the  bringing 
out  of  our  own  Company,  they  for  their  part  will  ao  nothing 
which  will  impede  or  hurt  your  issue  in  any  way;  indeed 
they  hope  i+.s  success  may  exceed  your  mosjs  sanguine  expectations. 

Yours  faithfully, 

(Signed.)  F.H.  Pollen 



jf  H.  0.0*  Hagan  ESqr*  to  Capt,  FtS« Pollen. 

'  16th,  fuiy  19Qft, 

Dear  Sir* 

I  am  In  reoeipt  of.  your  letter  of  the  l4th,  hut  regret 
that  your  Dire o tore  should  put  an  end  to  the  negociations 
which  have  Been  pending,  I  fail  to  see  any  {Justification 
for  their  doing  flo  beyond  the  right  which  everyone  has 
for  going  to  the  best  market  for  what  he  has  to  sell* 

Your  Directors'  appear  to.  think  that  the  delay  in  our 
investigating  the  merits  of  Mr,  Edison^s  process  rested  with 
the  British  Manufacturers,  Mas1  X  point  out  that  it  was 
only  on  the  ftfcd,  ipst,  that  you  notified  me  that  Mr,  Edison 
and 'Mr,  Dick  were  prepared  to  receive  a  commis^on  of  experts. 

ttad  this  invitation  come  a  montheor  six  weeks  earlier 
it  Would  have  Suited  my  programme  a  good  deal  better  to  have 
had  ttie  investigation  completed  and  the  deal  on  or  off  before 
the  wmejat  prospectus  was  issued* 

Vo  understood*  however*  that  Mr.  Edison  Would  shortly  be 
in  a  position  to  Bhow  his  invention  in  connection  with  a 
complete  Cement  Works  and  it  was  natural  that  ay  friends 
Should  wish  to  see  the  full  installation  at  work. 

You  may  take  it  as  a  faot  that  until  Mr*  WaXXaoe  Saw 
MPfE^White  in  May  last  none  of  the  British  Cement  Manufacturers' 
who  are  in  the  Combine  had  'any  idea  tHat  Mr*  Edison  had  any 
Kitonts  for  maohinery  Connected  with  Cement  grinding*  and 
X  believe  t  am  right  in  assuming  that  he  has  no  patents  for 
anything  connected  with  Cement  making  except  for  his'  crushing 
and  grinding  machinery* 

X  had  heard  of  the  great  inventions  which  your  Syndicate 
had  secured  but  had  no  idea  that  they  were  applicable  to  any 
part  of  the  manufacture  of  Cement* 

A  number  of  the  Manufacturers'  have  been  in  America 
during  the  two  years  1898  and  I860  looking  into  the  various 
methods  of  ♦burning*'  by  the  Rotary  kilns  but  none  of  them 



heard  anything  of  Mr.  BdiSon*S  claiip  or  they  would  naturally 
have  made  some  enquiry  into  of  tried  to  get  come  particulars 
of  the  skm'e. 

I  notice  still  throughout  your  letter  a  suggestivenesfl 
that  you  have  not  teen  dealt  with  frankly  and  openly.  X  am 
sorry  for  this  as  it  has  always  beto  my  desire  to  deal 
with  you  frankly  in  the  negooiations.  X  have  always  said*, 
if  you  have  anything  good  to  sell-  and  to  all  Appearances  you 
have-  then  we  are  your  best  market  in  this  CountryJ  and  X 
Still  say  so*  And  X  would  go  so  far  Ab  to  ask  your  Directors 
to  reconsider  the  matter  and  give  the  Combine  the  opportunity 
of  sending  over'  to  investigate  the  merits  of  whatever  you 
have  to  dispose  of*  X  do  not  see  how  youf  Company  ban  be 
prejudiced  thereby, 

X  appreciate  the  kind  feeling  which  prompts  the  last 
paragraph  of  your  letter*  but  if  anything  were  required  to  do 
so  it  makes  me  regret  the  more  that  you  desire  the  negooiations 
to  be  broken  off  instead  of  continuedi 

yours  faithfully* 

ISignedaJ  S» Osborne  ©•Sagan, 


flDemorantmm  of  association 


The  Associated  Portland  Cement 
Manufacturers  (1900),  Limited. 

CAPITAL  -  -  £3,000,000, 

In  £10  Shares. 



£1, 355,200  Debenture  Stock, 
£1,184,570  Preference  Shares, 
£1,337,440  Ordinary  Shares. 

Tho  Lists  will  OPEN  on  WEDNESDAY,  tho 
18th  July,  at  to  -  a.m,,  and  CLOSE  on 
SA  TURDA  Y,  tho  21st  July,  at, 3  p.m. 

Uempovnt'B  ©ffices : 

3,  Tokeniiouse  Buildings,  London,  E.C. 


The  Capital  offered  for  subscription  is  not  Underwritten. 

The  following  Banks  are  authorised  to  reoeive  applications  for  the  Debenture  Stook,  • 
Preference  Shares  and  Ordinary  Shares  as  undermentioned 
C1LYN,  MILLS,  CURRIE  &  CO.,  67,  Lombard  Street.  London  EC 

IISM  street,  E.C.,  and  BrenCe, 

O P^LLVEHf^PfDOL,^1!^ At LrE^D^'LVv^rpo'oiPn ndC [ira^ic^ltes 
HILTON,  RIQDEN  &  COMPANY,  The  [sink,  Fiveriham,  Kent.  . 

The  Lists  will  OPEN  on  WEDNESDAY,  the  18th  July,  at'10  a.m„  and  CLOSE  on 
SATURDAY,  the  21st  July,  at  3  p.m. 



( Incorporated  under  the  Companies  Acts,  1862  to  1898.) 

CAPITAL:.  - - - 

230,000  34  per  Cent.  Cumulative  Preference  Shares  of  £10  each  -  £2,500,000 
250,000  Ordinary  Shares  of  £10  eaoh  -  -  -  -  .  .  2,500,000 


First  Mortgage  4.^  per  Cent.  Debenture  Stook  -  £3,000,000 

SI,  per  Cent,  Cumulative  Preference  Shares  ...  .  £2,480  000 

Ordinary  Shares  .  ; .  £2,160,000 

,E‘iat  Mortgag«  Dobonture  Stock.  Of  the  £826,000 
remaining,  £376,000  will  bo  reserved  to  retire  Mortgages  of  that  amount 
on  two  of  the  Undertakings. 

no ,  the  above  the  Vendors  take  one-third  of  eaoh  olass,  namely  £823,000  of 

Debenture  Stook,  £816,000  of  Preference,  and  £816,030  of  Ordinary  Shares. 
p„or4ppUoaou°n8  haY0  already  been  reoeived.  for  £294, 800  of  Debenture  Stook,  £448,770 
making"™  aH^l^sg^o^293’900  °f  0rdinary  Sharss>  whioh  w111  he  allotted  in  full, 

The  Balance,  namely 

Pebi."omLe„^ck’  Preference  Shares.  Ordinary  Shares. 

£1,355,200.  £1,184,570,  £1,337,440. 

is  now  offered  for  Public  Subscription,  payable  as  follows:— 


ffintsiccs  for  %  gcbcnfurr  jatothjmlbrrs. 

Tin:  Right  Hon.  LORD  HILLINGDON,  67,  Lombard  Street,  E.C.  •  •  •  ••  • 

Sir  CHARLES  RIVERS  WILSON,  G.C.M.G.,  C.B.,  l’rcsidcnt  of  the  Grand  Trunk  Railway 
Company  of  Canada.  . 

Solicitors  for  SDrustrcs. 

BIRCHAM  &  CO.,  50,  Old  Broad  Street,  E.C, 


FREDERICK  ANTHONY  WHITE,- of  John  Bazley  White  &  Brothers,  Limited  Chairman 
nfrnS  a  m  Av ^Hilton/anderson,  Brooks  &  . 

LIEEDHAM.  WHITE,  of.  John  .Bazley  YVhite  &  Brothers,  Limited. 

ISAAC  CHARLES  JOHNSON,  of  I.  C.  Johnson  &  Company,  Limited. 

E.  F.  HILTON,  of  Hilton,  Anderson,  Brooks  &  Company,  Limited. 

OTTO  TRECHMANN,  of  Trechmann,  Weekes  &  Company,  Limited. 

ARTHUR  W.  BOOTH,  of  Booth  &  Company,  Limited.  ■  ;  “ 

W;  M.  CUNINGHAM,  Chairman  of  the  London  Portland  Cement  Company,  Limited/  ' 

JOHN  HEAL,  Director  of  the  Imperial  Portland  Cement  Company,  Limited.  ,  . 

ALFRED  BROOKS,  of  Hilton,  Anderson,  Brooks  &  Company,  Limited. 

D.  H.  GIBBS,  of  Gibbs  &  Company,  Ximited. 

G'  M’  LiMFrEDT0N'  ^anaging  Diroctor  of  the  Arlesey  Lime  and.Portland  Cement  Company, 
W.  TINGEY,  JUN.,  of  .Tincey  &  SON,  Frindsbury,  Rochester. 

GEORGE  COOPER, 'of  Weston  &  Co.  ■  ■  ) 

HENRY  HOLT,  of  Macevoy  &  Holt,  Northfleet. 

^v^HARDPLEWS.Menaging  Director  of  Charles  Francis,  Son  &  Co.,  Limited.  ' 


***>.*"»* Lm  .  - 

BAZ LEV-WHITE,  ,  -  tF"nnHil,3 

FRANK  chapman’  f  Man!,g'nS  Directors  of  John  Bazley  White  S;  Brothers,  Limited;  * 

ANTHONY  WHITE,  J . .  "  .  •'••• 

E.  W.  BROOKS!'  ")  .  . 

HERBERT1^1 BROOKS,  I  Managine  Directors .of.  Hilton,  Anderson,  Brooks. &.  CO.V  Limited. 
CHH.RWATSOI^RLETON’  }  °f  I-  C'  J0HNS0N  &  Co"  Limited,  London  and 

^E?jJA?S?R-f0iKNIG,IT-  BeVj™  &  Sturge,  Northfleet. 

“RALD  B.  FRANCIS,  of  Francis  &  Co.,  Limited,  ClifTc,  Rochester. 

GLORGE  BUtchARD,  The  Tower  Portland  Cement  Works,  Northfleet 

GLlVLKL  B^LLIS,  Managmg  Director  of  Ginus  &  Co.,  Limited.  - 

G.  E.  W.  CRANAGE,  Managing  Director  of  I.  C.  Johnson  &  Co.,  Limited,  Gatcshead-on-Tync  Works. , 

GLYN,  MILLS,  CURRIE  &  CO.,  67,  Lombal" Street"  E  C 

BARCLAY^  COMPANY^  LIMTED?  S^mba^Jstme^Lfndon2  ,£^ombard  Strcct' and  BrancIlcs-  : 

Branches?*08  ^  ^  ^  .  , 

LONDON  AND  PROVINCIAL  BANK,  LIMITED,  Head  Office  and  Bnnrl,™  "  •"  '  -J 

HANK  OK  F  I VERP°°L,  LIMITED,  Liverpool,  and  Branches 

HILTON,  RIGDEN  &  COMPANY,  The  Bank,  Favcrsham,  Kent 
...  .  Solicitors. 

ASI-IURST,  MORRIS,  CRISP  &  CO.,  17,  Throgmorton  Avenue,  London,  E.C. 


London.— JAMES  CAPEL  &  CO.,  31,  Throgmorton  Street,  E.C.  ... 

;  Dublin. — DUDGEXIN  &(SONsf^"i/3,IGraftonGStrcSatt°n  Court*  Lhreadnecdle  Street,  E.C.  :  ' 

43.  George  Street 

y  White  §  Brothers,  Limited;  - 

Threadnccdle  Street,  E.C. 

Manchester.-— STAVEACRE  &  WALTON,  26.  Brown  Street 
Liverpool.— -A.  M.  McCULLOCH  &  CO.,  9  Ti  hebam  Street 
Leeds—R.  SALMON  BACKHOUSE,  St  Andrews  Chambers  Park  Row 
NEWCASTLE.-HUNTER  &  HENDERSON,  30,  Moseley  Street 


CREWDSON,  YOUATT,  &  HOWARD,  ,7,  Coleman  Street,  London,  E.C.  ’. 


_  Sktmpritrc  OJfficts.  '  !  . 




'  I  'HIS  Association  has  been  formed  for  the  purpose  of  purchasing'  the  Undertakings  of  the 
_L  undermentioned  firms  and  companies  engaged  in  the  manufacture  of  Portland  Cement. 
With  the  exception  of  three,  all  the  works  are  situated  on  the  Thames  and  Medway,  and  possess 
such  advantages  in  the  quantity  and  quality  of  raw  material,  that  the  neighbourhood  of 
these  two  rivers,  from  being  the  cradle  of  the  Portland  Cement  industry,  has  now  become  the 
chief  seat  of  the  manufacture.  It  is  believed  that  upwards  of  So  per  cent,  of  the  entire 
output  of  Portland  Cement  in  the  United  Kingdom  is  produced  on  the  Thames  and 
Medway,  where  the  supplies  of.  chalk  and  clay  are  of  the  finest  quality  - for  the  manufacture. 
The  total  production  of  Cement  on  these  rivers  in  1899  has  been  estimated  at  1,700.000 
tons,  whereas  the  estimate  of  production  in  1895  was  only  1,350,000'tons.  This  difference 
is  due  to  the  largely  increasing  demand -for  Portland  Cement.  ' 

The  purposes  to  which  Portland  Cement  is  applied  are  daily  growing  in  number ;  Harbours,  docks, 
railroads,  fortifications,  pavements,  bridges,  embankments,  aqueducts,  sewers,  conduits  of  all  sorts, 
foundations  of  tramways  and  ail  good  roadways,  whether  asphalte  or  wood,  besides  every  sort  of  building 
operations,  depend  largely  for  their  strength  as  well  as  for  economy  of  construction,  upon  this  material. 

Many  of  the  firms  whose  undertakings  are  acquired  are  old-established,  and  possess  Brands  and 
"Trade  Marks"  of  the  highest  reputation  throughout  the  world.  The  certified  production  of  the  firms 
taken  over  by  this  Association  was  in 

1897:  .  ...  ...  .  ...  ...  ...  1,222,240  tons.  ,. 

1898  .  .  1,337.268  „  j 

1899  .  .  1,404,569  .. 

and  owing  to  improvements  and  additions  the  capacity  of  the  combined  works  is  now  about  1,570,000  tons. 

Although  the  demand  for  Cement  is  steadily  increasing,  there  have  been  times  when  the  supply  has 
exceeded  the  demand,  leading  necessarily  to  fluctuations  in  profits.  To  avoid  this  in  the  future  the 
present  Association  is  formed. 

Another  object  of  the  Association  is  to  effect  reduction  in  the  cost,  as  well  as  improvements  in  the  manu¬ 
facture,  by  bringing  all  the  various  businesses  under  one  control.  The  Association  will  also  aim  at  lessening 
the  expenses  of  distribution,  and  at  steadying  prices  without  unduly  raising  them ;  while  the  tendency  to 
'  cut  prices  in  the  winter,  when  storage  is  difficult  at  some  of  the  Works,  will  be  avoided,  The  Directors 
will  have  at  their  disposal  a  large  amount  of  extra  Working  Capital  to  enable  them  to  continue  the  policy 
already  begun  at  some  of  the  Works — of  introducing  new  and  improved  methods  of  manufacture,  which 
will  effect  savings,  and  consequent  increase  of  profit.  j 

.  ;  The  Directors  of  the  largest  undertaking  acquired,  having  expended  considerable  time  in 
investigating  various  methods  for  the  manufacture  of  Portland  Cement  upon  the  Rotary  Kiln  principle, 
selected  the  Hurry  arid  Seamans  as  the  best,  and  obtained  a  license  to  work  that  system  on  royalty. 
A  sum  of  over  £ 1 20, coo  is  being  expended  on  new  plant  in  their  works,  for  the  yearly  production  of  about 
160,000  tons  of  Portland  Cement  on  that  principle,  which  only  necessitates  a  substitution  of  different 
Burning  Plant.  It  is  proposed  to  manufacture  another  70,000  tons  a  year  on  the  same  principle.  An 
option  has  been  obtained  by  the  promoters  for  an  exclusive  license  to  the  Association  in  this  country  of 
:  this  system,  which  the  Directors  will  be  in  a  position  to  use  extensively. 

As  other  methods  of  improved  manufacture  are  being  introduced,  the  Directors  of  this  Association  will 
be  in  a  position  to  judge  of  their  relative  merits,  . 

;  Contracts  have  been  entered  into  by  the  Vendor.  Company  for  the  acquisition  of,  ampngst  other 
.  properties,  the  undermentioned  businesses,  which  are  to  be  taken  over  by  that  Company  as  from  varying 
dates  between  30th  September,  1899,  aiid  March  ’31st,  1900.  ’  Between  these  dates  and  30th  June,  1900, 
the  various  businesses  have  been  carried  on. for  the  account  of  the  Vendor  Company,  which  will  pay  all 
interest  due  to  the  several  Vendors  up  to  30th  June,  1900,  and  with  the  exception  of  the  Rotary  Plant 
at  Swanscombe  will  pay  all  the  Capital  Expenditure  to  that  date,  alterations  and  additions  having  been  in 
progress  at  many  of  the  Works  at  the  dates  of  the  Contracts. 


John  Bazlev  White  &  BuotherS’  Works  at  Swanscombe  and  Grccnhithc. 

Hilton,  Anderson  &  Brooks' Works  at,  Grays.  . 

Knioiit,  Bevan  &  Sturce’s  Works  at  Northflcet.  .  . 

1.  C.  Johnson  &  Company’s  Works  at  Grccnhithc.  '  . 

Ginns  &  Company’s  Works  at  West  Thurrock,  Grays: 

Francis  &  Company’s  Works  at  Cliffcr 

London  Portland  Cement  Company’s  Works  at  Northflcet 

Roiiins  &  Company’s  Works  at  Northflect  . 

Imperial  Portland  Cement  Company’s  Works  at  Northflcet. 

Wilders  &  Cary’s  Works  at  Grccnhithc. 

Weston  &  Company’s -Works  at  Northflcet;1'  ■  -  . 

Macevoy  &  Holt’s  Works  at  Northflcet  . 

Hollick  &  Company’s:  Works  at  Greenwich.  . 

Laurence  &  Wimple’s  Works  at 'Northflcet. 

New,  Rainiiam,  Portland  Cement  Works  at  Rainham. 

Tower  Portland  Cement  Works  at  Northfleet 



Hilton,  Anderson  &  Brooks’  Works,  at  Upnor,  Hailing,  and  Favcrsham. 

J.  Bazley  White  &  Brothers’  WoftKS,  at  Gillingham,  arid  Bridge,  Globe  and  Quarry  Works,  Frindsbury, 
.Burham  Brick,  Lime  and  Cement  Company’s  Works,  at  Burham. 

Tingey  &  Son’s  Works,  at  Frindsbury  and  Chalk  Quarries  at  Wouldham. 

Booth  &  Co.'s  Works,  at  Borstal  and  Cuxton. 

McLean,  Levett  &  Co.’s  Works,  Frindsbury  and  Elmlcy. 

Treciimann,  Weekes  &  Co.’s  Works,  Hailing. 

West  Kent  Portland  Cement  Works,  Aylesford  and  Burham. 

Phcenix  Portland  Cement  Works,  Frindsbury. 

Borstal  Manor  Portland  Cement  Works,  Borstal. 

Wouldiiam  (Medway)  Cement  Works,  Wouldham. 


X.  C.  Johnson  &  Company’s  Works,  at  Gatcshcad-on-Tyne. 

Charles  Francis,  Son  &  Co.'s  Works,  Newport,  Isle  of  Wight 

The  Arlesey  Lime  and  Portland  Cement  Company's  Works,  Arlcsey,  near  Hitchin. 

In  addition  to  the  above,  the  Association  will  have,  on  terms  which  have  been  agreed,  Working 
Arrangements  for  three  years  or  over  with  the  following  firms : — 

Martin  Eaiu.e  &  Company,  Limited,  Wickham,  Medway. 

William  Lee;  Son  &  Co. 

Wouldham  Cement  Company  (1900),  Limited,  West  Thurrock,  Thames. 

Queeniiorougii  Portland  Cement  Company,  Quecnborough,  Medway. 

The  Undertakings  which  the  Association  acquires,  and  others  with  whom  they  will  have  working 
arrangements,  arc  estimated  to  produce  about  89  per  cent,  of  the  total  capacity  of  production  of  Cement 
on  the  Thames  and  Medway.  Negotiations  for  other  Working  Agreements  are  in  progress. 

By  this  amalgamation  opportunity  given  to  consolidate  the  management  of  many  of  the  Works, 
.but  for  the  present  the  greater,  number  will  remain  under  the  personal  management  of  their  present 
owners  or  managers.  The  executive  control  of  the  Association’s  business  will  rest  with  the  Managing 
Directors,  who  arc  practical  experts  in  the  trade,  and  most  of  whom  have  been  actively  engaged  therein 
for  over  twenty  years.  The  majority  of  the  Works  are  situated  in  two  districts,  and  all  within  a  limited 
area  in  each.  Special  facilities  lor  management  arc  thus  afforded. 

Some  of  the  undertakings  derive  their  profit  from  other  sources  besides  the  manufacture  of  Portland 
Cement,  viz.,  the  sale  of  Chalk,  the  manufacture  of  Lime,  Whiting,  Bricks,  Keene’s  Cement,  Roman 
•Cement,  etc. 

The  Association  will  take  over  valuable  Leasehold  Wharves  at  Upper  Thames  Street,  in  the  City  of 
London ;  and  others  at  Blackfriars,  Pimlico,  Westminster,  Lambeth,  and  Vauxhall  j  but  as  it  may  be 
■desirable  to  consolidate  their  working,  or  to  cariy  out  other  arrangements  with  regard  to  the  retail 
trade,  power  is  taken  in  the  Debenture  Trust  Deed  to  dispose  of  all  or  any  of  these  Wharves,  subject 
to  the  purchase  consideration  being  transferred  to  the  Trustees,  or  employed  in  improving  other  Properties 
held  as  security  for  the  Debenture  Stock. 

•  A"  Agreement  has  been  entered  into  with  George  K.  Wragge,  on  behalf  of  the  principal  London 
Cement  Merchants,  which  provides  inter  alia  for  all  Merchants  joining  them  taking  their  whole  require¬ 
ments  of  Cement  from  this  Association  for  the  term  of  seven  years. 

Several  of  the  larger  Cement  businesses  to  be  taken  over  have  Engineering  Works  and  Repairing 
Shops ;  and  two  additional  Engineering  Works  have  been  acquired,  one  on  the  Medway  the  other 
on  the  Thames.  The  Association  will  thus  be  .able  to  carry  out  economically  a  great  part  of  its  own 
repairs  and  renewals. 

Included  in  the  purchase  are  3,697  acres  of  Freehold  and  1,058  acres  of  Leasehold  Land,  with  ample 
reserves  of  Chalk  and  Clay  ;  extensive  frontages  to  the  Rivers  Thames.and  Medway,  in  all  nearly  10  miles 
in  length,  with  Docks  and  Wharves ;  a  large  amount  of  Cottage  and  other  Property  and  ground  rents  • 
Railways,  Tramways,  Locomotives,  Rolling  Stock  and  Plant,  as  well  as  a  fleet  of  238  Sailing  and 
other  Barges.  b 

Messrs.  Farebrother,  Ellis  &  Co.  have  examined  the  whole  of  the  Properties  which  the  Association 
will  take  over,  and  the  following  is  a  copy  of  their  valuation: — 

To  the  Directors  of  .  ,th  r. 


In  accordance  with  instructions  received  from  the  British  Incorporators,  Limited,  we  have 
surveyed  the  whole  of  the  Freehold  and  Leasehold  Properties,  the  particulars  of  which  have  been  handed 
to  us  by  them,  and  are  referred  to  in  the  Accountants’  Report 

The  several  properties  and  their  tenure  are-more  particularly  described  in  the  Schedule  appended 
hereto,  and  comprise  very  extensive  works,  wharves  and  premises,  together  with  Landed  Estates,  including 
large  quantities  of  ctalk  and  clay  lands,  the  whole  occupying  a  total  area  of  upwards  of  3.607  acres  of 
Freehold  Land,  and  1,058  acres  of  Leasehold  Land.  These  arc  all  advantageously  placed,  possessing 
neariy  io  mdes  of  frontage  upon  the  Rivers  Thames  and  Medway,  and  we  value  them  exclusive  of 
goodwill,  but  as  going;  concerns,  including  the.entire  equipment  of  machinery,  fixed  and  loose  plant, 
railways  locomotives,  barges,  horses,  wagons,  utensils  and  other  effects,  together  with  the  expenditure  by 
the  Vendors  on  Capital  Account,  to  tl1c.30th.ult6.,  and  the  completion  of  the  rotary  plant  at  Swanscombe 
at  a  cost  of  £120,000,  estimated  to  increase  the  capacity  of  the  works  to  an  output  of  over  1,570,000  tons 



The  Association  propose  to  acquire : — 

The  freehold  and  leasehold  estates,  including  chalk  and  clay  lands,  ground  rents, 
works,  buildings,  plant,  machinery,  wharves,  railways  and  tramways,  locomotives, 
rolling  stock,  barges,  tugs,  etc.,  valued  by  Messrs.  Farebrother,  Ellis  & 

Co.,  at  .  ...  . £  5,01 7,000 

Less  mortgages  on  two  of  the  undertakings  at  3$  and  4#  ...  375,000 

Add — Working  Capital,  £1,050,000,  reduced,  however,  by  the  estimated  amount 
of  £120,000  expended  or  to  be  expended  on  New  Rotary  Plant  at  Swans- 
!  combe  (and  included  in  the  above  valuation)  . 

.  ...  £2475, 000  ‘ - - 

10  uuuu„..„  ,  _ _ _ _  ire  acquired  at 

lessTthan^^J  years’  purchase  of  last  year’s  profits  of  £658,356 

The  freehold  and  leasehold  estates,  works,  buildings,  ground  rents,  houses,  cottages,  fixed  plant  and 

machinery  to  be  taken  over  by  the  Association  will  be  comprised  in  the  specific  m°r5?,8° ‘the 
for  the  Debenture  Stock.  There  will,  in  addition  to  this  specific  mortgage,  be  a  floating  ^arge  °n  the 
general  undertaking  of  the  Association  (but  not  including  Capital  not  paid  up)  to  secure  the  Debenture 

The  proceeds  of  the  present  issue  of  Debenture  Stock  will  be  held  by  the 
over  to  the  Association  as  the  purchase  of  each  property  to  be  specifically  mortgaged  is  completed,  an 

Trustees  in  reducing  the  amount  owing  on  the  above-mentioned  mortgages  for  £375,000. 

The  accounts  have  been  examined  for  the  Vendor  Company  by  Messrs.  Crewdson,  Youatt  &  Howard, 
and  the  following  is  a  copy  of  their  certificate:—  I?|  CoLEMAN  street,  E.C. 

To  the  Chairniat^Mi^ PORTLAND  CEMENT  MANUFACTURERS  (1900),  LIMITED. 

Gentlemen,  instmetions  received  from’the  British  Incorporators,  Limited,  we  have  examined  the  accounts  of  the 

thirty  firms  whose  businesses  "'annSd  ™odSatog^reim|finm  p tllo* busln«s t^ms°becm 

different  dates  between  the  30th  June  and  the  succeeding  31st  March  have  prevailed.  In  three  cases  the  busine 

adjusted^ to  |J|ortgomW  ani^  atjtoclndto|r  to  ^a^a^stmenti'' 

intere^rtupon  ST  Sf^ore  d-nfjjte-  on  other  loan 

Managing  Directors’ or  Partners' Salancs,  Income  Tax  and  Dcoreciation,  are  as  fo!  .  ,  6  l6  Q 

For  the  three  periods  of  Twelve  months  an  annual  average  of  .  £639  6521411 

For  the  two  periods  of  twelve  months  an  annual  average  of...  ...  ...  ~  , 

tr  will  he  observed  that indie* foregoing  statement  of  Profit*  no  Depreciation  has  been  effarged.  This  is  due  to  the 
fort  .hi  snin^oMlie^rms  hivrroinltteifo  makc  any  such  provision  (on  the  ground  that  the  large  cxpcnd.ture  upon 

and  ^cJteivats  rendered  U^innecessary),  whUe  others^hav^d(^lnvith^heUernln_vanous  ways.  d  ^ 

included1  in^the^ork'ing^xpenses  ha^cxcecded  £480, o&,  but  notwithstanding  this  largo  outlay,  we  are  of  opm.on  that 
provision  for  depreciation  should  be  made  by  the  Association.  Your5  faithfun„ 

CREWDSON,  YOUATT  &  HOWARD,  Chartered  Accountants. 
Such  certificate  shows  the  following  profits:— 

For  the  three  years  an  average  of 
For  the  two  years  an  average  of 

For  the  last  year  . .  ■ 

Deducting  interest  at  the  rate  of  Percc®[^'„°, 

Preference  Shares,  there  ai  '  ^  < 

_ ss 

in  other  loans,  Directi 

.  £561,103 


.  £658,356 

me  rate  u.  w  u...  _ -n  the  Debenture  Stock,  and  5i  per  ci 

e  shown  by  these  figures  past  earnings  equivalent  to  10.  per  ce 




gement  Charges,  including 

i  „  profits  of  last  year . 

available  for  Depreciation  and  Reserve  Funds  and  payment  of  General  Mana 
Managing  Directors'  and  Directors’  remuneration.  . 

The  trade  beincr  a  remunerative  one,  it  will  be  seen  that  there  will  be  no  necessity  to  unduly  raise  the 
priced  Portland  Cement,  for  it  is  confidently  expected  that  in  future  years  additional  profits  may  be 
made  from:-  ^  ^  ^  when  a„  the  Works  are  under  one  control  and 

'  especially  at  Works  where  the  lowest  cost  of  production  and  distribution  has  not  hitherto 

'  2  Savines^hichmust  necessarily  accrue  when  a  combined  purchase  of  all  commodities  takes  place. 

I  l^e  fntroSuctton  of  improved  methods  of  manufacture,  for  which  some  part  of  the  large 

a  Fnsurin^^en^ra^stabilily'of 'price^v'ith  consequent  benefit  to  contractors  and  other  large 
4  consumers,  and  with  benefit  to  the  Association,  especially  during  the  winter  months,  when 


are  Jfcnid' 

various  mn  .rvf^  r  ^y  f  d  P°mPa'y-  ,'avlnS  ncS°tiatcd  and  obtained  Contracts  for  the  purchase  of  the 
to  ihl-L  3  fl”™.tho  original  Vendors,  .have  fixed  the  purchase  price  at  which  they  will  transfer 

marks  subiect  '  n!SPC^  businesses  and  undertakings,  including  goodwills,,  brands,  and  trade 

Preferenc11  '  t0  i'1"*'™  cases,  ait '^6,3^5,000,'  payable  as  to-  ^245-8,3 

Preference  Shares,  and  Debenture  Stock  (oiie-third  of  each  issue),  and  the  balance  ii . 

£1  ow m* SP  °r  thC  aboT  pllr<LhaSc  price'  tI,c.rc  wi"  remain  out  of  thc.procccds  .of  the  -present  issue 

sack^^ooperi^e  "n’et^ stores?  firm  °V-°r  thc  st°<*-in-tradc,  raw  materials, 

i  » •  l  ,  °Ies>  larm/ stock*  etc.,  at.cithcr  cost  price  or  .at  an  agreed  valuation 'fVnitrrl-inr 
inrliiHirtff  T  ^i0111?  a^out  ^420»°°0)»  and  for  general  Working. Capital,  and  as  the  Directors  estimate  fhaf 
the  rnmh-st0|ks’  5°?  ,7?'  64  *°  I0S-  Pcr  ton  of  the  output  -should  be  ample  Working  Capital  to'  carrv  on 
tie  combined  undertakings,  there  will  be  a  large  free  balance  available  for  improvements  of  Worksite 

iirothem°L!mitede  'i^theWnmm'''"’'^  by  ‘I1’?.  Association  is  a  large  interest  held  by  John  Baidcy  Wii/te  & 

ssr  isssr&z 

sz'sifer  “  sassxas; 

arran^ment^haTO'^bcerTniade^from'time  to  time  SET?  “  ^  “  "Umbcr  of  <*6*4  and 

ments  of  Sections  of  the  Compand  Act^Sfiy.  ;r°r  n0t  m°rC  fU"y  comPlJ'inS.with  the  .require^ 

any  .questi^dtertl^^tog1'^!!8 rights ^and  p?Ml^e&°-C  mpctinfis  oftll9!  Association  upon 

ProvhirdaieExchanges?U0^tIOnS  wi^‘  bc  "PP'ic^  Por  in,. due  course  on  the  Stock. Exchange  and  leading 
mon^y?onvaidcVto°any  *  **  «*  qmoin,  of  the  application 

or  the  'mimlmr 'of ‘sharcs'^lmt^^iv'lcss'1  than'the'rrnimi^ih’ and  *v^*cr9'tbc  ainount  of  Debenture  Stock 

fh^vsr  'wn  bc « 

Failure  to  pay  any  instalment  will  render  the  previous  payments  liable  to  forfeiture.' 

'^^^sx^ssssite^  - w  °b““  «*•  <*-■«*&**. 

Dated  ink  July,  igoo.  •  -  .v  ;  v-  :  ,  ,  .  ‘ 

■£"*  j  . 

C7^*-*-*  Cc  -^*^£  /Ct<^_  /C^eC^ 

,  G~*~fl^r  /u~/'-*y  ~fc  'tyu***^ 



’■  l  Xjb£  ^  ^ 

t,  '■  ‘  ’V'*'-  '-**/•*  _ 

A-  ^  C^~  7^  sr 

<</  *-*  *~~-s 

«A~  ^=£^5 

«-d-  T^/ - 

■  .  ■  /-^~  ^  — .  xTr, 

.  /v  A^__  <eit__<_^  - 

19th.  July  1900. 

Mr,  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange , 

Hew  Jersey, 

Dear  Sir, 

We  have  pleasure  in  inviting  your  attention  to  a  prop-;, 
osition  which  has  been  placed ‘before  us  by  the  British  Ore ' •>- 
Concentration  Syndicate  with  regard  to  the  possible  em¬ 
ployment  of  our  system  of  crushing  as  applied  to  copper  ore, 
in  conjunction  with  the  Elmore  Concentrating  process. 

We  forward  you  herewith  a  copy  of  some  detailed  notes 
supplied  to  us  by  the  Concentrating  Syndicate  and  we  should 
be  glad  of  any  observations  with  which  you  will  favour  us 
upon  them.  You  Will  see  that  a  space  is  left  opposite  each 
note  for  observations  of  your  own;  The  notes  are  Sufficiently 
detailed  to  give  a  general  idea  of  the  scheme,  but  it  is  our 
purpose  also  to  request  the  Comcentration  Syndicate  to  forward  ■ 
you  as  soon  as  possible  samples  of  their  ore  and  also  a 
detailed  description  of  their  requirements  as  regards  the  -j, 
fineness  to  which  the  material  is  to  be  crushed  and  all  other' 

essential  particulars. 

We  also  enclose  copies  of  two  letters'  dated  13th.  & 

17th.  July  from  the  Concentration  Syndicate  asking  for  estimates 
of  the  cost  of  a  working  plant  of  a  size  adapted  to  their  needs. 
In  reply  to  their  letter  of  13th.  July  we  told  them  that  at 
present  you  were  only  engaged  on  plant  constructed ' to  treat 
very  much  larger  quantities  of  material,  but  that  we  would 
consult  Jsou  on  the  point.  You  will  see  that  in  the  letter 
dated  17th.  they  mention  6000  tons  of  ore  per  week  as  the 
quantity  they  will  require  to  treat  and  they  also  ask  our 
opinion  as  to  the  advisability  of  having  the  Crushing 
Machinery  in  one  unit  or  in  several  units. 

Mr.  Joseph  Lawrence  desires  us  to  ask  you  whether  you 
could /either  yourself  or  under  your  direct  superintendence 
from  the  information  placed  before  you  design  and  execute 
plans  for  suitable  machinery.  Such  plant  would  of  course 
require  to  be  quite  complete  so  that  we  could  put  them  . 
under  the  consideration  of  the  Concentration  Syndicate, 
and  an  estimate  of  the  approximate  cost  of  the  machinery 
when  complete  would  also  be  necessary  for  their  information. 

We  assume  that  it  would  be  more  convenient  and  economical 
to  build  machinery  in  this  country  from  your  plans  than  to 
build  it  in  America  and  tranship  it  here  ?  However,  this 
is  a  matter  upon  which  we  should  esteem  your  opinion. 

We  consider  the  proposition  we  now  place  before  you 
one  of  great  importance  •  of faring-  an  excellent  opportunity 

of  demonstrating  the  value  of  our  Crushing  Machinery  and 
plant  in  this  country,  under  peculiarly  favourable  conditions. 

We  are  constantly  receiving  enquiries  as  to  whether 
it  is  possible  to  see  all  or  any  portion  of  the  Edison  process 
at  wort  in  this  country,  and  the  time  seems  ripe  for  the 

introduction  of  a  portion  at  least  of  our  process  in  England 


whereby  we  can  give  practical  demonstration  of  the  Capacity 
and  value. 

We  need  scarcely  say  that  could'  this  be  satisfactorily 
achieved  it  would  assist  us  over  here  most  materially  in  . 
advancing  our  numerous  schemes. 

Yours  faithfully. 




The  Glasdir  Copper  Mines  Limited  arc;  Owners  of  a  prop¬ 
erty  of  about  70  acres  near  Dolgolly  J.n  Perth  Y/alcs,  their 
aina  of  low  grade  Copper  Ore  is  thoroughly  developed. 

The  British  Ore  Concentrating  (Syndic at o  Limited  are 
0 wild’s  of  the  Patents  for  Great 1  Britain  covoring  tho  £3 more 
Concentrating  Process,  they  are  also  in  possession  of  throo 
Options  on  other  properties  which  will  bo  re l' erred  to  later 

It  has  boon,  proved  to  demonstration  tliat  oven  when 
working,  as  in  tho  case  of  the  03  asdlr  Mine,  an  ore  worth 
about  24/-  par  ton,  tho  Elmore  Concentrating  Process  with  the 
ordinary  existing  methods  or  crashing  makes  a  profit  of  about 
3  0/-  per  ton.  At  the  present  moment  at  the  Oladdir  .Mines 
■  .  -over  200  tons  of  ore  per  week  are  being  treated  by  the  Elmore 
^process,  having  an  average  assay  value  of  24/-  nor  ton  and  a 
“^  rocovored  value -of  20/-  per  ton.  The  cost  of  mining  and 

this*  Ore  as  clomonstratedgby  the  rosult  of  prac- 
-  working  at  Glasdir^  where  about'  3,000  tons  have  already 

on  a  sca^e  of  from  I  CfoO  to  320.0  tonq  -per^weok, 

*•1 , 'does;  not  ..yjgaoed  G/o  per  ton  ....  "■  ;h 

‘a tfca’.trectiftent.  of  low  gr^de. three  '$H& i 
■.  ■  :;V  arc /necessary- (-.  ••  3  - 

(<t)d?C Abundance  of  Ore.’'- 
W  Cheap  Sitting  Ayid  Miilirfei  - 
!sl  An  economical  and  effective  process  of  conccn- 
'  ’  •  ‘  t ration. 

'  by  usin2  the  Edison  Crushing  Machinery  in  conjunc¬ 

tion  with  tho  Elmore  Concentrating  Process  oven  a  small  re¬ 
duction  could  bo  effected  under  tho. head  of  "crashing  coot" 
th®  6av4“s'  ‘-hen  on  a  largo  scale  would  be  very  con¬ 

siderable.  Por  instance  every  Id.por  ton  saved  in  tho  cost 
of  crashing,  would,  upon  an  output  of  say  5,000  tons  per 
woek,  represent  over  £1,000  por  annum  saved. 

Assuming  that,  tho  advantages  dimmed' 'for  the  Edison 
Crushing  Machinery  arc  well  founded  no  better  opportunity  of 
demonstrating  those  advantages  could  exist  than  that  afforded 
by  tho  Glasdir  Mill  v^idfa  ls  in  continuous  operation  and  is 
supplied  with  first  class  Mill  Buildings,  electrical  pumping 
and  hoisting  gear  operating  tho  main  shaft  which  is  32  ft  X  ' 

U  divided  into  throe  compartments,  and  has  a  smelting,  depart- 


nwnt  with  tho  latest  type  or  "\fetoi-  Jackofc  Smelter"  and  in 
fact  is  completely  end  thoroughly  equipped  in  the  most  up-to- 
date  style. 

She  productive  capacity  of  tho  Olaadir  Mine  is  only 
limited  by  tho  facilities  provided  for  tho  extraction  or  th 

She  body  of  Oro  already  oponod  up  by  the  main  shaft  and 
several  lovols  in.  tho  Olasdir  Mine  has  boon  proved  by  the  re- 
•  suit  of  over  300  samples  taken  by  Mosers  V/ernher  Beit  &  Go's 
Exports  and  assayed  by  their  osn  Assayers  to  be  of  tho  fol¬ 
lowing  assay  value 

?  (tjjiiL-i') 

It  is  to  bo  noted  that  .Messrs  V/ernher  Beit's  Exports 
wore  oh  the  property  continuously  for  about  2  months,  and 
that  as  a  resul  t  Messrs  Wernhery  Boit  &  Co*  took  up  the  El¬ 
more  process,  tho  Vendor  reserving  to  himself  the  patents  for 
.  the  United  Kingdom. 

‘Options  have  beer,  obtained  upon  tho  following  proper¬ 
ties  •  • .  • 

3YGUN  (about)  >  600  acro3 

CRIBB-BDU  (about)  300  u 
ARRAN  .  .  (about)  3300  " 

gain' all  about  2,000  acres. 

i'ho  Sygun  property  has  been  thorouglily  opened  up  and 
hnc  boon  fully  reported  on  by  Mr  J.  IT.  Collins  (formerly  of 
tho  Rio  Tlnto  Company)  who,  on  conservative  linos,  estimates 
that  there  are  not  Iogs  than  480,000  tons  of  oro  above  tho 
water  line,  and  ho  draws  particular  attention  to  tho  fact 
that  this  estimate  doc-s  not  tako  into  consideration  the  very 
large  body  of  Ore  which  must  exist  under  tho  water  lino. 

V/ith  a  view  to  testing  the  applicability  of  the  Elmore 
process  to  tho  Oygun  Oro  Mr  Collins  personally  made  a  trial 
of  some  15  tons  in  the  El  more  plant  at  the  Glasdir  Mine,  and 
as  a  result  of  tills  investigation  he  states  that  tho  Oro  will, 
yield  a  profit  of  12/4.  per  ton. 

Iho  other  two  properties  above  named  adjoin 

the  Sygun 


property  and  should  be  worked  an  one  largo  property,  Mr 
Collins  points  out  that  tho  "Op on  Quarry"  system  4-  work- 
in??  Should  bo  adopted  and  that  tho  water  power  saul  other 
(ho ill  ties  for  ch.oap  working  oro  unrivalled,  Shi  3  group  of 
proportion  would  probably  afford  an  opportunity  for  tho  Edison 
Co.  to  nee  «omo  of  its  larger  Machinery. 

Careful  attention  should  bo  given  to  tho  fiovornnont 
flr.o  Books  which  show  that  thorp  ftro  hundrod  of  abandonod 
Kill's 03  of  low  grade  Copper  Oro  in  Croat  Britain  which  should 
afford  a  vast  field  for  tho  application  of  tho  Conoon- 
t rating  process  and  tho  Edison  Crushing  Muchinary. 

A  Syndicate  has  alrocidy  to  a  largo  ojetont  boon  fo rased 
for  the  purpose  of:- 

(1)  Aociuiriry^tho  Elmore  Process  Patents  for  Croat 

(2)  Financing  the  Claodir  Minos  to  tho  extent  or  say 

~lo  000  •on^rprrae  to  bo  agreed  for  tho  purpose 
of^dcKionst rating  tuo  process  on  a  much  larger 

■/H'Sl*  Exorcising  tho  options  on  the  throe  properties 
above  referred  to. 

'  •  (4$  ••  The  further  development  of  theso  pronortios  with 

the  ob,1  oct  of  forming  subsidiary  coi:rr>anies  Por 
working  same.  J  -1  °  • 

(0)  The  acquisition  of  options  upon  other  suitable  pro¬ 
perties.  ... 

fho  Elmore  Oonconn’atin.g  Process  having  boon  proved  to 
bo  capable  of  making  profits  or.  those  low  grade  Ores  when 
using  tho  ordinary  crashing 03,  it  is  evident  that  a 
lai*go  number  of  tho  low  grade  Mines  in  this  Country  oan  bo 
profitably  worked  by  moans  of  it.  It  is  equally  clear  that 
if  k  diet snt  saving  can  be  affect od  by  tho  uso  of  tho  Liaison 
Crashing  Machinery  a  very  largo  business  should  result  in 
this  Country  to  the  advantage  of  both  concerns. 

'i’ho  Edison  Co.  could  make  toms  for  tho  use  of  their 
Crushing  Machines  either  by  Vay  of  royalty  or  otherwise  as 
might  be  agreed  up  on. 

Kie  British  Ore  Concentration  Syndicate  is  formed  on 
the  following  lines:- 

Ihe  Vendor,; Olathe.  Elmoi*o  process  and  options  above 


named,  stipulates  that  he  shall  have  not  loss  than:- 

Ono  clear  half  of  the  Capital  of  the  Syndicate,  plusi- 
£5,000  in  cash 

'i'ho  Capital  of  the  Syndic  at  o  to  ho  £75,000 
!Io  also  stipulates  that  ho  ahull  be  consulting  Metal¬ 
lurgist  to  the  Syndicate  and  aiiall  nominate  one  half  of  the 
Board  including?  tho  Mana^in?-  Director. 



British  Ore  Concentration  Syndicate  to  Capt,  Pollen. 

15th.  July  1900. 

Dear  Sir, 

With  reference  to  our  conversation  to-day  the  capacity 
of  the  Plant  which  would  he  required  at  the  Glasdir  Mine 
would  be,  approximately  7  tons  per  hour,  crushing  from  pieces 
the  largest  of  which  would  be  say  5  inches  eaoh  way  down,  so 
that  the  whole  of  the  mater4il  will  pass  a  40  mesh  sieve.  We 
should  prefer  to  crush  wet. 

The  other  plants  required  would  probably  be  larger  than 
this,  but  would  in  all  probability  be  put  down  in  units  of 
about  7  tons  per  hour  each.  The  Rock  id  mainly  "altered  slate" 
with  intrusions  of  Diorite  and  occasional  pieces  of  hard 
white  quartz.  The  Copper  and  Iron  pyrites  represent  from 
696  to  IO95  of  the  whole  mass, 

I  shall  be  glad  to  hear  froa  you  at  your  earliest  con¬ 
venience  giving  me  the  price  for  this  plant  erected’ complete 
and  ready  for  us  to"belt"  to  our  Dine  shafting,  in  tendering 
for  the  plant  I  should  like  you  to  say  what' power  would  be 
used  in  grinding  this  quantity  of  material  &  what'  estimate 
the  total  cost  would  be  for  power,  repairs,  labour,  lubricant 
and  all  other  items  except  management,  also  how  soon  you 
could  deliver  the  first  set  of  plant.  If  7  tons  per  hour 
is  about  the  out-put  of  any  standard  sized  plant  you  have,  I 
shall  be  glad  to  have  drawings  to  see. what  structural  alterations 

would  be  necessary  in  our  mill. 

Yours  truly, 

.(Signed.)  A. Stanley  Elmore. 


British  Ore  Concentration  Syndicate  to-  Capt,  Pollen. 

17th.  July  1900. 

Dear  Sir, 

X  thank  you  for  your  favour  of  the  14th.  inst,  and  note 
you  will  have  to  submit  this  matter  to  Mr.  Edison,  X  note 
what  you  say  as  to  the  Edison  machinery  being  constructed  to 
deal  with  very  large  quantities  of  Ore  per  day.  We  have 
in  view  at  the  present  moment  a  proposition  which  will  involve 
the  treatment  of  about  6000  tons  of  Ore  per  week  with  one 
p(lant,  and  I  shall  be  glad  to  know  if  you  would  advise  the 
whole  of  the  crushing  machinery  for  this  plant  to  be  in  one 
unit.  Our  experience  up  to  the  present  time  would  rather 
lead  us  to  adopt  several  units,  of  a  muoh  smaller  individual 
capacity,  so  that  in  the  event  of  a  breakdown  of  any  one  unit 
the  whole  plant  would  not  come  to  a  standstill. 

Yours  faithfully, 

(Signed.)  A.  Stanley  Elmore. 

■  /ft  c\  '  <2 /fsz/, 

'  rl  J  v£-^a£*^_  jZ&ZZ^^  <±j 

^-y  <*<'o£ZZ  rM^T> 

.  %*=> 

^  P^- 

ij  *%  t-ts-i-e^Sc  *  -  \_  GL&_J- 

K  a-,  c^x 

txzz^^  -v' 

f  /s**, 



C Qs/tsJoz, v 

H.E.Dick  Esqr. 

Elk  Lodge, 

Crab  Lake, 


P.  0.  Marenisco, 

August  15th.  1900. 

Dear  Sir, 

I  am  instructed  by  the  Directors  to  inform  you  that  it 

is  intended 'to  hold  at  some  date  in  September  or  October 


next,  Yfhich^will  communicate  to  you  as  soon  as  it  is  definitely 
fixed,  an#  Extraordinary  General  Meeting  of  the  Syndicate 
for  the  purpose  of  passing  a  resolution  to  increase  the 
Syndicate’s  Capital  by  £60; 000,  which  will  make  the  total 
Capital  £150,000.  Although  the  exact  terms  of  the  resolution 
have  not  yet  been  decided  upon  it  is  Suggested  to  issue 
twenty  thousand  pounds  of  the  nev?  Capital,  spreading  the  Calls 
thereon  over  a  period  of,  some  months.  For  the  passing  of 
this  resolution  it  will  be  necessary  for  Mr.-Edison  arid  your¬ 
self  to  vote  by  proxy  if  you  are  unahie  to'  be  prese'ritv  jfey 
therefore,  beg  to  enclose  two  proxy  fdrms  for  MtvEdisori  arid 



yourself  to  fill  up  and  sign,  and  we  should  be  glad  if  you  would 
return  them  at  your  earliest  convenience. 

The  date  is  left  blank,  but  could  be  filled  up  by  our¬ 
selves;  when  the  proxy  is  returned  and  the  date  settled. 

We  send  you  these  forms  now,  in  order  that  we  may 
have  them  ready  in  case  the  meeting  should  be  fixed  for  an 
early  date  in  September  and  we  should  be  glad  if  you  would 
obtain  Mr. Edison's  signature  as  soon  as  possible  and  return  his 
proxy  signed,  together  with  you r  own. 

If  the  Meeting  is  arranged  for  October  next  it  may  be 
that  you  will  be  able  to  attend  personally  and  in  that  case 
the  proxy  could  be  given  back  to  you. 

We  are  send-ing  a  similar  proxy  form  to  Mb.  Bergmann 
to  sign. 

Mr.  Roger  Wallace  arrived  in  Nofway  on  Monday  last 
and  met  Dr.  Lehmann.  He  intends  remaining  there  about 
a  week  or  so. 

Dr. Lehmann  has  already  shipped  to  Mr.Edison  57  barrels 
full  of  ore  from  Dunderland  for  testing  purposes  and 'reports 
continued  satisfactory  progress'  in  the  survey  work  and 
excellent  results. 

Yours  faithfully; 


A.  B.  DICK  COMPANY,  "D'CK"  CHIC‘°0 



152-154  LAKE  STREET. 

Chicago, — C 



27th  August,  1900. ' 

Notice  is . hereby  given  that  an  Extraordinary  General 
Meeting  of  the  EDISON  ORE-MILLING  SYNDICATE,  Limited, 
will  be  held  (by  kind  permission  of  the  Directors  of  the 
Machinery  Trust,  Limited)  at  189,  Fleet  Street,  E. C. ,  on 
Friday,  7th  September,  1900,  at  2.30  in  the  afternoon,  when 
the  subjoined  resolution. will  be  proposed. 


*  *  That  the  capital  of  the  Syndicate  be  increased  from 
£100,000  to  £150,000  by  the  creation  of  500  new  shares  of 
£100  each. *  * 

By  order, 

J.  HALL  junr. 


Offices  of  the  Syndicate  ; 

Amberley  House,  Norfolk  Street, 

Strand,  W.C. 

A  statement  will  be  issued  by  the  Directors  prior  to 
the  meeting  as  to  the  purposes  for  which  the  issue  of 
capital  is  required. 


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*  [kiatCirf 

''Various  letters  from  Dick  discussed  today  being  first  Board 

Meeting  since  Election  and  holidays.  Extremely  sorry  at 
apparent  mi  sunder  standing  about  capital  but  printed  1‘opdrt  of 
shareholders  meeting  and  agreement  for  .Dmi&erl&nd  property  and 
surveys  all  of  which  Diok'  and  you  have  approved  Will  ShOtf  you  that, 
we  need  between  sixty  and  seventy"  thousand  pounds  befdfe  /April* 

We  only  need  twenty '  thousand  poundB  hp  to  Clirisiasas  ao  can  hold 
over  instalments  on  your  hew  shares  until  later  date  if  you  pay- 
first  and  second  instalments -non.  Jte  assured  wo  havd  your  inter-«- 
ests  at  heart  but  you  Kbow  fixed  liabilities  cannot  be  pyt  ofiV 
Other  shareholders  have  taken  up  their  allotments*  1'ell  Dick 
to  come  over  soon  and  help  organise  larger  company,  l'his  will 
save  you  finding  further  mone^or  later  instalments,  Pusinese 
is  wotth  attending  to  otherwise  we  lose  .gpHpnfy  which  are  prin¬ 
cipal  asset  of  Syndicate  in  face  of  refusal  of  Norwegian  patent- 
Office  to  grant  patent,?.  Obsession.*  liable  ends. 


and  VncdoOtoUA 

He  also  beg  to  enclose  copy  oi-  a  letter  WHUtih  '%e  iifcifre 
addressed  to  Mr,  H.E.Diclt  today. 

Tours  -faithfully* 


2,  Enclosure,?. 


‘  COPT. 

l'he  Bo  orotary  to  Mr.  H.  35.  Dick. 

2nd.  November  1900. 

Dear'  Sir, 

We  beg  to  acknowledge  receipt  of  your  two  letters  of  25th. 
September  and  8th.  October  and  to  confirm  the  following  cable 
which  we  sent  you  yesterday.  Cable  begins*- 

"Tour  various  letters  discussed  today  being  first  board" 
"meeting  since  (general  351ection  and  holidays  Extremely  sorry 
at  apparent  misunderstanding  about  oapital  but  printed  report" 
"of  shareholders  meeting  and  agreement  for  Dunderland  property" 
"and  surveys  all  of  which  you  and  Edison  have  approved  will" 
"show  we  req,uirebetween  sixty  and  seventy  thousand  pounds" 
"before  April*  We  only  need  twenty  thousand  up  to  Christmas  so 
"can  hold  over  instalments  on  your  new  shares  until  later  date" 
"if  you  pay  first  artd  second  instalments  now*  Be  assured" 

"we  have  your  interests  at  heart  but  you  know  fixed  liabilities" 
"cannot  be  put  off*  Other  shareholders  have  taken  up  their" 
"allotments.  Come  over  soon  and  help  organise  larger  Company" 
"l'his  will  save  you  finding  further  money  for  later  instalments. 
"Business  is  worth  attending  to  otherwise  we  lose  options" 



"which  are  principal  asset,  or  Syndicate  in  face  of  refusal  " 

"of  Norwegian  Patent  Office  to  grant  patents.  "  Lawrence. 

Cable  ends. 

This  cable  was  drafted  at  a  Poard  Meeting  held  on  31st. 
October  being  the  first  Meeting  we  have  had  since  the  7th. 
September.  The  long  interval  has  been  due  to  the  holidays  and 
to  the  Chairman's  absence  at  Cardiff  while  contesting  a 
Parliamentary  election. 

The  statements  in  your  letter  of  36th.  September 
represent  the  position  of  affairs  up  to  the  time  of  your  leaving 
England  in  June,  but  it  was  subsequently  deemed  desirable  to 
issue  the  whole  of  the  £50, 000,  and  that  avoid  the  necessity 
of  a  further  issue,  should  such  eventually  be  required. 

The  issue  has  been  well  taken  up  by  Shareholders  over 
here.  Apart  from  the  Director’ s  allotments  148  shares  have 
already  been  taken  up  (as  per  enclosed  list.)  representing 
a  sum  of  £14,800  payable  in  four  instalments,  but  as  the  first 
end  second  instalments  are  small  it  is  very  necessary  that 
the  instalments  on  the  bulk  of  the  remaining  shares  should 
bo  paid  up  as  soon  as  possible  to  enable  us  to  meet  present 
financial  obligations  &  ws  trust  that  Mr.  Edison  and  you 
will  take  up  the  number  of  shares  allotted  pro  rata  to  each  of 
you  in  accordance  withithe  suggestion  made  by  Mr.  Lawrence  in 
his  telegram  of  31st.  October  mentioned  above.  It  will 
strengthen  our  position  and  inspire  confidence  in  Members  .if 
ws  can  state  that  you  have  both  taken  up  your  pro  rata  allot- 





’•*'8  wrote  yon  o*  the  SOth.  October  suggesting  the  extreme 
desirability  o f  Mr.  Edison  coming  to  England  and  in  Ills  cable 
of  Blst.  October  Mr.  Lawrence  asked  you  to  come  over  and  assist 
in  difficult  work  before  us  of  formulating  and  carrying 
out  our  plans  for  working  the  Dunderland  property. 

A.s  you  will  have  learned  from  all  the  reports  sent  to 
Mr.  Edison  by  Dr.  bernaun  this  property  has  realized  our 
expectations  most  fully  and  it  seems  to  offer  an  ideal  field 
for  demonstrating  the  value  of  Mr.  Edison’s  invention. 

1‘he  date  before  which  we  must  complete  the  purchase 
( 80th.  April  1001)  is,  however,  drawing  near  and  steps  should 
now  be  taken  to  definitely  decide  upon  and  open  up  our 
schemes.  without  your  presence  in  England  the  efforts 
of  our  Directors  in  the  matter  are  greatly  handicapped  and 
we  hope  that  you  will  so  be  able  to  arrange  your  affairs  as 
to  soon  come  over  to  England  for  a  considerable  stay  and 
assist  bringing  this  big  undertaking  to  a  successful  issue. 

In  a  letter  dated  19th.  -Tuly  Mr.  Edison  informed  us 
that  he  was  not  losing  any  money  even  with  his  IV  per  cent 
crude  ore  but  did  not  know  how  much  he  was  making.  He  was, 
hovrevor,  keeping  account  of  the  costs  of  concentrating  and 
promised  to  sand  us  the  results  in  a  couple  of  months. 
have  not  yet  received  them  and  so  we  are  writing  to  Mr. 

Mallory  on  this  matter  and  upon  the  subject  of  the  working 
of  the  mill  generally.  without  accomplished  facts  and 



verified  figures  the  difficulty  of  obtaining  financial  support 
over  here  will  be  largely  increased/especlally  after  the 
inevitable  delays  which  have  already  occurred. 

4s  regards  the  last  paragraph  in  the  cable,  we  beg  to 
enclose  a  list  showing  the  state  of  our  Norwegian  Patent 
Applications  and  as  will  be  seen  only  three  of  them  have 
as  yet  been  granted. 

Onr  Patent  Agent  Mr.  Woodroffe,  is  using  every  endeavour 
to  hasten  matters  on  and  to  secure  further  patents. 

Yours  faithfully, 




l'he  following  Members  have  accepted  their  allotments  and 
have  paid  the  first  instalment  thereon. 

Clow,  Leonard 
Cox,  Charles  Stewart 
Day,  Ada  Louisa 
Day,  Ernest 
D*AToy,  William  Knox 
Evans,  Joseph  Hampsoh 
Pane,  Charles  Thor old 
Galloway,  William  Lewis 
Hambro,  Everard  Alexander 
Johnston,  John  Lawson 
Kelvin,  Lord' 

Lawson,  Harrj?  Lawson  Webster 
MacKinnon,  John 
Martin,  Edward  Pritchard 
Noble,  81r  Andrew 
Price,  Frederic*  George  Hilton 
Rudd,  Charles  Dunell 
Ross,  William  Dallas 
Spencer,  John  William 
BteinKopff,.  Edward 
Thompson,  Norman  Arthur 
Thompson,  William  James 
Wallace ,  Alexander  Falconer 
Wiener,  LudWig 
Woolfenden,  Robert 
Wright,  Willaim 

1  SharS, 

1  share, 

1  share, 

1  share. 

10  "Shares, 
6  share b. 









■  ^ 

^Stat.e  of  Patent,  ApplfriVtlgns  In  Norway  a»d.  November  Torn. 

(1. )  Process  and  apparatus  for  concentrating  Magna  tic  Iron 
Oras  and  Bricking  the  same  for  market. 

This  application,  was,  owing  to  a  mistake,  not  filed  until 
31 at.  October  1898.  It  was  rejected  in  January  1900,  and 
the  agents  were  instructed  to  appeal. 

The  appeal  was  filed  on  17th.  April  1900  since  when  nothing 
has  been  heard  from  the  Norwegian  Patent  Office. 

(8. )  Method  an  apparatus  for  Breaking  Pock. 

The  above  remarks  apply  equally  to  this  application. 

(3. )  Improvements  in  Roller  Crushing  Mills. 

The  above  remarks  apply  equally  in  this  application. 

(4, )  Improvements  in  Elevators  and  Conveyors, 

The  patent  on  this  was  issued  on  30th.  October  1899. 

(6. )  Improvements  in  Machines  for  Moulding  Briquettes. 

The  patent  on  tills  was  Issued  on  3ufl.  April  1900. 

(6. )  Improvements  in  Dryers. 

The  patent  on  this  was  issued  on  18th.  June  1900. 

(7.)  Improvements  in  Roller  Crushing  Mills  (1899). 

This  application  -was  filed  in  September  1899  and  rejected 
on  14th,  December  1899.  Appeal  was  then  filed. 

(8. )  Method  ox’  and  apparatus  for  grinding  screening  and  re¬ 
screening  fine  materials  in  bulk  (May  1899). 

Application  filed  on  8th.  May  1900.  Mo  news  ITom  Patent 
Office  yet. 

(9. )  Improvements  in  magnetic  separating  apparatus  (1900). 

Application  filed  38nd.  August  1900.  No  news  from  Patent 
Office  yet, 

(10.)  Improvements  in  magnetic  separating  apparatus.  (1900). 

Application  filed  38nd.  August  1900.-  No  news  from  Patent 
Office  yet. 

(11.)  Bricking  pulverized  material  (1900). 

Application  filed  33nd.  August.  No  newB  from  Patent 
Office  yet.  ' 


•l'he  applications  numbered.  v,  8,  9,  10  and  11  have  all 
been,  find  are  still  the  subject  of  strouK  opposition  from  the 
U.  8.  ft. Patent  Office  and  some  of  them  also  from  the  German 
Office.  No  Patents  have  yet  been  grahtod  in  Germany  j 
respect  of  thane..  c 

27th.  November  1900. 

'  1'.  A.  Edison  Esqr, 
Otanee , 

New  Jersey. 


Dear  Sir, 

Enclosed  we  beg  to  hand  yoto  copy  of  a  letter  Which  has  beefl 
addressed'  by  Nr.  Lawrence  to-  Mr.  H.E.DicK. 

Yours  faithfully,. 


1  Enclosure. 




/  . 

Mr«J.  Lawrence  to  vtr,  Herman  3.  Diet. 

86th.  November  1900. 

My'  dear  Diels:,. 

At  'a  meeting  of  the  Edison  Board  today,  specially  convened' 
■for  the  purpose  of  considering  your  letter  of  the  16th.  November 
to  the  Manager,  -  Mr.  S’. H.  Pollen  I  was  deputed  to  write  to  yoU. 

I  do  so  at  once  in  order  that  a  copy  of  this '  letter  may 
be  sent  to.  Mr.  A.  H.  Pollen,  who  left  for  New  Yorfc  on  Saturday' 
last,  the  84  th.  in  at. 'as  per  cablegram  previously  sent  to.  you. 
He  is  oomirig  over  oh  other'  business,  arid  he  has  been  asked  oh 
behalf  of  the  Edison  Board  to.  see  Mr.  Edison,  Mr.  Mallory  and 
yourself,  arid  place  before  you  the  exact  position  of  affairB 
regarding  the  Ore  Milling'  Syndicate. 

l'he  impression  left  on  all  oUr  mirids  Here,'  after  reading 
your  letter  of  the  16th.  JLftst.;  is  that  you  do  hot  grasp,  the 
gravity  and  magnitude  of  the  problem  with  which  we  are  face  to 
face;  in  fact  the  more  carefully  ohe  reads  your  letter  the  more 
the  conviction  is  forced  upon  ofte*s  mirid'that  we  could  just  as 
well  have  written  that  letter  in  Fleet  Street  oUrselves,  It  doe 
not  in  any  way  deal  With  the  specific  questions  raised  in  Mf. 

•F«  H.  Pollen,*  s  letter  written  ori  behalf  of  the  Bear'd,  excepting 
in  one  point,  wherein  you  deal  with  the  time  that  would  be 
occupied  in  preparing  drawings  of  the  worbB;  and  iri  regard  to 
that,  ofte  is  filled. with  disappointment  arid  surprise.  How 
such  drawings  shottld  requite  so  long  ’a  space  of  time  aB  "a^T 
least  8  ot  9  morithsjf  and  should  cost  £6/000  or  £7,0.00',  is 

beyond' the  comprehension  of  ariy  reasonable  buSiii'esS  man.  She 
preparation  of  such  drawings  ought  to  be  well  within  the 
competenc'eof  capabl£  draughtsmen 'arid  engineers  withitt  a 

month  or  six  weeks',  especially  considering -that  Mr.  Edison, Has 
already'  traversed  %11  the  ground  with  the  exception  of  the 
extraction  of  Specular  'Haematite,  He  kerb  uflder  thb  belib'f 
51  that  most  of  the  :  drawings  were  , already: -in  existenofe— in  fact. 

<'yovL  showed  us  piles  of  blue  drawings  of  var'i.duB  portioriB  of  the  ... 



•  Fay,  Juris  A  July  1898,  when  you  were  endeavouring  to  raise  money 
to  start  the  Syndicate  .(and  you  subsequently  brought  over  a  larger 
bundle  in.  1899).  Yfe  have  these  rolls  of  blue  drawings  at 
the  office  how. 

It  was  largely  upon  the  strength  of  the  evidence  Which 
these  drawings  afforded  of  the  advanced  stage  of  the  industry 
that  we  were  enabled  in  many  cases  to  obtain,  subscriptions;  . 
notably  from  Mr.  E  Pritchard  Martin  of  Dowlais  Iron  Works, 
ahd  others,  who  are  now  very  discontented  with  the  slow 
progress  of  the  whole  business. 

By  way  .of  proof  that  the  drawings  shoUld'riot  'either  occupy 
eight  or  nine  months  or  .cost  such  a  prodigious  amount  of 
money  as  your  estimate  coteers,  I  may  day  that  the  services 
of  two  first  class  engineering  draughtsmen  for  a  whole  year 
could  in  this  country  be  obtained'  for  less  than  £1,000. 

As  an  example  of  the  'difference  between  youT  methods  of 
doing  business  and  those,-  say  of  Mr.  (Jeorge  WestMghouse,  - 
let  me  point  OUt  that  it  is  about  a  year  "ago'  since  the  West- 
inghouse  Manufacturing  Co.  was  formed  in.  this  country,  ahd  the 
plans  and  drawings  of  a  complicated  system  of  works;  covering 
close  on.  100  acres,  with  railway  sidings  and  "all  such 
"accessories,  were  prepared,  and  the  contract  let,  within .four 
months,  ahd  the  work  is  how  "approaching  completion.  She 
services  of  the  Architect  in  going  to-  America,  'ahd  the  sefvfoBB 
of  an  architect  in  America,  including  'a  mast  extensive  'arid 
elaborate  system  of  drawings,  have  cost  uhder  £8,000. 

She  delay  arid  cost  which  you  forbBhadojW  will  lrjmy 
judgement  simply  tend  to  kill  the  industry;  and  it  becomes 
daily  arid  hourly  more  imperative  that  the  problem  'as  it 
strikes  ub  should  be  rightly  understood’ in  America;  bearing  mind 
that  our  Option  is  'every  day  costing  Us  moriey,  and  that  it  will 
expire  within  a  very  short  time  unless  we  find  the  money  to  deal 
with  it.  ( 

You  in  your  letter  throughout  speak  as  if  Mr.  Wallace 


arid  myS'e'lf’  “d  th®  r9St  of  us  *•**.  are  not  capable  of  realizing 
the  magnitude  of  the  proposal,  and  you  go  on,  to  imply  that 
mere  general  statements  such  as  your  letter  contains  are  suff¬ 
icient  to  satisfy'  men  capable  of  gfasplng  big  problems.  this 
is  paying  scant  courtesy  to:  me.  iH  particular,  for  X  have  been 
doing  nothing  else  for  SO  /ears  but  delating  with  problems  of 
great  magnitu*  involving  millions  of  capital;  but  I  have 
never  sought  the  capital  -for  any  enterprise  uhless  X  was 
myself  master  of  the  whole  detail,  aftd  was  able  to  communicate 
'the  reasons  and  grounds  for  my  conviction  to  those  whom  X 
interested'  in  any  project.  in  this  case  I  cwy,.  and  cry  in 
vain,  for  data  and  information;  which  are  necessary  to  place 
o-iir  proposals  in  the  most  attractive  form  before  men  whom  we 
wish  to  interest  in  the  business.  You  seem  to-  assume— arid 
it  is  the  most  striking  mistake  in  your  letter— that  men  with 
large  capital  are  willing  to.  jump  at  conclusions  and  to 
dispense  with  those  proofs  and  safeguards  which  men  (on  this 
side)  of  lesser  monetary  capacity  so  painstakingly  hold  out  for. 
Believe  me  your  mind  could  not  be  influenced 'by  a  greater  heresy 
than  this.  My  experience  of  the  largest  firms  here  is*  that 
the  more  powerful  they  are  the  more  cautious  they  are  about 
their  investments;  and  1  dan  tell  you  from  my  own  knowledge 
and  so  can  our  solicitor  Mr.  8chmettau,  of  an  instance  where 
1/lessrB.  Werhher,  Beit  A  Co.,  were  offered  an  important  share 
in  an  improved  copper  process  to  which  money  was  already  bein'g 
made;  and  yet  they  would  only'  embark  in  it  after  their  own 

i  r 

independence  agents  had  made  full,  inquiries  and  investigations 
into  the  matter,  during  a  period  extending  dYer  six  months;  and 
then,  would  only  put  money  inti,  it  /conditionally.  Xt  was',,  as 
you  know,  the  same  in  the  North  Western  trading  Co.  the 
investors  there  took  precautions  to  make  their  own  independent 
enquiries  before  embarking  their  money. 

toother  case  of  which  Mr.  Wallace  kn<jws  occurred  Within: 
the  last  few  .days,  viz.;  the  Exploration  Co’.,  which  is  financed 
by  the  Rothschilds,  who  refused  to  go  intdla  new  patent  process 


for  dealing  with  Orbs,  as  they  had  lost  so  much  money  with 
these  new  processes,  andwerb  going  to.  risk  no- more  in  such 
ventures;  and  IjScan  .confirm  this  because  Mr.  Lukach,  the  Managihg 
Director  of  tlieExploration  Company,  is  my  colleague  on  the 
Westinghouse  Board,  arid  told  me  they  had  particularly  resolved' 
to  stop  taking  any  share  in,  or  underwriting  any  shares  in, 
these  fiew  processes,  where  patents  are  concerned. 

lo  come  back  to  the  specific  business  6f  this  Non-fay  deposit 
let  me  just  state  how  it  stands.  When  we  were  induced  by  you 
8-i-  years  ago  to  go  into  this  business  we  believed  that  the 
Patents  were  very  strong,.  but  they  subsequently  proved"  not  to 
be  so  strong  as  you  thought.  We  then .  stated,  and  we  have 
repeated  the  statement  subsequently,  that  it  was  not  our 
intention  as  a  Syndicate  to-  embark  in  any  properties  or  in 
the  working  of  those  properties;  yet  in  deference  to  Mr.  Edison's 
advice,  and  contrary  to  our  own  views  of  the  .correct  procedure. 

We  have  spent  our  money  in  experiments  in  all  pafts  of  the  world' 
and  finally  entered  into  the  possession  so  fair  as  the  Option, 
is  concerned;  of  the  Norwegian  property.  Mr.  Edison's  advice 
was  to  "keep  the  control  of  this  property  in  our  own  hands";r 
whereas  our  former  policy  was  to  simply  sell  our  patents. 

Our  friends  in  Newcastle  were  willing  to  buy  our  patentB  and' 
to-  form  a  Small  Company,  provided  we  would  find  part  of  the 
capital;  but  when.  We  found  it  would  not  be  wise  to  convey 
the  patents  and  thereby  challenge  too  close  an.  investigation 

into-  them,  we  rb solved  to.  try  and  sell  the  advantages  of  the 

patents  without  the  title,  plus  the  option  on  the  properties. 


Now  i.t  would  be  perfectly  fair  for  you.  to  determine  the 
policy  if  you  were  prepared  to-  find  the  money  for  carrying 
out  that  policy!  but  as  we  stand  today,  it  is  your  Bide  that  is 
dictating  the  policy,  and  you  are  requiring  us  to  find' the 
.money  to  carry  it  out,  and  at  the  same  time  refusing  to  pay  .  , 
eW^your  full  proportion,  of  the  money  necessary  in  the  fir*t 
stage  tci carry1  out  that  policy. 

I.  am  surjlj  you  will  excuse  my  stating  the  matter  thus 



frdrtkly  to-  you,  but  the  time  has  arrived'  when  ■  We  must 
really  face  realities  in  a  bold  and  unhesitating  way;  Up  to, 

^flow  we  have  been  to'  a  great  extent  toying  with  the  subject. 

The  only  thing  that  is  definite  and  certain  is,  that  we  have 
a  liability  which  is  increasing  daily,  and  which  we  have  *o 
meet;  and  when  we  ask  for  information,  which  will  enable  us 
to  go  to  capitalists  and  get  the  Company  taken  up,  we  are  put 
off  with  letters  containing  vague  generalities  such  as  thoBe 
contained  in  your  letter  Ksnt±H±ri±iig  of  the  16th. 

X  admit  that  your  letter  is  merely  Icing'  of  stopgap,, 
and  that  Mr.  Mallory  is  going  to  reply  to  our  letter  iri  detail 
in  about  10  days  time.  This  vista  of  infinite  delay  is 
not  one  that  we  as  Directors  can  view  with  any  satisfaction,; 
arid  we  axe  perfectly’  certain  that  it  will  be  strongly  dis- 
aproved  of  and  adversely’  commented  upon  by  the  shareholders 
if  we  have  to  place  the  bare  facts  before  them. 

We  have  done  our  part,  and  I  submit  have,  up  to  howj*  f 

done  it  well,  and  we  can  do  fiojt  more.  It  is  morally  certain 
that  if  we  ihvite  subscriptions  in  a  public  form,  as  We  shall 
have  to  dO,  for  the  large  amount  of  money  necessary  to  carry  out 
this  Norwegian  scheme,  no’  one  of  any  standing  or  weight  will 
commit  himself  to  the  onus  of  such  a  Bcheme  without  in  the 
first  instance  making  independent  afid  possibly  elaborate 
•enquiries  as  to  the  success  of  the  scheme  in  America;  and  you 
know  when  these  independent  enquiries  are  made  how  liable  We 
"all  'are  to  have  the  thing  thrown  back  upon  uS  by  reason  of 
hostile  opinions  from  people  on  your  side,  who  afe  either 
opposed  to  the  new  indu'dtry  or  have  no  belief  in  the 
commercial  results  up  to  know. 

I  hope  theSe  few  observations  will  BhoW  you  the  paramount 
necessity  of  immediately  grappling  with  all  the  points 
raised  and  very  ably  raised;  in  Mr.  SVH.  Pollen's  unanswered  lettwr. 

\  There  is  one  thing ,'.too,"  that  was  entirely  overlooked”  ott  . 
your  Side  when  we  were  advised’ to  get  the  control  of  this 
propel  i*  Norway,  viz:-  the  existence  J>f  competitive  deposits  ^ 



in  other  parts  of  the  world,  especially  in  Algeria.  We  have 
entered  Upon  a  course  from  which  we  cannot  turn  bade  without 
loss,  but  the  full  import  and  meaning  of  the  policy'  which  by 
Mr.  Edison's  advice  we  have  adopted  oUght  thoroughly 
and  seriously  considered  by  you  and  considered  how.  In  a 
word  it  edmes  to  this-  that  if  we  Had  stucJt  to.  our  original 
idea  of  re-selling  the  patents  we  should  Have  kept  within  the 
lines  of  our  first  intentions;  but  we  safe  now  entering  up'oh 
ah  entirely1  hew  business;  ahd;  I  should  not  be  at  all  surprised 
if,  as  a  seauitur  to  it,  we  are  expected  to:,  erect  works  'and 
commence  the  manufacture  and  the  selling  of  iron,  ‘and  it  ip 
for  this  reason  that  we  want  you  to-  thnboUghly  take  stock  of 
the  positioh  as  a  whole,  ahd  ask  yourself  to.  what  it  is  all 
leading.  I  am  <iulte  certain  that  the  men  who  are  in  the 
Syndicate,  and  who-  have  hot  given  it  so  much  thought  as  we 
have,  .will  have  something  to-  say  at  the  next  arinual  meeting',, 
which  is  practically  due,  and  ought  to  be  held  about  now.-  / 

!'•  -fv 

I  am  sorry  that  you  doUbt  if. Mr.  Edison  can  come  over 
hefe  in,  January  because  his  presence  at  our  General  Meeting 
is  ih  oUr  view  po'sitiVeiy  •essential  to-  restore  the  .confidence 
of  Shareholders  over  herb,  ahd  inspire  them  with  the  faith 
necessary  to  put  up  more  .capital  eft  make  themselves'  responsible 
for  honestly  asking  fot  more  Capital  from  them. 

With  kind  regards,,,  and 'ahxioUBly  aWaiting  a  full  reply. 

Believe  me, 

YouTs  faithfully,: 

(Signed.)  J.  IiawTence. 



;w  Dec.  18,  1900. 

\  ) 

Herman  E.  Dick, 


Following  telegram  received:  "  Dick's  cable 

17th.  Will  try  secure  ooctckoas  of  option  hut  no  hope  for  following 
reasons.  Eleven  thousand  Sterling  are  ready  paid,  failing  us  German 
financier  anxious  to  purchase,  'impossible  man  to  negotiate 

with  and  already  consider  purchase  price  too  low.  Position  of  Nor¬ 
wegian  patents  leaves  industry  unprotected.  Process  similar  to  ours 
now  in  use  in  Sweden  and  briquettes  being  shipped  daily,  therefore 
necessary  find  remainder  purchase  money  and  alsolutely  vital  you 
come  over  soon."  Obsession.  Some  answer  must  be  made,  can  not 
it  be  arranged  that  other  parties  to  take  our  rights,  advance  the 
funds  and  give  us  right  of  redemption  of  half  the  stock.  Answer  as 
I  feel  something  should  be  decided. 

Night  Message. 

(Signed)  Edison. 

Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate,  Ltd.,  and  Related  Companies 
Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate,  Ltd.,  Files  -  Correspondence  (1901) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence,  reports,  and  other  documents 
relating  to  the  business  of  EOMS  and  its  development  of  the  Dunderland  iron 
deposits.  Most  of  the  letters  are  to  or  from  Edison.  Among  the  other 
correspondents  are  Herman  E.  Dick,  a  director  of  the  Syndicate,  and  other 
EOMS  officials,  such  as  Francis  Hungerford  Pollen,  managing  director;  J.  Hall, 
Jr.  and  Edward  H.  Beazley,  secretaries;  and  Sir  Joseph  Lawrence,  chairman. 
Included  are  Edison's  instructions  for  designing  the  iron  concentration  plant  at 
Dunderland,  along  with  undated  notes  by  Edison  regarding  the  estimated  costs 
of  labor  and  materials.  A  few  letters  request  Edison’s  presence  in  England  and 
Norway.  Other  documents  pertain  to  ore  analyses,  potential  mill  sites,  surveys 
by  Theodore  Lehmann,  and  the  depletion  of  iron  deposits  in  Spain. 

Also  included  is  a  report  on  magnetic  hematite  separation  written  by  E. 
Windsor  Richards,  a  Syndicate  member  and  consultant,  following  his  visit  with 
Edison  at  West  Orange  and  his  inspection  of  Edison's  installations  at  the 
Edison  Portland  Cement  Co.  and  the  New  Jersey  Zinc  Co.  In  addition,  there 
are  two  evaluations  by  Professor  Henry  Louis,  engineering  consultant, 
pertaining  to  briquettes;  and  a  report  by  Theodore  Turretini,  a  designer  of  water 
power  installations  at  Niagara  Falls  and  Geneva,  Switzerland,  concerning  the 
Renfossen  Waterfall  at  Dunderland  as  a  source  of  power. 

Approximately  80  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
documents  not  selected  include  a  report  on  iron  mines  in  Algeria  by  Theodore 


Jan.  1,1901. 

Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate, 

London,  England. 

Dear  Sirs:- 

We  started  the  mines  and  crusher  plant  on  May  1st, 1900,  and 
ran  both  until  September;  during  May,  June  and  July  a  considerable 
amount  of  testing  and  experimenting  was  done,  as  well  as  construction 
work,  and  until  August  1st  all  costs  were  charged  into  "Construction" 
account,  and  we  are  able  to  report  results  of  the  cost  of  operations 
only  in  August  and  September  in  the  mines,  crusher  plant  and  mill  #1; 
and  for  August,  September  and  part  of  October  for  bricker  plant. 

The  result  of  the  operations  of  the  plant  confirms  our  former 
experience,  that  machinery  designed  for  such  heavy  work  must  be  placed 
on  stone  or  steel  foundations  that  are  heavy  enough  to  withstand  the 
work .  The  machinery  which  we  placed  on  such  foundations'  gave  us  little 
or  no  trouble  and  did  the  work  satisfactorily,  but  the  larger  part  of 
it,  which  was  on  wood,  gave  us  very  considerable  trouble  and  prevented 
our  operating  anywhere  near  up  to  the  capacity. 

In  August  and  up  to  September  15th,  we  mined,  crushed  and 
separated  33,948  tons  of  crude  ore  at  a  cost  per  ton  as  follows,  including 
all  labor,  repairs  and  supplies: 

Operating,  $34,770.72  or  .72  97/100  /  per  ton 

Repairs  8,030.41  or  .33  65A00  /  per  ton 

Total,  $  32,801.13  ..96  62A00  /  per  ton 

We  mined,  crushed  and  separated  33,948  tons  in  thirty  nine  (39) 

E.  0.  M.  S. 



working  days,  or  an  average  of  about  870  tons  crude  ore  per  day. 

During  this  period  we  crush ed  ore  for  only  14550  minutes  out  of  a 
possible  24344  minutes,  or  about  60$  of  possible  running  time;  this 
being  due  almost,  entirely  to  the  trouble  we  had  with  the  machinery  which 
was  on  wood.  Had  we  been  able  to  crush,  say  80$  of  the  possible  running 
time,  the  operating  pay  roll  would  have  been  the  same  and  the  operating 
cost  would  have  been  .about  55  /  per  crude  ton.  Opr  experience  has 
proved  that  as  the  output  increases,  the  cost  of  repairs  decrease  in 
greater  proportion,  but  to  be  on  the  safe  side,  assume  the  repairs  cost, 
on  80$  running  time  basis,  20  /  per  crude  ton,  the  cost  for  running, 
crushing  and  separating  would  have  been  75  /  per  crude  ton. 

We  believe  a  plant  des igned  and  built  as  we  are  building  the 
cement  plant’  will  do  the  same  work  for  considerably  less  than  60  /  per 
crude  ton. 

In  the  brisker  plant  we  have  heretofore  used  a  binding  material 
made  from  rosin  and  oil  product,  for  making  the  briquettes;  when  we  star¬ 
ted  the  bricker  plant  we  used  a  rosin  binder  and  then  ?Ir.  Edison  decided 
to  change  over  to  a  binder  made  from  coal  tar  and  pitch;  this  necessita¬ 
ted  an  entire  change  and  the  cost  of  briquetting  per  ton  was  high,  until 
we  learned  just  how  to  handle  the  mixture  to  best  advantage.  The  cost 
per  ton  for  August  was  $1.96;  for  September  $2.14  and  October  $1.31,  and 
we  believe  if  we  had  been  able  to  dispose  of  our  product  and  had 
continued  in  operation,  the  cost  would  have  been  brought  to  $1.00  per  ton. 

B,  0;  M. 


We  had  some  trouble  at  brisker  plant  as  In  other  plants,  with  machinery 
on  wood,  and  in  a  new  plant  with  machine'ry  on  proper  stone  and  steel 
foundations  we  believe  briquettes  can  be  made  for  considerably  less  than 
#1.00  per  ton,  with  our  present  price  foipsitch--  of  $11.00  per  ton,  and 
wages  averaging  $1.85  per  day  per  nan  employed. 

During  the  entire  run  Mr.  Edison  tried  many  experiments,  which 
greatly  interfered  at  times  with  regular  operatins  and  output. 

Yours  very  truly, 

(sd)  W.  3.  Mallory 




Jan.  1st, 1901. 

Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate, 

London,  England. 

Dear  Sirs: 

Our  magnetic  experiments  are 

coming  along  v/ell,  and  I  can  say  at  the  present  time  that,  of  the 
deposits  with  an  excess  of  hematite,  that  for  every  two  tons  mined  we 
shall  he  able  to  make  about  one  tone  of  concentrates;  the  hematite 
portion  going  about  67^  metallic  iron  with  less  than  .029^  phosphorus; 
As  to  the  magnetite  we  cannot  say  how  the  phosphorus  will  be,  it  will 
not  be  as  low  as  the  hematite,  but  I  think  we  shall  get  it  below  .037, 
will  go  in  iron  about  68^. 

T7e  have  increased  the  capacity 

of  the  separator  very  much,  so  that  the  investment  will  be  reduced  from 
$50000-  to  $60000-  on  a  daily  capacity  of  4000  tons. 

Mr.  Joseph,  Dawrerlce  to  Mr.  H.E.Diob. 

lfS  Fleet  Street, 

My  dear  Dicb,- 
■ '  I  an  writing 

reach  hert  until  Wednesday'' next,  arid  1  an  without  the  advantage 
of  the  iStforiiation  he  has1  obtained  from  you  and  Mr.  Edison. 

'  She  Secretary  of  th6  Edison  Syndicate  is  sending  you 
today  copy  of  a  letter  from  Consul  Pars son,  from'  which  you 
will  see  that  he  declines*  the ' proposal  for' an  extension  of 
time.  We  fully  anticipated'  this  deoiaoA*  although  FTtaois 
Pollen  made  Out  the  Very  West  Case  possible  lrthis  letter,  of 
Which  doubtless  you' have  had  a  copy,  “It  is  a  moat  inclement 
time  of  the  'year  to  go  to  Norway  and'  see' the’cConsul,  but  we 
Will  even  do  thill* to  Bee  What  personal  persuasion  can  effect. 

•  xjthixA,  however,  we  must  maTse  up  our’ mind  for  the  worBti 
and  either  be  prepared  to  find’  the  money  or  try  to  sell  our 
option  to"  Bomeone  elBe  and  so  get  our  money  baoi.  My  own 
disposition  and  feeling,  however,  is  never  to'  turn  baoU,  but' 
it  i’a  impossible  without  effective  co-operation  from  yoUr  side 
to  raalce  things*  *hum*  hefe,'  J'he '  dlfll oultie s  of  preparing  a 

prospectus  Under  our  new  law  |which  is  very  drastic)  for 
a  Company  of  half  a  million  capital  are  very  great  and  we li 
nigh  insuperable.  Any  intending  board  of  Directors  or 
underwriters  will' require  to  be  satisfied  by  a  prospectus 
Which1'  should  6«itain'  the  opinions  of  practical'  experts  and' 
especially '  the  opinions  of  men:  lifce  JAr.  Fletoher  Moulton '  on 
the  validity  of  the  itetents  for  the  Various  countriesi  and 
also  the  opinions  of  ironmasters  as" to  the  future  possibilities 
of  the'fcdibo^  probes*.  ! besides"  the* reBUlts  of  past  experience 
in"  Americai  aV  t»’  the ’,suocess/w' otherwise  of  the  process, 
because"  thait  is  ’all  they,  or  we,  will  have^'to  go  upon  as  a 
case  ror:raiBihg  money.  '  'V.;  • 

If {the  Company  has  to  be  brought  out  negobiations  should 

commence  forthwith*  and  2  am  sure  that  you  will  see  that  your 
presence  here  i‘s  imperatively  necessary  to  afford  direct 
information  ori  points  whioh  will  he  raised  by  different 
people.  .  <  .• 

Messrs.  JJyer^in  Mew  York  are  raising  difficulties  about 
some,  of  thb,  Jsdl son ■. cement  patents  having  been  Communicated  to 
us  :and  which  they  now  say  ought  not,  to  have,  been  done.  2s 
this  surely  not  a  very  obstructive  policy  f  And  do  you 
realiie  how  .it. is.  handicapping  and  harassing  us?  You 
know  the  shareholders*— who  have  to  be  called  together  in  a 
few  weeks*— will  regard  this  aotion  of  Masers,  Dyer  as  very 
inconsistent  with  Mr.  Edison* b  advice  not  to  sell  the  cement 
rights  when  we , had, an,  opportunity  of  so  doing#  and  he  is  now 
bringing  out  fresh  patents  of  which  it, Vis  sought  to  de¬ 
prive  us  of  the  Advantage's.  the  Syndicate  is  clearly  and 
substantially  entitled  to  all  reasonable,  improvements!  and  we 
say  this  without  any  attempt  to  unreasonably  strain  toe 
understanding  we  came  to  when  we  acquired  toe  patents.  We 
look  to  you  to  Bee. that  this  obstruction  is  at  once  put  an 
end  to. 

My  experience  of  buying  patents^ from  America  is  not  Quite 
so  highly  favourable  as  it  was  when  we  purchased  the  fcinotype 
patents.  In  that  case#  although  we  paid  over  no  cash  at 
first— only  stock— —we  applied  all  the  money  we  .had  in 
building  works  and  not  in  experimenting  with  patents,  and 
that  proved  h  success  for  all  parties,  the  American  vendors 
certainly  always  loyally  co-operated  with  us  and  gave  us  toe 
advantage  of  everything  to  enable  us  to  begin  bUBiness'l 
and  they  have  continued  up  to  How#  without  Quibble,  to 'give 
us.  all  improvements. 

In  this  case,  we  are  wet  with  nothing  but  endless 
counsels  of  delay,  and  all  difficulties  in  obtaining  foreign 
patent's,  and-  with  hesitation  or  refusal  to  give  us  toe 
advantage  of/neceBBary  improvement's,  have  up  to  how 

put  forward  every  argument  In  favour  of  Mr.  Bdlson  and 
yourself,  as  excuses  for  inaction  and  delayj  but  the  time  has 
now  arrived  for  very  plain  speaking  and  unless  we  get  more 
help  and  encouragement  from  your  side  we  shall  be  blamed' 
by  the  shareholders  (and  you  personally  will  oome  in 
for  most  of  the  blame ),  for  the  want  of  suocess  up  to  now, 
and  the  chances  are  that  they  will  take  matters  into  their 
own  hands  and  possibly  either  wind  up  the  Syndicate,  or 
form  a  new  Company  altogether  Quite  irrespective  of  Mr. 

Bdi son. 

2  have  pledged  ay  Be  If  over  and  over  again  to  my 
faith  in  Mr.  Bdlson* s  honesty  and  sense  of  fair  dealing  and 
2  shall  be  loth  to  thing  that  he  Is  likely  to  countenance 
anything  that  1b  inconsistent  with  this  view  of  hlB  business 

As  regard's  the  l'albot  Bteel  process  2  was  very  Interested 
in  your  letter*  and  it  will  give  me  much  pleasure  to  Bee  Mr. 
I'albgt,  I  know  from  some  of  the  men  connected  with  it  that 
the  public  issue  was  praotloally  .a  failure  -—they  got  little 
of  the  publlo  capital  they  applied  for*  although  the  concern 
was  well  spoken  of  and  the  names  of  good  men  in  the  iron 
trade  appeared  on  the  prospectus.  2n  consequence  X  got 
some  people  in  the  iron  trade  to  interest  themselves  with  some 
of  the  other  ironmasters  in  the  kingdom  who  are  hot  connected 
with  the  l'albot  Company,  to  take  up  some  of  the  unallotted 
shares  in  the  Bdlson  Syndicate  to  prevent  their  going  into 
the  l'albot  deal,  and  yesterday  I  received  a  letter  stating 
that  owing  to  the  Christmas  holidays  they  had  not  been  able 
to  do  anything  but  would* sound*1  their  friends  at  once,  X 
expect  the  underwriters  in  the  l'albot  issue  have  been  very 
badly  hit  but  X  have,  no  doubt  that  if  the  Shares  are  held  as  a 
loog-up  they  will  become  valuable.  But  the  bringing  out 
of  that  Company  is  no  help  to  us  on  the  contrary,  it  will  be 
cited  againBt  out  process  whioh  must  come  before  the  publlo 
before  March,  Still  X  am  for  making  friends  with  l'albot. 

♦fch.  January  1991. 

Sjhomaa  Edison  Bsftr. 


tfew  Jersey. 

JJaax  fttfr;  ■ 

Enclose  dwe  bog  to  hand  you  for  your  information  copies 
-of  a  |h'tter  addressed  by  us  on  the  19th.  December  to  Consul 
riersson*  and  his  reply  dated  '^lst,  December. 

EOurs  faithfully;. 



%  Enclosures. 



.  \ 



She  Manager  ta  Consul  N.-  Fersson,' 

19th.  December  1900. 

Dear  Sir,'. 

As  you  are  aware,  Under  the  terms  of  our  contract  with 
you  dated  24th.  February  1900,  the  date  by  which  We  should 
malte  known  ta  you  our  decision  as  to  the  .purchase  of  the 
Dunderland  property  is  at  the  latest  the  Slst.  March  1901. 

Our  exp'ert/  Hr,  Lehmann,  has  for  five  months  been  conducting  a 
o'lose  and  detailed  investigation  of  the  deposits  but  owing 
to  climatic  conditions  was  obliged' to  stop  work  at  the  beginning 
of  November  last,  Hifc  reports  confirm  the  View  we  have 
'all  along  Entertained}  that  Dunderland'  is  a  good  low  grade  iron 
ore  deposit  which  can  be  made  payable  by  one  method  of  treatment 
.  only  viz:  by  magnetic  concentration.  Our  investigation's  fully 

satisfy  us  that  the  average  of  the  ore  does  not  at  the  utmost 

exceed  40j6  of  metjialic  iron. 

How  the  greater  portion  of  these  deposits  is  Hematite  and 
the  immense  difficulty  We  have  had  to.  face  is  the  fact  that  ho 
form  of  magnetic  concentration  yet  introduced  to.  the  world 
has  been  able  to  successfully  treat  hematite*  At  Mr.  Edison's 
request  we  transhipped  him  a  large  quantity  of  Dundefland  ore 
upon  which  he  Has  commenced  to  carry  out  experiments.  He  has 
found" it  necessary  to  completely"  remodel  his  existing  concen¬ 
trating  machinery  and  the  construction  of.  new  experimental 
machinery  of  course  takes  considerable  time.  You  see;,  there¬ 
fore,  that  the  fact  of  the  deposit  consisting  mainly  of. 
hematite  has  considerably  Upset  our  plan's.  — . 

Mr.  Edison  is  very  hopeful  that  he  can  solve  .the  problem 
of  concentrating  hematite  but  until  his  experiments  are  completed 
we  can  make  no  decisive  move  in  the  direction  of  falsing  the 
very'  large  capital  essential  to-  grapple  with  so  expensive  a 
project  as  working  Dundefland; 

As  you  know,,  the  machinery  of  Company  formation  is  a 
very  complicated  one.  Each  step  requires  careful  negoci'ation. 
Share  is  an  immense  deal  to  be  done  with  promoters,  underwriters 


,  \  -2- 
t ' 

'  and  intermediaries  before  an  undertaking  can  possibly  be  offered 
for  public  subscription.  All  this  takes  up  a  long  time, 
far  longer  indeed' than  those  unacquainted  with  such  matters 
would  imagine.  Unfortunately  the  present  time  is  an  exceedingly 
bad  one  for  all  new  financial  undertakings  in  this  Country. 

The  unexpected  duration  of  the  South  African  war  has  so 
increased  the  va.lue  of  money  and  by  that  means  depressed  the 
value  of  securities  that  all  the  great  financiers  here  are 
determined  to  remain  quiet  and  do-  absolutely  nothing  in 

the  way  of  active  business  until  the  outlook  becomes  clearer  and 
mo*S€  dertain.  Each  month  is  expected  to  bring  an  improvement 
in  the  money  market  over  here  and  the  end  .cannot  be  far  off. 

OUr  Syndicate  is  one  of  the  most  powerful  ever  formed  'for 
a  project  of  this  kind  ‘and  we  shall  when  Mr.  Edison's  experiments 
are  completed  commence  the  task  of  raising  the  necessarily 
very  large  capital  required  to  carry 'out.  our  schemes  as  regards 
working  Dunderland  but  the  terms  of  our  present  option" 
allow  us  only  threw  months  in  which  to  accomplish  work  which 
will  require  a  much  longer  time,'  as  we  have  explained; 

Under  these  circumstances  my  Directors  after  careful  coh- 
Sideratidn  have  instructed  mb  to  ask  you  to  meet  us  in  this 
matter  by  extending  our  present  option.  We  think  you  Will 
agree  with  tfs  when  we  say  that  hitherto  our  relations  have  been 
most  friendly,  and  that  we  have  carried  out  our  promises  to  you. 
in  a  prompt  and  liberal  manner.  We  have  made  no.  secret  to  you 
of  the  exact  position  in  which  we  at  present  find  ourselves  as 
regards  this  particular  proposition,  and  we  have  every  confidence 

that  you  will  accede  to  the  request  We  now  make. 

By  doling  so  we  afe  quite  sure  you  will  not  be  the  loser,  for, 
in  Dunderland,  you  have  U  property  which  is  in  many  ways  suitable 

to  us  for  o.ur  particular  purposes  but  a  property  which  must  b& 
worked  on  a  very  big  scale  or  not ’at  all,  a  property  which, if 
we  may  be  allowed  to  say  so,  is  only  of  value  for  magnetic 
concentration  purposes,  and  then  only  provided  that  the  hematite 
ore  can  be  successfully  concentrated. 

say  that  this  property 



.  .  . 


muat  certainly  be  worked  on  a  big  acale,  because  Its  distance 
f^om  the  seaboard  is  considerable  and  the  establishment  of 
railway  communication  i3  absolutely  necessary,  which  is  a  very 
costly  matter.  We  were  disappointed  to  hear  recently  of  toe 
sudden  subsidence  of  the  river  which  puts  its  use  as  a  means  of 
transport  out  of  toe  question. 

We  thin*  thebe-fore,  we  are  right  in  saying  that  your 
interests  and  ours  as  regards  Dunderland  are  identical.  She 
price  which  fre  have  'agreed  to-  pay  you  for  the  property  in  the 
event  of  our  coneluding  toe  contract  is,  in  toe  light  of  what 
we  know  from  the  costly’  experimenting  we  have  carried  out,  a 
very  generous  one.  It  is  considerably  higher  in  proportion 
than  the  price  at  which  many  other  properties  oft  toe  Continent 
are  at  our  command.  We  do  not,  howevergf  raise  objection  to 
this',  we  taiow  that  you  consider  toe-  property  a  valuable  one  and 
you  very  naturally  ask  toe  most  favourable  price  you  can  obtain. 

All  we  submit  to  you  is  that  you  should  extend  ptlr  option  for 

say  IS  months  and  we  feel  sure  that  by  meeting  us  in'  this  way 
m A$C 

and,  in  a  sense,  joining  hands  ytth  us  you  will  have  no  cause 
for  regret  but  will  indeed  be  a  very  substantial  gainer  eventually. 
We  shall  be  glad  to  hear  from  you  at  your  early  convenience  and 
have  only  to  add  that  the  writer  is  expecting  shortly  to  visit 
Germany  upon  business  and  should  you  desire  it  he  would  be 
happy  to  pay  you  a  visit  some  time  early  next  month. 

Your 3  faithful  ly,- 

(Signed. )  F.H.  Pollen. 



Consul  N.  Pars son.  to  the  Syndicate. 


Slat.  December  1900. 

Dear  Sirs, 

I  am  in  due  receipt  of  your  esteemed  favour  of  the 
19th.  inst.  the  contents  of  which  X  have  in  every  respect  care¬ 
fully  noted,  and  in  reply  to  which  I  bet;  to  say,  that  how  yfilling 
I  ever  may  be  to  meet  your  wishes,  it  is  nevertheless  impossible 
for  me  to  prolong  the  option  beyong  the  1st.  April  because  the 
Syndicate  on  the  Continent,  which  reflected  upon  the  Dunderlnnd 
deposits,  simultaneously  with  you,  have. asked  to  get  the  second 
option  at  a  higher  price,  in  case  that  you  should  not  before  the 
end  of  your  time  of  option  accept  the  affair  arid  they  are 
yfilling  to  pay  a  large  amount  as  earnest  money  immediately. 

I  admit  willingly  that  you  have  in  every  respect  fulfilled  .. 
your- promises,  both  tne  written  and  verbal  ones,  and  I,  for 
my  part,  have  also  done  everything  possible  in  order  to  by 
preliminary  measures,  works  and  costs  as  well  as  concessions 
meet  your  wishes  and  make  the  business  as  easy  as  Possible  for 

I  should  be  very  sorry  if  the  business  with  you,  after 
so  good  a  beginning  and  go  good’ a  basis  should  not  how  be  brought 

As  you  will  remember,  it  was  in  the  Beginning  question  about 
only  to  give  you  the  Iron  Ore  occurrences  in. the . bundsrland  ■ 
valley,  as  I  had  the  purpose  myself  to  work  the  so-called 
Helgeiand  deposits,  that  are  situated  between  the  Svartisven  end 
the  Langvand,  and  to  transport  the' rich  ore  in  lighters  from  ,  . 
s  Ormlid  to  the  South  western  end  of  the  Langvand  and  therefrom 
at  Strupen  to  the  sea  (Ranenf.lord)  by  means  of  an  aerial  ropeway 
'r.  kilometers  long,  which  can  be  done  at  a  low  cost.  The  ore 

-  from  the  Helgoland  deposits  can  also  be  transported  by  lighters 

to  the  Henfassen  when  concentration  works  have  been  constructed 
there.  '  In  spite  of  all  this  I  have  given  up  this  project  avid 
without  any  special  compensation  given  you  all  my  rights  and 
claims,  as  well  an  these  deposits  as  on  the  ^le strand  deposits 
~  hy-the  sea.  Both  these  Iron  0™» 


.  y  '  -  -3- 

&eposits  you  hays  probably  not.  yet  prospected.  They  are  both 
very  much  magnetic. 

X  have  further  acquired,  sufficient  ground  for  a  railway 
with  double  gauge,  and  ground  at  the  water  fall  Renfossen.  At 
Guldsmodvik  you  have  got  a  great  property,  and  ample  place  for 
the  construction  of  an  harbour,  as  wallxas  for  depots,  and 
for  a  whole  town  (which  ought  to  be  called  Uunderland  or  Ranen). 
Water  power  you  have  already  got  and  more  can  be  had.  Wood 
(timber)  and  workmen  can  be  got  at  a  cheap  price. .  Politics 
and  -war  cannot  have  any  disturbing  effect  here,  and  if  against 
every  supposition,  war  should  break  out,  a  couple  of  English 
men-of-warwould  be  sufficient  to  protect  English  property, 
situated  so  near1  the  sea  as  this. 

There  are  besides  many  other  advantages.  The  stock  of 
ore  is  not  to  be  counted  with  as  60  million  of  tons,  as  the 
same  can  be  calculated  to  at  least  600-  million  of  tons.  Docter 
Nordensk.jold  maintains  tliat.  .Ounderland  alone  is  the  greatest 
.iron  ore;  deposit  in  the  whole  known  world,  end  if  the  Helgoland 
and  Eugle strand  deposits  are  added  hereto,  the  stock  of  ore  can 
bejestimated  to  more  than  a  milliard  of  tons.  There  is  ore 
sufficient  to  supply  the  wants  of  England  for  hundreds  of  years 
which  will  make  England  independent  of  all  countries  for  the 
supply  of  this  raw  material. 

It  is  quite  unnecessary  to  spend  money  on  prospecting  in 
order  to  prove  the  existence  of  great  quantities  of  ore,  as  well 
first  rate  as  second  rate  and  third  rate,  for  this  is  already 

The  weak  point  is  the  quality.  ware  not  this,  one  would 
in  consideration-  of  the  excellent  situation  and  other  advantages 
existing,  be  able  to  dominate  the  iron  market  of  whole  Europe, 
not  to  say  all  the  world.  This  disadvantage  can'  nevertheless 
be  avoided  if  the  methods  invented  in  later  tiraeB  and  water  , 
power,  that  is  to  be  found  on  the  place,  are  brought  to  bear. 

In  Germany,  and  also  in  Russia  (Engineer  Oroudahl)  they 
have  advanced  very  far  as  regards  the  enrichment  of  iron  ore,  also 
hematite,  by  means  of  new  magnetic  methods  which  methods  probably.; 


will  be  more  and  more  improved.  It.  may  be  possible  tii^t  the  j 

ores  in  Sunderland  do  nob  have  greater  average  contents  e . 

/fiLf  COU.  n.^,t  fUa-t yA-a^tZuZi  c4- 

-  '  i  found,  botn  hematite  and 

„ _ ,fc  a-ol  Oato-l  4 

ore,  containing  c50eb  to  65*,  to  1 
magnetite.  Besides,  there  are  surely  no  mines  in  the  world  - 
that  do  not  contain  both  good  and  bad  ores. 

The  transport  by  the  Sunderland  river  I  have  never  thought 
suitable,  for  partly  is  the  water  supply  not,  constant  arid  partly 
are  there  rooks  and  falls  and  other  obstacles  so  that  it  would 
be  ohiy  with  great  costs  that  a  waterway  oould  be  obtained.  \ 
railway  is  very  much  more  trustworthy  and  Iws  a  greater  and 
faster  transporting  capacity  and  will  not  be  very  expensive, 
for  the  terrain  ground  is  good  suitable  and  the  di stance  is  not 
long  only  15  to  30  Bngl.  miles.  ?1ngland  has  plenty  of  rails 
and  locomotives  that  can  be  had  against  payment  in  shaves. 

The  railway  can  be  worked  by  electricity  or  by  steam.  It 
will  not  need  much  power,  for  the  loaded  carriage s . run  down  a 
tolerably  even  slope.  The  power  heeded  is  only  to  run  the 
empty  carriages  from  the  (mines)  sea  up  to  the  mines. 

The  Ranen  is,  as  a  rule,  free  from  ice  but  if  tnere  should 
come  ice  some  winters,  open  water  can  easily  be ‘kept  by 
means  of  a  little  ice  breaker,  that  at.  the  same  time  serves  as 
a  tug. 

There  remains  thus  only  the  question  about  capital. 

I  should  be  very  sorry  if  you  could  not, independent  of 
the  war,  be  able  to  bring  up  the  capital  necessary,  especially 
as  the  price  is  cheap,  and  t.he+wrms  of  payment  are  favourable. 
You  have  had  and  have  still  good  time  to  arrange  that,  matter. 
Besides,  I  thought  you  hady  as -stated,  +.he  financial 
question  clear,  already  when making  the  contract.  If  I  had 
known  that,  -  this  was  not  the  case,  I  should  not  have  made  any  con¬ 
tract  with  you.  But  I  hope  that  the  war  may  soon  be  brought  to 
an  end. 

when  you  are  once  proprietor  of  this  enormous,  property  it 
ought,  not.  to  be  difficult  for  you  to  bring  up->.any  amount  of 
money  for  this  enterprise,  that  is  of  so  great  an  importance 
for  the  iron;  industry  of  England. 


My  special  branch  is  copper,  bu£had  it  been  iron  I  do  not 
think  it  would  have  been  difficult  for  me  to  briars  up  the 
capital  necessary  here  in  Sweden,  especially  as  it  is  not 
necessary  to  force  the  whole  business  immediately. 

The  capital  I  consider  necessary  is:-  a. 

' .  •'•’The  first  term  of  the  purchase  money  to  hie  about.  £50,000 
The  rest  £100,000  is  to  be  amortized  during  tan  years 
^la.ilway  .with,  material.  ■  ....  ...  .  .....  ...  £150,000 

Harbour  Ac. ,  ...  ...  ...  ...  ...  £  60, 000 

workmen’s  dwellings,  ropeways  Ac.,..  .  £  60,000 


Machinery,  bucking  mill,,  electrical  works  plant  Ac.  £300, 000. 


When  this  is  done,  one  can  from  time  to  time  enlarge  the 
production  how  much  one  ever  may  want.  The  above  amount  ought 
the  Syndicate  itself  to  be  able  to  bring  up  by  emitting  more 

It  will  always  be  a  great  pleasure  to  me  to  sea  your  Captain 
Pollen  in  Helsingborg  or  in  Stockholm,  where  T.  am  going  the  16 
January,  end  will  T  always  be  glad  to  be  at  your  service  and 
to  meet  your  wishes  as  far  as  possible. 

Awaiting  your  est,  news,  I  remain, 

Dear  Sirs, 

Yours  faithfully. 

Telegraphic  Address, 

"Obsession  -  Lonoo 


Pollen,,  who  brings  this  1< 
to  visit  you  on  a  matter  < 
the  Syndicate. 

She  matter  in  ‘a  few 
you  to  come  to  England  in  c 
Pollen  and  our  reasons  for 
confident  that  when  you. 
W$,ll  consider  it  right 
one  of  our  Co-Directors 
.  •  l‘he  Syndicate  ha's 
years  and,  from  the 
joining,  out  Members  were 

1‘homas  A.  Edison  Esqr. 


New  Jersey. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison, 

You  have  received  V  cable  informing  you  that  Captain 


is  this:-  we  earnestly  e 
with  Mr.  Dick  and  Captain 
Lis  request  fender  us 
weighed  them,  you 
over  here'  and  as 
ice  we  require, 
ieariy  thre'e 
at\the  time  of 

some  return 


for  their  money  invested  long  before  this.  Our  prospectus 

described  the  Edison'  iron  business  as  being  a  proved  com- 


mercial  conoera  and  also,  as  you  afe  aware.  Unfortunately  con¬ 
fined  other  inaccurate  statements.  lhat  matter  is  of  course 


past  and.  done  with  and  we  only  mention  it  now  to  emphasise 
the  exceedingly'  tolerant  and  generous  manner  in  which  our 
Members  have  acted  during  all  this  long  time. 

Ihey  have  reposed  complete'  confidence  in  us,  they  have 
refrained  from  any  complaint  or  obstructions-  they  have 
answered  the  Calls  made  Upon  them  for  further  capital  and 
have  in  every  way  assisted  and  eiicouraged  us  Directors  in 
the  policy  of  waiting  which  we  have  been  compelled  to  adopt. 

l‘hey  are  each  week  expecting  to  hear  from  the  Board,  in 
compliance  with  the  many  promises  we  have  made  them,  a  pro¬ 
nouncement  of  our  plan  of  action. 

Acting  on  the  advice  ■  which  you  so  strongly  gave  us,  we 
departed  from  the  policy  which  the  Syndicate  was  formed  to 
carry  oht,  i.e.  the  exploitation  of  our  patent  rights- and  embarking 
on  a  totally  different  policy  we  acquired  a  most  expensive 
option  on  Dunderland  and  in  consequence  we  have  already  Bpent 
some  Sl<>,  000  on  the  property.  Ifou  know  that  the  place  has 
turned  out  as  good  ,if  not  even  better  than,  we  anticipated. 

At  lastj  after  searching  everywhere  for  two  years  we  have 
found ‘an  admirable  place  for  working  the  Edison  iron  process. 

view  of  the  weak  state  of  our  patentB  this  option  i3  the 
a'sset  of  the  Syndicate  we  must  rely  upon. 

We  have  to  sign  the  contraot  to  purchase  the  property 
before  the  fclst.  March  or  we  must  forfeit  all  the  money  we 
have  already  expended  and  allow  some  other  persons  to  take 
the  property.  ‘What  a  forfeiture  of  £16,000  in  cash  of  our 
small  capital  would  meart  it  is  difficult  to  realize  but  the 


conseqUehces  of  'an  abandonment  of  the  option  Would  be  even 
graver  than  that,  for  such  a  course  would  so  shake  the  con¬ 
fidence  of  everyone  concerned  as  to  effectually  prevent 
our  ever  again  entering  upon  another  proposition  of  this  kind. 
Assuming  what  to  our  mind  is  extremely  improbable— that  Consul 
Persson  eventually  consents  to  extend  our  option  on  the 
condition  that  we  pay'  him  £1, 000  each  month  as  heretofore, 
we  are  perfectly  certain  that  our  Members  will  not  sanction 
the  further  expenditure  of  many  thousands  of  pounds  in  that 
manner  unless  they  have  a  direct  personal  assurance  from  you 
as  to  the  wisdom  of  such  a  course. 

Unless,',  therefore,  you  Will  give  us  your  assistance  by 
coming  over  herb  and  explaining  the  many  causes  of  past  delay 
and  inspiring  that  confidence  which  your  ability,  person¬ 
ality  and  reputation  everywhere  command  We  feel  sure  that 
the  task  of  raising  the  money  to  purchase  Dunderland  will 
be  an  impossible  one. 

£f  we  had  data  and  facts  to  work  with  we  could  raise 
any  sum  of  money  required,  however  large  it  might  be,  but 
the  circumstances  of  this  oase  are  so  exceptional  and  the 
whole  business  is  so  bound  up  with  your  identity1  that  we 
‘are  absolutely  powetless  to  move  without  you,  Mr.  Dick 
has  done  Well  up  to  the  present,  but  in  the  face  of  his 
repeated' promises  that  the  mill  Would  long  before  now  be  at 
work  in  America,  he"  would  have  the  greatest  difficulty  in 
satisfying  the  shareholders  in  yoUT  absence. 

Captain  Pollen  comes  over  to  explain  to.  you  in  detail 

the  exact  position  of  the  Syndicate  and  to  bb  at  hand  to 
answer  every  question  you  may  wish  to-  ask. 

Shis  is  a  most  crucial  period  in  the  life  of  the  Syn¬ 
dicate  and  were  it  hot  so  we  should  hesitate  to  ask  you  to 
make  the  personal  sacrifice  entailed  by  a  visit  to  England, 
but  we  feel  sure  that  you  will  appreciate  the  spirit  in 
which  we  make  the  request  and  will  do'  all  in  your  power  to 
accede  to  it. 

1 rusting  to  have  the  pleasure  of  welcoming  you  in 
a  few  weeks  time. 

Vie  remain. 

Tours  truly. 

<•/  |  'Zcrer-d  r  <cJU-, 

5  Oct  t>6 

1  7  '  l(, _ ;  , 

&.oL~r  ^-4-f  ^  \U 

C^aJJL  JC  <^~  J^^AunJ  ^erf  DkfU-4 

T  / 

\W^jri/  a^vch  IGCCL 
ajrZsJ-' — 

f  'T 


86th.  February  1901. 

Mr;  l'hoifias  A.  •  Edison, 

New  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir, 

At  a  Board  Meeting  held  on  Friday  last  a  lengthy  conference 
took:  place  With  Professor  Louis  of  Newcastle,  ;a  gentleman  of 
high  reputation  among  mo'st  of  the  principle  iron-masters  in 
the  North  of  England-  and  who  has  been  the  means  of  introducing 
to  Us  several  big  men  in  the  iron  trade. 

l‘he  question  of  the  Dunderiand  hematite  Separation  was 
gone  into  very  fully  and  the  information  upon  thiB'  question 
with  which  you  have  supplied  us'  was  considered.  Professor 
Louis  pointed  out  to  the  Board  that  he -'had 1 succe e de d  irt  inter¬ 
esting  several  prominent  iron- masters  in  the  Edison  iron  process 
but  the"  great  difficulty  he  experienced  was  the  small  amount  of 
data  with  which  he  could  'Supply  them.  He,  therefore,  :asked 
us  if  we  could  give  him 'any  additional  independent  evidence'  upon 
the  Dundetland  Hematite  "separation.  We  told  him  that  he  wa's 
in  possession  of  all  thb  informati.dn  which  we  liad.  It  was 
then  suggested  by  Professor  Louis  that  Mr.  Andrew  8.  McCreath 

of  Harrisburg^  Pennsylvania,  whos'e  opinion  would  be  accepted  ' 
with  confidence  ^ron^pegple  in  this'  country,  should  be 

retained  by  you  to  investigate  the  experiments  in  separating 
the  hematite  from  start  to  finish,  and  should  take  'samples  and 
analyses  and  report  fully  to'  this  ^syndicate  the  result.  We 
accordingly  cabled  Mr,  rial  lory  and  Mr.  Dick 'asking  that  this 
should  be  done  and  Mr.  Dick  has  replied  that  he  has  communicated 
with  you  on  the  subject,  and  We  hope  that  consequently  Mr. 

M'cCreath  has  been  retained  and  is  now  engaged  upon  the  work. 

Professor  T^ouis  impressed  "upon  us  particularly  that  what  we 
required  to  convince  the  iron  trade  in  this  country  was  high 
independent  opinion. 

We  trust  that  Mr.  Dick  will  bring  over  with  him  a  considerable 
amount  pf  data  regarding  Dundefland  to  help  us  in  raising  the 
necessary  capital-  we  require. 

Dr,  Iiehmann  has.  Ijeen  'for  the  past  thrCe  weeks  in  Algeria 
looking  for  any  suitable  low  grade  deposits' which  may  be  there. 

Yours  faithfully, 


Edison  Ore-Milling  Syndicate  Limited. 

Amberlby  House,  Norfolk  Street, 
London,  W.C., 

PRIVATE.  9th  Maroh,  1901. 

Dear  Sir, 

The  Direotors  are  now  engaged  in  closing  the  arrangements 
for  exeroising  before  the  25th  Maroh  the  option  whioh  the 
Syndicate  has  of  acquiring  the  Dunderland  Iron-Ore  Deposits  in 
Norway,  and  to  do  so  it  is  necessary  that  the  balanoe  of  the 
Shares  whioh  were  offered  to  the  Members  of  the  Syndicate  in 
September  last,  and  some  of  whioh  were  refused,  should  be 
issued  at  onoe. 

The  total  number  of  such  refused  shares  was  95  out  of  a 
total  of  500,  and  I  am  desired  to  notify  to  you  that  tenders 
will  be  reoeived  from  the  Shareholders  whose  names  were  on  the 
Register  on  the  1st  February,  1901,  for  the  whole  or  any  part 
of  those  95  shares  at  not  less  than  par  (viz.,  £100  per  share). 

Tenders  (on  enolosed  forms)  must  reach  me  not  later  than 
12  noon,  Monday/  18th  Maroh,  and  the  allotments  will  be  made 
to  the  highest  bidders. 

It  is  possible  that  Mr.  Edison  may  be  unwilling  to  take  up 
the  whole  of  his  allotment,  in  which  case  a  small  balanoe  of 
his  shares  will  be  similarly  put  up  to  tender  when  we 
definitely  know  the  amount. 

Mr.  Edison's  latest  letter  of  February  19th  says  : 

“  While  it  was  never  my  intention  to  aot  as  a  capitalist 
‘  ‘  except  as  to  pioneering  my  inventions  experiment-, 
"ally,  whioh  requires  a  great  deal  of  money,  I  will, 
"however,  in  this  case  pay  my  proportion," 

“  obsession — London." 


NO.  5214  GERRARD. 

and  he  accordingly  enoloses  a  draft  for  £3,000  to  be  "placed 
to  his  credit . " 

The  first  part  of  this  statement  quite  aooords  with  the ' 
original  understanding  on  whioh  the  Syndicate  acquired  Mr. 
Edison's  patents  for  £66,000  shares  and  £14,000  oash  (the  latter 
to  cover  outlays  on  foreign  patents  fees,  eto.  ,  etc.)  ;  but  as 
Mr.  Edison  is  still  on  the  Register  for  part  of  this  holding 
he  had  to  be  treated  equally  fairly  with  the  rest  of  the  Share¬ 
holders  and  assigned  his  pro  rata  allotment  of  new  shares. 

The  Directors  have  refrained  from  harassing  Mr.  Edison 
for  a  final  deoision  regarding  his  new  shares,  as  they  were 
and  are  still  in  hopes  of  seeing  him  over  in  London  to  attend 
the  annual  meeting,  when  not  only  matters  as  to  Shares  can  be 
settled  to  his  personal  satisfaction,  but  future  developments 
in  Norway  discussed. 

I  am. 

Yours  faithfully. 



25th  March  1901 

Thomas  A.Edison  Esq. 


New  Jersey.  TI.S.A. 

Near  Sir, 

1  am  desired  by  the  Nirector3  to  forward  to  you  herewith 
In  your  capacity  as  a  Member  of  the  Syndicate,  a  copy  of  a 
letter  which  has  appeared  in  to-day's  "Times"  and  other  news¬ 
papers  in  reply  to  a  number  of  articles  and  paragraphs  relating 
to  this  Syndicate's  operations. 

I  also  enclose  you  an  official  circular  which  had  been 
prepared  in  readiness  to  send  out  to  you  when  all  the  arrange¬ 
ments  had  been  completed. 

The  NirectorB  of  course  feel  that  it  was  due  to  the 
Members  that  they  should  have  had  the  first  intimation  of  the 
exercise  of  the  option  to  purchase,  but  in  this  they  were  fore¬ 
stalled  by  the  Vendors  and  their  friends  in  Norway  and  Sweden 
and  by  the  press  generally. 

Vours  truly. 

Sec re tary 


(Reprinted  from  The  Times,  25th  March,  1901.) 


THE  II^ON  7*^13  STTEEla 

The  acquisition  of  the  Dunderland  Iron 
Deposits  in  Norway  by 
the  Edison  Ore-Milling  Syndicate. 


(Chairman  af  the  Syndicate).: 


.cnishiiigs'und  .assjijsl  and" other 
j'h'ijo  tliq^qimlity  and  vqlunjq  of  such 
mills  post,  it  must  bo  obvipiis^hiit  our 
ai’pi'i.Y,  now  cannot  , bp  regarded  Jn  any 
to, -the  “  cornering  ’j  of  th^princijini 
X)p]ipsils  by  llie  Amorienii  §tcol  Trust. 

ported  in  a  leading  daily  London  con- 
with  Mr.  Lick  (Mr.  Edison’s  foreign 
Director  on  iny  Board)  is  both  pre- 
,  and  in  ninny  respects  inaccurate.  It 
do',-.  Mr.  Edison  as  the  sole  owner  of 
Bits,  wherons  the  majority  of  tho  shores 
icii;  and  it  also  speaks  disparagingly 

oiftho  now  ‘.departure  are 
tlirbo .  yo'Ars'  ago, 1  a  number  of ’its,  Inrgcl} 
scientific  vioivs;  of  tlie'-lnlc  Dr.'  It,,,: 

blcctVdcinnlahd''ongiiibdrl!bociimol  interest 
Kinsoil  himself  in  'tho  discussions  oil'  cri 
t'oVof  'low-giadoj'irbn  .ijres,  wliiclt  ^r 
bn  Flying  oii  Sicporiinbntully-'in  America1 1 
viously,  and  upon  which  ho  had  spent  so 
million  'dollars.  Being  satisfied  a  primai  j 
mndo  out  in  favour  of  the  Edison  process! 
was  practically  on  investigating  ooilikiss 
matter  further;  boenuso  if  one-half  Of 
claimed  for  his  inventions  woro  icaliSabl 
face. with  an  industrial  revolution  of:  tho 
far-rcachinir  liintriiiiiwln  ii, _ 


Edison  Ore-Milling  Syndicate  Limited, 

Amberley  House,  Norfolk  Street, 

«8s.o«,  LONDON,  W.C. 

March  23,  1901. 

Dear  Sir, 

In  reference  to  my  circular  of  the  gth  inst.  inviting  tenders  for 
95  Shares,  refused  allotments  first  offered  to  Members  on  the  13th  September 

The  date  for  the  receipt  of  tenders  from  Members  was  fixed  for  Monday 
last,  the  18th  inst.,  at  12  o’clock;  but  up  to  Tuesday,  the  19th  inst.,  the  only 
tenders  received  were  from  six  Members,  aggregating  35  Shares,  at  par. 

Under  these  circumstances  the  Directors  have  themselves  taken  up  at  par 
the  unallotted  balance  of  60  Shares,  whilst  Mr.  Edison  and  Mr.  Dick  have  also 
taken  up  their  allotments  in  full.  The  whole  of  the  last  issue  of  £50,000  worth 
of  Shares  of  the  Syndicate  has  now  been  subscribed  for  and  allotted,  making 
the  total  issued  Share  Capital  £150,000  to  date. 

In  consideration  of  having  done  this,  the  Directors  (who  arc  Messrs. 
Lawrence,  Edison,  Wallace  and  Dick),  at  a  Meeting  of  the  Board,  held  on 
Friday  last,  the  22nd  inst.,  made  it  a  condition  that  in  the  event  of 
further  Share  Capital  being  required  to  complete  the  purchase  of  the 
Dunderland  Estate  within  the  next  six  months,  and  to  bring  out  a  Company 
for  obtaining  the  necessary  Working  Capital  for  such  undertaking,  they  (the  - 
Directors)  shall  have  the  call  at  par  of  the  whole  or  part  of  another 
£50,000  of  Capital  to  be  created.  ' 


The  details  of  the  formation  of  the  proposed  Company  for  working  the 
Dunderland  deposits  are  in  process  of  being  settled,  and  will  be  communicated 
to  the  shareholders  as  soon  as  matured,  which  it  is  hoped  will  be  within 
the  next  few  weeks. 

The'  Directors  think  the  Members  of  the  Syndicate  will  be  satisfied 
for  the  present  with  the  general  assurance  that  the  Syndicate  will  accept 
shares  in  the  larger  company  for  its  interests;  that  the  price  to  be  fixed  for 
such  interests  will  represent  a  considerable  profit  to  the  Syndicate;  and  that 
the  Syndicate’s  total  holding  of  Shares  in  the  larger  Company  will  give  it 
the  voting  control  in  such  Company.  Finally,  that  the  Syndicate  will  not  part 
with  its  patents,  but  simply  grant  a  licence  to  work  under  such  patents,  since 
the  patents  themselves  cover  other  countries  besides  Norway,  and  also  other 
industries  as  well  as  iron. 

Yours  faithfully, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  M.I.E.E.,  M.AM.I.E.E., 
Orange,  JT.J.  ...  . 

near  Sir, 

Mr.  Moreton  Erewen  has  directed  my  attention  to  some 
statements  which  have  recently  appeared  in  the  Press  with  regard 
to  a  Mill,  upon  which,  I  understand,  you  have  been  engaged  for 
some  years  past,  designed  td  treat  economically  large  quantities 
of  iron  ores.  Mr.  Ereweri  informed  me  that  you  suggested  to 
him  some  years  ago  that  it  might  be  possible  eventually  to 
employ  a  similar  mill  in  the  handling  of  large  4apositA  of 
low-grade  gold  ores.  Many  such  deposits  are  known  to  exist 
in  Ehodesia,  and,  in  the  hope  that  it  may  be  found  possible  to 
apply  your  Mill  advantageously  in  the  treatment  of  these  ores, 

I  venture  to  ask  if  you  will  be  so  good  as  to  supply  me  with 
any  infomation  upon  the  subject  that  it  may  be  in  your  power 
to  give  me,  with  special  reference  to  the  initial  cost, 
oapaoity,  efficiency,  and  cost  of  maintenance  of  the  Mill . 

1  am,  dear  Sir, 

faithfully  yours, 



My  dear  Mr.  Edison, 

A  few  days  ago  I  received  the  official  copy  of 
the  patent  on  the  "Giant  Rolls",  this  heing  the  one  that 
stood  out  longest  of  the  whole  series  on  the  Ore  Milling. 

As  you  will  see  X  succeeded  in  getting  a  very 
hroad  claim  in  spite  of  prior  publication  in  Scientific 
American  and  Iron  Age,  bringing  forth  points  that  had  not 
been  brought  out  by  these  papers, 

You  will  also  notice  that  we  secured  a  patent  in 
Germany  that  had  not  been  applied  for  in  the  first  place.  It 
is  Patent  No.  111768  for  the  baking  oven  mentioned  in' case  A. 
This  case  was  denied  on  account  of the  general  publication 
in  the  above  mentioned  periodicals.  As  the  baking  oven  had 
not  been  so  much  touched  upon  by  the  publication,  I  succeeded 
in  saving  this  part  out  of  case  A. 

Bergmann-Elektricitats-  Werke,  Akt/engese/lschaft  (Maschinen-Abtheifong) 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  12th.  April.  1901. 

Hoping  that  you  will  make  good  your  promise  given  to  Hr. 
Bergmann  and  make  a  visit  to  Germany  during  the  coming 
Summer,  I  am  with  kindest  regards  to  you  and  Mrs.  Edison, 

23rd.  April  1901. 

Dear  Sir, 

Enclosed ‘X  beg  to  hand  you  a  report  upon  the  recent 
visit  of  Mr.  Pollen  add  myself  to  Sweden  and  Norway. 

Translations  of  the  various'  documents  are  being  prepared 
and  they  will  be  forwarded  to  you  in  due'  course. 

Yours  faithfully, 




To--  the'  Directors  of  the' 

Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate  Ltd. 

Deaf  Sirs, 

We  beg  to  report  the  result  of  our  recent  visit  to  Sweden  and' 


We  arrived  at  Helsingborg,  Sweden,  oh  Saturday  night  SOth. 
March,  arid  on  the  following  day  we'  had  a  long  interview  with 
Consul  Pars son,  at  which  were  present  Consul  Persson,  Mr. 
Echjolberg,  Mr.  Tillberg,  Mr.  Pollen  arid  Mr.  Hall.  We  were' 
legally  represented  by  Mr.  Huselius  of  Stockholm.  Towards  the' 
end  of  the  interview  Mr.  AlP.Pehrson  was  also  present.  At  the 
outset  Consul  Persson  said  that  as  the  Contract  between  the 
Syndicate'  and  himself  was  already  concluded,'  ariy  alterations 
which  we  desired  would  be  a  concession  from  him,  and  that  he 
did  not  feel  inclined  to  agree  to  any  alteration  in  the  descript¬ 
ion  of  shares  to  be  created  by  the  big  Company.  After  a  lorig 
discussion  wd  succeeded  in  showing  Consul  Persson  that  our 
desire  to  form  preference'  in  addition  to  ordinary  shares'  was  i* 
the  interests  of  the  big  Company  and  therefore  also  of  himself 
and  eventually  he  assented  to  this  modification  of  Mr.  A.P. 
Pehrson*s  contract.  We'  were  of  course  unable  to  give  him  any 
particulars  of  the  suggested  preference  issue  and  therefore 
he  could  not  state'  what  proportion  of  preference'  or  ordinary 
shares  he  might  desire  to  take,  and  as  we  did  not  feel  Just¬ 
ified'  in  giving  him  any  assurance  as  to  the  terms  of  the  share 
issue  it  was  eventua**y  resolved  that  he',  should  take  his  £60,000 

of  shares  -either  in  preference'  or  ordinary  shares  at  his  option 
according  to  the- terms  of  SPStBSk.  - 

on  the  following': d^y  (Moridriy  ^t.  .  April)  we' again  met^Consu 
Persson  to  sign  the'  Contract  which. was  dolffi.  We  then  bhoiwod 
the' Bills  of  Exchange,  drawn  up  by  Mr.-  Schmettau,  which  we  took 
over  With  uS.  Consul  PersBofi  arid  MT.  Schjolberg-. (Solicitor) 


objected  to  the  form  of  acceptance'  of  the'  Bills  as  they  were  hot 
negociable  in  Sweden*  Mr*  Huselius"  .(our  Solicitor)  also  copcurrd'd 
that  they  were'  not  Bills  of  Exchange  according  to.  the  Contract, 

As  Consul  Persson  would  not  agree  to  the-  form/J  of  Bills  proposed- 
by  uS  without  consulting  his  Bankers  at  Stockholm  we  consented' 
to  go  to;  Stockholm  with  Messrs.  Schjolbe'rg  and  TillbaTg-  to  interview 
these  Gentlemen. 

On  our  arrival  at  Stockholm  we-  met  the'  Bankers  who.  advised 
Consul  Persson* s  representatives  that  they  could  take'  the  Bills 
ih  the  form  proposed  lay  us  and  we-,  acting  on  the  advice'  of  Mr. 
Huselius;  agreed. 

Sir'  Francis  Pakenham,  British  Minister,  being  ill  we  saw  MT. 

Bax  Ironside-,  the  Chief  Secretary  of  the  Legation-  and  presented 
our'  letters  of  introduction.  As  ours  was  a  Norwegian  business 
he-  referred  us  to  Mr.  Duridas,  the  British  Consul  General  at 
Christiania  to  whom  he  gave  us  a  letter*  of  introduction.  In 
the'  course  of  conversation  he  strjngly  recommended  ub  to  get  ouT 
business  through  with  the  Norwegian  Government  without  loss  of 

time  owing  to  political  considerations  hereafter  referred' to,' 

We  also  aghin  conferred  with  Mr.  Huselius,  our  Bolicitor,  and 
left  for  Christiania  on  Thursday.  At  Christiania  we  found 
Mr.  Bchjolberg,  who  had  proceeded  uS  from  Stockholm,  and  our 
position  with  the  Government  waB  fully  discussed' with  him  in  all 
Its  bearings,  Mr.  Bchjolberg,  who  is  a  man  of  great  political, 
influence,  explained  that  there-  was  a  very  strong  feeling  against 
Foreigners  getting  possession  of  minirig  properties  in  Norway  and 
that  the  Government  were'  averse  to  allowing  ariy  of  the  mineral 
wealth  of  the  country  to  be  exploitedjjy  Foreigners.  He 
referred  to  the  approaching  legislat:  | 
had  been  ciile'd ’before'  our  departure  / 

Office)  by  which  Foreigners'  will  be 
rights  in-  the  country,  arid  strongly 
of  coming  to  some  arrangementbwith  ; 



as  possible.  He'  advised  us,  if  possible,  to  avoid  raising  ques¬ 
tions  which  would  require  Parliamentary  intervention',  add  to 
make  arrangements  with  the  Government  direct  if  that  could  be 
done.  If  any  points  ware  discussed  in  Parliament  public 
attention  would  be  further  called  to  our  project  and  there  would 
be  a  loud  outory  against  us.  Vfe  were  shown’  numerous  articles 
in  the  Norwegian  papers  referring  to  the  letters  in-  the  English 
press,  contrasting  our  Dunderland  project  with  the-  British 
gold  mining  industry  in  the  Transvaal,  denouncing  the  Norwegian 
Government  for  allowing  Foreigners  to  obtain  such  important  mining 
interests,  add  much  more  in  the  same  strain. 

Among  others,  we  saw  the  Consul  General,  the  Partners  of 
the'  Central  Bank  for  Norge  (to  whom  Messrs.  Hambro  introduced' us) 
and  the  Vice-Consul, who.  all  endorsed  the'  advice'  already  giVeh  U3 
to  huTry  matters  on  with  the  Government. 

As  legal  adviser  we  retained  Mr.  Johnny  Ramm,  who  acted' 
for  us  last  year. 

We  subsequently  saw  the  Minister  of  Agriculture',  the'  Minister 
of  Public  Works,  and  the  Chief  Secretaries  of  these  departments 
with  whom  we  had  4ong  conversations  about  the'  proposed  contract 
with  the  Government.  We  found  that  when  Consul  Perssori  contem¬ 
plated  working  the  Dunderland  properties'  himself  sometime'  ago,' 
riegociatiohs  between  him  and  the'  Government  for  the  payment  of 
a  royalty  were  entered  into,  arid  the  Government  regarded 'it  as 
a  settled  thing  that  whoever  worked  this  property  should  pay  them 
a  royalty  for  doing  so.  At  the'  commencement  of  negociations  the 
royalty  fixed  by  the  Government  was  6  ore  per  tori  of  crude  ore 
treated.  We'  vigorously  opposed  the'  payment  of  a  royalty  upon 
the'  crude  ore,  maintaining  that  jure  should  pay  a  royalty -upon  the' 
material  we  sold,  viz:  the  briquettes'  and'riot  on  . material  which 
was  partly  used  arid  partly  rejected,  we  pointed' out  that  this  crude 
ore'  was  of  no- value  in  its  present  state'  to  any  one,  and  that  i.t 
was  unfair  that  we'  should  pay  a  royalty  upon  such  material,  we 
also  pointed 'out  the'  difficulty  and  'expense  which  might  be 


entailed  in  complying  with  the'  Government  requirements  for  checking 
the’  quantity  of  ore'  worked  &c«  After  proposing  many  alternative 
schemes  we  finally  succeeded  ih  reducing  the  royalty  to  3  ore 
per  ton  of  crude  ore  and  securing  several  modifications  in  other 
portions  of  the  proposed  contract  which  we'  considered  desirable. 

Seeing  that  we  had  gone  as  far  as  we  could  and  that  if 
persistence  in  the  question  of  royalty  upon  briquettes'  in  place 
of  crude  ore  would  involve  the  re-opening  of  the  whole  matter  with 
the'  Burgmei stars  {Mining  Commissioners),  causing  a  delay  of 
several  months,  we  came  to  the  Conalusion  that  it  was  highly 
expedient  in  view  of  the'  state  of  Publio  and  Political  feeling 
to  coholude'  the'  contract  then  and  there,  which  we'  accordingly 

The  Contract  is  sighed  by  the  Minister  of  Agriculture,  who- 
controls  all  mining  affair*,  aAd  gives  US  certain  important 
privilege's  under  the  mining  laws.  But  we  consider  its  chief 
value  lies  in  its  being  in  effect,  an  official  sanction  to  work 
Dunderlan'd,  ensuring  our  title  hereafter  and  securing  us  Govern¬ 
ment  support  and  assistance.  On  the  basis  of  two  tons  of  crude' 
ore  to  one  ton  of  Briquettes  the  royalty  amounts  to  *3,800  per 
annum  on  ah  annual  export  of  one  million'  tons  of  briquettes. 

We'  attended  several  interviews  between  Mr.  Schjolberg  'and 
Mr.  Johnny  Hamm,  and  after  full  investigation  Mr.  Johnny  Ramm 
informed  us  that  he'  considered  Consul  Perssort's  title  was  in  good' 
and  legal  order,  which  fact  he  certified' in  writing.  It  was 
however  necessary  to  obtain  the  consent  of  the'  King  to  hold 
land,  and  Mr.  Johnny  Hamm  advised  us  not  to.  conclude  the  con¬ 
veyance'  or  pay  any  purchase  money  until  that  had  been  obtained... . 

~  After  Uur  business  had  been  considered  by  the  Norwegian  Ministers 
in  Council  on  two  occasions  the  consent  of  the  King  was  obtained 
in  writing.  We  then  accepted  the'  conveyarice  'and  handed  over 
the  mortgage  bonds,  promissory' ho  te',  bills  Ac.  to  Consul  PerSson 

in  exchange  therefor. 



Several  of  the  mining  claims  being  due  f of-  'renewal  and 
other  small  matter's  regarding  Dunderland  requiring  prompt 
attention  we  requested  Mr.  Bchjolberg  to  act  temporarily  as  our 
agent  to  matters  of  this  kind,  and  we  handed' him  SIOO.  with  which 
to  open  an  account  on  our  behalf  at  the  Nordlands  Privat  Bank, 
Bodo,  for  this  purpose., 

We'  incidentally  met  Mr,  Jonss'on,  a  prominent  shipowner  in 
Stockholm  who  does  a  large  business  in  carrying  iron  ore  from 
Gellivara  and  other  Scandinavian  miner  arid  he  In, Id  us  that  in  hi,s 
opiniori  on  a  time  charter  with  good  facilities’  for  loading  arid 
unloading  we  should  be'  able  to  carry  briquette  s'  from  Mo  ■  to 
Newcastle  on  a  large  scale, -for  4/-  per  ton. 

We'  remain,  pear  Sirs, 

Yours  faithfully. 

Amberley  House,' 

Norfolk  Street,  2Snd.  April  1901. 

fcl  <■  v 


,  XS*v~e-  —  <a>^- 

Py-V-XL*  ~£~  «>'>*-^  <£" 

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4-*  S^-a.^  j 

30th.  April.  1901. 

H.E.Dick  Esqf. 

O/o  T. A. Edison  Esqr. 


New  Jersey. 

We  thank  you  for  yoilr  letter  of  the'  18th.  inst  which  has  he'eh 
sent,  to  the  Directors  fend  to  which  a  reply  will  be -made'  as  soon; 
as  its:  contents  are  considered-  by  them. 

With  reference  to  the  cable  which  we'  B'erit  to  Mr.  Edison  on' 
the1  10th.  inst.  asking  him  to  construct  taildem  magnets  as 
quickly  as  possible, (in  accordance  with  the  request  contained 
your  'cable  of  the  16th.  inst. )  you  will/  of  course  _  remember 
that  on  the'  Snd.  November  last  year  Mr.  Edison'  cabled  us  as 
follows:  ''.Send  'authority  construct  full  sized  separators  both 
kinds  for  Norway  ore."  to  which  we 'replied  pn  the  3rd.  November 
as  follows:  "Please  proceed  separators  and  plans  for  Norway." 
arid  this  we  subsequently  confirmed  in  our  letters  of  the  6th.  and 
7th.  November.  We  have  received 'a  preliminary  report  from 
Mr.  Windsor  Richards  dated  10th.  inst  in  which  he  states  that  MT. 
Edison  had  riot  received  any  instructions'  to  put  in  hadd  the- 

14  magnet  machines  'and.  as  these' machines  were  riot  constructed 
he  was  waiting  for  about  a  further  six  weel^S  uritil  Mr. ' 

Edison  informed  him  that  the ' ne'w  separators  are  in  operation. 

fours  faithfully. 




11th.  May  1901. 

Mr.  T.  A.  Edison', 

Ifew  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir,. 

A  discussion  was  held  on  Mofiday  evenin'gi  the  6th.  Inst. 
at  a  Meeting  of  the  Society  of  Engineers,  and  a  copy  of  the 
paper  read  by  Mr.  Grierson  is  enclosed  for  your  perusal.  It  , 
eontains  some  interesting  remarks  Upon  the  briquetting  of  iron 
concentrates  but  Mr.'  Grierson  fliade  some  Statements ‘as  to .the 
Edison  briquettes  which  we  have  -asked  him  to  expirin'. 

The"  English  Press  generally,'  in  commenting  on  these 
statements.  Says  that  the  Edison  briquettes  -are  of  A  porous 
nature  and  unsuited 'to  the  requirements  of  „the  bl:as,t  furnace. 

When  the  Edison'  Mill  Was  running  .in  August  last,-  you  wire'd 
us  that  the  Muscohetcotfg  Iron  Works  were  using  the  full  charge' 
of  Edison  briquettes  with  fine  results  and  we  should  be  very' 
glad  if  you  could  send  uS  some  report  by  them  yport  the'  working 
of  .the  Edison-  briquettes  in  the  Blast  furnace  OAd  their  Suit- 


-ability  generally  for  .the  production-  o.f  best  Bessemer  ore'. 

The  only  Information  oil  this  subject  which  we'  Have  is  cohtained 
in  the  "article' "appearing  in  the  "Scientific  American"of  Jan. 
8Snd.  1898,  where  reference  is  made  to.  a  tribal  in  1897  carried 
out  at.  the  Crane'  Iron  Works,  Pennsylvania. 

When  we  Have  definite  facts  in  our  possession-  we  shall  more 
readily  be  able  to  meet  irresponsible  criticism  such 'as  Mr. 

Yours  faithfully, 


1  Enclosure. 








\ ' 



I  ,  May  6th,  1901. 

CHARLES  MASON,  President,  in  the  Chair. 




By  Thouas  Benjamin  Grierson. 

The  very  serious  injury  which  has  been  sustained  by  the  Britisli 
steel  trade,  owing,  in  great  measure,  to  unlimited  and  unre- 
t  stricted  competition  from  other  countries,  will,  unless  stops  are 

j  at  once  taken  to  prevent  it,  result  in  the  steol  trade  of  this 

country  becoming  one  of  the  British  industries  of  the  past.  The 
"■j  recently  formed  gigantic  combination  amongst  the  American 

steol  manufacturers,  points  to  the  necessity  for  British  steel 
I  makers  to  begin  at  once  to  put  their  works  in  order,  and  by 

j  adopting  the  most  approved  appliances  known  to  modern  science 

to  endeavour  by  every  means  in  their  power  to  regain  the  high 
position  in  the  world’s  markets  which  they  formerly  occupied, 
h  and  to  which  their  undoubted  ability  and  experience  entitle 

j;  ■;  them. 

Li  The  British  press,  with  its  usual  foresight,  “scenting  the 

danger  from  afar,'1  has  focussed  public  opinion  upon  the  question. 

1  '■  The  result  is  that  many  suggestions  have  been  made,  more  or 

less  valuable,  in  the  newspapers,  several  distinguished  individuals 
L.  having  taken  part  in  the  discussion,  although  nothing  of  a  really 

R  practical  nature  has,  so  for,  been  evolved.  One  of  tho  most 

I  j  serious  difficulties  as  regards  our  export  trade,  with  which  the 

|  j  British  steel-maker  has  to  contend  is  undoubtedly,  that  of  tho 

I/S  protective  tariff,  combined  with  the  free  trade  of  this  country. 

|’j  Tho  next  is  the  want  of  modern  appliances  in  British  steel  works, 

|  and  tho  most  serious  of  all— because  it  is  the  result  of  the  other 

j  S  two — is  the  ruinous  competition  between  the  foreign  ‘manufnc- 

!'{  turer  and  this  country.  Of  England’s  competitors  America, 

;l  with  her  33J  per  cent,  protective  tariff  on  steel  from  this 

rj  .  country,  is  undoubtedly  tho  most  to  be  feared.  Germany  comes 



next,  but  so  far  behind,  and  the  conditions  are  so  different,  at 
any  rate  in  degree,  that  we  in  this  oountry  may  confine  our 
attention  exclusively  to  America. 

It  is,  of  course,  not  likely  that  American  steel  makers  would 
continue  to  sell  their  goods  in  this  country  at  a  loss  to  them¬ 
selves.  The  fact,  therefore,  remains  that  they  can  successfully 
compete  with  us,  notwithstanding  the  serious  drawbacks  of  the 
long  overland  journeys  in  the  United  States,  and  the  voyage 
across  the  Atlantio  to  which  their  products  are  subject.  Then, 
of  course,  Great  Britain  has  no  protective  tariff  to  be  allowed 
for.  The  inevitable  conclusion,  therefore,  is  that  the  American 
maker  can  produce  manufactured  steel  at  his  works  at  a  very 
much  less  cost  than  the  British  manufacturer  can.  Hence  his 
success  as  a  competitor  with  Great  Britain: 

It  may  be  asked  why  it  is  that  the  American  makers  can  do 
so  much  better  than  the  British,  who  are  in  the  great  home  of 
the  iron  and  steel  trades,  with  coal  and  ore  on  the  very  ground. 
One  obvious  answer]  is  that,  while  in  steel,  as'in  other  manufac¬ 
tures — the  engineering  trades  for  example — the  Britisher  has 
hitherto  been  satisfied  with  antiquated,  and  very  often  extra¬ 
vagant,  methods  of  working,  and  with  old  plant,  the  foreigner 
has  been  steadily  adopting  the  most  improved  modern  appliances 
as  they  have  been  invented,  thus  maintaining  his  works  in  a 
very  high  state  of  efficiency  for  economical  production. 

What,  then,  is  the  remedy  for  the  unsatisfactory  state  of 
affairs  now  prevailing  in  this  country  ?  The  author  considers 
that  the  answer  to  this  question  is  two-fold.  In  his  opinion  the 
remedy  consists  in  the  first  place  in  the  British  steel  maker 
setting  his  house  in  order  as  regards  improved  plant  and 
machinery  and  general  methods  of  production,,  and,  in  the 
second  place,  in  the  utilisation  of  low-grade  iron  ores,  of  which 
there  is  an  almost  unlimited  supply  well  within  his  reach,  whilst 
other  supplies  are  declining.  Every  steel  maker  knows  that 
there  are  two  classes  of  iron  ore  of  high  quality  which  are 
eminently  suited  for  the  manufacture  of  steel,  but  which, 'owing 
to  certain  physical  characteristics,  are,  prima  fame,  eminently 
unsuited  to  the  requirements  of  the  blast-furnace.  These  two 
classes  are  mainly  low-grade  magnetic  iron  ores  which,  in  their 
normal  condition,  will  not  pay  to  smelt  in  lumps,  and  magnetic 
iron  sand  which,  unless  combined  with  a  suitable  material 
capable  of  withstanding  the  heat  and  erosion  of  the  blast-' 
furnace,  cannot  be  smelted  in  it. 

For  many  years  past  attention  has  been  directed  to  rendering 
these  two  classes  of  ores  available  for  the  manufacture  of  steel, 
but,  so  far,  the  efforts  made  have  been  attended  with  only  a 
limited  amount  of  commercial  success.  The  objects  in  view 


have  been  in  the  one  case  to  crush  and  concentrate  the  lean 
oros,  and  in  the  other  to  separate  the  magnetic  iron  sand  from 
its  accompanying  impurities  and  other  undesirable  constituents. 
By  meanB  of  magnetio  separators  and  cognate  contrivances, 
these  ends  have  been  satisfactorily  attained,  but  at  this  point 
another  difficulty  arises.  In  either  cose  the  resulting  con¬ 
centrate  is  generally  a  comparatively  fine  powder,  which  is 
antagonistic  to  satisfactory  blast  furnace  working,  even  when 
the  concentrate  is  mixed  with  ores  in  mnsseB  of  larger  bulk, 
except  porhaps  in  very  small  furnaces.  The  finely  divided  ore 
and  ore-dust  adhere  to  the  wall  of  the  furnace,  causing  scaffold¬ 
ing,  that  is  they  gradually  form  large  masses.  These  masses  in 
time  become  detached  by  the  pressure  of  the  charge  above  them, 
and  being  thrown  down  below  the  zone  of  fusion,  give  rise  to 
choking  and  other  incidental  drawbacks  in  the  region  of  the 

In  a  paper  by  Prof.  J.  Wiborgb,  of  Stockholm,  rend  before 
the  Iron  and  Steel  Institute  about  two  years  since,  it  is  stated 
that  there  are  certain  conditions  which  modify  the  results  of. 
using  mixtures  of  lump  ores  and  concentrates  in  the  pulverulent 
form  in  the  blast-furnace.  These  are,  the  slope  of  the  boshes 
and  the  character  of  the  blast.  The  Professor  instances  some 
experiments  made  in  1898  in  the  blnst-furnace  nt  Yidlitz,  in  the 
government  of  Olonetz,  Russia.  Here  the  section  of  the  furnace 
at  the  boshes  was  such  as  appears  to  be  extremely  unsuitable 
for  the  use  of  powdered  ore.  But  for  all  this  the  furnace  worked 
satisfactorily,  even  on  concentrates  alone,  so  long  as  cold  blast 
was  employed.  When,  however,  hot  blast  was  used  scaffolding 
commenced  and  continued  until  the  hearth  and  tuyeres  were 
burnt  out.  Another  inconvenience  attending  the  use  of 
powdered  ores  is  the  loss  caused  by  dust  in  the  gases  of  the 
blast-furnace.  At  Vidlitz  from  8  to  10  per  cent,  of  thepowdered 
ore  was  carried  over  into  the  gas  conduits.  Rich  concentrates 
have,  however,  been  successfully  Bmelted  in  combination  with 
lump  ores,  ns  at  the  old  works  of  Hogforsin  Sweden,  as  instanced 
by  Prof.  Wiborgb.  At  the  best,  however,  the  proportion  of 
powdered  ore  that  can  be  used  in  the  blast-furnace  is  very 
small,  and  its  employment  at  all  depends  upon  conditions  of 
fuel  and  working.  The  pulverised  material,  especially  if  of 
high  density,  has  a  tendency  to  overrun  the  fuel  charge  and  to 
come  down  to  the  tuyeres  in  on  imperfectly  reduced  condition, 
as  well  as  to  form  accretions,  or  scaffolds,  on  the  walls  of  the 
upper  portion  of  the  blast-furnace,  as  already  explained.  The 
only  way  to  deal  with  these  finely  divided  ores  is  to  combine  ' 
‘them  with  some  suitable  material  which  should  give  them 
■  cohesion  and  at  the  same  time  assist  in  the  operation  of  smelting 


without  proving  detrimental  either  to  tho  furnace  and  its  working 
or  to  the'product. 

It  would  not  bo  possible  within  the  limits  of  tho  present 
paper  to  desoribe  tho  numerous  devices  that  have  been  brought 
forward  from  time  to  time  for  effecting  the  solidarity  of  powdered 
ores.  The  author  will  therefore  only  refer  to  such  methods  ob 
are  more  or  less  generally  known  to  metallurgists,  and  to  sdmo 
other  processes  of  a  more  special  character  which  have  been 
proposed  by  those  haring  a  practical  knowledge  of  tho  subject 
at  issue.  There  are  three  principal  methods  which  have  been 
practically  tried  for  the  purpose  of  bonding  small  ore  before 
smelting  in  the  blast-furnace.  The  first  of  these  is  agglomeration 
by  heat,  tho  particles  being  made  to  cohere  by  the  action  of  a 
reverberatory  furnace  upon  the  pulverulent  mass.  The  success 
of  this  method,  however,  depends  upon  the  constituents  of  tho 
ore  itself,  or,  in  the  absence  of  those  constituents,  such  as  sili¬ 
cates,  their  addition  to  the  ore.  Such  methods,  however, 
are  found  to  be  costly,  a  high  temperature  and  a  lengthened 
period  of  exposure  being  required  to  ensure  success.  A  second 
method  is  to  form  the  powdered  ore  into  a  stiff  paste  with 
.  caustic  or  slaked  lime  and  water,  the  lime  forming  a  good 
binding  material.  The  paste  is  made  into  briquettes  which  aro 
air-dried  and  become  very  hard,  tho  lime,  as  a  silicate,  tending 
to  facilitate  the  working  of  the  blast-furnace.  The  third  method 
is  the  agglomeration  of  the  powdered  ore  with  carbonaceous 
material  and  subsequent  coking.  Prof.  Wiborgh  states  that 
this  method  was  adopted  by  Weissmann,  about  eleven  years 
since,  in  the  production  of  so-called  ore  coke  which  was  made 
by  mixing  powdered  ore  with  20  per  cent,  of  coal-dust  and 
5  per  cent,  of  pitch.  The  compound  was  pressed  into  blocks 
and  coked  nt  a  strong  beat  applied  slowly.  This  method,  how¬ 
ever,  proved  .too  expensive  for  practical  use,  but  it  was  revived 
later  on  in  a  simpler  form — namely,  by  mixing  the  powdered 
ore  with  small  coat  and  coking  the  mixture  in  the  usual  way. 
Although  experimental  trials  appear  to  have  given  good  results, 
the  system,  so  far  ns  the  author  is  aware,  has  not  been  adopted 
in  practice  owing  to  the  great  cost  of  production  on  a  working 

Among  other  distinguished  metallurgists  who  have  devised 
methods  of  using  finely  divided  iron  ore  is  Mr.  James  Biley,  a 
Vice-President  of  the  Iron  and  Steel  Institute,  and  a  Bessemer 
gold  medallist.  Mr.  Biley  proposes  to  take  the  slag  produced 
in  the  manufacture  of  open-hearth  steel,  and  which  already  con¬ 
tains  some  20  per  cent,  of  iron,  and  to  enrich  it  up  to  between 
40  and  50  per  cent,  by  the  addition  of  finely  divided  iron  ore.‘ 
His  idea  is  to  mix  the  powdered  ore  with  the  fluid  slag  as  it  flows  • 


from  the  furnace  or  ladle,  when  casting  a  charge  of  open-hearth 
steel.  The  slag  forms  a  suitable  vehicle  for  conveying  the 
powdery  ores  to  tho  furnace  in  a  solid  Btnto  and  the  iron  already 
contained  in  it  is  moreover  utilised  instead  of  being  a  waste 
product.  The  possibility  of  making  this  conglomerate  has  been 
proved  in  practice  by  Mr.  Biley,  he  having  made  and  used  con¬ 
siderable  quantities  of  it.  Special  arrangements,  however,  are 
necessary  bofore  tho  method  proposed  by  Mr.  Biley  could 
become  part  of  the  daily  routine  of  a  steel-melting  shop. 

Another  gentleman  who  is  equally  distinguished  in  metal¬ 
lurgy  as  a  chemist,  and  who  is  also  a  Bessemer  gold  medallist, 
nnmoly,  Mr.  Gh  J.  Snelus,  has  likewise  endeavoured  to  solve  the 
problem  of  the  utilisation  of  finely-powdered  ores.  So  far  back 
ns  1868  Mr.  Snelus  patented  a  process  for  tho  direct  reduction 
of  powdered-iron  ore  into  the  state  of  metallic  iron.  A  long 
series  of  experiments  led  him  to  the  conclusion,  that  to  obtain 
metallic  iron  it  is  only  necessary  to  expose  the  finely-divided 
ore  to  proper  reducing  conditions  for  a  very  short  time.  Mr. 
Snelus  considers  that  the  GerstenhSfer  furnace,  which  is  used 
at  Swansea  for  calcining  iron  pyrites,  will  satisfactorily  effect 
tho  object  in  view,  if  heated  with  a  strong  reducing  atmosphere. 
The  author,  however,  is  not  aware  that  Mr.  Snelus  has,  os  yet, 
carried  his  proposition  into  practical  effect. 

Later  on,  namely  in  1884,  another  distinguished  Bessemer 
gold  medallist,  the"  late  Sir  William  Siemens,  endeavoured  to 
utilise  tho  concentrates  of  poor  ores  by  mixing  the  powder  with 
tar  and  forming  the  mixture  into  briquettes.  These  briquettes, 
in  practice,  were  gradually  added  to  the  main  oharge  in  Sir 
William’s  open-hearth  furnace.  The  results,  however,  were  not 
satisfactory,  and  after  reasonable  trial  this  attempt  to  utilise 
poor  ores  was,  abandoned. 

Professor  Wiborgh,  to  whom  the  author  has  already  made  ' 
reference,  has  also  identified  himself  with  the  attempt  to  utilise 
poor  ores  by  concentration  and  direct  reduction  by  designing  a 
.  furnace  for  that  purpose..  This  was  in  1899,  but  the  author 
does  not  think  that  the  invention  has  been  developed  into 
practical  use.  So  far  as  direct  reduction  is  concerned,  the  opinion 
I  of  Sir  Lowthian  Bell— one  of  the  highest  authorities  in  metal¬ 
lurgical  matters— is,  that  it  cannot  be  economically  effeoted. 
This  has  in  fact  been  proved  in  two  instances,  one  in  this 
country  imd  one  in  the  United  States,  in  which  works  were 
started  with  the  object  of  direct  production  of  malleable  iron, 
but  which  in  time  were  both  dismantled. 

We  are  ^  thus  brought  back  to  the  starting-point,  namely, 

the  meohanical  reduction  and  concentration  of  the  poor  ore,  the 

incorporation  of  the  concentrates  with  a  suitable  vehicle,  and 


the  conversion  of  the  mass  into  briquettes.  In  this  connection 
the  author  will  therefore,  in  the  next  place,  direct  attention  to 
the  process  invented  by  Mr.  Thomas  Edison,  whose  high  scientific 
attainments,  ns  well  ns  his  numerous  inventions,  are  well  known. 
Mr.  Edison  has  for  some  years  past  devoted  considerable  atten¬ 
tion  to  the  utilisation  of  poor'  ores,  and  his  process  for  accom¬ 
plishing  this  has  recently  been  the  subject  of  a  considerable 
amount  of  public  discussion.  In  this  process,  as  indeed  in  all 
others  connected  with  the  present  question,  the  ore  is  first 
reduced  and  concentrated,  and  then  made  into  briquettes.  As 
there  are  numerous  stone-breakers  and  ore  pulverisers,  ns  well 
nB  several  magnetic  separators  in  the  market,  all  of  which  are 

certain  machinery  for  both  these  operations.  The  most  im- 
1  portnnt  point  to  the  author’s  mind  is  the  conversion  of  the 
|  concentrates  into  briquettes,  and  this  will  be  admitted  in  view 
t;  of  what  has  already  been  stated.  And  here  tbe  author  is  met 
t  by  a  difficulty  in  not  being  able  to  state  the  ingredients  used 
|  by  Mr.  Edison  in  the  manufacture  of  his  briquettes,  which  he 
|  is  informed  is  a  secret.  It  is,  however,  within  his  knowledge 
|  that  there  are  one  or  two  serious  defects  in  Mr.  Edison’s 
|  briquettes.  In  the  first  place  they  are  porous,  which  alone 
ft  unfits  them,  from  nn  ironmaster’s  joint  of  view,  for  use  in  the 
|  blast  furnace.  Another  drawback  is,  that  the  material  used  as 
*  the  conveyor,  is  not  sufficiently  binding  to  enable  the  briquette 
!'  to  withstand  the  burthen  in  the  blast  furnace.  A  third  objec- 
|  tion  is,  that  the  Edison  briquettes  require  to  be  baked  before 
■J*  they  are  fit  for  handling,  as  is  publicly  stated. 
b  The  latest  process  for  the  manufacture  of  ore-briquettes  that 
'  has  come  under  the  author’s  notice  is  of  British  origin.  It  iB 
that  of  Mr.  Bobert  E.  Strong  who,  like  Edison  and  others,  has 
for  long  post  given  much  time  and  attention  to  the  utilisation 
of  poor  iron  ores,  and  particularly  to  the  manufacture  of  ore- 

I  briquettes.  Mr.  Strong  has  not  devised  machinery  for  the 
mechanical  reduction  or  for  the  concentration  of. the  ore,  knowing 
that  there  is  ample  and  efficient  machinery  at  hand  by  various 
makers  for  thiB  purpose.  He  confines  himself  to  putting  the 
■  ore  into  a  suitable  condition  for  use  in  the  blast-furnace.  To 
this  end  he  makes  his  briquettes  of  85  per  cent,  of  concentrate, 
which  he  incorporates  with  5  per  cent,  of  powdered  quicklime, 
and  10  per  cent  of  pyroligneous  tar  =  100  parts.  The  mass  is 
formed  into  briquettes  under  pressure,  the  briquettes  being  ready  . 
for  use  directly  they  leave  the  press,  and  do  not  require  to  be 

/baked  os  Edison’s  do.  The  tar  in  the  briquette  is  of  assiBtanco 
in  economising  fuel  in  the  blast-furnace  whilst  the  quick  lime 
forms  the  best  possible  binding  material  and  also  assists  as  a 
flux.  Assuming  the  concentrate  to  contain  75  per  cent,  of  ore, 

_ which  it  does  on  the  average,  the  briquettes  would,  contain 

63  75  per  cont.^of.  meMlgrjren.  The  briquettes  would  be 
'  manufactured  at  the  mines  at  which  the  ore  is  produced,  and 
delivered  to  ironworks  in  England  at  the  market  price  of  ore. 
They  would,  however,  have  an  advantage  over  the  raw  ore  owing  v 
to  the  fact  that  they  would  be  more  easily  reduced  and  with  a 
r  saving  of  fuel. 

Such  is  the  briquette  which  Mr.  Strong  has  devised  for 
employment  in  the  ordinary  blast-furnace  using  ordinary  coke 
fuel.  He  has,  however,  devised  another  ore-briquette  for  use 
in  the  charcoal  furnace  in  which  the  ingredients  are  varied.  In 
■gl  the  ordinary  uhan.ual~furnnce — except  in  very  small  ones — the 
7  charcoal  will  not  carry  the  burthen.  With  small  furnaces  the 
production  is  necessarily  restricted  and  costly.  To  meet  this 
and  to  enable  the  briquettes  to  be  used  in  blast  furnaces  of  full 
size  in  those  countries  where  charcoal  is  employed  as  a  fuel,  Mr. 
Strong  combines  powdered  charcoal  with  the  other  ingredients, 
adding  also  granulated  limestone  as  a  flux.  By  this  means 
charcoal  pig-iron  could  be  produced  in  the  ordinary  blast-furnace 
at  a  less  cost  than  common  foundry  pig,  and  this  charcoal  pig 
would  be  available  for  ordinary  Bteel-making  purposes  with  the 
result  of  greatly  improved  products.  The  pig  iron  would  thus 
be  produced  at  the  mines  and  no  carriage  or  freight  would  have 
to  be  paid  upon  the  ore.  The  cost  of  transport  to  the  steel¬ 
works  would  bo  that  of  the  metallio  product  alone,  the  matrix 
being  left  behind  in  the  form  of  slag.. 

Mr.  Strong  proposes  to  systematise  the  method  of  production 
of  the  briquettes  at  the  mines  so  as  to  render  the  operation  con¬ 
tinuous  from  first  to  last.  By  a  purely  mechanical  arrangement 
.  the  rock  ore  would  be  mined,  crushed,  concentrated,  made  into 
briquettes,  and  delivered  direct  to  the  blast  furnaces,  whilst 
the  molten  metal  would  be  run  into  pig  moulds  and  delivered 
thence  into  railway  trucks  for  shipment.  The  manufacture  of 
]|  pig  iron  would  thus  be  a  practically  continuous,  process,  with  a 
great  saving  of  cost  as  against  thepresent  method  . of  producing 

As  regards  the  cost  of  mining  and  concentrating  the  ore 
ready,  for  the  briquette  factory,  the  author  gives  the  following 
figures,  .which  are  those  of  actual  working  at  a  mine  in  Sweden. 

At  the  present  time  the  cost  works  out  at  4s.  3d.  per  metrio  ton 
of  75  per  cent,  concentrates.  This  includes  miners’  wages,  tools, 
explosives,  crushing  and  concentration,  ,  loading  and  transport  . 


to  the  briquette  factory,  and  management,  which  comes  to 
Is.  8i<f.  per  ton  of  raw  ore.  But  it  requires  2J  tons  of  30  per 
cent,  ore  to  givo  one  ton  of  75  per  cent,  concentrates.  There¬ 
fore,  Is.  8£d.  X  2J  tons = 4s.  3d.  (about),  which  is  the  cost  of  one 
ton  of  75  per  cent,  concentrates  in  Sweden,  equivalent  to  63*75 
por  cent  ef-nwtaUie-ito»  per  ton  of  briquettes.  Benco  U  ton 

Briquettes,  to  be  of  any  use  in  the  blast-furnace,  should  be 
hard,  non-porous,  impervious  to  moisture,  and  capable  of  stand¬ 
ing  rough  treatment,  in  the  same  way  as  large  raw  ore.  These 
qualities  will  enable  them  to  resist  the  great  superincumbent 
weight  in  the  blast-furnace,  and  the  slow  grinding  action,  which 
tends  to  disintegrate  them.  Above  all,  they  must  be  able  to 
withstand  the  gradual  increase  of  temperature  in  advancing  to 
tlra  melting-point,  almost  up  to  which  point  they  should  retain  | 
their  form.  This,  in  the  author’s  opinion,  is  precisely  what  the  I 
British  briquette  will  do,  and  what  the  American  briquette’  I 

_  Before  pointing  out  the  working  advantages  of  Strong’s  ore- 
briquettes,  the  author  may,  perhaps,  bo  permitted  to  explain 
for  the  benefit  of  those  not  conversant  with  blast-furnace, 
practice,  that  the  present  method  of  charging  is  to  put  in  the 
proper  proportions  of  ore,  coke,  and  limestone  by  hand  labour, 
the  materials  being  in  their  rough  state.  The  briquettes  are  put 
into  the  blast-furnace,  and  smelted  in  the  usual  way,  but  instead 
of  the  quality  of  the  metal  produced  being  largely  dependent 
upon  the  attendant  whose  duty  it  is  to  feed  the  furnace,  the 
briquettes  when  smelted  produce,  almost  automatically,  the 
proper  material  required,  the  proper  proportions  of  the  in¬ 
gredients  being  fixed  and  invariable  in  .the  briquette. 

With  the  present  arrangement,  especially  during  night 
shifts,  any  negleot  on  the  part  of  the  man  in  charge  of  the 
furnace  in  not  putting  in  the  proper  relative  proportions  of 
materials,  would]  and  no  doubt  sometimes  does,  result  in  the 
metal  not  being  uniform  in  ebarneter,  or  perhaps  quite  useless 
for  the  purpose  intended.  With  briquettes  this  could  not 
happen,  as  they  would  be  composed  of  the  exact  quantities  of 
the  ingredients  required  to  produce  a  specific  result  The 
weighing  of  the  ore,  fuel,  etc.,  in  the  method  now  in  vogue, 
and  the  constant  attendance  on  the  blast-furnaces  while  the 
smelting  is  going  on,  involves  considerable  expense  for  labour 
a  large  amount  of  which  would  be  saved  by  .the  adoption  of 


the  briquette  system.  The  author  believes  that  the  general  adop¬ 
tion  of  the  method  of  making  steel  from  briquettes  would  result, 
notonly  in  large  saving  in  cost  of  production,  but  also  in  a  much 
more  uniform  and  better  quality  of  the  steel  produced. 

The  materials  for  making  the  briquettes  are  to  be  found  in 
great  abundance  in  Sweden  and  Norway,  Spain,  Canada,  New 
Zealand  and  Ireland,  the  latter  country  having  also  immense 
deposits  of  peat,  from  which  a  suitable  tarry  acid  for  the 
briquettes  could  be  obtained. 

With  the  view  of  ascertaining  their  adaptability  for  the 
blast-furnace,  briquettes  made  on  Mr.  Strong’s  system,  have 
been  tested  at  the  Leeds  Steel  Works,  at  the  Normanby  Iron 
Works,  Middlesbrough,  and  at  the  Clyde  Ironworks.  The 
briquettes  were  tested  in  various  kinds  of  furnaces  for  tem¬ 
perature,  and  they  wore  also  tested  mechanically  for  carrying 
the  burthen,  ana  both  ns  regards  their  behaviour  at  the 
highest  temperatures  and  their  resistance  to  crushing,  they 
were  found,  in  all  cases,  to  stand  equal  to  raw  ore.  Samples  of 
these  briquettes  are  exhibited  on  the  table. 

Although  the  present  paper  deals  with  the  treatment  of  iron 
ores,  the  author  may  mention  that  Mr.  Strong’s  system  has 
been  adopted  at  the  Broken  Hill  Mines  in  Australia,  where  it 
has  been  in  successful  operation  for  the  paBt  two  years  with 
silver  ore  concentrates.  It  has  oIbo  been  in  use  for  the  last 
eighteen  months  at  the  Bio  Tinto  Works  in  South  Wales,  where 
it  is  working  upon  copper  concentrates.  The  author  may  add 
that  negotiations  are  now  pending  with  some  iending  English 
Steelmaking  Companies  for  the  adoption  of  Mr.  Strong’s  system 
in  connection  with  iron  mines.  i 

The  author  cannot  conclude  without  acknowledging  the 
assistance  kindly  afforded  him  in  the  preparation  of  his  paper 
by  your  past  President,  Mr.  Perry  P.  Nursey.  Such  was  the 
character  of  that  assistance  that  the  author  desired  to  connect 
Mr.  Nursey’s  name  with  his  own  as  joint  author  of  the  paper. 
This  position,  however,  Mr.  Nursey  modestly  declined  to  accept, 
on  the  ground  that  lie  considered  that  the  services  he  had 
rendered  were  insufficient  to  entitle  him  to  the  honour  of  joint- 

[GRAPHIC  Address,  -4  0.6' ZS^m^Cl/e^  K^OOJC'.  > 

^/on</c‘»y.  me. 

lliiin  Mhy  lwi, 

Mr.  Thontas  A.  Edison^  j 


Ifew  Jersey, 

.,.  O.S.A,- 

Defar  Sir, 

The  be'arer  of  this  letter,  Mr.  £arfcart  Ahder&oft,  li  ft  friend  ----- rj 
of  Messrs.  J. A  T.  Earle,  who- axe  large  fortliihi  'OemOtht  Manufacturers 
In  this  country1  and  Members  of  this  Kf.  Afidersdft 

In  interested  in  cement  manufacture,  <abd  'we  should  esteem  It  'a 
favour  If  you  would  give  him  facilities  fW  visiting  the  Cement 
Works  at  StSwartsville. 

Yours  faithfully^ 



(<■'  , 

(:  iruJc 

session  -  London'.' 

30th.  May  1901i 

Mr.  Herman  E.  Dick, 

C/oMT.  T.  A. Edison. 

IJevr  Jersey, 

Dear  Sir, 

With  reference  to  our  letter  of  the  11th.  inSt.  respecting 
the  Edison  briquettes,  it  seems  .that  it  would  be  extremely  useful 
to  us,  if  we  could  procure  authenticated 'copies  of  the  daily 
furnace  sheets  of  the  Muscortetcon'g  Iron  WofkB,  over  the  period  of 
time  during  which  the  Edison  briquettes  were  in  use  there. 

In  July  and -August  1900,  we  know  they  were  using  some  300 
tons  of  briquettes  per  day  but  Mr.  Edison  cabled  to  us'  o.n  the 
5th.  '■September  that  they  we're  using  a  full  charge  of  briquettes 
with  fine  results. 

These  furnace  sheets  would  give  us  the  whole  of  the"  part¬ 
iculars  we  require  'as  to  the  conduct  of  the  briquettes  in  the 
blast  furnace'  and  would  be'  very  valuable'  as  we'  are  constantly 
being  asked' questions  upon  .this  point,  and  have  no  facts  'and 


figufes  to  meet  the  enquiries  with.  We  trust  .therefore,  that 
it  will-  he  possible  to  procure  this-  information  for  us. 

We  are  holding  a  Board 'Meeting  tomorrow,  and  it  is  intended 
that  Dr.  Lehmann  Should  proceed  to  Divider land 'at  once. 

Yoturs-  faithfully. 





Prof.  H.  Louis,  M.A.,  A.R.  S.M.,  P.  I.  C. ,  F.O.  S. 

"TJia  briquettes  are  made  in  the  form  of  square  prisms  6. 3  in. 
x  6.3  in.  x  3. 6. In.  They  are  decidedly  strong  and  will  withstand 
quite  as  rough  treatment  as  most,  natural  ores.  When  broken  with 
the  hammer,  they  part  into  several  large  pieces  and  do  not  fall 
to  powder.  They  are  sufficiently  porous  for  easy  reduction 
in  the  blast  furnace,  the  pores  constituting  about  30  per  cent 
of  the  volume  of  the  briquette.  The  specific  gravity  of  a 
piece  taken  from  the  heart  oi  a  briquette  is  just  about  4.  This 
pieoe  when  air  dried  and  left  under  water  for  30  hours  only 
absorbed  about  6  per  cent  of  water;  in  the  air  .dried  state  it 
contains  about  0.  4  par  cent  of  moisture.  The  briquette  does 
not  seem  to  Alsentegrate  at  all  by  exposure  to  the  air  or 
moisture.  It  is  obvious  that  it  thus  appears  to  possess  all 
the  characters  that  render  it  suitable  to  replace  raw  ore  either 
in  the  blast  furnace  or  for  steel  making. 

The  concentrates  containing  6  to  6  per  cent  of  water  are 
stamped  into  brick  form  in  a  drop  press.  On  leaving  the  press 
the  blocks  are  so  soft  that  tpqy  can  only  be  lifted  oy  using 
both  hands,  and  that  they  cannot  be  stacked  in  an  ordinary  kiln. 
They  have  therefore  to  be  burnt  in  .a  special  furnace  into  which 
they  are  charged  on  special  cars.  These  latter  are  four-wheeled 
iron  cars,  about  4  feet  bread  and.  8.. feet  long.  The  -top  consists 

of  an  iron  tray  lined  with  firebrickB,  the  sides  being  prolonged 


downwards  so  as  to  form  flanges.  The  blocks  are  piledA loosely 
3  deep  from  the  firebrick  surface.  The  furnace  is  100  feet  long 
and  consists  of  a  firebrick  tunnel  just  wide  enough  to  admit 
the  flat,  iron  cars;  along  either  wall  of  the  furnace  runs  a' 
channel  filled  with  sand  '.into  which  the  flanges  of  the  car  top 
dip;  the  ends  of  +he  car,  ai^e  furnished  with  grooves  and  corres- 

-■ponding  horizontal  ribs  so  as  to  fit  closely  against  each  other. 
When  the  furnace  is  full  of  cars  there  is  therefore  a  continuous 
practically  air  tight,  channel  beneath  them,  The  arch  of  the 
fumach  is  about  16  in.  above  the  surface  of  the  cars,  these 
latter  forming  a  continuous  furnace  hearth.  The  furnace  is  gas 
fired,  there  being  a  combustion  chamber  situated  about  the  middle 
of  the  furnace,  and  consisting  merely  of  a  raised  portion  of  the 
arch  into  which  the  gas  (producer  or  blast  furnace  gas)  is 
admitted.  The  air  requisite  for  combustion  enters  below  the  line 
of  oars  at  +he  charging  end  of  the  furnace,  passes  through  the 
channel  formed  by  the  cexs,  and  then  returns  to  the  combustion 
chamber  over  the  burnt  briquettes  lying  on  the  cars;  the  air  is 
thus  heated  so  as  to  produce  more  energetic  combustion,  and  at 
the  seme  time  the  briquettes  are  so  far  cooled  +hat.  they  can  be 
handled  when  they  leave  the  furnace.  At  definite  intervals  of 
time  a  car  of  burnt  briquettes  is  withdrawn  at  the  delivering 
end,  and  a  car  of  new  blocks  ready  for  burning  is  pushed  m  at  the 
charging  end.  Xt.  will  be  noted  that  the  ore  is  treated  without 
any  admixture;  according  to  the  inventor,  the  property  of  producing 
a,  coherent  briquette  is  due  to  a  portion  of  +he  ore  being  m  a 
state  of  very  fine  division,  and  to  +ha  heat  of  the  furnace 
reaching  a  temperature  of  1300°C.  A  carfull  of  burnt  briquettes 
is  withdrawn  at  intervals  of  from  \  hour  to  1-J-  hours,  the  latter 
period  being  only  necessary  when  +-ha  ore  contains  more  sulphur. 

The  briquetting  furnace  acts  at  the  same  time  as  a  calciner,  and 
thus  desulphurises  the  ore;  Pitkaranta  concentrates  are  said  to 
con+.ain  about  0. 6  per  cent  Sulphur,  whilst  the  slowly  burnt 
briquettes  contain  only  traces.  Bach  car  carried  about  1-J-  tons 
of  brlqye+.tes,  so  that  the  output  of  a  fumaee  is  between  34  and 
60  tons  per  day;  where  there  is  no  sulphur  +«  be  got  rid  of,  the 
inventor  thinks  that  a  furnace  could  bum  up  to  100  tons  of 
briquettes  daily.  He  states  that  the  coal  consumption  amounts 
to  5#  of  the  weight  of  the  briquettes  burnt.  The  author  states 
that  3  men  and  one  lad  per  shift  suffloe  for  the  press  and 


furnacej  ha  estimates  the  -power  consumption  at  horse  power. 

A  furnace  such  as  described  here  is  said  to  cost  about  35,000 

kroner  (say  £/, 000)  to  which  must  be  added  the  cost  of  a  small 
gas  producer,  or  say  SI, 700  altogether.  The  press  costs  £300. 
Including  building,  tools  6c.,  the  cost  of  the  plant  may  be  taken 
as  about  £3,000. 

The  cost  of  briquetting  concentrates  may  therefore  be  calculated 
as  follows: - 

Upon  a  daily  production  of 

100  tons.  34  tons. 

Labour  ( say  40/-  per  day )  . .  5d.  Is. 8d. 

Fuel  (at  say  10/-  per  ton)  . .  6d.  . .  6d. 

Power  (at  say  £13  per  X.H.P.  per  annum)  ..  0$d.  ..  Id. 

Interest  and  depreciation  (at  10  per 

cent  per  annum)  . .  3-J-d.  . .  lOd. 

Oost  of  briquetting  per  ton  of 

briquettes.  Is.  lfd.  3s.  Id. 

No  doubt  cheaper  work  than  here  indicated  could  be  done  with 
e,  large  plant  laid  out  for  continuous  work,  the  aoove  figures 
being  for  a  small  plant  worked  on  a.  little  more  than  an  experimental 
scale.  The  cost  is  no  doubt,  even  so,  considerably  below  the 
increased  vp.lue  that  the  concentrates  or  fine  ore  will  attain 
by  this  treatment.  The  inventor  states  that  he  has  applied  the 
process  successfully  not  only  to  the  Pitkaranta  concentrates  but 
also  to  ores  of  all  classes,  including  red  hematites  and  brown 
hematites  of  various  kinds,  and  to  burnt  pyyites  residues  (purple 


May  1901. 

Messrs.  Pattinson  &  Stead  to  the  Syndicate. 

7th.  June  1901. 

We  hereby  certify  that  we  have  analysed  the  undermentioned 
samples  of  ore  and  that  we  find  the  following  resultB. 

Samples  received  from  Dr.  T.  Lehmann  May  39th/01  contains 

Dried  at  312 


Iron - 

-  68.660 

66.660  <$ 

-  3.800  - 

1.900  - 

Phosphorus  — - - 

-  0.016  - 

0.053  - 

Organic  matter  — 

-  1.900  - 

1.860  - 

Lime - - 

-  0.460  - 

0.660  - 

Magnesia  - 

-  0.144  - 

0.136  - 

Sulphur  - 

-  0.050  - 

0.055  - 

Arsenic  - 

- -  Trace 


(Signed. )  Pattinson  &  Stead. 

Messrs.  Pattinson  m  Stead  to  the  Syndicate. 

7th.  June  1901. 

We  hereby  certify  that  we  have  analysed  the  undermentioned 
samples  of  limestone  and  that  we  find  the  following  results.. 
Samples  received  from  Or.  T.  liehmann  May  S0th/01  contains 

Carbonate  of  Lime  - 

Carbonate  of  Magnesia 
Silica  - - - 

Alumina  - 

(Signed. )  Pattinson  &  Stead. 

No  l.A.  No.  3.  A.  No.  S,  A, 

-  90.  80  <H>  97.  10  97. 84  # 

—  S.  06  -  0.95  -  1.40  - 

-  3. 00  -  0.60  -  .  0. 66  - 

-  0.  64  -  0.31  -  0.09  - 

(Ox/fJcw  ■ 

4i£6'&: Z*S$m - <z2&etde,  ■ 

:  JKC. 

7th.  June  1901. ; 

Mr.’  Herman  E.  Dick, 

C/O’  Mr.  •  Thomas  A.'  Edisorl, 

Hew  Jersey.  U.  S.  A. 

Dear  air,. 

We  beg  to. ’acknowledge  receipt  of  your  letter  pf  the  3 9th. 


On  the  31st.  May  Yre  Cabled  Jtou  Edi sort-  as  fellows;  •. 

‘  h 

"Please  engage  railway  engineer  immediately  lie  should  go. 
direct  .to  Mo  via  Trondhjem  wiring  Lehmann  before  'arrival 
Must  bring  all  necessary  instruments  Advance  sufficient  travell¬ 
ing  expenses  which  we  repay  Wire  date  his  departure  America 
Obsession  London." 

We  ‘again  cabled 'Mr.  Edison  on  the  3fd.  Jude  As  ‘foiioWS^ 
"Regret  no  accommodation  engineers  wife  ObseSSiM. M 

Having  received  no  reply  we  cabled  today  ^plloWbj  — 

"When  does  Roberts  leave  Obsession*, 

ft  is  very  important  .that  Mr.  Robert^  Sbpylj}  *rprff 

at  Dunderland  as  speedily  "as  possible  because  the  se$po» 


which  work  is  possible  is  short. 

unfortunately  there  is  no  accommodation  at  'all  -at  Durtderlan'd  ’ 
for  ladles,  "and  although  Dr.  Lehmann  Was- very  desirous  to.  take 
his  wife  there,  he  considered  that  in  the  circumstances  It  Was 
quite  out  o,f  the  question. 

We  have  received  no  news  from  Mr.  Windsor  Richards  sine? 
he  left  England  except  'a.  very  short  report  id  which  he  stated 
hd  had  seed  hematite  separated  "by  one  magnet."  Presumably, 
therefore,"  he  will  Make  a  further  report  upon  what  hh  MS 
shewn  since  his  first  visit  to.  the  Laboratory.'" 

Mr.  A.  P.Fehrsaft  in  ft  recent  conversation  told  life  that  jfii!" 
David  Dale  appeared 'to,  baV"eu.ccwisiderably  cooled  he 

did,rnot  know  the  reason  for. this.'. 

Mr.  TUTrettini  has  been  engaged  to  1 
"  power -at  Dunderland  and  leaves  for  there  4$^'  /ii  .  ^ 

Dr.  Lehmann  IS  now  at  Dunderland  in  Opiftpatiy  M'f  ufifir^ 

-and  is- purchasing -additional  land  on  our  4 


■all  the  information  which  Mr.  Edison  reqM3S9%S. 

We  hope  that  the  full  bank  of  magnet#  iaH-odg-  t&Bt 

"and  rapidly. 

Yoiirs  faithfully, 



Messrs.  Pattinsorii  &  Stead,  to-  the  Syndicate. 

10  th.  June  1901., 

We  hereby  cel'll fy  that  we  have  an'alyaed’  the  undermentioned' 
sample  of  Iron  Ore  and  that  we'  find  the  following  results. 
Sample  received' June  lst/01  Marked  "C".  contains 
prjed  'at  ElSt  £«. 

Peroxide  of  Irofr  - 

Protoxide  of  IroN  - - - - 

Protoxide  of  Manganese  - - 

Titanic  Acid  - - i-- — 

Alumina - 

Lime  - - - - - - — - - - - — 

Magnesia - — 

Silica - * - ; - : - 

Sulphate  of  Baryta - 

Baryta  — - - - - - - 

Sulphur'  - — : - - - 

Phosphoric  Acid' - : - 

Oxide  of  Zinc - — 

Oxide  of  Copper- - - - - 

Oxides  of  Nickel  &  Cobalt  - 

Oxide  of  Lead - v - 

Arsenic - 1 - - - ' 

Carbonic  Acid  ' - 

Combined  Water - 

Carbonaceous  Matter' - 


6.943  - 
1.116  -  - 

0.360.  - 
5.050  - 

0.085  - 
0.416  - 
6.  700  - 

O. 460.  - 

P. CQP- 

99,913  # 

49. .35  # 

(Signed.')  Pattinson-  &  Stead;; 


Messrs.  Fattinsori  &  Stead  to-  the  Syndicate,.''  June  1901. 

We  hereby  certify  that  we  have  analysed  the  undermentioned’ 
samples  of  Slate,,-  'and  that  we  find  the  following  results. 

Samples  received  from  Dr. T. Lehmann  May  30,th/Ql  contains 
Wo.  1.  1  No.'S.  No.  3.- 

Silica -  65.30  56  66.80.  96  5 9., 70  96 

Alumina  -  19.53  -  84.41  -  19.80  - 


Lime'  - - — -  8.00  -  •  1.60  -  8.80  - 

Magnesia - -  3.89  -  1,44  -  1.6*  - 

Peroxide  of  Iron -  6.07  -  8.79  -  6.00  - 

Oigarii.c  Matter  - -  1.-76  -  8.50.  -  8.00.  - 

Sulphuric  Acid' -  0.07  -  •  0.05  -  0.05  - 

Pojtefsh -  2.30  -  8.51  -  8. 16  - 

So.da - - -  1.70  -  1.68  -  0.66  - 

(Signed!)  Fattins'on  &  Stead." 

75$  Limestone  #1. 

25$  Slate  #l-Should  produce  cement  of  following: 

Silica  22.42 
Alumina  8 . 60 
Oxide  Iron  2.06 
Calcium  Oxide  61.98 
Magnesia  4.31 

73$  Limestone  #2 

27$  Slate  #2-Should  produce  cement  of  following: 
Silica  24.12 

Alumina  10.46 

Oxide  Iron  2.13 

Calcium  Oxide  62.24 

Magnesia  1.03 

73$  Limestone  #3 

27$  Slate  #3-  Should  produce  oement  of  following: 
Silica  25.27$ 

Alumina  8.35 

Oxide  Iron  2.50 

Calcium  Oxide  62.89 

Magnesia  .93 

14th. >  June  1901>" 

Mr.  'Hefinan  E."Dick,- 

O/o  Mr.  T.  A.  EdlsorxV  . 


New  Jersey..  U. S.A.' 

■Dear  sir'. 

Enclosed." Is  copy  of 'a  letter  received  from  the  Allis  Chalmers 
Co. ' dated  the  13th. '  June,  •  respecting  the  proposition  of  the' Prod- 
ingham  Iron'  &  Steel  Works  which  you  took  over  to.  Mr.  Edisorj'  on 
yo.ur  recently-  returning  to,  the  States.  We  referred  to  this  matter 
in'  our  letter  to-  yoou  of  the  3rd.  inst. 

You  will  observe  that  the  Allis'  Chalmers  Co.  ;entertain  the 
idea  to  build  ;a  Set  of  rolls  for  the  Frodingham  Iron  Works.' 

We  have  been  triable  to  give  any  reply  to.  the  Allis  Chalmers 
Co.-  but  have  told  them  that  no.  doubt  we  3h‘all  hear  from  you,  on  the' 
subject  ere  long,  and  will  then  communicate'  with  them.  • 

The'  Frodingham  people  appear  anixi'oud  to-  obtain  rolls  similar' 
to  those  at  Lebaribtsy  Pehn  a.,  and  we  consider  that  if  wb  could 
do  business  with  them  i.t  would  be’  highly  'advantageous,  as  enabling 
us  to  make  a  start  under  profitable  conditions. 


A  Board  Meeting  has  been  summoned  for  next  week  to,  consider 
this-  matter,' 

Yours'  faithfully, 


1  Enclosure. 




Allis  Chalmers  Co.  to  the  Syndicate. 

13th.  June  1901. 

Dear  Sir, 

We  have  a  prospective  customer  in  the  Worth  of  England,  via 
the  Erodingham  Iron  &  Steel  Works,  who  is  very  desirous  of  purchas¬ 
ing  through  us  the  necessary  Crushing  Machinery  for  handling  the 
iron  ore  used  in  the  blast  furnaces  in  Erodlngham.  The  Manager  of 
these  Works  has  advised  us  that  he  has  already  been  in  communicat¬ 
ion  with  you  with  the  idea  of  purchasing  rolls  as  designed  by  Mr. 
Edison,  but  that  ha  has  been  unable  to  get  any  satisfaction  from 
you,  and  therefore,  he  has  asked  us  to  quote  him  for  rolls  similar 
to  those  operated  at  Lebanon,  Pennsylvania.  We  have  all  the 
necessary  data  for  building  a  set  of  the  rolls  in  question,  but 
we  consider  it  would  be  the  height  of  folly  to  attempt  to  make  an 
entirely  new  set  of  patterns  for  such  rolls  even  if  the  matter  of 
patent  rights  did  not  come  into  the  question  at  all,  and  as  we 
understand  that  you  control  these  patent  rights  for  England,  we 
would  like  very  much  to  have  an  opportunity  of  discussing  this 
subject  with  you,  with  the  idea  of  coming  to  some  arrangement 
whereby  we  can  have  a  set  of  these  rolls  jianufactured  by  the  maker  who  furnished  them  to  Mr.  Edison  originally.  The  write Y 
is  proceeding  to  the  North  on  Saturday  and  expects  at  that  time  to 
take  this  matter  up  with  a  representative  of  the  Erodingham  Iron  & 
Steel  Works,  and  in  order  to  be  prepared  to  talk  business  to  this 
gentleman,  we  would  like  vary  much  to  have  an  interview  with 
you  on  Friday,  the  14th.  inst. ,  or  if  you  cannot  arrange  that,  say 
Saturday  morning,  the  15th.  inst.,  and  we  would  be  very  much  obliged 
if  you  would  call  us  up  on  the  telephone  immediately  upon  receipt 
of  this  letter,  and  let'  us  know  what  arrangement  you  con  make 
with  regard  to  an  appointment  as  suggested. 

Yours  faithfully, 


(Signed. )  Wm.  F.  Kett. 



19th  June  1901.  .  A,t'^ 

U~ "''' 


T .  A.  Edison ,  Esq. , 


New  Jersey,  U.S. 

My  dear  sir. 

In  accordance  with  promise  made  I  now  have  pleasure  in  forwarding 
you  outline  tracing  of  the  hull  of  a  typical  cargo -carrying  steamer  such 
as  i s  usually  used  for  iron  ore,  coal,  &c.  showing  obstructions  in  the  way 
of  pillars  &c.  which  might  interfere  with  discharging  magnetically  as  you 

Discussing  with  Mr.  Dick  the  standing  of  the  Consett  Iron  Co. 
he  said  it  would  be  of  interest  to  you  to  peruse  our  last  balance  sheet 
and  I  then  promised  him  to  forward  you  a  copy.  This  I  {lave  pleasure  in  now 
doing  and  also  send  one  for  Mr.  Dick  which  perhaps  you  will  be  kind  enough 
to  hand  him. 

I  take  this  opportunity  of  thanking  you  for  your  kindness  on  my  - 
two  visits  to  your  Laboratory  at  Orange  which  were  full  of  interest  more 
especially .inasmuch  as  they  were  more  nearly  connected  with  the  trade  in 
which  I  am  concerned,  the  experiments  I  witnessed  in  connection  with  the 
Dunderland  iron  ore. 

Yours  faithfully, 

art/  ffle'ryl' 

_  45# 

"Obsession -  London'.'  .  J 

52I4.Gerrard.  ^Jy" 

c W.C. 

28th.  Jufte  1901. 

Mr.'  Thomas  A.  Edison,;. 

New  Jersey.. 


Bear  Sir, 

Mr.  Windsor  Richards  attended  a  lengthy  Meeting  of  Directors 
held  yesterday,  when  he  presented  his  report  upod  his  recent  visit 
to  the  United  States  on  our  behalf.'  A  copy  of  his  report  is 
enclosed  herewith.  It  is'  a  preliminary  report,  because  tHaire 
has  not  yet  been  time  to  have  'analysed  all  the  Samples  of  con¬ 
centrates  &c..  brought  over  by  Mr.  Ri.chafds.  This  is,  however; 
being  done  by  Mr.  Richards*  own  chemist  and  oft  completion  Mr..' 
Richards  will  furnish  "a  supplementary  report. 

In  discUssiftg  with  the  Directors  the  sub  start  ce  of  the 
report.  Mr.  Richards  drew  attention  to;  his- recommendation' con¬ 
tained  ih  .the  closing  paragraphs  that  the  cfushirtg  machinery  of 
the'  old  mill  should  be  transplanted  to  Dunde'r land  and  that 
operations  on  'a  s’niall  scale  shoftld  first'  be  undertaken  there  before 
embarking  on  bn  enormous  cash  expenditure'.  He  considered' 


tha-tf  the'  lessons  taught,  by  practical  working  even  on  a  sniall 
shale'  might  effect  'a  gr'eat  economy  iii  subsequent  operations.’ 

Hts  view  appeared,  to  be  tha.t  as  you,  have- riot  had' the  advantage 
of  seeing  the  Duriderl‘and  property,  the  configuration'  of  the  ground; 
its-  natural  characteristics  &c..,-  the'  expenditure  of  some'  hundreds 
of  thousands  of  pounds  would  be  premature  arid 'it  might  eventually' 
turn  out  that  considerable  "and  extremely  coStly"  changes  would  be 
required;  causing  long  delays  'arid  'imperilling  the  future  of  the' 

Mr.  -  Lawrence  'arid ’Mr.  Wallace  discussed  this  natter  very 
fully -and  were  of  opiniotf  that  It  would  be  impolitic  to  undertake 
'arty' experimental  work  "at  Dunderl’and, .  considering  that  the  proces's 
must  be  taken'  to  have  passed  the  experimental  stage  arid 'that 
commercial  results'  alorie  were  of  any  use  ribw. 

The’  Directors  would  be  glad'of  yo-ur  views  as  to  the  wisdom 
of  Mr.  Richards  suggestion. 

MT.  Richards  was  greatly  Struck  with  .the  immense  size  of 
the  crushing  machinery  contemplated  for  Dunderlarid'an'd  -expressed.' 
doubts  "as  to  the  expediency  of  erecting  giant  rollB  8.  feet  in 
diame'ter  at  a  height  of  100  feet  from  the  ground;  We  believe  , 
that  you  consider  that  almost  any  kind' of  rifachiriery  would  crush 
the'  Dunderland  ole  arid  Mr.  Richards  thinks  that  crushirig  machinery 
of  the  Same  size  as  the  cement  mill  would  be  amply  large'  enough;' 

If  we  built  the  Dunderland  crushing  machinery  uniform  *i,tji 


the  Portland.''  Cemetft  machinery  we  could,  use  'all  the'  plans;  speci¬ 
fication's*  drawings,  &c.  used  for  that  mill, which  would  save  a 
Vast  deal  of  time  'and  expense. .  We  must  have  soma  definite  plans 
to  hand ' over  to  the  large  Company  when  created  'and  it  seemB  Im¬ 
possible  for  entirely  new  plans  to  he  completed' upder  you?  super¬ 
vision'  in  time  for  that  purpose.' 

You,  will  observe  that  Mr.  Kichards  fears  the  complete 
batik  of  magnets  may  not  be-  re’ady  for  shipment  to  London  for 
some  months.' 

Mr.  Dick*  on  his  return  to  .the  States  irt  April  last*  took 
over  with  him  iii  order  to  submit  to  you*,  very  full  particulars 
‘and  Samples  of  rock  &c.  sent  to  uS  by  the  Prodingham  Iron  &  Steel 
Works,  'a  large  coricerrt  over  here.-  They  are  pressing  us  very  much 
for  an  'answer  and  we  have  written  Mr.’  Dick  recently  enquiring 
about  the  matter. 

Would  it  not  be  possible  to.  sell  them  a  portion  at  least  of 
th^crushing  plant  of  the  old  mill  at  Edison’;  as-  we  Understand’ 
they  'are-  hot  now  being  used? 

If  we  could  demonstrate  this  crushing  process  in  England 
it  would  be  of  great  assistance  to  uS  and  this  s'eems  'asJadmifable 


Yours  faithfully, 


1  Enclosure.' 

Mariager;  ’ 


COPY,,  ^  M 


Caerleon.  Mod'.- 
jujde  filst. :  190, i; 

Messrsi  The  Edisod  Ope -Mil  ling  Syndicate  1,J4* 



Agreeably  with  the  desire  expressed  ip  your  favour  to 
me  of  the  J38tn.  Mafch  last*  X  VisltedMr,  EdlSon^S  liabofatory 
'at  orange,  end  some  installations  ill  other  parts  of  America  in 
order  .to,  furnish  you  with  the  information.  I  Have  been  'able  to 
gleaii,'  and  tty  own  views  on-  the  methods  of  crushing  "and '  separating 
the  Magnetic  ’and  Specular  Hematite'  Ores;  of  Sunderland  in  Norway, 
‘and  rendering  them  fit  for  the  manufacture  of  Bessemer  Pig  Iron,. 

I  arrived'  in  New  York  on  the  morning  of  the  11th.  April  last 
and  accompanied  by  Mr.  Dick  1  visited'  Mr.  Edison  at  his  labor¬ 
atory  on  Monday  the  16th.  April,  add  after  a  careful  examination- 
of  the  Magnetic  -separation  of  the’  finely  ground  Specular  Hematite 
1  cabled  you  as  follows: - 

ApTil  16th.  1901. 

Obsession,  Iiondon. 

Have  visited  Edison  today,  and  seen  successful  Magnetic 
separation  of  Specular  HeMatita  Ore  from  ;its  Gangue. 

Edison  States  that  the  dew  liaghetic  Separators  will  be 
ifeady  for  my '.examination  in  'about  Six  weeks,  writing, ' 

V  '  Windsor  Richards, 

The  substance  of  my  letter  to  you  of  the  Ifth.  April  last 
was'  that  MT.  Edisod.  had'fully  explained 'to  me  his  system  of 
separating  Specular  Hematite  ore  from  its  gangge,  It  is'  ingen¬ 
ious  Snd  simple  enough.  Whilst  there  IS,  of  course,  do.  difficulty 
in  the  separation-  of  Magnetic  Ofe,  it  is  altogether  'a  different 
matter  with  bn  0re  that  is  odly  Very  slightly  Magnetic.  If  a 
magnet  ip  brought  near  the  Specular  Dire,  when  the  Ore  Is  lying 
flat  on  'ally  Surface,  the  Magnet,  as  far  as  can  be  seen,  exerts  no 


•  *  ~fi~ 

influence  on  it,  owing  to  friction*  but  if  the  finely  ground' 
Bpecuiar  Hematite  is  Allowed  to  fall  through  space,  'and  the  magnet 
is  brought  almost  dose  to  it,  it  will- be  seen  that  the  attract- 
ion  of  the  magnet  is  then  exerted  by  drawing  the  Ore  towards  it;; 
b,s  shewn  in  the  following  Biretch V- 

The  sketch  shews  the  Ore  passing  away  on  the  side  influenced 
‘by  the  magnet,  the  (JartgUe  passing  aWay  on  the  opposite  Bide',, 

The  apparatus  I  Saw  in  operation  is  made  of  wood ,  and  is  hot  of 
course,'  anything  like  as  effective  ‘as  will  be  the  knife-edge  of 
the  separating  sheet  of  Zinc  accurately  adjusted;  and  the  present 
adjustment  of  the  Wood  diyider  by  hand;  is  odly  a  rough  'and  ready 
way  of  shewing  how  the  results  can  be  obtained,'  but  still  there 
is  sufficient  to  shew  separation.'  one  magnet  is  quite  insuff¬ 
icient  to;  effe'ct  U  complete  Separation,-  so.  that  the'  material  has 
to  be  passed' twelve  times  over  the  Same  magnet,'  ' 

At  the  dape'  of  this  visit  Mr.  Edison  Said  he  had  hot 
received’ instructions  to  make  the  bank:  of  1*  Magnets  necessary  for 
complete  separation  by  o&e  operation*  but  Mr.  Pick  then  informed- 
him  that  he'. was' authorised  to.  order  the  14  magnets  to  be  made  'as  . 
quickly  as  possible,  and  Mr,  Edison  proposed  that  they  should' be 
fbady  1U  from  £  to  ^weekS*' 

I  was  informed  that  the  crushing  ’and  other  machinery  which  had 
been  in  operation  at  Edison  Was  not  now  ’at  worfe^  the  Timber 
foundations  having  been  found  not  strong  enough,  so.  that  the 



whqle  plant  of  Crushing  rolls  'and' Briquette  machinery  Had  been 
idle  fof  soliie  months  past*  -  • 

In  discussing  the  Duriderland  proposition',  Mr.  Edison 
lhformQd'  me  that  the  Ofe,  "as  mined*  oontairied'an  average  of 
37*66  #  of  Iron*  the  variations  being  from  28.46  to.  41.67  #»■ 

Fo-jr  the  purpose1  of  separation,  the'  n£ateri'al  must  he  so  finely 
ground  that  it  will  pass  through  a  mesh  of  60.  tq,  the  inch*  so.  that 
the  Magnetic  and  $pe'cuiar  Ores  which  are  practically  free  from 
Phosphorus  can  be  magnetically  separated  from  the  Apatjtite,  thus 
reducing  the  .800  of  PhdsphoyttS  to  ,  089  #, 

I  witnessed  a  separation  of  69  TbS.  1  ouhee  of  Crude  Ore, 
which  gave  :- 















but  several  operations  shew  that  these  proportion's  Vary  consider¬ 
ably,  but  taking  the  whole  of  the  Mines'  it  is  thought  the  Magnet¬ 
ite'  will  average  about  16#,  and  Hematite  86 #»' 

Mr;  Edison  also  informed  me  that  in  ofle  deposit  alone  at 
Dunderland  there  were  $6,000f,00.0  tons  of  Ore  whioh  oould  be 
worked  open  cast,  and  he  believes  the  ^Iflqn,  as  mihedj  will  average' 
40.6,4#,  of  whioh  16*08#  will  be  magnetite,  ‘and.  84.98#  Ss'matite. 

He  states  that  0/-  per  ton  dollar's^  will  ooyer  the'  whole 
cost  of  mining,  the  crushing  and  conveying  the  Concentrates  to 
the  port  of  Shipment,  1®  or  16  miles  away  from  the  Mines,  arid 
there  mixed  with  a  binding  material,  arid  made  i&to  Briquettes,  arid 
put  F.0,3#.' 

He  estimate's  that  10-  cents  (6d,  J  per  crude’  ton-  will  pay  the 
cost  of  mining  by  steam  shovel,  and  plaoe'  the  Ore  into,  the  crush¬ 
ers,  the  Concentrates  thus  oostiHg  $0  cents  <10d*$  per  tori*  The 
Briquettes  absorb  $0#  of  their  bulk  in  Alcohol,  but  will  not 


absorb  water « 

Oft  the'  8nd.  Ui&y  X  wrote  Mr.  Edison  urging  the  completion  of 
the  new  bank  of  magnets,  as  X  was  obliged  to  return  to  England  on 
the  18th.  £u fte*.  , The  reply  was  that  there  Was  a  delay  on  the 
part  of  the. manufacturer's  in  supplying  the  Steel  Castings  which 
had  to  fee  made  of, a  special  quality  of  Steely 

On  May  80th.  with  a  view  of  seeing  a  plant  under  construction 
and  nearing  completion*  which  would  resemble  what  was  proposed ’to 
be  installed  at  Dunderlaftd,  X  went  to  New  Village,  Btewar'tsville, 
accompanied  "by  Mr,  Edison  'and  'Mr.  Dick,  The  installation- at 
this  place  is  oh  a  large  scfale,  and  designed'  for  the'  manufacture 
of  Portland  Cement. 

The  rock  is  hard*  and  the  giant  rolls  “are  very  Stfoftg  'and 
well  constructed,-  being  6  feet  in  diameter  by  four  long,  to  take 
in  lumps  of  rook  weighing  as  muSh  'as  6  tons.  The  ciroumfererice 
of  the"  ro-lls  is  to  be  runi  at  the  rate  of  some  6',.000  feet  per 
minute,  and  to  crush  10*  cubes.  The  rolls  are  placed' some 
00  feet  above  the  level  of  the  ground*  and  on  most  massive  stone 

Although  this  looks  a  formidable  plant  it  would  be  comparat¬ 
ively  small  with  that  proposed  for  Dundetlahd,  where  the  giant 
rolls  axe  to  be  8  feet  in  diameter  by  8  feet  long,  and  placed’ 

9B  feet  above  tie  ground*’  After  the  rock  has  passed  the  giant 
rolls*  it  is  further' crushed  in  rolls  30*'  ifi  diameter  "by  £§"  long 
to  4"  ffiubas,  and  again  to  $»  cubes,  The  material  is  then  taken 
by  a  conveyor  to.  a  drying  tower,  and  dried  at  the  rate  of  000 
tons  per  hour*  After  the  material  is  dried 'it  is  conveyed  to  ’a 
large  stock  house,  and  finally  crushed  to  lOQfO,  of  'an  iftoh*.  afld- 
screened,  and  that  which  is  found  too  coarse  is  returned  for 
further  grinding,  The-  whole  of  this  machinery  is'  to  be  driVeft 
by  'a  very  well  designed  and  economical  Working  Engine,  of  the 
Compound  Vertical  type,  made  by  the  Allis  Company  of  Milwaukee, 


So.  far  I  had 'not  Seed  what  I  had  most  Wanted  to  see*  whioh  Was 
the  gi&nt  rolls-  at  work.  ■  I’ felt  quite  unable  to-  picture  to  my 
mind  the  behaviour'  of  these  rolls,  running  at  such  high  Bpeed,  and 
what  effect. the  pulverising  of  such  hard  rbok  had  Upon  the  length 
of  .their  lives  ana  their  wearing  parts.  - 

•  I  h&d  the-  good  fortune  to  be  introduced  to  Mr.  Stephen  S. 
Palmer,  and  during  our  conversation  he  informed  me  that  he  was 
the  President  of  the  New  Jersey  Zino  Company  at  Franklin,  and 
had  ' important  crushing  machinery,  and  Concentrating  plant 'at  work, 
which  he  would. have  pleasure  lh  shewing  me,  'add  working  of.  whioh 
hi.s  Engineer  would  fully  explain',  1  therefore  accompanied'  him 
oh  Monday  June  10th.  by  the  8, SO  a.m.  tram  to  Franklin*  "add 
examined  the  Zinc  Quarry,  The'  rock  to  be  crushed  and  gro.udd 
is  extremely  hard,  1  Have'  brought  a  sample  fnr  your  inspection’. 

I  carefully  examined  the  whole  of  this  well  designed  "and  eff¬ 
icient  plant,  1  had  the’  great  satisfaction  of  seeing  the  giant 
rolls,  and  the  other  crushing  and'  separating  plant  on  full  operat¬ 
ion,  The  lumps  of  Ofe  to  be  crushed  are  of  various  sizes  up 
to.  say  18"  or  SO."  cubes,  They  fall  thfoUgh  the  bottom  doors 
of  large  Cars  into-,  the  Hopper  over  the  adtsint  rolls,  without  the 
le’ast  cerettnopy,  or  any  .'attempt,  ht  delicate  handling’.  The 
first  rolls  'are  &  feet  in  diameter  bp  4  feet',  going  at  a 
speed’ of  'about  5,000.  feat  per  minute,,  drived  bp  a  wide  belt 
whioh  is  allowed  to  slip,'  'The  rolls  ‘crunch  up  the  FPanklini-te 
without  flinching* 

Whilst  the  rock  was  being  crushed  X  examined  the  standards 
hnd  all  paftts  of  this*  the  mast  important  portion*  of  the  crushing 
pltott,  bdd  X  foupd  it  quite  steadp 'and  it-  worked' quite  Satisfaot- 
orily,  The  Works  were  theft  Stopped*  and  the  guards  in  front.  &nd 
te-oHof  the  crushing  rolls  removed,  so  that  X  might  see  exactly 
their  construction*,  and  note  the  We'af  ail'd  tear  of  the  foggles. 

The  Engineer  had  previously  shewn  and  given  me  blue  prints  of 
these  working  parts,  sp'  X  was  'able1  at  oftce  to  uftderattyid'thQ 


-fir  ■  .. 

"hole  construction.,  The  interchangeable  plates  have. the  Joggles 
chilled  to  ’a  depth  of  If-1',  and  cost  £10  each,  They  Trill  crush 
Uefoi-e  being  word  out,  «E,QQQ  tofts  of  rock,.  There  are  two 
sloggers  and  «  Joggle  plates  on  each  roll.  The  whole  plant 
consumes  about  1,000  Horse  Power,  hftd  was  So  well  and  conveniently 
'arranged  as  to  employ  few  mart.  As  an  instates  of  this  the  Coal 
was  discharged  from  the’ Cars  through  the  bottom  doers  into  a 
Hopper , -below  the  level  of  the  ground,  It  was  conveyed  on  .  a 
Belt  by  the  Robins  system  of  Conveyor  to  the  top  of  the  Boiler 
House,  and  discharged  automatically  into  the. coal  receptacle  i'n 
front  of  each  Boiler;  add  there  was  only  ofte  man  in  attendance  fotf 
the  whole'  of  the  Boilers  to  seeffco  the  level  of  the  water  and ’the 
Cecal  feeding  apparatus  to  the  steep  incline  grates. 

The  Engine  Roorp,  Engine  s;  Pynamos,  CoiideftsorS,  Pumps,  &o. 
would  well  serve  as  a  model  for  ’any  such  similar  installation;, 
and  with  the  very  few  men  employed.  Such  a  large  plant  Was 
quite  remarkable.  ■ 

.™s  Eranklinite,  by  magnetic  separation'  and  water  washing 
was  brought,  from  a  «6#  metal  to  a  60J6,  consisting  of  Zinc,  Iron 
-and'Manganese.  The  dust  in  the  MU1  is  Very  trying.,  but  was  Said 
not  to  have  any  permanent  ill  -effects  upon  the  health  of  .the  men; 
who  wore  Respirator's, 

in  the  afternoon  of  the  same  day,  Mr,  Palmer  drove  me  over 
to  Edison  to  meet  Mr.  Mallory,  Vice-president  of  the  Edison 
Company,  The  whole  plant  Was  idle,  and  had  been  So. for  several 
months.  Ip  had  'a  makeshift  "and  very  unprepossessing  appearance;, 
and  when’  I  was  informed' that  oVe'r  all  last  year  they  had  to  crush 
and  separate  6$  tons  of  rook  to-  obtain  ofie  toft  of  Ore,  I  wondered' 
it  was  ?ver  allowed  to  wofk  at  'all,  powever  dingy,  and  poor  the 
plant  looked,  t  was  Very  pleased. to. note  that  . the  vital  part,  the 
giant  rolls,  had  done  Very  good  wofk,.  and-  were  still  in,'  good  order 
•and  fit  to  dd  much  mofe  work#'  The  foundations  too,  udder  these; 
the-  heaviest  rolls  were  intact,  aftd  the  smaller  rolls  wef-e  in- 



good  Order,  and  no  doubt  have  properly  performed  the  work  required 

The  briquette  plant  consisted  of  machines  for  mixing  the 
Tar  land  Pitch  with  Jbhe  Concentrate's,  ’and  JSO  presses.  Said  to  he 
capable  of  turning  o.ut  £00  tons  in  84  hours  when  working  contig¬ 

There  are  three  pressures  given  to  the  Briquette  in  each 
Machine)  the  first  of  1,800  pounds,  the  .second' 18,000  pounds  add' 

-'a  final  pressure  of  60, 00Q  pounds.  The  briquettes  are  then  con¬ 
veyed  to  and  passed  through  16  ovens,  whioh'  bake'  them  68  minutes. 
The'  latter  made  machines  are  fairly  strong  and  good,  but  the  ■  whole 
Briquette  plant,  having  passed  the  experimental  stage. Should  be 
well  thought  out,  be  more  strongly  made,  and  put  into  a  better  'and' 
more  permanent  state  for  Bunder land.  They  have  turned'  out  about 

80,000  tons  of  Briquettes  in  all,' 

It  having  became  quite  evident  that  there  was  ho.  possibility 
of  seeing  the  system  of  14  magnets  in  operation,  X  decided  to 
again  visit  the  laboratory  to.  know  the  effect  of  the  working  of 
the'  one  new  magnet  which  Was  ±3n  position.-  MrEdisori* a  assistant 
Mr.  <J. B.  Ballhntihe,  passed  some  ground  material  IS  times  before 
■toe  new  magnet,  so  that  X  might  observe  its  separations?  a 
second  magnet  was  being  prepared  and 'was  id  a  forward'  Btate,  but 
would  not  be  ready  to  be  fixed  in  its  position' uflder  the  first 
magnet  for  some  days. 

The  new  niagnet  is  'an  important  improvement#  the  effect  of 
it  in  comparison  with  the  first  oris  he  trig  to-  reduce  the  Tailings 
'about  4  'and  it  is  believed  that  the  first  three  magnets  of 
the  dew  type  will  putt  out  £0  #  Qf  the  Bematitey  und  there  will 
be  little  or  no-  Mugwump  left#  SO^that  the  re  stats  from  the  new 
magnets  ar^  very  promising#; 

By  volume  there  , IS  ,  §6£  more  Gangue  triad  ore#  but  by  weight  the 

proportion  ip  equal*- 

If  Pequira'd  the  Magnetite  can  be  kept  Separate  from  the 



An  improved  magnet  for'  the  separation  of  the  Magnetite  is  be¬ 
ing  Prepared,  I  have  taken  Samples  of  the  separation  by  the 
new  magnet  and  will  have'  them 'analyzed. 

Sample  No.  1  is  Magnetite, 

*  Wo-'  ®»  Tailings,  after  passing  the  Magnet  IB  .times. 

11  No*,  g,.  Specular  Concentrate,  18  passes. 

*  No. '  4*,  n  »  with  8  final  passes', 

making  in. 'all  14. 

"  No.  6,  Final  concentrate',  after  passing  what  is  termed' 
•'Sucking  Billy, "  * 

"  No,  6  Aphtite'  from"Sucking  Billy.  " 

"Sacking  Billy"  is  designed' for  the  purpose  of  completely 
separating  by  means  of  induced  currents,  the  last  remains  of 
dust  from  the  Ore,-  so  as  to  bring  down  the  Phosphorus  to  the 
lowest  point, 

X  believe  it  is  proposed  to  erect  machinery ’at  Dunderland 
’at  the  outset,  for  dealing  with  "an  output  of  6,000  tods  of  Crude 
Ore'  per  day.  Machinery'  sufficiently  powerful  to  crush  and 
separate  5,000  toils  in  Bo  hours  to  pass  through  ‘a  60  mesh,  will 
be  needed  and  this  will  furnish  S,500  tons  -of  Concentrates  per 
day  and  Say  -6  dayB  per  week  and  60  Weeks  per  ye'af'  will  give  an 
output  of  386,000  tons  of  Briquettes. 

Briquettes.  1B6  Machines  Such  as  those  i  Saw  at 
Edison,  in  continual  operation  will  be  required,  as  well  as  68 
Baking  Ovens  with  plant  for  mixing  the  Concentrates  with  a  bind’ 
ing  material. 

With  such  immense  deposits'  or  Ore ' at  Durtderland  it  is  quite 
conceivable'  that  the  quantities  named  above  will  be  doubled;  So 
that  when  the  whole  installation  IS  laid  out*  it  Will  be  found 
to  be  a  Vast  and  costly  undertaking,  requiring  BoilerB,  Electria 
Pqpr  Plant*  crushing  Machinery;  Drying  lowers  for  the  Ofe,  Stork 
house  for  coarse  crushing* ;  Fide  crushing  RollBj  fioreens,  Magnetic 
separators*  Magna tio  -Ore  Stock  Souse*  Hematite  Stock  house.  Blower 
house,  16  miles  of  Railway  to  Fort  for  conveyance  of  concentrates. 


1  -9- 

Stook  hou.Se  for  fine  Concentrate  si.  Heaters,  Mixer's,  Briquette 
machines,  Ovefls,  and  Ore  pockets  for  rapid  loading  into,  vessel; 
Machine  and  Power  shop,  Foundry  "and  gtor'es)  'a  Vast  undertaking 
requiring  the  best  Engineering  ,  thought,  and  'ability. 

Prom  the'  foregoing  1  report  the  following  results,-* 

That  the'  one  improved  magnet  1  Saw  in  operation  at  the  Edison 
laboratory  make's  a  most  important  separation  of  Hematite  Ore  from 
its  dengue,  after'  the  Ore  has  been  finally  crushed  and  passed'  thr- 
-ough  a  60  mesh  to  the  inch,  add  1  am  Justified  in  the  belief  that 
the  3  magnets  operating  ode  after  the  other  will  effect  a  Separ¬ 
ation  of  about  60J6,  and  th'at  a  series  of  14  magnets  will  operate 
so  effectually  'as  to  leave  an  insignificant  quantity  of  Ore  iri  the' 

It  was  unfortunate  that  the  14  new  magnets  were  dot  iri 
operation  iri  time  for  me  to  report  the  results'  to  you.  in  a  more 
definite  manner. 

A  complete  set  of  magnets  axe  promised  to  be  ready  to  be 
sent  to  Loridon,  and  erected  there  by  August  next,  but  I  must  say 
that  unless  better  progress  is  made  than  I  saw,  the  magnets  will 
not  be  at  work  in  Loridon  for  same  months, 

This  bank  of  magnets  if  ereoted  in  one  vertical  line,  will 
require  a  height  of  86  feet, 

I  was  sorry  not  to.  See  the  Briquette  making  machinery  in 
operation;  but  1  have  rio  doubt  that  with  the  experience  already 
obtained  this  portion  of  the  plant  will  be  improved  'and :  made  to 
work  quite  efficiently*’ 

If  the  deposits  at  Duflde'rlarid  aria  so  enormous  a#  stated 
there  can  be  little  doubt  that  th»  Company  will  export  over  1,000, 
OQQ  tons  of  Briquettes  annually*  fio  large  a  quantity  will  entail 
a  great  outlay  of  money*  'and  requite  'an  installation,  of  plant  and 
machinery  so  vast  that  when'  orice  erected' and  set  to  work,  alter¬ 
ations;  and'  improvements  could  not  well  be  made',  arid  so  I  beg  to; 
suggest  to  you.  the  desirability  of  feeling  the  way  a  little'  more 


before  launching  into  such  an  enormous  outlay.  My  suggestion  for 

your'  consideration  i-s  that  as  the.  Crushing  rolls  at  Edison  are  irt 
siich  good  working  order,  they  could  be  seht  to  Durtderl'aAd,  ‘and 
erected" there  at  a  comparatively  email  cost,  add  instead' of 
fixing  the  giant  rolls  90  feet,  high  above  the  ground' they  should' 
be  fixed  no  higher'  than  is  necessary  to  pass  the  Conveyor  uAder 
them  to  receive  the  broken  rock  and  convey  it  to-  the  next  pair  of 
rolls,  and -so  on  crushed  fine  enough, '  and  S  or  three  banks 
of  14  magnets  might  bs  sufficient  for  'a  commencement,  and  'a 
dozen  or  so  of  the  best  Briquette  making  machines  at  Edison 
utilized.  All  this  could  be  got  quickly  to  work  pending  fuller 
development  of  the'  MifteS. 

The  samples  of  Apatite  and  Ores  brought  home  with  me,  'are 
in  the  hands  of  the  Chemist,  the  analyses  will  be  completed  itt  a 
fortnight  and  I  will  then  report  whether  the  separations  I  wit¬ 
nessed  have  been  so  effectual  as  "to  make  the  Concentrate 
Briquettes  pure  'enough,  or  in  other  wordsjft"  whether  the  Ores,  as 
mined,  have  been  changed  from  a  phosphoric  to  la  nori-phospho.r'i.c 
material  fit  for  high-class  Steel-making  purposes. 

Yours  faithfully, 

(Signed.)  E.  Windsor  KichardS. 

8th.  July  1901. 

Mr.  Herman  E.  Dick/ 

C/a  Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison;/ 
Orange , 

New  Jersey.  U.  S.  A.' 

Dear  Sir, 

In  our  recent  conversations  with  Mr.  Windsor  Ri.chatfds  the 
desirability  iKf  Mr.  Edison  visiting  Duftdeir land " this-  summer  has 
been  much  discussed. 

Mr..  Lawrence  contemplates  going  to  Duhderland  in  August  next 
and  would  be  glad 'if  you  would  use  your  endeavors  to.  persuade 
Mr.  Edison  to  accompany  him  there. 

It  would  manifestly  be  of  the  greatest  'advantage  to  this 
Syndicate  in  subsequent  operations,"  'and  the  visit  will  be  one 
full  of  interest  to  Mr.  Edison",  in  addition  to  giving  hiin  a 
much- needed  holiday. 

The  visit  should  be  made  during  August  "as  after,  the  first 
fortnight  in  September,  the  we;athe"r'  usually  becomes  unsettled" 
and  locomotion  i's  difficult  there. 

Will  you  kindly  inform  iis  if  there  is  any  chance  of  Mr. 

Edison  falling  in  with  this  suggestion-  ? 

Ycairs  faithfully,- 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

New  Jersey.  U.  S.A. 

Dear  Sir, 

Eftclosad'we  beg  to  hand.' you,  copy  of  a  Supplementary 
Report  made  by  Mr.  Windsor  Richards  dated ‘the  8th.  inst. 

Yours  faithfully^ 


1  Enclosure. 




Plafi  Llecha,. 

Caerleod*.  Mon. 

July  8th.  1901. 

Messrs,'  The  Edison’  Ote  Milling  Syndicate , M#  ’ 



Xfl  continuation  of  my  rep pit  of  the'  Hist*  <Tuhe  1‘aBt,  1  now 
submit  the’ ’analyses  Made'  by  Mf.  Morgan'S*  Chemist  at  the  DoWlaiS 
WorES,;  of  the  Samples  X  brought  from  Edison*' 

The  3  lumps  A,  B,  &  c;  ‘are  samples  of  punda'r land ' Norwegian 
Ore  ias  mifled*  and  were  given  me  by  Mr.  Edison* 

Lump  A,  is- estimated’ to  be  high  in  Hematite*  containing 
probably  40#  tfe'matite*  fend  4  or  p#  Magnetite,' 

Lump  Bi'  ia  an  average  sample  of  the  Ore  as  mirie'd,  con¬ 
taining  probably  about  1§#  Magnetite,  add 'HP  to  30#  Hematite. 

Lump  C.  '  i,s  thought  to  be'  high  in.  Magnetite,  probably 
40#,  "and  4  to  8#  hematite. 



Llfflp  Ba' 

Lump  C. 

Peroxide  of  Iran* 



67.70;  #. 

Protoxide  of  Iron* 



OXide  of  Manganese* 

.19  '* 

ise  #. 

AlUmitfa.’  .  .  . 

- - 

1.00,  #. 




•BO..  #. 




;i5  #. 

EUlphuflc  Aoidi'  (Bo 



trace  #. 

Phosphoric  Acid, 



.19  #. 

Al'senioufl  Acid* 



.017  # 

Carbonic  Acid  '& 
Combined  water* 



Nil  .#;'; 

Hilicious  Residue, 

11.  40.  4. 

> — mm~~ 






Lump  a:~ 


Metallic  irofl*' 



*  ifengaaeSei 



SulphLr;  - 


'  pi 







'  Residue', 



Composition-  of 

S_  RaSidbe'S,.  ^ 

Silica.  <f, 


80;  50. 

Alumina  56 


— 1*S(£L 

— sails.  . 

These  licked 

samples  chew  a  gre'at  ■variation  of 

m  mem  wlv  a  fc6>.  4.  «:■  *> «. 

j3ried~‘at  fel8°  Tfawy 

flPi 1  is-  separated' Magnetite  ore.' 

gosS  a?ailirigS-  after  passing  the'  Magnet  lfc  times. 

Se^gt  Specular  Concentrate  'after  1ft  passes*' 
Ne.4.  *  »  *  14  * 

Lump  C. 


2Jai£  Nitfal  Specular  Coacefitrata*  after  passing  what  is  termed 
Sa^  Apatite;  ’SucKing  Sill?*. 

1i?  «#'  «  4*  «■* 

Pefoxide  of  IfoiSu 

66,60  15*71 



94*00.  64. 14 

Protoxide'  of  trod 

an  80  .48 



*64  .90 

0xid4'  of  Mangafiei 

S**0O  .80 



— —  .81 


1’  CO 

1  *  09 



.15  0.00. 





.00  1.70 


trace  .60 



trade  1.00, 

Sulphuric  Acini  $ 

c/8 J.  OB5  *086 



.008  .007 

Phosphoric  Acid 

•M  .47 



*0.61  .596 

Arfletiious  Acid'"  ' 

.w 7 



*018  ;017 

Carbonic  Acid  '& 

Combined  water, 

SilicicuS  Residue 

pi  turn 

*8*65 ft 




*08  1.60, 

8ftt88£  .06,651 



90*  9&70fr 










Metallic  Iron. 

as.  41 


63.  Q5 




"  Manganese; 

















•  0,48 





•  015 









8#  SO. 



88, 10 

Composltion  of  Insoluble  Silicioua  Residue's,  Has.  8  &  3 

Silica  <f>'. 

73;  00 


Alumiria  #/ 



_ 75.50 


Remarks  on  Ho*  1  Sample/  This  'analysis  shews  that 
Edison* a  process  of  crushing  with  Magnetic  Separation  aild  Briquet- 
ting  has  changed’ the'  impure  Magh'atite  material  low  in  Iron 'and' 
high  .in  Phosphorus*  to-  o}le  high  in  Iron  add'  low  in  Phosphorus; 
and  suitable  for  the'  manufacture  of  high  class  Pig  Iron  foT 
the  Bessemer  add  Open  Hearth  Acid  processes  or  Steel  making/ 

Remarks  on  Ho,  5  Sample.. _ fiPfl.C.til'aT  gepiatita. 

This  JapeoulaT  hematite,  ’as  -expl'aine'd"at  the  outset  of  my 
report*,  presented*  w^t  Was  at  one  time*  the  great  difficulty 
of  separation.'  owing  to.  the  Ore  being  only  Very  Slightly  magnetic.' 
It  is  therefore  very  Satisfactory  to  Know  from  these  Analyses  that 
the  Baine  remarks  "apply  to  the  Bpectil'af  'as  to  the  Magnetite;  viz, 
that  the  Ore  has  beeri  changed  from  'an  impure  condition  to.  one' 
high  in  iron  and  low  in  Sulphur  add' Phosphorus,  add' made  entirely 
suitable  for  the  Manufacture  of  high  class  Steel  by  the  Acid 

Ho, 8  Arialy'sitf  of  Apatite  Shews,  ley  the  separation  process, 
that  the'  Phosphorus  is  now  in  the  Tailings#! 

It  is  therefore' evident  from  the'  foregoing  that  the  Edison 
process  of  separating,  the’  Dunderladd'  Ore  from  its  Oangde  IS 
quite  successful# 

Todys  faithfully,.  ,  . 

^Signed.}  E.  Windsor  Richards. 

Vt I - 

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[^ettntv--  U-aul7  >0 

"Obsession  -  London'.' 

o&mdem,,  w.c. 

17th.  July  1901. 

Mr,  Thbjnas  A,  Edison; 

New  Jersey. 

Dear  Sit, 

By  direction  of  Mr.  Lawrence  I  beg  to  enclose  herewith  copies' 
of  recent  correspondence  passing  between  him  and  Sir  Hiram  Maxiin. 

Yours'  faithfully. 




Sir  Hiram  Maxim  to  Mr.  Sheriff  Lawrence. 

11th.  July  1901. 

Dear  Mr.  Sheriff  Lawrence, 

X  am  sorry  to  trouble  you  again  because  X  appreciate  that 
you  like  myself  are  a  very  busy  man  especially  at  this  season 
of  the  year. 

Kdiaon  will  have  received  my  drawing  and  specification  on 
Saturday  next.  If  you  should  cable  to  him  on  Monday  we  should 
get  a  reply  on  'Tuesday.  Then  in  any  case  whether  it. was  pro 
or  con,  I  could  go  on  with  my  -work  at  once.  I  would  not  trouble 
you  if  others  were  not  pressing  me  so  persistently  in  this  matter 

Yours  sincerely. 

(Signed.)  HIRAM  S.  MAXIM. 


188  Fleet  Street, 

13th.  July  1901. 

Dear  Sir  Hiram  Maxim, 

I  have  your  letter,  and  intended  today  to  have  replied  to 
your  two  previous  letters. 

X  have  thought  a.  great  deal  upon  the  subject  of  our  con¬ 
versation  when  we  met  at  my  Office  on  the  1st.  inst.  You  were 
kind  enough  to  promise  me  a  rough  specification,  more  fully 
explanatory  of  your  new  idea  of  treating  iron  ore  in  a  dust 
state  in  the  blast  furnace,  without  previously  briquetting. 

This  specification  was  not  received  until  the  end  of  last  week. 

In  the  meantime  I  put  into  the  draughtsman’ s  hands  your 
rough  drawing,  and  both  that  and  the  specif ication  have  been  sent 
to  Mr.  Fdisnn,  and  will  reach  him  probably  on  Monday  next. 

I  have  asked  him  frankly  for  his  opinion  on  the  whole 
position:  but  as  you  are  so  pressing  for  an  answer,  and  as  possibly 
Mr.  Kdison’s  opinion  may  be  adverse  to  the  proposal,  let  me  tell 
you  how  your  suggestion  strikes  me  at  the  moment. 

Your  proposed  new  method,  even  though  you  say  it  is  approved 
by  Mr.  Snelus,  is  an  absolutely  untried  one.  The  knowledge  X 
have  acquired  during  the  last  dosen  years  of  the  actual  methods 
of  iron  manufacture,  and  the  diversity  of  opinion  that  has  prev¬ 
ailed  on  the  method  of  smelting  and  the  construction  of  blast 
furnaces,  make  me  hesitate  to  recommend  my  Syndicate  to  treat 
for  the  purchase  of,  or  for  a  working  arrangement  with  those  who 
own  or  control,  an  idea  which  at  the  moment  only  exists  upon  paper. 
I  do  not  think  any  practical  ironmaster  would  be  prepared  to  embark 
capital  at  this  stage  in  any  enterprise  which  is  merely  based  upon 
faith  in  an  untried  suggestion. 

When  I  consider  that  in  addition  to  this  you  ask  us  to  take 



over  your  option  on  certain  properties  m  Norway,  and  for  a 
substantial  spot-cash  sum  in  addition  to  shares  and  other  con¬ 
tingent  advantages,  the  problem  becomes  still  more  venturesome. 

X  am  not  averse,  nor  is  Mr.  Edison  or  any  of  tho  others  in 
our  Syndicate,  to  take  a  reasonable  business  risk.  But  before 
we  exercised  our  option  on  the  deposits  in  Norway,  we  employed 
a  hignly  scientific  staff  to  carry  our  borings  and  cross- trenching 
over  a  considerable  portion  of  the  ground,  to  ascertain  approx¬ 
imately  the  value  of  the  deposits:  and  we  afterwards  obtained  a 
considerable  tonnage  of  specimen  rocks  from  different  parts, 
which  were  sent  over  to  Mr.  Edison  to  be  crushed  and  analysed. 

We  have  also  had  similar  specimens  analysed  by  men  in  .England  of 
the  greatest  eminence  in  the  iron  and  steel  world. 

Long  before  we  even  attempted  to  acquire  an  option  on  the 
property  in  Norway,  we  had  independent  reports  made  to  us  by 
other  geological  and  metallurgical  experts  whose  names  carry  con¬ 
siderable  weight  amongst  ironmasters  in  the  North  of  England.  In 
other  words,  we  had.  been  for  three  or  four  years  investigating, 
testing,  and  experimenting  before  we  resolved  to  acquire  our 
properties:  and  then  we  only  did  so  after  a  thorough  legal  exam¬ 
ination  by  Norwegian  lawyers  into  the  validity  of  the  land  titles, 
and  after  the  confirmation  of  the  same  by  the  Norwegian  'Government. 

In  the  face  of  all  these  grave  business  precautions,'  do 
you  think  that  we  should  be  regarded  as  reliable  business  men  if 
we  suffered  ourselves  — if  you  will  forgive  the  expression — to  be 
rushed  into  an  immediate  arrangement  to  purcliasa  the  properties 
you  mention  ? 

I  have  acted  with  promptitude  and  good  faith  with  you  in 
cabling, to  Mr.  Edison,  pressing  him  even  to  come  over  and  pay  a 
visit  to  Norway  in  company  with  some  ironmasters:  but  he  replied 
two  days  ago  saying  it  would  bo  absolutely  impossible  to  leave 
America  for  the  present,  as  it  would  delay  him  in  carrying  out 


work  in  the  way  oi  plant  and  drawings  which  are  intended  for  our 
benefit  in  Norway. 

As  yon  say  in  your  letter  of  the  6th.  inst.  "X  think  all  the 
leading  men  of  your  Syndicate  are  well  disposed  towards  the 
scheme, "  X  can  only  say  X  am  not  aware  of  any  member  of  the  Syndic¬ 
ate  who  is  in  favour  of  acquiring  your  option:  but  in  order  that 
no  injustice  may  be  done  to  your  interests,  or  to  the  interests 
of  the  members  of  the  Edison  Syndicate,  I  propose  to  submit  the 
matter  individually  to  each  member. 

Our  Syndicate  differs  from  an  ordinary  Syndicate.  We  have 
made  no  move  of  any  kind  since  we  began  operations  without 
possessing  the  approval  and  confidence  of  our  members,  all  out 
interests  being  identical:  and  I  will  submit  the  issue  to  them 
•whether  it  is  their  desire  or  not  that  we  should  entertain  a 
proposal  from  you  as  to  the  acquisition. of  parts  of  your  Norwegian 
properties  without  first  going  through  the  same  processes  of 
investigation  and  testing  that  were  gone  through  in  the  case  of 
the  properties  we  already  possess. 

The  greatest  mistake  in  these  matters  is  biting  off  more  than 
one  can  chew:  and  X  am  up  to  now  quite  satisfied  that  if  'we  never 
nought  another  property,  or  developed  our  Patents  in  any  other 
branch  of  minerals  than  iron  alone,  we  have  ample  reward  in  store 
if  we  make  the  best  of  what  we  already  possess.  '■’te  have  already- 
proved  the  existence  of  vast  quantities  of  good  ore  for  our  pur¬ 
poses,  and  each  step  in  the  process  of  investigation  convinces 
us  that  we  have  been  wise  in  sticking  to  one  thing  and  developing 
it  for  all  it  is  worth. 

If  you  on  your  part  are  prepared  to  give  us  the  time  to  make 
the  investigations  that  we  should  require  to  make  in  regard  to  your 
properties,  in  the  same  way  as  we  have  acted  towards  our  own 
properties,  — well  and  good:  but  I  submit  that  you  ought  to  pay 
the  major  portion  of  the  preliminary  expenses.  This  applies  more 


.  -4- 

espacially  to  constructing  and  testing  the  eif iciacy  oi  your 
proposed  blast  furnace  for  smelting  the  ore  in  dust  form. 

I  know  we  should  in  that  event  have  to  pay  more  for  your 
rights,  but  it  would  be  better  for  you  and  cheaper  for  us  in  the 
long  run — if  we  had  to  buy — that  we  should  buy  an  invention  that 
has  passed  beyond  the  theoretical  stage.  You  must  remember  that 
Mr.  Edison  did  not  ask  us  to  buy  his  processes  until  he  had 
demonstrated  that  he  could  mechanically  and  scientifically  carry 
them  out>  and  in  doing  that  he  spent  in  eight  years  nearly  half  a 
million  sterling  in  experiments. 

You  would  not  have  to  spend  anything  like  this  time  or  money 
on  ,/our  process. 

Before  submitting  the  matter  to  my  co-shareholders,  I 
will  await  any  observations  you  may  be  inclined  to  make  on  this 

Yours  faithfully, 

(Signed. )  J.  Lawrence. 

Sir  Hiram  S.  Maxim. 

^7  dear  Edison, 

Your  letters  of  the  13th  and  18th  July  addressed  to 
the  Syndicate  have  been  read  today  at  Our  Board  Meeting. 

Th®  matters  covered  in  both  letters  have  reoeived  our 
very  grave  consideration,  beoause  for  the  first  time,  in  all  our 
correspondence  of  the  last  three  years,  you  now  indicate  a 
definite  policy  for  us  to  pursue.  I  am  personally  glad 
that  you  now  give  us  some  definite  ideas  to  go  upon;  They 
are  exaotly  what  we  have  been  waiting  for  all  this  time.  j 

You  must  remember  that  you  and  Mr.  Diok  have  held  the 
control  in  stock,  and  we  have  at  every  stage  and  point  deferred 
to  your  advice  and  wishes,  and  that  advice  might  be  summed  up 
in  one  word:  "Wait -'--do  nothing  rashly.*  we  have  been 
severely  handicapped'  all  along  by  great  gaps  of  delays  oonse-  ! 
SUent  upon  Mr.  Dick-s  absence, from  the  Board  Meetings.  During  ! 

the  last  twelve  months  nothing  has  been  done  in  the  directions  1 

hat  we  desired,  ^Mr.  Diok  has  oome  over  for  a  month  or  two  j 
attended  to  various^businesses,  and  gone  back  to  America  for  ,  j 

several  months  at  a  time,  during  which  period  much  of  our 
■business  in  London  has  been  hung  up.  We  have  been  like 

hounds  in  the  leash - willing  and  anxious  to  move,  but  have 

been  held  back  awaiting  different  developments. 

If  you  will  refer  to  the  Reports  of  the  Annual 
Meetings  of  Shareholders,  you  will  find  confirmation  of  thin. 
Originally  we  were  waiting  for  data  from  America  to  enable  us 
to  get  in  the  oapital  to  enable  us  to  exploit  your  Patents, 
and  if  you  will  refer  back  to  the  Reports  of  the  Shareholders  • 
Meetings  you  will  see  the  various  wSSSTfor  delay,  based  on 
letters  from  yourself  and  statements  made  by  Mr.  Dick,  which 
were  made  to  the  Shareholders. 

**  have  no  doom.,  and  never  Had,  to  oast  upon  you 
any  monetary  Utility  oitder  for  further  share,  or  aotu.1  ongh, 
^artneald  in  laying  out  work..  In  both  respect.  thought 
».  ».r.  following  your  wloh.s,  rlu.,  yoa  wished  to  taka 
»P  four  prop.rtl.nat.  sharol,  of  o.pitai,  and  ware  not  doslrou. 
of  parting  with  any  of  your  .hares.  m,  „„  i 

Reports  of  fomor  nesting,  that  Sharohold.r.  on  thl.  ,B, 

•my  too  antou.  to  transfer  th.  oontro  of  power  fro,  ln,«oa 
to  thlo  oountry,  o,  that  wo  nigh,  pro.,.!  to  wot  out  our  o™ 


We  thought  we  were  doing  the  beat  thing  possible  in 
asking  Mr.  Windsor  Elohards  to  go  over  to  Amerioa  to  prepare 
suoh  a  Report  as  would  enable  us  to  lay  it  before  capitalists 
and  obtain  the  neoessary  capital  for  developing  Dunderland. 

When  we  took  over  your  Patents  we  had  no  suoh  intention  as 
that  of  embarking  upon  the  manufacture  of  briquettes.  We  wore 
in  hopea  of  selling  the  Patents;  but  you  will  remember  Mr. 

Diok  told  you,  and  your  lawyers  doubtless  also  told  you,  of 
the  difficulties  created  under  this  head,  by  reason  of  the 
prior  publication  of  your  Patents.  We  consequently  had 
to  lookout  for  properties  that  we  could  sell  in  addition  to 
your  Patents:  and  when  we  find  these  properties,  we  are  advised 
by  you  nit  to  part  with  them  at  any  oost,  but  to  work  them 

Tou  will  therefore  see  that,  muoh  as  we  prize  and 
value  your  advioe  and  help,  we  are  plaoed  in  a  difficulty  by 
loyally  following  your  suggestions ,  vhioh  have  not  at  all 
tafeaM  times  been  consistent  with  the  polioy  we  originally 
marked  out  for  ourselves.  In  other  words,  we  have  been 
endeavouring  to  build  up  a  business  the  first  essential  of 
whloh  is  dependenoe  upon  advioe  and  assistance  3500  miles 

If  it  is  now.  your  wish  to  give  us  a  free  and  absolutely 


unfettered  hand,  and  to  render  ua  only  Buoh  aasiatanoe  as  we 
cannot  obtain  from  anywhere  else  hut  from  yourself,  in  order 
to  oommenoe  housekeeping  on  our  own  aooount,  and  In  time  he 
able  to  diapenae  with  troubling  you  day  by  day  and  week  by 
week  on  petty  matters  of  detail,  we  are  ready  to  take  up  the 
work*  We  do  not  ahirk  any  part  of  our  labours:  but  when 
we  have  attempted  to  move  In  any  dirootlon,  either  In  the  way 
of  raising  further  capital  or  In  developing  certain  properties, 
or  when  we  have  asked  for  drawings  or  suggestions  about 
working  out  the  business,  we  have  been  reminded,  either  by 
Mr.  Dlok  or  those  aotlng  on  your  behalf,  that  we  must  consult 
you  upon  these  various  matters. 

As  a  man  myself  of  very  large  experience  in  the  oreatlon 
and  development  of  new  businesses,!  have  seen  sooner  or  later 
that  this^system  of  govemmenljmuet  break  down.  You  must 
either  praotloally  dlreot  the  working  yourself  entirely,  or 
give  us  a  free  hand  to  do  it:  and  In  order  to  make  your  own 
Interest  and  stake  in  the  business  fructify  and  bear  results, 
you  must  kindly  equip  us  with  working  drawings  of  Plant  suit¬ 
able  to  the  requirements  of  the  situation  In  Norway,  in  the  way 
you  are  doing. 

For  the  last  two  years  our  Shareholders,  many  of  whom 
are  very  praotioal  men,  &ave  been  crying  out  about  the 


interminable  delays,  and  the  exouses  we  have  been  offering , 
as  we  believed,  in  your  interests  and  at  your  desire.  For 
instanoe,  in  one  of  your  letters  Just  received,  you  allude 
to  the  speedy  development  of  the  dement  business,  Orjthia 
point  you  will  doubtless  remember  we  IwaL  offers  from  people 
willing  to  take  up  the  working  of  the  Cement  business^  '  If  we 
are  now  to  definitely  understand  that  we  are  to  go  ahead  in 
regard  to  this  business,  there  is  no  reason  why  we  should  not 
do  it  without  further  delay. 

In  regard  to  the  larger  developments  of  the  iron  and 
steel  business,  one  of  the  greatest  capitalists  in  this  oountry 
Sir  EmeBt  Cassel,  who  has  found  between  three  and  four 
millions  sterling  for  dams  on  the  River  Nile  in  Egypt,  told 
me  a  fortnight  ago  that  he  has  extensive  connections  with 
the  iron  people  in  Germany  and  Amerioa,  and  has  in  the  last 
few  years  bought  millions  of  tons  of  iron  ore,  and  by  one 
and  all  of  his  correspondents  in  Germany  and  Amerioa  &e  is  told 
that  your  invention  has  not  in  Amerioa  been  a  oomeroial 
auooeas.  it  Is  statements  like  these  whioh  par^Tf^r  a 
time  all  our  efforts  here.  In  this  particular  case  I  spent 
nearly  two  hours  in  explaining  the  difficulties  and  the 
oireumstanoos  under,  whioh  your  experiment  in  Amerioa  was  made, 
and  showed  how  entirely  different  the  conditions  would  be  in 


Norway:  and  X  think  I  made  some  impression.  But  still  there 
remained  that  belief,  whioh  was  not  entirely  overcome,  based  upcn 
the  American  experiences  In  the  early  stages  of  this  movement, 
from  whioh  we  were  anxiously  expeoting  some  data  to  help  us  on 
this  side.  I-'.  *’• 

We  now  feel  that  your  lttter  in  itself  constitutes  a 
desire  for  a  parting  of  the  ways  on  your  side:  and  in  order 
that  we  may  grapple  with  the  matter  in  a  way  worthy  of  us,  Mr. 
Wallaoe  and  myself  think  it  would  be  time  well  spent  if  we  went 
over  to  Amerloa  in  September,  and  had  a  full  and  frank  disoussicn 
of  all  the  points  that  have  been  raised,  and  oome  to  some  com¬ 
prehensive  and  binding  arrangement  whioh  will  enable  us  to  make 
a  start  in  real  earnest. 

We  have  put  off  our  meeting  of  Shareholders  for  many 
months,  and  the  dissatisfaction  at  the  lack  of  business  enter¬ 
prise  has  done  us  already  considerable  harm.  X  have  never 
from  the  first  abated  my  faith  in  the  wonderful  possibilities 
of  your  invention:  but  I  have  chafed  incidentally, at  the  delays 
which  have  taken  place  in  the  business.  Up  to  low  the  whole 
thing  has  been  sandwiched  in  between  a  number  of  other  business 
enterprises  and  occupations,  and  taken  up  and  put  down  again 
at  intervals  of  many  months  apart,  having  only  been  dealt  with 


just  when  It  was  possible  for  Mr.  Dick  to  oome  over  and  give 
us  a  look  in. 

The  business  is  of  sufficient  importance  to  Justify 
close ,  oonstant ,  and  continuous  work,  and  so  far  as  our  orowd 
on  this  side  are  oonoemed,  your  letter  has  given  us  the  relief 
that  we  have  been  looking  forward  to  for  a  long  time  past. 

It  indicates  that  the  problem  is  too  big  to  be  handled  by  one 
man  or  any  dozen  men:  and  it  is  certainly  not  one  that  oan  be 
handled  by  fits  and  starts  by  people  on  both  sides  of  the 
Atlantic  as  and  when  the  spirit  moves  them. 

If  you  will  tell  me  you  will  be  glad  to  meet  Mr. 

Wallace  and  myself,  we  will,  however,  great  the  inoonvenience 
to  us  personally,  honeBtly  faoe  the  situation  and  oome  over 
and  see  if  we  oannot  plaoe  the  matter  on  a  sound  and  enduring 

I  have  left  all  the  tecfcnioal  details  raised  in  your 
letters,  and  the  points  raised  by  Mr.  Windsor  Richards,  to  be 
dealt  with  by  Captain  Pollen,  who  writes  to  you  by  this  mail. 

Mr.  Windsor  Riohards  spent  three  hours  with  me  yester¬ 
day,  and  the  effeot  of  his  conversation  was  briefly  this: _ 

that  his  visit  to  Bilboa  in  Spain  sinoe.he  returned  from 
America  has  shown  him  that  some  of  the  deposits  in  Bilboa  have 
absolutely  given  out,  and  others  are  approaching  a  period  of 


extinction,  and.  the  life  of  the  longest  period  he  puts  down 
at  ten  years.  He  says,  judging  from  the  way  in  which  the 
Edison  people  are  going  on  now,  it  will  he  5  or  6  years  before 
we  are  able  to  get  a  ton  of  stuff,  and  in  the  meantime  the 
ironmasters  in  this  country  are  making  other  arrangements, 
either  by  the  adoption  wholesale  of  the  basic  processes  instead 
of  the  Bessemer,  or  by  the  introduction  of^ttneMBMBt  processes. 

Anyhow,  there  is  a  great  upheaval  in  the  steel  trade 
in  this  oountry,  and  the  oonoem  that  is  able  to  feed  the  Bess erne 
fumaoes  at  Anoe  is  the  one  that  will  have  a  future  before  it. 
His  last  words  of  advioe  were  that  we  must  act  at  once,  and  act 
thoroughly,  or  drop  the  business  for  ever.  When  he  was  in 
America  he  saw  a  great  many  ironmasters,  and  their  contention 
was  that  whatever  merits  your  prooess  possesses  you  are  letting 
the  ohanoes  slip  by  you,  and  in  another  18  months'  time  you 
will  have  lost  your  opportunity. 

Yours  faithfully. 

Thomas  Alva  Edison  Esq. 

"Obsession  -  London'.' 
52I4.G  ERRARO. 


^rhcdems.  itrc 

July  30th.  1901. 

Mr.,'  T.  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  Mew  Jersey,  U.S.A. 

Dear  Sir, 

Our  Directors'  yesterday  met  Mr.  Windsor  Richards  on  his 
return  from  Spain,  where  he  has  been  to.  r&porb”some  Ore  Properties' 
.ill'  Bilbao.  Mr.  RicliardS  confirmed,  from  what  he  has  at  eh,  the ' 
generally  'accepted  view,  that  the  iron  ore  deposits  of  Bilbao 
'are  rapidly  'approaching  exhaustion'.  It  IS  generally  recognized 
by  the  Iron  trade  ip  this  country,  that  the  supply  of  High  class 
Bessemer  ore  i,s  decreasing  rapidly,  'and 'the  trade'  is  in 'a  state 
of  indecision  'about  the  retention  of  the  acid  process,  or  the 
'alternative'  adoption-  of  the  Basic  process  as  'a  means  of  Saving'  the 
situation  cre'ated  by  the  scarcity  of  Bessemer  ore. 

It  i.S'  therefore  clear  that  the  Edison  Briquettes  would 
"at  the  present  time  meet  with  a  strong  demand,  but  if  the  placing 
of  them  on  the  Market  is  unduly  delayed,  their  value  will  be  gre'atly 
decreased,  because  the  demand  for  that  class  of  ore  will-  have 
'almost  ceased. 

As  regards  Jj^ie^suggesti  on  made  your  letter  of  the 
13th. .  inSt. ,, that  you  are  constructing  a  Simpler  ’and" cheaper  cyan 

arid' bricker  th'an  those  'at  Edison,  we  are  very'  glad '.to  know  that 
you,  have  Such  a  project  in'  view.  As  you  will  have  sberi  from 
Mr.'  WincLsor  Richard's  report,  he  considered'' this  p‘ar.t  of  the  pro¬ 
cess  .the  most  douhtfu.1,  "arid 'advised '  Its  reconsideration. 

We  do  riot  however  thirik  that  the  construction  of  a  ribw  model 
bricker  arid  oven  should ' iq-any  way1  delay  our  plans  fori  bringing 
out  the  big  Duride'f  lari'd'Comp'ariy,  because' even  when'  the '.Company  is 
forime'd,  it  will  certainly  be  some  months  before  It  becomes  tfe- 
'cessary  4to  think  of  building  the  briquetting  plants  for  Duftderl'and. 

'  We  have  alreadymentioried;  in  our  latter  of  .the  28th. June, 
that  Mr.  Richards  fears  the  size  of  the'  proposed  Dilriderl'arid  rolls 
is  urifibcesSarily  large  in  vi.ew  of  the  extreme  friability'  of  the 
ore..  He  considers  it  would  be  better  to  riaVe  .two  Sets  of  smaller 
Sfzed'rolls  so.,  that  ih‘  the  bverit  of  one  being  stopped,'-  crttShirig 
work  rieed'rio-t  cease. 

We  are  in  receipt  of  the  plans  arid  prints  for  the  proposed' 
Dupderlarid  mill-  Site;'  and'  have  sent  them  on  .to.  Dr.  Dehmariri,  asking 
him  ti  give  immediate  ‘attention  to.  them,  so.  that  no  .triune  may  be 
lost  iri'  operating  ori  this' part  of  the  Wofk.  Our  enquiries  as  to. 
furnishing  small  plants  t°  .those  people  who-' are  constantly  making 
applications  to  us,  were  promoted'  partly  by  .the  fact  that  %n 
evident  Hori-iiitbritlon  t°  work  patent  inventions  within  a  reasonable 
time  in'  several  ooup&rie*  constitutes'  eviderice  against  their  validity. 
W@  al'So  thought  it  would ‘tie  'ah  igahy  arid  cheap  method' of  demonstrating 
the  efficacy  of  the  rolls'.  If  however  you  consider  we  should  riot 
devote  'any  time  or  moftby  t°  «*b  bfkrich  of  business',  we  will  lft 
it  wait  ’at.  any  rate  for  the  present.  We  shb.ll  be  glad  to  know 

aw  'approximate  date'  wheri  we  may  expect  the  Magnetic  Separators’ 
lii  England,'  bec'au^e  niany  of  our  Shdrelioaders  ’afe  'asking  When  i,t  will 
be>  Tr,^'  having  tald”them',  'acting  on  what  we”  were  .told  from  America, . 
tfra.'b  rthejr  Would  pf’obably  he  herb  ill  the  middle  of  this  present 
inorath_  life  are  pledged 'to.  p'ay  very  large  sums  of  money'  in  cash 
f0jT  tiie  Duriderlaiid'  property,  and  this  Syndicate  as  'at  preSe'ht 
0oIj6tituta(|h'as  dot  anything  like  enough  funds  to,  meet  these  pay- 
ftedi’bsra  'and  some”  large- dd’yelopement  of  our  business  must  take  place 
ahai'tdy',  in  order  that  we  nfay  inee.t  our  large  pecuniary  liabilities. 

Yours  faithfully, 


Private:  for  Members  only. 

J£6tscm  ©re=/nbUling  S^nfctcate 


7th  AUGUST,  1901. 





Bblson  ©re=/HMlKn0  Sfonbfcate  Xfmfteb. 

Tile  graphic  Address : 

*  obsession — London." 


NO.  5214  GERRARD. 

Amberley  House,  Norfolk  Street, 
London,  W.C., 

•jih  August,  1901. 

Deab  Sib, 

I  am  instructed  by  the  Directors  to  acquaint  you  by  way  of  interim 
Report  with  some  recent  events  of  importance  in  the  Syndicate’s  progress. 

The  conveyance  of  the  Dunderland  property  (containing  the  ore  deposits) 
from  Consul  Persson,  the  Vendor,  to  the  Syndicate,  as  Purchaser,  waB  effected  in 
April  lost  and  a  further  contract  of  a  favourable  nature  has  been  entered  into 
between  the  Norwegian  Government  and  the  Syndicate,  whereby  in  return  for  the 
payment  of  a  small  royalty,  the  Syndicate  are  granted  special  facilities  and  privileges 
in  working  the  mines  and  acquiring  further  property  if  desired. 

On  Mr.  Edison’s  advice  and  recommendation,  an  American  Railway  Surveyor,  - 
Mr.  Herschel  Roberts,  and  two  Assistants  have  been  employed  to  make  a  survey  for 
the  Railway  at  Dunderland  and  to  prepare  plans,  estimates,  etc.,  for  the  construction 
of  about  16  miles  of  railway  to  the  Urtvand  deposits— port  of  the  Dunderland  Estate. 
This  survey  work  iB  being  rapidly  proceeded  with  at  the  present  time. 

Also  at  Mr.  Edison’s  request,  Col.  Turettini,  of  Geneva,  whose  name  is  prom¬ 
inently  identified  with  the  Niagara  Palls  and  other  large  water  power  schemes  has 
been  engaged  and  is  now  at  Dunderland  examining  the  whole  of  the  extensive  water 
power,  with  a  view  to  its  utilisation  for  providing  electric  power  for  working  the 
mills  and  also  the  railway. 

Dr.  Lehmann,  our  scientific  adviser  is  at  Dunderland,  engaged  with  his 
Assistants  in  surveying  in  detail  the  location  of  the  various  mill  sites  in  order  to 
provide  Mr.  Edison  with  complete  information  to  enable  him  to  proceed  with  the 
plans  upon  whioh  he  is  now  working. 

Tha  Directors  recently  invited  Mr.  E.  Windsor  Richards,  a  former  President 
of  the  Iron  and  Steel  Institute,  whilst  in  America,  to  report  upon  the  whole  of  the 
Edison  process.  Mr.  Richards  who  is  also  a  Director  of  Bolckow,  Vaughan  &  Co., 
Limited,  Middleshorough,  and  of  Guest,  Keen  &  Co.,  Dowlora  Iron  Works,  &c.,  has 
now  returned  and  has  reported  most  favourably  of  our  aims  and  processes.  In  his 
opinion  (inter  alia) : — 

“The  Edison  process  of  separating  the  Dunderland  Ore  from  its 
Gangue  is  quite  successful,  the  ore  being  thereby  changed  from  an  impure 
condition  to  one  high  in  Iron  and  low  in  Sulphur  and  Phosphorus  and 
made  entirely  suitable  for  the  manufacture  of  high-class  steel  by  the  acid 

Mr.  Windsor  Richards  visited  the  New  Jersey  Zinc  Works  where  Mr.  Edison 
has  built  a  complete  set  of  crushing  machinery  for  crushing  low  grade  zinc  ore  pre¬ 
liminary  to  concentration.  Mr.  Windsor  Richards  says  in  his  report :  “  The  rock 
to’be  orushed  and  ground  is  extremely  hard  ...  I  carefully  examined  the  whole 
of  this  well  designed  and  efficient  plant  and  had  the  great  satisfaction  of  seeing  the 
giant  rolls  and  the  other  crushing  and  separating  plant  in  full  operation  .  .  .  The 
rolls  crunch  up  the  Eranklinite  without  flinching  ...” 

“Whilst  the  rock  was  being  crushed  I  examined  the  standards  and  all  parts 
of  this,  the  most  important  portion  of  the  crushing  plant,  and  I  found  it  quite  steady 
and  it  worked  quite  satisfactorily  ...” 

“  The  engine  room,  engines,  dynamos,  condensors,  pumps,  etc.,  would  well 
serve  as  a  model  for  any  such  similar  installation,  and  with  the  very  few  men 
employed  such  a  large  plant  was  quite  remarkable.” 

.  This  zinc  mill  has  been  continuously  at  work  since  the  beginning  of  lost  year,  ■ 
and  has  given  complete  satisfaction. 

Arrangements  are  being  made  to  give  a  working  demonstration  in  London 
of  the  magnetic  concentration  both  of  hematite  and  magnetite  by  the  Edison 
separators.  It  is  hoped  that  everything  will  be  ready  for  this  after  the  holidays. 

The  Works  of  the -Edison  Portland  Cement  Co.  at  Stewortsville,  U.S.A., 
will,  it  is  expected,  be  ready  to  commence  the  manufacture  of  cement  on  1st 
January,  1902,  and  thiB  immense  plant  will  then  demonstrate  most  effectively  the 
entire  Edison  process  of  cement  manufacture.  '  . . .  •  .  -  - 

The  Directors  regret  that  some  delay  has  occurred  in  convening  the  annual 
General  Meeting  of  members  of  the  Syndicate.  This  has  been  due  to  the  desire  of 
tho  Directors  on  this  side  to  procure  the  attendance  of  Mr.  Edison  in  England,  in 
order  that  he  might  confer  personally  with  the  members.  Mr.  Edison  has  fre¬ 
quently  expressed  a  desire  to  come  to  England  to  meet  the  members  of  the 
Syndicate,  but  his  time  is  so  fully  occupied  with  his  work  and  various  developments 
that  ho  finds  it  impossible  to  Bparo  the  tune  to  come  over,  at  present. 

In  reply  to  a  cable  addressed  to  him  by  the  Chairman  on  the  8th  inBt., 
asking  him  if  he  would  come  over,  and  also  visit  the  deposits  at  Dunderland  with 
Mr.  Windsor  Richards  during  August,  Mr.  Edison  cabled  the  Syndicate  under  even 
date  os  follows : — 

“You  better  satisfy  yourself  that  Mr.  Lehmann’s  report  on  the 
property  is  correct,  and  if  correot  there  iB  no  necessity  of  my  stopping 
work  on  the  mill  designing,  to  go  to  Norway  to  procure  data  already  there, 
and  thus  greatly  delay  the  project. — Edison." 

-  Since  Mr.  Windsor  Richards  return  from  America,  he  has  been  on  a  visit 
to  the  iron  mines  at  Bilbao,  in  Spain,  and  he  reports  an  increasing  scarcity  of  good 
ore  for  Bessemer  purposes.  Eor  these  reasons  he  holds  this  Syndicate  ought  to 
lose  no  time  in  developing  the  Dunderland  deposits. 

Active  communications  are  in  consequence  at  the  present  time  passing 
between  Mr.  Edison  and  the  Directors.  If  Mr.  Edison  can  hold  out  no  positive 
hopes  of  coming  to  Europe  this  Autumn,  two  of  the  Directors  propose  to  go  to 
America,  and  conclude  definite  arrangements  for  bringing  out  the  large  Dunderland 
Company  before  Christmas.  ' 

The  Directors  have  recently  been  approached  by  Sir  Hiram  S.  Maxim  with 
reference  to  a  new  form  of  blast  furnace  designed  by  him  for  the  purpose  of  smelting 
concentrates  of  iron  ore  direct  in  the  furnace  in  them  powdered  form,  without  the 
necessity  of  “  briquetting  "  them. 

The  main  details  of  the  invention  have  been  submitted  to  Mr.  Edison  for  his 
opinion  upon  its  merits,  and  Mr.  Edison’s  reply  is  sent  herewith. 

Sir  Hiram  Maxim  has  also  acquired  an  option  upon  certain  mining  claims  in 
Dunderland,  Norway,  adjacent  to  the  Syndicate’s  property.  These  olaims,  so  far  as 

can  be  ascertained,  are  of  quite  minor  importance  compared  with  the  Syndicate’s ; 
they  have  not  been  extensively  examined,  nor  have  bore  holes  been  sunk  or  detailed 
investigations  conducted,  as  in  the  case  of  our  own  property. 

Broadly 'speaking,  Sir  Hiram  Maxim's  proposition  is  that  the  Syndicate 
should  purchase  his  option  for  the  mining  claims  in  part  cash  and  part  shares  at 
once,  and  also  his  blast  furnace  invention,  payment  for  the  latter  to  be  made  in  pro¬ 
portion  to  the  economical  results  aohieved. 

In  view  of  the  faot  that  Sir  Hiram  Maxim  says  “many  members  of  the 
Syndicate  favour  his  proposals,”  the  Directors  deem  it  advisable  to  inform  the  whole 
of  the  shareholders  of  the  suggestions  made  by  him,  and  to  invite  their  opinion  with 
regard  to  them.  To  this  end  the  accompanying  letter  from  the  Chairman  to  Sir 
Hiram  Maxim  is  submitted  for  perusal. 

The  Directors,  however,  do  not  consider  it  would  at  present  be  politic  to 
entertain  Sir  Hiram  Maxim’s  invention  and  proposals ;  and  they  are  unaware  of  any 
shareholder  who  has  expressed  such  “favourable  opinions.” 

Yours  faithfully, 

J.  HALL,  Junior, 

Secretary.  . 

OJujctfB.  NEW  JEHSJ3Y, 

July  J.7th,  1901. 

The  Edison  Obb  Milling  Syndicate,  Ltd., 

4,  5,  6,  7,  Amubbi<Ev  House,  Norfolk  St„EHt 
Loudon,  W.O.  ’ 

Dear  Sms, 

Replying  to  yours  of  tho  Clh  Inst,  to  Mr.  Edi*,^  he  has  carefully  noted,  I  bog’ 

to  state  that  Mr.  Edison  saY8 "  Tho  Patent  Oliicos  0j  i^tanfb  America  otl(|  Germany  nro 
filled  with  patents  for  direct  processes  for  employing  oro  and  fuel,  ),ut  thus  far  no 

one  has  attained  proper  conditions.  Tho  thoory  of  is  correot,  but  In  the  praotioal 

opo ration  the  difficulties  which  arise  have  so  far  bees 


W.  8.  malloey. 


July  jfith,  1901. 

Dear  Sir  Hiram  Maxi*1' 

I  have  your  letter,  and  intended  to-day  ^  replied  to  y0llr  two  previous 


I  hove  thought  a  great  deal  upon  the  subject  0[  ouf  ^^yersation  when  mot  at  my 
ofiioo  on  the  1st  inst. 

You  wore  kind  onoOgh  to  promise  mo  a  lougb  8Me||le*tion’  moro  fully  explanatory 
of  your  new  idea  o[  treating  “on  oro  in  a  dust  state  l„  ^  ypat  fumaco,  without  previously 

This  specification  w88  not  received  until  the  otl(j  ^  -week.  In  q10  meantimo  I 
put  into  the  draughtsman’s  hands  your  rough  drawi,^  ^  both  that  andtho  speoifioation 
have  boon  sent  to  Mr.  Eajgon,  and  will  reach  him  ptobjyy  gO  fidonflny  next, 

I  have  asked  him  frankly  for  his  opinion  on  position :  but  aS  You  are  80 

pressing  for  on  anewor,  and  as  possibly  Mr-  Ediaou'j  opi,,]^  may  be  averse  t„  th°  proposal, 
lot  mo  toll  you  how  your  suggestion  strikes  me  at  the  n,010Bl»t.  ' 

Your  proposed  now  method,  oven  though  you  ^  |k  approved  by  Jjr,  gnelus,  is  an 
absolute  untried  one,  The  knowledge  I  have  aoquif^  tho  last  doron  years  of  the 

aotual  methods  of  iron  manufacture,  and  the  diversity  0f  ■***?*  1)08  firevaded  on  the 

method  of  smelting  and  the  construction  of  blast  fuiu^  ^^Jtos  me  hesitate  to  recommend 
my  Syndicate  to  treat  for  the  purchase  of,  or  for  a  Worh^  ^^ngemont  with  tbo80  'wllo  own 

Dear  Sir,. 

Enclosed  wa  hag  to,  hand  you,  copy  of  the  report  dated.'  the 
20th.  August  made  by  Col.  Tufettihi  upon  .the  RenfosderE  Waterfall 
at  Duhderlahd. 

YpUrs  faithfully; 



1  Enclosfife.. 



'  IP' 


' respecting  the  utilisation1  of  the  Waterfall  hear 

Morri'-Saneh',  (Norway;} 


AS  per  request.  1  went  during  the  course  of  (July  to.  Mo,'  1R 
order  to.  visit  the  Waterfall  ,'Renfc^aBen,l  you  dfesite  to. 
ptilihe  for  supplying’  motive  power  nacasUary  for  the  exploitation 
of  the  Iron' ore  beds  of  UrtVarid'  situated' about  10  kilometers  frpi 
the  Waterfall  *,Hehfoh‘seh,,  whioh  themselves  'are  about  '16>  Kilometers 
distant  from  Hoi' 

Having  arrived  'at  Mo.  on-  the  18th,  July,.  I  WaS  received 
.there  by'  Dr*  Dehmann-  who,  placed’  biinself  entirely  at  my  disposal- 
in  order  to.  facilitate  my  task,  in-  .every'  wayl  t  'am  'anxious  to, 
express  to,  him  Special  gratitude^: 

Ofi  the,  July  I  Visited  Rehfosdafc  together  with  Dr. 
liehmanni-  I  remind'  you,  that  the  Hettf osgSn’-  Waterfall-  is  fed  by 
the  Dunderland'  River  which  ’at  'about  1  kilometer  above  the  fall 
reoeiVad  'ah  important  confluence  coming  from  the  Hake  Langvand, 

Ani  appr  oxitaate  test  made  on  the  19th.  •  July  together  with 
Dr.  Lehmann  gave  da  a  volume  of  Water  of  'about  66Q.  coble  Metres 
per  .second,"  According  to.  the  Statement.  made  by  Dr,.  Dehmahh  the 
low  water  in  winter  tiine  will  re’aoh  16Q  cubic  metr-SS,'  According 
to.  the  state  of  the  banks  the  .exceptional  high  Water  must  con¬ 
siderably  .exoeed 'SiiOPO  cubic  metres', 

Dri.  Dehmaih-  informed  fee  that,  your  Syndicate  desired  to. 
utilisfe  at  the  cowmehcSmSht  4* O.QCf.  affective  H.P.’ on  the 
Turbine  shaft  to,  be  increased  Ultimately  to  10»O£G  8.P,  which 
will  be  fe<iUiredV 

According  to,  a  measurement  made  during  the'  last  days  in  JUiy 
by  JDr,  (phmarun-  the'  grops  height  of  the  fall  Was  a  little  mo&S 
+.Wa.n'  jgo  metres; '  Supposing  that  .this  available  fall,  of  90m,  wefS 
raduoed  to- 1)6  tftetheS*  owing  to,  l»SS  by  friction  in*  .the  channels' 
and'  pipes  ahd'.to-  the  Variations  caused' by  .the  season-  the  vo-lUme  of 



wafer  necessary  for  o-bhalhihg  10,000.  H.P.  op.  the'  Turbina  abaft 
(takihg  the  useful  effect  of  the  latter  'at  76$)  would  bS  40 
cubio  metres',' 

Thfs  prove  d  that  Uhdbr  'arty  circumstance  a  the  waterfall' 
'’'Banfosseii*'  c'an  ftllljr  supply,  'and  SUpply  more  .than'  .the'  iPiOPIO  H.P. 
fequirad"and  that  thin  figure  might  he  trebled  of '  even  qtfa'd- 
rUpledi  if  it  ware  necessary.’ 

The  Waterfall  ^Benfosaah^i^  si  tinted  in  s'Uoha  way'  that 
.the  markS  for  utilising  the  fall-  can  be  put  lip  ’as  may  be  preferred 
oh  either  b'aiilc  of  the  EiVefV 

Dr,'  Lehmanfi-  has  be'e'n'  gocd  '.eiiough  ta  make  a  Sketch  Plan 
under  both,  supposition's',' 

The  first  one*  which  had  already  been  examined'  by  him, 
utilised  the  right  bank  of  ,the  fitter  cutting  the  triangle  formed’ 
by  the  falls  on  the  one  Hand  'and  the  alteration  of  dlf'ectioft1  oft 
the  right  aide  of  the  river  at  the  foot  of  the  t&A* 

m  this  firtft  propoSal.  the  tfttal  length  from  the  pl’acb  whefe 
the  Water  is'  taken  so  that  the  border  of  .the  Dunderl’and  at  the 
point  where  the  Building  for  the  Turbines  would' be  placed  i'S  gQ6m. 
horizontally,  The  available  fall,  would’ be  ?0iru  9.' 

The  st/tUatioft  of  the  groUft’d  would'  necessitate  a  tunnel- 
Having  ’a  section,  of  about  40ft.  and  h.  length  of  ,?>00m.'  The  cost 
of  this  work  may  be  .estiftated'at  about  000,000.  ffcg,  ‘and  the  cost, 
of  caftalis'ation  ffoft  the  exit  of  the  tunfisl  to,  the  Turbine  ..i’ 
House  ’at  about  frcs".  1S0,00.Q.  together  froS»,  480*000. 

In  the,  Second  proposal  .{left  bank  of  the  river}  the  derivat¬ 
ion  proceeds  para^l  to.  the  fall  and  reaches  a  soft  of  natural 
oircuS  formed  by  thS  dead  water  of  the  ntttar  from  the  opposite 
Side  to(  the  direction  of  its  floir. 

.  The  .distance  from  the  Water  up  .the  riv-ef  to.  the  water  down  .the 
riyef  is’  ift  this  bade  red&pad  to,  388,  -and'  the  height  of  the 
fall  id  50,  m.  1*'.  The  height  of  the  hillock  'above  tbs  Xbv&l  0# 
the  WatSf  IS  much  less  in  this  theft  .in  the  other  proposal*.  *a 



thkt-  ai'thai'  oP0n  «w5bl  would'  be  made,  which  might  ha  'afterward* 
covered  with  a  concrete  roof  .to.  prevent  the  direct  'action  of  jtha 
col'di  or  a  tunnel  cUt,  of  ’about  3300,  metres  in  length,'  In'  the 
f Irs’t  case  the  0-peri  bahal  covered  artificially,  wo.iild  coat  'abot* 
free',  510,0,00.  and  the  l3<Jk  metres  of  canalisation;  which  would 
have  to.,  follow*  would  cost  for  0  Turbint#  ffo s,  SlS,00.0,  together 
frosy  436,000 

In  the  second'  cash  the  tuhfiel  woiild'  cost  ffoBV  200,000.  and 
the'  piping  remaining  the  same,  the  total  cop*  woUld'  be'  fr'cS, '  410>OQQ. 
It  may  therefore  be  sat'd' .that  ho-  matter  which  of  the  two.-  proposals 
1b  carried  out,  the  cost  of  conducting  the  water  would"  be  practic¬ 
ally  the  saine.  Ad  on  the  other  hand  the  'available  fall  .18 
also.  Similar;'  the  ohoice  betwSerl  the  two  propo.Sa.lS  must  depend 
tipori  four  other  factors: 

'1st.  The  facility  for  establishing  the  head  for  taking  itf 
the  water. " 

3ndV  The  best  place  for  the  Turbine  House. 

43rd;'  The  neighborhood  of  inhabited’  placesV 

4th,  The  neighborhood'  of  the  Hallway*1 

Haw,  the  .Study  of  the  locality  from  these  four  points'  of 
view,  seems  to.  throw  the  .b'al'ands  'in'  favodr  of  the  proposal  on 
the  left  bank,' 

Intact  1st.  The  -'arrangement  of  the  ground'  points  to-  -a.  natttfhl 
head  for  taking  in'  the  watef;  close  to.  the  srdall  Island  whifch'eriSts 
‘at  the  ofigfih  of  the  falls'  oh  the  left  bank}  this  Small  island 
forms  .a  soft  of  qiiiht  gdlf,  which  Seems  distinct  for  starting -.the 
channel  in'  qdtet  wateri' 

3nd*‘  The  natural  cirouS  situated 'to-tha  14ft  of  the  fop* 
of  the  falls,  gives'  'a  tfaSt  space  for  feting  a  Tufbifcs  Hod#*.' 

.even  large*  than  Vrhatifl  heoessary*  The  Same  id  not  the  c*aS&  ifi' 
the  'alternative  proposal*  whefte  the  building  would'  ba  BdUSe'sed' 
in  between  the  hillock  hnd  the  river;' 


-3rd*  The,  principal  group  of  dwelling  places  in  thfe> 
neighborhood' of  the  falls*  .is  on. the  16ft  bank. 

4th*  According  to?  the  information'  gathered',  the  line  of 
Railway  Which  it  is  proposed  to,  build  fop  the  Service  of  the 
Mines,.  will  in  'all  probability  run  oh1  the  16ft  bank  of  the  river* 

Ah  'approximate  estimate  of  the  expenses  to  be  inoilrPed  for 
at  first  Qtilieing  4) 000/and  afterwards  lOjOQfc  S.Pi  leads  to  the 
following  results) 

These  figures1  have  been  established  under  the  SbppoSiti'oP'  that 
each  turbifte  would"  be  of  £,  00.Q  H.P.*  that,J  Turbirta  atid  DymmoB 
wouldbeput  dp  at  first*  cfae  being  ih  nSSSx'va  and  that  thin 
number  would'  ultimately  be  increased  to-  tS» 

The  prices  have  bean  ptit  down  oh  the  basifl  of  the  coat,  of 
similar  installations  ,iri  Prance*  or  in  Switzerland  without  taking 
into  consideration''  the-  cost  of  wageS  in  Norway',  which  ar&,"’  I 
believe,  lasS  than  ojur  ojmV 

All  the  hydraulic  work  is  supposed  to  be  executed  from  the 
outset  for  .the  employment  of  10*O.OP  3*P» 

in.  f Katies  for  the  proposal  oii  the  left  bank,,  with  a  o'apfclA 

pipst  Stage 
of  40pp  h.p; 

Total  Price 
for  10PP$  a,P.' 

Works  for  .the  bring ifag  up  of  >  f^a, 
the  Water  to  the  he'd!  > 

Covered  over  canal  * 

Diatfibtitio)ir  chamber  ■  41 

OrittS  •  * 

Wrought  Ibott  PiPtog  <thres 
fop  3  TurbibeSj  $tt*  £<3Q  diem*  4| 
Turbine  House  ;  ,, 

Tdrbines  &  Accessories 
Dynamos  &  Tablets 
Escape  oanbl 

8.0,000  f3?cSt  80,000 


so; ops 




{«  fojf  ♦  uttr- 

s«bT  -ss» 



40; OOP 



Unforeseen  expehfiad  'and  'i 

BUperinteridarice  of  the  works  L  ffcB,  170,000. 

aboUtl6#  I  _ 

'  frog,  18715,  0P& 



These  figure's  are  of  cottrae  only  "approximate  but  'afS  based 
upon  reliable  data,  'and  Upon  the  cost  of  similar  work#  ‘alre’ady 
.executed  in  connection'  with  waterfalls*  the  conditions  of  which 
were  practically  .the  same  .(Turblhes  of  1800.  8.P.  'and  a  waterfall; 
of  87m..) 

The  price  of  the  installation  per'  Turbine  Sorsb  power*  includ¬ 
ing  the  electric  installation'  would'  therefore  be  for  4,0p0.  ftp. 

(pl'Us  8,0.00  in  reserve):  free,  JESS0  per  H.P.'  for  10,000  H.P."  (plus 
8,0.00.  in  reserve)  free.  809  per  BLPi 
These  figUres'  are  .extremely  low,' 

I  'am  now  comihg  to.  the  mast  portion  of  my  report* 
that  is  to.-  say*  the  ihf  lUainoe  which  the  cold'  in'  winter  time  will 
have  upon  the  regularity  of  the  poker  available. 

I  wish  first  of  'all  to-,  state  that  in  a  tempefate  climate  sOph 
as  exists  in  Central  Ettrope*  'a  waterfall  like  that  of  ''RenfoSShn" 
would'  be  utilised'  udder  .extremely  favourable  aB  *&&&& 

facility  of  the  works  arid  its  extremely  low  cost  price,  ’ 

But  in  Norway*'  we  have  .to.  reckon1  with  very  low  temperatures 
during  4  to,  6  months  of  the  year.  The  medium  .temperature 
during  several  months  WoUld  be.  -9'Oentiferades.  The  ibe  m  the 
Bunder  land  would  'attain  a  .thickness  of  8j?o/m  and  the  waterfall. 
"Renfosdeu*  would' be  covered  with  a  mantle  of  heiow  which  th# 

Water  would'  run. 

xa  xt  to:  he  hoped  under  these  conditions  that  the  work  ooUM 
be  carried' on  Without  stoppage  even  during  the  heaviest  ***** » 

Vfe  mt  here  place  ‘a  very  large  mark  of  interrogations  St  .in 
known  thdttha  "Niagara  Palls*  during  the'  winter  of  1899  to,  190ft 
were  Almost  entirely’  frozen  aUd  that  several  of  .the  turtle* 
were  completely  stepped  W  ***'  **  '&t  **  ***  *  **  *°* 



pos Bible  t0i  keep  'a  single  ttirbiriS  ‘at  work*..  thanks  to,  the  /employ¬ 
ment  of  dynamite  for  keeping  ‘an-  open'  channel  fib,  that  it  waB 
necessary  to.  remojre  the  grids  at  the  risk  of  'allofrinfe  foreign 
bodied  to  enter  the  Turbinas  thus  causing  sefiouS  'accidents,  IS 
it  possible  that  similar  mishaps  may  o.ocUr  at  EShfosSeiri  ? 

It  .id  difficult  to,  reply  in  a  pr.aoise  m'anner  to>  Such  a 

Let  us  Study  first  of  an,  ho*  the  lee  is  formed  in  rivbrd  'at 
the  time  of  great  frosts, : 

The' Ida  produced ' is  of  two,  different  kinds, 

1st.  Superficial  ice;,  also  called  layers  of  ice,-  which  are 
produced,  ori  the  dftrface  of  the  water  and.  which  ,i», the  case  which- 
concerns  us,  may  ‘attain', ra  thickness  of  80  o/m»' 

8nd‘.  Bottom  ice  .(wh'at  the  Germans  call  *'GrMdSiSM)  Sdch  i tie 
is  the  reSUlt  of  the  phenomena,  called  t,SUrflision',,*  The  water, 
falls  below  0°  Without  freezing  anti  suddenly  turns  into-  crystals 
on  'coming  into-,  contact  with  ‘any  metallic  surface  of  'ahy  simple' 
resisting  object,  or  in  consequence  of  vibration1* 

What  is  the  influence  of  these ‘two  kinds  of  i'ce  on’  thd  workigg 
of  hydraulic  inStallationf  The  . superficial  ice  i'B  only1,  danger¬ 

ous 'at  the  time  of  malting  when  .the  fee  breaks  tip.  At  this  .time 
the  ipe  may  get  into... the  piping  'and' fill  tip  thd  chambers  of  the 
ttirbines*  btit  when  the  ice  bre'akS  tip  in  Spring*:  it  is  only  ’a  kattpr 
of  a  few  hours,'  It  suffices  to.  Stop  .the  installation-  dtirihg 
that  time  and  the  svll  is  removed,' 

The  bottom  o.r  ground'  ice  i'S  mtich  mofe  dSngeroud*.  The  i£h  iff 
the  state  of  suffusion  reaohes  the  grids  of  the  turbines  in  ’a 
limpid  state" ‘and  there  Stiddeiify  turns  iffto  Sparkling  crystals  of 
ide*'  In  ‘a  very  short  time  a  bulwark  of  ice  is  formed' and  the 
oirctilatioft- ojf  wate'r  is  .entirely  stopped; . 

The  wtiter  cannot  reach  the  state  of  surfUSioff  Skoapt  UndUr 


.the  direct  'action-  Of  nocturnal  radi'ation^of  intense  frosty  in 
direct  contact  with As  So m  a'S  the  water  ite  covered  with  'a 
layer  of  ice  Of  a  certain  thicMftW,  the  frost  cannot  dot  W  long-, 
er  with  the  Same  intensity  and  the  tfater  rufld  belch  .the  ice  remain- 



ing'  at  the  temperature  of  0°; 

In  order  to.  uvoid'  bottom  toSjf  i»fc  will  therefore,  he-  necOadkry’ 
that  the  Surface  of  the  water  he  frozen'  tip  po,  '■&  considerable 
distance  above  the  water  head,  arid  that  the  Water  Supply  be- 
introduced  into,  the  canal  at  a  certain  depth  below  the  layer  of 
ice  which  has  formed,  *  It  is  thus  possible  to.,  work  the'  Turbines 
by  water  which  has  not  fallen  below  0°  which  will  riot  .turn  into 
ice,  if  from  ,the  point  where  the  supply  is  taken  below  the'  in£j 
it  in  sufficiently  protected  against  the  action;  of  atmospheric 
cold*  ThiS  protection  may  be  attained'  bp  securing  the  different 
works  sufficiently. 

The  WAtefhead' where  the  Supply  is  taken*  must  be  iji  a 
covered'  arid'  closed'  place*  .the  supply  canal  must  be  either  covered' 
over  with  Wood'  and  concrete  or  darfied  'along  ih  a  tunnel.  The 
distribution'  arid  grid  chambers  must  be  concrete  'arid  in-  ‘a  closed' 
place.  The  stippiy  pipes  fop  the  turbines'  must  be  covered' with 
earth  or  buried  in-  the  soil.  Finally  the  turbines  must  be  in  a 
olosed  house  whibh  can  he  he’ated* 

Under  these  conditions*  one#  the  layer  of  ice  has  formed  on 
ope  or  two>  kilometers  up  the  river  from  the  supply*  the  Water  pass¬ 
ing  below  will  be  able  to  work  the  Turbine  S'  ih- a  oontinuoug  manner. 

At  Rerif ossen,  according  to-  .the  information  obtained*  the 
river'  fries ses  above  the  falls  to.  'a  great  difftaricO,  fop  the  spaed 
of  the  water  of  the  river  is  very'  slight  ‘and  .the  sheet  of  water 
teems  'a  tranquil  lake.'  It  Seems  therefor#  that  the  ooUditiofiS  Ufa 
favourable  for  admitting  of  continuous  Pork  during  the  winter*! 
excepting’  ’a  stoppage  for  oris  of  two-  days  when  the  layer  of 
superficial  ice  is  forming  in  November  arid  :ario-thef  Stoppage  for 
one  or  two.  days  when  the  ice  breaks  up  in  Spring* 

Nevertheless  the'  question  is  of  Such  importance  frop  the 
point  Of  view  of  the  industrial  baiue  of  the  falls  of  ^EerifoWSSri* 
that  I  have  arranged  With  Dr*  J»ebmarin  tp,  construct  'a  very  short 
Water  head  ‘at  one  metre  bSloW  the  lower  winter  Waters  arid' to.  coe^e 
duct  the'  water  thus  obtained  by  a  short  covered  canal  of  U  few 



metres  in  length  to,  a  grid./  It  will  then-' be  possible  to.- 'ascertain 
diirihg  next  winter/  before  ’any  definite  decision  id  come  to,  with 
reference  to  the,  employment  of  "RenfoaSen",  whether  it  i'S  possible 
to,  protect  oneSelf  against  bottom  ice/. 

I  would'  not  advise  a  definite  .decision-  until  this  trial  on  a 
Small  scale,  which-  will  only  cost  1,000  to.  £,0,0.0.  Kroner's'  has 
been  made, 

Geneva,  80th.  AUgUSt  1901. 

(Signed)  €ol.  Tufettini, 

Dear  Sir; 

We  h'ave  yo,ur  letter  of  the  16th.  September  and.  have  communicated, 
to;  Dr.  Lehm'anri'  your  wishes  lets  to.  numerous  photographs  being  taken 
‘at  Dunderiarid.'  Dir.  Lehm'anri  h’as  alre'ady  taken  Several  views  of 
Dunderland  which  we  have  herb  in  London’. 

We  will  carry  out  /our  suggesti'ori"as  to  consulting  Consul 
.Her ssori'  about  the  opinion  of  some  prominent  Norwegian-  Geologists 
upon  the  Dunderl'and  deposits.  Window  that  there  are  one  or  two 
of  these  available  arid  si'asily  procurable.  We  Have  not,  however,. 

'ariy  information  about  Mr*  Norjodbriskold  ’but  will  make  enquiries 
"about  him. 

We  note  what  you  say  about  Colonel  Turrettirii' s  report  arid 
Mr.  Eoger  Wallace  IS  considering  yoUr  suggestion. 

In-  reply'  to'  enquiries  we  have  made  as  to  the  cost  of  coal 
'arid'  Coal  Tar,  we  send' you  enclosed' copy  of  a  letter  received  from 
Some  prominent  people  in  the  North  of  .England;  land  we  trust  this 
will  afford  you  the  information  you  require.' 

According  to.  l'atest  advices  it  seems  probable  that  Dr.  Lehmann' 
will  riot  be  back  in  London'  until  the  second  week  in  November,  as 
So.  many'  important  points  have  still  to.  be  settled  at  DuridSrlarid.  ■ 

Mr.  Ballentirie  'arrived  in  London-  last  Moiiday,  but  the  magnets 
are  riot  expected’ until  Wednesday  next  the  9th.  inst.  at  the 
earliest  'as  considerable  delay  took  place,  owi'  their  being 
wrdipgly  shipped.' 

The  Directors  trust  that  the  plans'  'arid  estimates'  'are  bpirig 
pushed" on  with  on  your  side  and  that  they  will  be  ready  in  the 
time  promised; 

Yours'  faithfully',. 


I  feel  however  some  little  difficulty  in  deciding  exactly 
wliat  description'  would  best  suit  your  and  we  hata  so 
many'  descriptions  here,  I  do  nqt  feel  cie’ar  as  to  wh'ai  purpose 
i’t  might  be  Wanted  fof,  One  description  of  coal  suits  locomotive 
purposes',  while  a  totally  different  descript.ioii'  is  wanted' for 
manufacturing  purposes'  and  of  course  art  entirely  different  one 
again  for  g'aS  malting.  Information  from  me  would  therefore  be 
more  reliable  if  you  would  kindly  tell  me  some  of  the  purposes'  that, 
the  coal  might,  be  required ' for  meanwhile  by  way  of  general  infor¬ 
mation  I  might  say  that  there  'are  the  Northumberland  Steam  Coals 
which  are  shipped  in  three  conditions,  i.e.  (A.)  Screeded'  of 
all  barge*  (B; )  Uh'screeriedi  or  partly  large  'and  partly  small*  and 
(C. )  small  which  represents  the  small  coal  taken  oUt  of  the 
Screened  Cakl  (A.)  These  Northumberland  Coals  are  shipped  at, 

Tyne  or  Blythes  port  slightly  north  of  the  Tyne,  The  prices  rurt 
at  present  about  14/p  for  the  Screened' {A. ),  1S/6.  for  the 
Unscreened  (B, ) 'and  7/-  for  slnal  1  (C. )  These  prices  'are  'all 
for  the  coials  f.  o»b'.:at  the  places  of  shipment  'arid  they 
the  Government  tax  of  i/-  per  ton-  and  the  bocal  Export 
EUt.y. ' 

The  Northumberland  Coal  is  soft,  'and  is  essentially  a  Steam 
raising  cbial.  It,  burns  quickly.  Thera  is  also  the  Durham  Coal 
which  is  essentially  a  Q'as  raising  cd'al  bUt  is  very  much  indeed 
used  for  St, Sam  raising  purposes  in  the  cheaper  qualities'.'*  The 
Durham  coals  are  Usually  supplied  in  thgteohditioii  of  Unscreened'.  (B.,) 
They  'are  shitted  "in  the  Tyne  and  the  pie  sent,  price  is  about  18-0 
including  Government  Tax  and  bocal  .Export  Duty.  There  are  other 
coals  which  come  uptder  the  category  of  Steam  raising  or  Sas  making 
cOalS  and  which  aie  used  generally  for  manufacturing  purposes’ and  go 
by  the  name  of  NUtS.  There  are  many  varieties  andvery  various 
prices.'  If  it  appears  from  what  you  tell  us  later  that  it.  is  'any 
of  these  that  are  wanted  I  will  go  into  the  subject,  of  them,.  These 
are  all  very  hard  coals  and  I  do  not  think  they  are  what  you  want. 



I  have  pleasure,  in  sanding  you  herewith  an  approximate 
'analysis  of  what  might  be  taken  to-  be  'an  average  Northumberland 
Steaii  Coal  and  "also  one  of  what  may  be  taken  to  be  'ah  average 
Dilrham  Gas  making  or  Ste'am  raising  Coal. 

In  regard  to-  the  rate  of  freight  oh  Coal  to  Mo.  I  think  that 
you,  could  tfafely  reckon  upon  aboht  4/6  par  to*'  if  you  can  take  in1 
parcels  of  about  1600  tons.  This  figure  would  include  toe  cost,  of 
the  delivering  over  shits  hall  at  toe  port  of  discharge. 

Newcastle-oh-Tyhe . 

Path.  September  1901.  • 

Front  your  dSscriptiwV  of  the  Coal  Tar  that  i's  wanted 'I  am 
inclined  to  think  that,  it  i's  toe  tar  remaining  after  distillation 
of  Coal  Tar  arid  after  drawirig  off  toe  light  and  heavy  OHS.  This 
is  used  as  a  sort  of  Varnish  for  coatorig  Iron  arid  Wood  surfaces'  to-, 
prevent  Oxidation.  It  is  also  used  to  coat  wood  blocks'  for  street 
laying  and  i’t  is  likewise  us“ed  for  thinnihg  pitch.  I  expect 
therefore  that  this  is  the  "article  that  you.  are  making  enquiry 
about. : 

Assuming  such  to  be  the  case  it  can'  be  Supplied' in  40.  gallon 

wood 'casks  at  between  HE ^  and  14-6  per  Cask,,  according  to  the 


port  of  shipment.  There  are  four  of  Such  casks  to  -toe  tori-  not 
each  cask  full  corifairis  about.  6  cwtS,  Each  cask  occupies  about 
11  cubic  feet.  The  price  mentioned  includes  toe  cost  of  casks  on- 
an  order  of  'about  SO  casks  arid  if  the  casks  are  returned'  in  good, 
condition-  there  i's  an  allowance  of  S/6  e'ach.  It  could  also  be 
Shipped  •  ill  .tanks  'ajjferiquifced  for  by  you  bdt.  at  great  extra  expense, 

I  dorit  yet  know  how  mu,ch, 

Ori  the  subject  of  freight  I  think  I  might  safely  say  that 
if  loaded  on-  board  'a  steamer  carrying  coals  also  for  you.  I  could' 
arrange  foir  'a  freight  of  about  8/»  per  ton  over  the  coal  rate. 

If  for  instance  you  were  bUyiiig  ’a  cargo  of  coals  arid  the  fate  of 
freight  on  toe  coals  were  4/6  I  think  that  I  could  'arrange  for  a 
certain-  quantity'  of  coal  Tar  ih  casks  to  be  shipped  "at  6/6.  If 


,■  •  •  -a- 

oh  the  other  hand’ a  parcel  of  Coal  Tar  were  sept  by  ordinary’  liner 
I  do  nob  think  that,  you,  could  reckon-  on  lesb  thhn  10-6  per  tort'' 


8,  Market  Street, 

Fitzalan  Square, 


November  12th,  1894. 

Ibis  is  to  cet'tff?  that  a  sample  or 


has  been  analysed  and  found  to  contain 

A.  Illuminating  Gas  expressed  in  cubic  feet  per  Ton .  1L206 

Illuminating  Power  of  Gas  expressed  in  Standard  Sperm  Candles  ....  167 

Moisture  ....  ;... 

.  -  per  cent.  0-9 

Volatile  Matter 

.  ..  31-68 


. .  68-82 

Total  Sulphur 

.  1-58 

Total  Ash 

.  0-96 

Coke  expressed  in  lbs.  (avoirdupois)  per  Ton  .  j  B80,37 

Volatile  Matter  expressed  in  ditto  ditto  ....  ....  ...  709-68 

Specific  Gravity  ....  ....  ....  ^  je 

Weight  of  1  Cubic  Foot  expressed  in  lbs.  (avoirdupois)  at  62»  Fahr.  ....  79.c8 

B.  Tar  expressed  in  lbs.  (avoirdupois)  per  Ton  . 

Ammoniacal  Liquor  ditto  ditto  . 

Analysis  of  Tar- 

Light  Oils  (Naptha,  & c.)  per  cent . 

Heavy  Oils  (Creosote,  &c.)  „  . 

Analysis  of  Ammoniacal  Liquor- 

Ammonia,  per  cent . 

Equivalent  to  Sulphate  of  Ammonia,  per  cent . 


This  is  an  excellent  Coal  for  the  production  of  Gas,  and  yields  a  good  per¬ 
centage  of  Coke,  which  contains  only  a  small  percentage  of  Sulphur  and  Ash.  It 
also  contains  the  usual  amount  of  Tar  and  Ammoniacal  Liquor,  of  good  quality. 




(Copy.)  (hj^ZrSyZLOo 

Laboratory  and  Assay  Office, 

75,  '1'h.c  Side. 

.  JVewcastle-on-Tyjie, 

4th  February,  1870. 

I  hereby  certify  that  I  have  analyzed  the 
under-mentioned  sample  of  Coal  and  that  I 
find  the  following  results 
Sample  marked  "Bothal  West  Hartley  Coals” 
contains,  when  dried  at  212?  Fall. 

Carbon . 80-90  per  cent. 

Hydrogen  . 5*33  „  „ 

Kitrogan .  0*96  „  „ 

Oxygon .  9*64  „  „ 

100  00 

Calorific  power  of  Coal,  7955  Centigrade 
Heat  Units. 

Pounds  of  water  evaporated  from  the  Boil¬ 
ing  point  by  one  pound  of  Goal,  14' 46- 

(Signed)  JOHjY  PA  TTINS  ON- 

t/Cs  -tA — t 

LEBANON, PA. ,  Oct.  19,1901, 

W.  S.Mallory, Esq. , Vice  Brest., 

Hew  Jersey  &  Penna.  Concentrating  Works, 


Nr,  Coleman  has  handed  me  your  letter  of  the  16th  Inst,  for 
reply  and  I  take  pleasure  In  giving  you  the  follov/ing  figures. 

The  labor  connected  with  the  crushing  of  the  ore  by  the 
process  of  the  Edison  rolls  is  as  follows:-  4  men  unloading  ore, 
and  2  men  at  the  Crusher,  Total  wages  per  month  §262.50, 

If  you  wish  to  include  hoisting  the  ore  to  the  top  of  the 
roaster  and  dumping  it. in  the  roasters,  v,e  will  add,  one  man  to 
hoist  the  ore  and  two  men  on : top  of  the  roaster;  Total  wages  §126.00 
per  month. 

In  February 'of  this  year  we  passed  through. the  crusher  14609 
tons  and  in  September^/  13360  tons.  The  maximum  size  of  the  ore  which  v/e 
handle  is  about  3  ft,j£"  largest  dimension,  (there  is  very  little  of  this, 
however, )  and  the  ore-  varies  from  this  size  down  to  fine  ore.  I  would 
say  that  the  average  size  of  the  ore  measures  about  18“  largest  dimension. 

The  rol^s  are  placed  4"  apart  giving  ub  ore  ranging  from  8” 

down.  j 

The  re  pairs  on  our  orusher  are  very  light.,,  For  the  past  six 
months  we  have  j/Oplaoed  one  pair  bevel  gears  and  one  Worm  wheel  for 
operating  feed/rjolls  and^one  complete  set  of  oonoave'  plates  on  the  rolls. 
Beyond  this  therjia  haveAbeen  any  repairs  of  whioh  we.  have  kept  record. 


graphic  Address,  £%oaJ&; 

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the  western  onion  telegraph  company 

21.000  OFFICER  IN  AIUI CD ■  SNA  ,NC°RpORATED - - - -  W-TiiXy  X* 

tra^Amits  nn<l  DEMVEIIS  messages  only  oiu  ■  CABLE  SERVICE  TO  ALL  THEJWORjr),^ 

• - -  THOS.  T.  ECKERT.  President 


Dated_^.  ^U_ 






Collect  Cable  f.rom  .Hew  York. 

London  via  Hew  York  Oct.  31,  1901. 

Edison,  Hew  York. 

Please  write  us  personal  detailed  letter  for  publication 
public  prospectus,  giving  cost  Crushing  Concentration  Briquetting 
at  Edison  and  Zino  Mill,  and  your  estimate  some  cost  Dunderland. 



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HEW  YORK,  Hov.  1,1901. 

Mr.  V7.S. Mallory, 

The  Hew  Jersey  &  Pennsylvania  Concentrating  TOcs., 

Dear  Hr.  Mallory, 

Orange  ,llew  Jersey. 

Answering  the  inquiry  from  your  London  correspondent  In  rela¬ 
tion  to  the  cost  of  our  crushing  at  Pranklln,  I  heg  to  say  that,  during 
the  past  four  months,  it  has  "been  about  as  follows: 

June  25  oents 

August  24  oentB 

July  29  “  September  23  " 

I  give  you  these  four  months,  as  they  are  the  first  in  which 

we  have  had  the  mill  down  to  a  steady  capacity,  say,  of  about  14,000 
tons  a  month.  This  oost  includes  the  unloading  of  the  ore  at  the 
mill,  all  labor,  superintendents,  supplies,  taxes,  insurance  and  power; 
In  other  words,  all  costs  which  should  be  applied  to  this  item. 

I  regret  that  we  have  not  our  figures  made  up  as  yet  for  the 
month  of  Ootober,  so  that  I  can  give  them  to  you,  as  I  believ*  they  will 
be  very  favorable,  the  tonnage  through  the  mill  having  been  between 
19,000  and  20,000,  and  the  mill  running  without  stops  or  aocidents. 

Trusting  this  will'  answer  your  inquiry,  we  remain, 
i  '  Very  truly  yours, 


!  V/.P.  Hardenburgh, 


Vice  Prest, 

Teuecapm.c  Address,  4S.0  & ZSdn/ei^U'  edoetJo; 

"Obsession  -  London’.'  " 


8th.  November  1901'. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 


New  Jersey.  ■ 


Dear  Mr.  Edison, 

I  send  you  a  extract,  from  a  report  by  Professor  Henry  Lotii's 
on  the  OroendAl  Briquette,,  also  copy  qf  ‘a  letter  referring  to; 
the  Sams.: 

When  Dr.  Lehmann  visited  yoii  in  the  Spring,  he  took  out  one 
of  .these  briquettes"  to  show  you.' 

Mr.  Dick  has  arrived  in  London. 

Yours  faithfully,' 



Mr.  A.P.PEHRSON  to  the  SYNDICATE. 

6th.  November  1901, 

Dear  Sits'; 

Referring  .to-  your  ihquiry  *as  to  the  trade  in  Sweden  in-  Concen¬ 
tration1  and  Briquattl^  of  low  grade  Iron  Oped,  I  brig  to  inform 
you,  that  .there  'are  several  places'  in  Sweden  where  low  gr^de  ores 
are  being  crushed'  and  concentrated,  but  there  'are  no  places  ,in 
Sweden  'at  the  moment  where  concentrated  are  briquetted;  There  are 
2  or  2  places  ih-cluding  the  Sagmer  property"  which  Consul  Perssori> 
and  others'- are  developing  where  Groendal  Briquetting  plant  will 
find  application-  in  addition  to.,  hie  Crashing  Machine  ‘and  Separating 

The  GroendAl  Crusher  Separator  arid  Briquetting'  plant  has  been 
in  use  for  'a  number  of  years  a.t  the  Pi.tMaranta  WorkB  in  Finland  and 
I  think  I  'am  in  a  position-  to  obtain*  from  these  Workd  actual  data 
as  to  cost  ‘and  I  will  supply  you  with  these  ‘as  soon- as  possible. 

The  Groendal  Briquetting  plant  is  in  addition1  also  in  u,se  in; 

Germany  by  Oberbergriath  Fraibere  von*  Morsey-Pickard  "at  St.  Christopher 

In  Austria  by  the  Witkowitzer  Risen  &  Hutton,.  GerierkerscHaft. 

In  Russih  by  the  SudrussischS  Bergv.'erks,  Gesellschaf t. Charkow; 

I  may' tell  you  that  the  costs  supplied  to  me  by  Mr.'  Groeridal. 
in  connection  with  the  *'Sagmur"  Mim&  which  is  being  exploited  at  the 
present-moment  'add.  where  very  shortly' will  be  erected' the  Groendal 
Crushing,  Separating  arid  Briquetting  plant,  gives  a  crushing  arid 
.  separating  cost  of  1/1  per  .ton  of  Ore  worked;  ‘arid  1/7  per  ton  of 
Ore  Briquetted;  '  r-r~ 

The  Ore  'as  miried  Contairig:- 

Irori-  60$.  PhqapfaojrUs  0.004.  Sulphur  i;qp>.  Silica  8.00,  arid  the 
finished' BriqUefbe  will  ‘analyze-  Iron  68#.-  Phosphorus'  0, QOS. 

SUlphur  0,108.  Silica  IJfg.  .thus  producing  an-  ideal  Ore  for 
manufacture  of  steel  by  .the  open  hearth  process! 

This  oire  vroqid'for  thS  purpose  .described  b§  worth  approximately 
®?/-  ton;  beirig  usSd'fdr  the  manufacture  of  high  class'  stee'l.' 



by'  the  open  hearth  .process**,' 

This  ore  wotild'  for  the  purpose  described  be  worth  approxi¬ 
mately  87/-  per  tori,,  being  Used  for  Jsfia  manufacture  of  high  class' 
steel.  The  estimated  output  per  annum  'at  .the  E'agmur  Mine  is 
30,0.00  tons  of  briquettes. 

X  wish  to  df'aw  your  attention  to,  the  fact  that  -the  Coltness 
Iron1  Co,  is  at  the  present  moment  briquetting  small  Orbs  oh  the 
same  method  "as  uafed  by  Mr.  Groeiidal, '  the  briquettes  being  'a  great 
success.  We  ‘are  at  the  present  in  treaty'  with  them  to.  pdt  tip 
'a  Qroendal  Briquetting  Furnace  which  would  do  away  with  'any 
handling  of  the  briquette  ’at  all  and 'reduces'  the  cost  enormous'ly. 

Please  peruse  Prof.  Louis's' report  ori  the  Oraeiidal  briquette. 

Yours  faithfully, 

•(Signed').'  for  A.P.PEHRSON. 



r  t  i 

I H-  /1M 

I  estimate  cost  of  Mill  at  Dunderland,  Bteam  driven  with 
mine  railway,  steam  shovels  and  mining  appliances  and  briquetting 
plant  «ta.  at  Mo.  based  on  American  prices  and  freight  to  Norway, 
using  American  erectors  and  local  labor,  thirteen  hundred  and  eighty 
thousand  dollars,  capacity  five  thousand  tons  crude,  twenty  hours 
W&lifr— part  afaptoaferfeiiMran  fcfaggwaiwtatwBB.  Any  variation  in  cost 

will  be  due  to  bad  ground  at  Mill  sites  and  change  prices  ^gjyCopper, 


Steel  and  freights.  Think  English  can  deliver  standard  punched 

shapes  at  Mo  cheaper  and  Germans  will  beat  prices  in  Dynamos.  I 
have  no  data  aB  yet  Railway.  Be  sure  include  in  estimate  heavy 
rails,  ties,  Locomotives  and  Shoen  steel  cars.  Cost  briquetting 

CW  (crao-rSb 

sixty  cents;  think  can  beat  this  twelve  to  fifteen  cents  when 


experiments  finished  here.  Ask  Lehmann  if  there  is  feldspar  in 
Dunderland  region. 



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New  Jersey. 

U.  S.  A. 

Dear  Sir, 

We  regret  to  tell  you  that  we  cannot  get  good  results 
from  the  magnets  at  Balham.  We  have  had  in  all  sixteen  different 
assays,  and  the  results  seem  to  be  most  uncertain,  and  in  many 
cases  unsatisfactory  as  regards  phosphorus;  the  ourious  part  iB 
that  the  magnetite  seems  always  to  contain  more  phosphorus  than  the 
hematite:  a  complete  reversal  of  the  usual  order  of  things. 

Mr  Ballantine  has  tried  everything  he*  oan  think  of,  and 
cannot  suggest  any  further  remedy.  His  original  theory  was  that 
some  of  the  gangue  containing  phosphorus  had  become  polarised,  and 
we  therefore  tried  UBing  an  absolutely  fresh  sample  of  ore  which 
had  never  been  over  the  magnets  befpre. 

The  result  was  $-  - 

Magnetite  .0370 

Hematite  .  0326 

Mr  Ainsworth.Cfothei.'Cpnsett  ^o,,  wfthi^fiofliiyen^are 
acquainted,  took  away  a  sample,  which  gave  mo-st  unsatisfactory 


results,  and  we  therefore  asked  him  to  come  again  later  on,  when 
we  thought  the  magnets  were  working  properly. 

On  his  second  visit  last  Tuesday,  he  took  away  a  sample 
with  him,  but  we  have  not  yet  heard  what  the  results  of  his  analyses 
are;  it  was  however  from  the  same  concentrates  as  those  mentioned 
above,  so  we  fear  they  also  will  be  unsatisfactory. 

Mr  Ainsworth  expressed  himself  as  very  uneasy  on  this 
subject  and  said  that  he  did  no.t  consider  it  was  at  all  clearly 
established  that  we  could  perform  this  separation  with  certainty 
on  a  large  scale,  he  therefore  urged  us  most  strongly  to  get  over 
some  more  iron  ore  so  that  we  could  run  it  for  some  time  consecutive 
-ly.  Wfe  therefore  cabled  to  you  at  once,  asking  you  to  send  us 
three  tonB  of  crushed  ore. . 

We  hear  from  Mr  Ballantine  that  the  bank  of  magnets 
when  erected  in  America  was  only  run  on  two  or  three  occasions, 
and  that  the  magnetite  concentrates  which  resulted  were  never 
analysed  at  all. 

We  are  making  more  runs,  and  having  the  results  analysed, 
but  it  iB  of  course  exceedingly  inconvenient,  as  many  iron  men  have 
already  been  invited  to  see  the  magnets,  and  unlesB  we  can  get  the 
magnets  right,  it  will  cause  very  serious  delay  in  bringing  out 
the  new  Company. 

If  you  can  give  any  advice  on  this  subject,  we  shall 
be  most  grateful. 

[CA.  DECEMBER  1901] 


/  •  "DICK”  CHICAGO 

■  A*  B*  DICK  COMPANY' 


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20.00  20  o  a 

8.00  — -  $  a'd 
10.00  - "  6  .  ** 

8  Shovel  Engineers  '  /,  ^ 

1  C(^m{ S  -- 

8  Cranemen  ®/2±' 

8  Shovel  Pireraen 
32  Pit  men  ■  75° 

8  Horsemen  "fT 

2  Powder  men 

24  Steam  Drilers  f 2-; 

24  Helpers  -]S~ 

2  Boss  Drillers 
4  Blacksmiths  /  ' 

4  "  Assts.  7» 

2  Driller  Carriers 
1  Track  Boss 
6  Trackmen  7;' 

4  Water  Boys 

1  Powder  House  man 

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1  Inspector 

2  Time  Keepers 
20  Miscellaneous 
8  Loco.  Engineers 
8  Piremen  - 

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Coal  1000  $of  id 
Coal  8  Shovels  Shifts 
Coal  Heating  at  Utvand  &  Mo 
Dryer  at  Utvand 
Locos,  at  Utvand 
Logos,  at  Mo 
Furnaces  at  Brie her 
Heat  for  Tar 

Blaoksmi thing 
House  Heating 

75  tons. 
20  tons 
12  tons. 

8  tons. 
12  tons 
10  tons. 

4  tons. 
35  tons. 

4  tons. 
2'  tons. 
1  ton. 

Tar  ft  Pitch  $8.00  ton 
25  ton  briquettes 
Coal  $3.50  ton. 

Dynamite  ft  Caps  2.3  cents  per  ton 



Mine  291.25 

Mill  at  Utvand  315.95 

Plant  at  Mo  487.00 

Coal  647.50 

Tar  ft  Pitch  625.00 

Supplies  525.00 

Depreciation  250.00 

Railway  Haul  250.00 


16  Bricker  Tends  ? 


Bro't.  Forward 


8  ftreman  ,  ? 


2  Helpers  i 


8  Tarmen 


2  Dynamo 


8  Mixeraen 


2  Voltmeter 


2  Dryers 


4  Firemen 


8  Conveyormen 


Master  Meohanio 


4  Mill  Machinists 


Asst.  " 


6  Cleaners 


2  Draughtsmen 


4  Loaders 


2  Boys 


/  8  Under  Briokers 


Supt.  Machine  V/ks. 

^  2  Scraper 


and  Foundry 


^✓4  Exhauster 


Foundry  Boss 


_^/4  Motormen 


4  Moulders 


^,4  Piping  men 


10  Helpers 


16  Yard  men 


2  Foreman  Machine  Shop 


2  Yard  foreman 


^0  Machinists 


4  Cartmen 


20  Helpers 


3  Oil  House  men 


6  Blacksmiths 


8  Do ok  men 


6  Helpers 


6  Unloaders 


4  Boys 


2  Switchmen 

2.00  ' 

1  Electrician 


General  Manager 


1  Assistant 




2  Electrician  Helpers 


Asst.  Supt. 


1  Chief  Store  man 


Do  reman  Tar  (Day) 


4  Storeroom 


^  "  "  (Night) 


2  Boys 


2  Foremen  Briokers 


Chief  Aooountant 


2  Foremen  Mixers 


8  Book-KeeperB 


/  Z  Test  men 


2  Time  KeeperB 


^  2  Thermometer  men 


10  General 

|3S 7.W  ~ 

4  Top  furnace 

Chief  Engineer 


2  Engineers 

Carried  Forward 






Crushing  Plant . 


2  Locomotive 


Bro 1 t .  Porward 


2  Pirejrt£n  &  Braked'-'. 


2  Poreraen  Crushing  Plant 


4  Ho*Lstmen  bottom 


2  Poremen  3  High 


4  Top  men 

.  5.00 

2  Poremen  Screen  fcBlower 


2  Giant  Peed 

.  2.00 

2  "  Magnetic  Separator  5,00 

8  Rolls 

.  8.00 

4  Oil  House  men 


2  Cleaners 


2  Inspectors 


2  Dynamos 


2  Muzzlemen 


2  Top  Dryer 


12  Yard  men 


2  Middle  Dryer 

.  2.00 

2  yard  Bosses 


4  Bottom  Dryer 

.  5.00 

2  Steam  Pipe  men 


2  Top  Stock  House 

.  2,00 

2  Helpers 


2  Purnaoe 

.  2.00 

1  Supt. 


2  Pan 

.  2.00 

1  Asst.  Supt. 


2  Under 

.  2.00 

1  Electrician 


2  Top  Crusher  House 

.  2.00 

1  Asst.  Electrician 


8  Roll  men 


6  Eleotrioian  Helpers 


2  Under  Roll 

.  2.50 

2  'Water  men 


2  Top  Screen 

.  2.50 

6  Machinists 


2  Bottom  Screen 

.  2.50 

4  Machinists  Helpers 


2  Top  Blower 

.  2.50 

■2  Boys 


2  At  Blower 

.  2.50 

'  2  Storekeepers 


2  Bottom  Blower 

.  2.50 

2  Poremen  Machine  Shop 


2  Top  Magnetite  House 

.  2.50 

Chief  Engineer 


4  Magnetite Separator 

.  5,00 

Asst.  Engineer 


2  Top  Hemetite 

.  2.50 

4  Engineers 


6  Hemetite  Separator 

.  7.50 

2  Helpers 


2  Top  Blower 


6  Piremen 


2  At  Blower 


2  Dynamos 


2  Bottom  Blower 


2  Regulating  Pressure 


2  Top  Stock  House 


2  Timekeepers 


2  Bottom 


4  Clerks 

3.75  : 

4  Loaders 


4  Blacksmiths 

6.00  j 

4  Tailhelt  men 

4.00  , 

4  Blaoksmith  Helpers 

4.00  | 

4  Annunciator  hoys 
Carried  Porward 

2.00  . 

20  General  20.00 




Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate,  Ltd.,  and  Related  Companies 
Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate,  Ltd.,  Files  -  Correspondence  (1902) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence,  reports,  and  other  documents 
relating  to  the  business  of  EOMS  and  its  development  of  the  Dunderland  iron 
deposits.  Many  of  the  letters  are  to  or  from  Edison.  Among  the  other 
correspondents  are  Herman  E.  Dick,  a  director  of  the  Syndicate;  Francis 
Hungerford  Pollen,  managing  director;  J.  Hall,  Jr.,  secretary;  and  George 
Ainsworth,  a  Syndicate  member.  Included  are  letters  dealing  with  patent 
infringement,  briquetting  methods,  and  ore  analyses.  Other  items  concern  the 
development  of  the  cement  business;  the  sending  of  samples  of  South 
African  gold  to  Edison;  and  the  appointment  of  William  Rhodes,  a  nephew 
of  Cecil  Rhodes,  as  a  director  of  EOMS  and  the  Standard  Construction 
Corp.,  Ltd.  Also  included  are  a  report  of  a  Syndicate  meeting  and  a  pamphlet 
entitled  "Dunderland  Iron  Ore  Company,  Limited." 

Approximately  80  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected. 

'to*-**''  CtHrtsi^yr 

^  6s£{ 

"Obsession  -  London'.' 

52I4.G  errard, 

Mr  T.  A.  Edison, 


New  Jersey,\C5^'C5C^wvw-^'/' 

”•  B'^U. 



'  /&  / 
Ts-^onaer/ts,  lire. 

January  7th  1902. 

( T^ur-'pti 

$*&£$%?  |p  IA- Ai|&. 


Dear  Sir, 

We  thank  you  for  Your  lezffifl»,or  the  26th  December,?  and 
the  samples  of  hemati ter^cEu C The se^Xa^^rXe'^have^Mt  to 
the  Gonsett  Iron  Co. ,  ancpjto  Mjf\iyindsor  Richards,  etc. , 

Mr  Ainsworth,  Wf  the/( 

Wsett  Co.,  enquires  whetheivjjSfie 

f  method  applies  to  hematite''  onl\  or  to  both  hematite  and  magnetite. 
Would  you  kindly  enable  us  tp  answerNfchis  question  ? 

The  following  is/ an  extract  \rom  Mr  Ainsworth's  letter, 
which  may  be  interesting  t b  you 

"I  think  it  would  decidedly  be  worth  whii'd.  treating  a  certain 
"portion  o-f  Dunderlana  Ore  so  as  to  bring  thk  phosphorus  down  to 
".006  if  it  can  be  done  at  the  cost  you  mentionXnamely,  an  extra 
"16  cents  per  ton. 

"For  most  general  purposes  of  steel-making,  however,  the 
"figure  previously  given;  say  .020  to  .026,  would  suffice,  and 
"users  would  probably  not  pay  any  higher  price  were  it  purified 
"to  a  greater  extent,  unless  it  enabled  them  to  mix  it  with  some 


"other  ore  containing  a  distinctly  larger  proportion  of  the 
"element  and  which  in  consequence  could  be  purchased  at  a 
"lower  price.  These  conditions,  however,  would  probably  no.t 
"be  general  and  the  proportion,  therefore,  on  which  it  would 
"be  worth  while  to  incur  the  extra  expense  could  only  be  found 
"by  experience. 

Enclosed  is  a  list  of  members  of  the  Syndicate  to  date. 

Yours  faithfully, 


1  Enclosi 



Mw  do K/- 

JlcMtAVL  aaI  !ln WhjJUj  IOjlcJ^ 

*  d-oJUA)  %rtdMVLci^l  ^  ^ 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  N.J. 



My  dear  Edison, 

Mr.  Lawrence  has  been  confined  to  his  room  for  several 
days  with  a  severe  cold,  but  I  hope  that  he  will  be  out  on  Monday 
next . 

On  last  Tuesday  we , had  an  interview  with  Sir  David  Dale, 
Bart.,  and  Mr.  Ainsworth,  which  lasted  practically  all  of  the  day. 
They  had  come  down  to  London  especially  on  this  business  and  were 
prepared  to  declare  just  what  amount  they  would  underwrite,  but 
the  English  Engineer's  enormous  increase  over  our  statement  of 
the  amount  of  money  required  to  erect  plant,  build  railway,  etc., 
rather  depressed  them,  and  it  was  only  after  several  hours  talk 
that  they  intimated  the  amount  of  money  they  should  put  in  the 
Company,  providing  that  we  could  get  our  estimate  down.  I  want  to 
give  Mr.  Ainsworth  credit  for  his  belief  in  your  figures  rather 
than  the  increased  ones.  The  meat  of  the  whole  interview  was 
this  that  the  Consett.  Company  will  underwrite  at  least  £50,000, 
but  I  hope  to  have  this  increased  to  £100,000,  and  that  Mr.  Ains¬ 
worth  will  be  elected  by  that  Company  as  a  Director  for  our  new 
Company;  and  further  than  this, Sir  David  took  under  consideration 
our  Invitation  for  him  to  act  as  Chairman  for  the  new  Company. 


Tclcphonc  No.  36(7,  o  LONDON,  W.C. 

Telmbau,!  "CECEUA.  LONDON.”  * 

They  gave  it  as  their  opinion,  provided  that  all  of  the  points 
raised  by  them  would  be  cleared  away  satisfactorily,  that  eight 
Iron  firms  would  be  found  who  would  underwrite  at  least  £50,000 
a  piece . 

I  have  had  very  long  interviews  with  Arthur  Keen,  and  I  am 
of  the  opinion  that  he  can  be  handled  so  that  he  will  lend  us  his 
support  in  more  ways  than  one,  and  that  his  Companies  will  make  a 
substantial  subscription  to  the  enterprise. 

We  will  be  greatly  benefited  by  Simpkin  coming  over,  and  I 
was  pleased  to  receive  your  cable  saying  that  he  will  sail  to¬ 
morrow.  He  makes  a  good  impression  and  is  very  convincing  in 
his  statements.  You  must  remember  that  I  am  not  an  Engineer,  and 
while  I  can  and  did  reiterate  my  belief  in  your  figures,  it 
would  not  carry  the  same  weight  as  if  made  by  Simpkin.  Generally 
all  of  my  people  accept  your  statements,  but  as  I  explained  when 
I  saw  you  last,  the  Solicitor  for  the  new  Company  must  feel  con¬ 
fident  that  the  money  we  ask  for  will  complete  the  works  and  so 
must  the  Directors,  otherwise  it  would  place  them  in  an  awkward 
position  later,  on,  if  we  found  ourselves  short  of  money. 

I  called  on  Mr.  JackBon  to  write  you  regarding  your  shares 
held  in  trust  by  Geroud.  To  my  surprise  I  found  that  he  was  the 
same  Jackson  who  I  had  had  a  short  and  most  unsatisfactory  busi¬ 
ness  experience  with  here  several  years  ago,  but  he  had  moved  from 



near  the  Bank  further  down  the  City,  and  X  did  not  recognise  the 
new  address.  He  is  in  with  a  crowd  that  has  no  money, ^  and  I  have 
known  of  some  of  their  peculiar  methods  of  financing,  and  I  cannot 
conceive  where  these  shares  would  be  of  any  use  to  them,  excepting 
that  his  crowd  originally  promoted  the  Cray's  Teulautograph,  and 
have  been  living  ever  since  by  occasionally  selling  a  few  shares  to 
new  people.  He  tells  me  they  expect  to  bring  out  a  large  Con¬ 
tinental  Company,  and  knowing  the  people  as  well  as  I  do,  I  will 
say  that  if  ever  you  receive  any  money  from  this  crowd,  X  shall 
be  awfully  surprised.  However,  I  will  work  on  the  lines  that 
they  have  money  and  see  what  can  be  done. 

I  hope  that  you  are  better  than  ever  now  physically,  and 
with  kindest  wishes,  I  am, 

Sincerely  yours, 

P.S.  As  soon  as 
will  bring  up  the 
sist  that  this  be 

Mr.  Lawrence  is  able  to  be  at  the  Office,  X 
matter  of  sending  you  a  Cheque  in  full  and  in- 
done . 

-I  <  ' 

A  ■'''  , '(.  })"  t 

£A/W\  I.Ia-OT  a  d  U3  <T|  d 

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\\^b  ctkto  to  tAvv,CtcCCt~' ( 



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LOCCC*  to  f'  *  ~  jEt 

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U^Ae'  —  TaZ-cTl  Cc3-/icca\Jy«J« 
VAjTOs  tv'V  tuAW^,  GcoU<  of  t^cd^ 

[^  C^-vi"  x6oJ.j»Uay,e 

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the  western  union  telegraph  company. 






February  2EL/I902. 

L  VvH“  K/ 

^  /vt1  V*  / 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. 
Orange , 

N.  J. 

Dear  Sir,- 

We  enclose  two  assignments  to  the  Edison  Ora/ililXlng 
Syndicate  of  your  Norwegian  and  Swedish  ore  milling  patents. 
These  assignments  were  left  with  us  hy  Mr.  Mallory  some  time 
ago  for.  the  purpose  of  ohecking  off  the  patents.  We  have 
received  from  the  Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate  of  London, 
England,  a  complete  list  of  all  applications  and  patents 
filed  in  foreign  countries  on  your  inventions  to  date  re¬ 
lating  to  these  matters,  and  from  that  list  have  checked 
off  the  patentB  mentioned  in  these  assignments.  \  If  you 
will  kindly  sign  the  papers  as  indicated  in  pencil  before 
leaving  for  the  South,  we  wij.1  attend  to  the  legalization 
formalities  here,  and  at  once  forward  them  to  the  Ore  Mill¬ 
ing  Syndicate,  since  they  appear  to  he  in  somewhat  of  a 
hurry  for  them. 

Yours  truly, y 



ling  Syndicate,  Limited,  of  London,  in  accordance  with  your 
request.  Tn  view  of  your,  willingness  to. assign  the  pat- 
ents  relating  to  cement,  about  which  there some  question, 
as  mentioned  in  the  note  left  at  the  Laboratory  last  Wednes¬ 
day  by  Mr.  Taylor  of  this  office,  and  the  fact  that  the  as¬ 
signments  are  otherwise  correct,  we  are  having  them  legal¬ 
ized  and  expect.,, to  forward  all  the  papers  to  the  Syndicate 
within  the  next  day  or  two.  You  have  not  advised  us  as  to 
whether  you  intend  to  obtain  back  from  the  Syndicate  a  li- 
censo  under  the  patents  applicable  to  cement,  as  suggested 
in  our  note  above  referred  to.  Should  thi3  be  your  inten¬ 
tion,  kindly  so  advise  us,  when  we  will,  if  you  wish  us  to, 
write  the  Syndicate  about  the  matter. 

Yours  truly.  - - - 


5214. G  ERRARD. 

‘  Adobe.*.  A  ZSd/t/e'i/w- 

^>Zr?naeyv,  me. 

‘i'^CTVucvQ  CL  .“icUuL<r~  £i<^. 


O'ViA.e  \'^hJU^\  ■ 

0  0  Private. 

27th  March,  1902. 

Referring  to  the  report  of  the  General  Meeting  of 
Membera  of  the  Syndicate,  held  on  the  19th  of  February  I  am 
inatructed  by  the  Board  to  now  hand  you  herewith  a  draft  proof 
proapectua  (marked  K)  which  ia,  for  the  preaent,  private  and 
confidential,  of  the  proposed  Company  to  work  the  Dunderland 
(Norway)  iron  ore  deposits  by  Mr.  Edison's  process. 

You  will  observe  that  Members  of  the  Edison  Ore-Milling 
Syndicate,  Ltd.,  are  to  participate  in  exceptional  privileges, 
via.,  to  receive  25  per  cent.-  commission,  or  bonus,  in  fully 
paid  Ordinary  shares  of  the  Dunderland  Iron  Ore  Co.  Ltd.,  in 

respect  of  any  Preference  shares  they  may  desire  to  underwrite 
in  the  proposed  Company. 

Before  any  outside  cash  underwriting  proposals  are  en¬ 
tertained,  I  am  instructed  to  enquire  whether  you  wish  to  take 
advantage  of  this  offer  to  Members  of  the  Edison  Ore-Milling 
Syndicate,  and  if  so,  what  amount  of  Preference  shares  you 
desire  to  underwrite. 

A  form  of  underwriting  letter  is  enolosed  herewith,  and  I 
should  be  glad  if  you  would  favour  me  with  a  reply  in  the  course 
of  a  week,  as  it  is  expected  that  matters  will  shortly  be 
sufficiently  advanoed  to  enable  the  Company  to  offer  the  Pre¬ 
ference  shares  for  public  subscription. 


P.S—You  will  note  that  the  terms  of  subscription  are :  - 
5/-  per  share  (or  5  per  cent.)  on  application,  20/-  (or  20  per 
cent.)  on  allotment,  and  that  the  next  oall  of  25/-  is  not  due 
till  30th  September  next. 

Interest  will  be  paid  also 
Shares  as  the  works  progress. 

the  calls 

the  Preferenci 





Issue  of  £1,000,000  Six  per  Cent.  Cumulative  and 
Participating  Preference  Shares. 

Amberley  House,  Norfolk  Street, 

Dear  Sirs, 

London,  W.C. 

Referring  to  the  arrangement  under  which  the  Dunderland  Iron  Ore  Company, 
Limited,  is  to  issue  on  your  behalf  at  par  the  above-mentioned  Preference  Shares  for  the 
consideration  herein  mentioned  I  UNDERTAKE  immediately  upon  the  issue  of  a 
Prospectus  offering  the  same  for  public  subscription  to  apply  or  obtain  applications  to 

your  satisfaction  upon  the  form  accompanying  the  Prospectus  for  _ 

- - — - - - - -Pounds  nominal  value  of  such  Preference  Shares 

(such  applications  to  be  accompanied  by  the  amount  payable  on  application),  and  to 
accept  or  procure  acceptance  by  such  approved  applicants  of  the  allotment  of  the 
same  or  any  less  amount  that  may  be  allotted  to  me  or  in  respect  of  such  approved 
applicants,  and  in  the  event  of  my  omitting  to  apply  or  procure  such  approved 
applications  before  the  time  fixed  by  the  Prospectus  for  the  closing  of  the  Subscription 
List,  I  irrevocably  authorise  you  to  apply  in  my  name  for  the  same  or  any  less 
amount,  and  to  pay  on  my  behalf  the  amount  payable  on  deposit  or  any  subsequent 
instalments,  and  to  accept  allotment  of  the  same  on  my  behalf. 

All  allotments  to  persons  other  than  myself,  including  applicants 
procured  by  me  and  other  Underwriters  and  applicants  procured  by  them,  shall 
be  applied  in  relief  of  the  amount  guaranteed  by  me  and  other  Underwriters  in 
proportion  to  the  amounts  underwritten  respectively,  except  that  I  desire  to  take 

firm  - - _ — - - — Pounds  of  the  amount 

above  underwritten,  and  desire  allotment  to  myself  of  that  amount  accordingly. 

The  consideration  to  be  paid  me  by  you  for  the  above  is  a  commission  of 
twenty-five  per  cent,  in  fully-paid  Ordinary  Shares  of  the  Dunderland  Iron  Ore 
Company,  Limited,  upon  the  nominal  amount  of  the  Preference  Shares  hereby 
underwritten,  such  consideration  to  be  satisfied,  if  the  Company  goes  to  allotment  on 
such  issue,  within  fourteen  days  after  the  transfer  of  the  property  in  Norway  to  the 
Dunderland  Iron  Ore  Company,  Limited. 

I  am  aware  that  Ironmasters  and  others  connected  with  the  iron  and  allied 
industries  are  to  receive  35  per  cent,  in  Ordinary  Shares  for  underwriting  a  limited 
number  of  Preference  Shares;  Members  of  the  Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate  are 
to  receive  25  per  cent,  in  Ordinary  Shares,  and  should  .all  the  Preference  Shares 
not  be  taken  up  or  underwritten  by  the  Members  of  the  Syndicate  or  the  Ironmasters 
outside  underwriting  will  be  offered  on  different  and  not  so  favourable  terms. 


Yours  faithfully. 

We  beg  to  acknowledge  the  receipt  of  the  above  letter  and  agree 

the  terms 

i  o£*-, 


j  fe^r-te.  /lo-j-fL.^ 


«*-A.  '^' 

£c*C£t_^j  -Wx^x. -t^-c^j 

&^<x=L  72T 



—  t 

—  *^£.2^^  - 

LONDON,  30t,h  April  IPOS. 

I  I 

M  8NORAHDD  M-  of'  a  final  settlement  between  Messrs. Lawrence 

ana  Dick  as  t.o  sale  and  disposal  of  Two  Hundred  and  twenty 
two  (S2S)  Syndicate  Shares  of  £100  each  in  the  second  issue 
of  £50,000  Capital  Edison  Ore  Milling  Company,  belonging 
to  Messrs.Edison,  Dick  and  Lawrence. 


Messrs. Dick  and  Law:rence  signed  a  Memorandum  dated 
...  Snd.  April  1901,  defining  their  respective  holdings  of 
.Syndicate  shares  (old  and  new  Issues)  to  be 

Mr.  H.  E.  Dick  195  shares. 

"  J.  Lawrence  165  " 

plus  7  further  shares  each  part  of  89  allotted,  and-  taken  up 
by  Mr. Arthur. H. Pollen,  said  14  being  in  trust  for  us,  in 
two  independent  portions  of  7  each. 

•  Over  and  above  the  aforementioned  shares,  Mr. 

Lawrence  possessed  80  shares,  balance  of  4K  originally  acquired 
by  him.  These  20,  plus  2  bought  from  R.W. Wallace  for  £400, 
have  been  all  privately  sold  by  Mr. Lawrence,  as  they  were 
his  independent  property,  and  were  outside  of  and  not  subject 
to  joint  account  adjustment  (vide  agreement  of  1st. June  1,900). 
The  165 . shares  in  Mr.  Lawrence' s  name  above,  he  was  entitled 
(by  terms  of  agreement  of  2nd  April  1901  )  to  sell  independently 
if  he  thought  fit,  as  they  were  his  own  property. 

But  as  the  Edison  Ore-Milling  Company  in  April  1901  ' 
needed  help  immediately,  it  was  agreed  to  pool  the  under¬ 
mentioned  shares  allotted  as  part  of  the  Syndicate’s  second 
issue  of  £50,000,  and  to  deposit  the  same  as  security  for  - 
a  loan  of  £20,000  from  Child  &  Go’s  Bank  guaranteed  by  Mr. 
Lawrence  and  Mr. Dick. 




The  proportions  of  the  222  shares  of  the  new  issue 

be}  onging  to  each  norson  were  :  - 

New  Issue 

102'  Mr.  T.  A.  Edison. 

65  Mr.  H.  E.  Dick. 

5b  Mr. J.  Dawrence. 


Being  50  per  cent  on 
Original  Capital  of 

(original  holding). 


110  " 


T]iese;j.|)22  new  shares  accordingly  constituted  the 
"pool"  out  of  which  Messrs  Dawrence  &  Dick  sold  shares  to 
pay  off  Bank  advances  and  interest  to  help  the  Syndicate 
and  discharge  calls  on  the  shares. 


Of  those  222  shares,  Mr  Edison  (  see  memo:  2nd. April  1901  ) 
previously  paid  £3,000  for  30  shares  in  full  direct  to  the 
Syndicate  itself,  consequently  Mr. Dick  gave  up  his  own 
scrip  for  the  30  shares,  as  the  borrowers  could  not  break 
up  the  scrip  for  222  shares  already  in  the  Bank’s  hands 
as  security. 

Thus  only  192  shares  were  subject  to  disposal  on  joint 
pool  account. 

Of  these  192  shares  175  have  been  sold  for  cash  and  to 
meet  Consul  Persson’s  Bill  of  £10,000  due  by  Syndicate  as 
per  statement  annexed  (A)  and  in  further  pursuance  of  Mr. 
Edison’s  written  authority  dated  10th  September  1901  annexed 

In  statement  (C)  annexed  is  given  an  analysis  of  the 
Shares  sold,  showing  175  disposed  of  out  of  192.  (NOTE:  Mr. 
Dick  sold  one  share  to  A.  H.  Heath  and  one  share  to  Mr.Scott- 
Tjings  after  this  statement  was  comol eted,  but  those  two  items 



are  not  brought  into  joint  account,  and  they  are  his  own  deal). 

'i'he  proportions  of  shares  on  joint  account  sold,-  work' 
out  to:-  ' 

Mr.  Edison  Hb  shares. 

"  Dick.  HO  do 

"  Lawrence  SO  do 


Leaving  thereby  to  each,  net',  (excluding  their  previous 
shares)  : 

Mr.  Edison  7  shares. 

"  Dick.  b  do 

"  Tiawrence  5  do 


Add  shares  sold  175 
'X'otal  shares  "pooled"  193 

Including  shares  of  original  issue  the  holding  of 
each  person  remains  :  - 

First  issue.  Balance  ‘X'otal  Present 
Snd  issue.  holding. 

Mr. Edison  33b  7  343 

"  Dlok‘  130  6  135 

"  Lawrence  110  5  lift 

Mr. Lawrence  has  already  had  10  of  the  115  transferred 
po  him  by  Mr. Dick*  and  the  10  now  stand  in  his  -  name;  and  a 
further  38  today  are  transferred  making  43  in Ԥ.11  for  which 
Mr. Lawrence  will  be  registered.  There  are  consequently  73 
further  shares  (  to  make  up  the  lib  )  due  from  M-r.Dick  to 
Mr.  Lawrence,  and  Mr. Dick  accordingly  has  signed  a  further 
transfer  in  blank  for  73  shares.  Mr. Lawrence  has  today  given 
back  to  Mr.  Dick  (  for  cancellation  )  transfer  deed  of  55  shares 
signed  on  Snd.  April  1901,  in  exchange- for  new  transfer  deed 
of  73  shares.  Old  transfer-  de  >d  for  110  shares  had  been 




previously  Riven  to  Mr.  Hall  (Secretary  of  the  Edison  Ore 
Milling  Syndicate)  to  he  broken  up  and  sold  for  common  account. 


In  the  Cash  Summary  (  L  )  annexed,  the  amounts  received 
in  cash  and  bill  are  shown.  -  This  statement  is  subject  to 
adjustment,  in  respect  to  interest  and  discount  when  a 
settlement  is  effected  with  the  Standard  Construction  Company 

and  the  Edison  Ore  Ml ling  Syndicate.  -  (Cheque  on  Child's 

Bank  drawn  and. signed  by  Mr.  hick  and  Mr.  Lawrence  for 
£1S00  and  interest  this  day) 


It  is  hereby  mutually  agreed  between  Mr.'  I>awrenoe  and 
Mr.  I.ick:- 

(a)  That  the  analysis  and  statement  statement  (  C) 

annexed,  of  shares  sold  or  held  be  accepted  as 
final  between  Mr.  Lawrence  and  Mr.  Lick  on  Mr.  L 
■  Lick’s  own  behalf  and  Mr.  Edison’s  also. 

(b)  That  the  statement  of  cash  (D)  be  also  held 

between  Mr.  Lawrence  and  Mr.  Lick  as  final  on 
Mr.  Lick’s  behalf  and  Mr.  Edison’s  also. 

This  (L)  statement  shows  £16, 084' ■  (subject  to  addition 
or  deduction  for  interest  or  discount)  as  divisible  amongst 
Mr.  Lawrence,  Mr.  Edison  and  Mr.  Lick  in  the  following 
proportions,  according  to  the  shares  sold,  viz:- 

Mr.  Edison  66/175  ths 

"  Lick  60/175  ths 

"  Lawrence  60/176  ths 

P'or  the  present  it  is  assumed  that  only  £14,.600  is 

immediately  divisible, 
cited  gives  to  each:- 

This  sum  divided  in  proportions 


Mr.  Edison  £  45,  386 

"  Lick  £  4,  971 

"  Lawrence  £  4,  143 

£  14,.  600 


awards  paying  Mr.  Edison  his  £6,386,  Mr.  Dick  and  Mr 
Lawrence  will  haye  to  contribute  an  amount  in  the  proportion 
in  which  their  shares  were  sold,  namely: - 

Mr.  Ill  ok  60/110  ths  being  £3,;938 

"  Lawrence  60/110  ths  "  £8,448 

Lue  to  Mr.  Edison.  £6,386 

Mr.  .  Lawrence  has  accordingly  given  Mr.  Lick  .today 
Cheque  for  £3,448,-.  the  receipt  of  which  he  acknowledges  by 
signing  this  statement. 



H.H.AlUmsen  u 

E.  Slstierson 
tl.  Armstrong 

Carried  forward 



(4  1 







Peb.  £0 

H.  E.  Diet 

Brb  ford. 

:  D.  Evans. 


-  i 

a,  16,  £00 

■  •££ 


L.  J.  Morgan. 

'  i  ■ 




Ei  Windsor  Richard 

t  ■  6 


•  6 


P.  G.  Shaw.  / 

'  1 




Sir  E.  Sassoon.  ■  * 





A.  M.  Palmer.- 




do  ‘ 

Adtol  Cleveland 





C.B.B.McDaren.  ^ 




do  ' 

Hon.  R,.-  James. 




do  ' 

X.-  Williams:-  ■/ 




do  ' 

P.  Williams.  ■  ✓ 





Sir  C  Euan  Smith  / 





Slr-E.  SfpenOer. 





A.  H.  Pehrson. 


t  £00 



A.  B.  Markham. 


1  400- 

Lpr.  £ 


|  W-.S.'B.  McXjaren.  ^ 




M.  Dillon. 




'-J.0.S.  Davies 




H.  -Pike  Pease  ✓ 




Sir  W. '  1'.-  Xievrls.  - 




Sir  W.  Houldsvorth. 




I1.  H.  Pollen 




J.  M.  While  x 




•  do  / 




W.  i'.  Egerton.  ^ 




J.'  H.  Cory. 




R.  S.  Donkin.  ✓ 




J.  Baekhotrse. 


?  £00 



a  £4,900 


20*  /  O  (n&sn&ftnriacL  > 

hr"-  itt,  'llec- 



IJS'  ^ol3Ljor  £  24-900 


10.  Sept.  1901. 

Mr.  Lawrence. 

Lear  Sir, 

You  may  dispose  of  a  sufficient  number  of  my 
shares  from  the  late  inorease  of  capital  now  held  by  the 
Bank  to  liquidate  my  proportion  of  the  money  due  on  suoh 
shares,  said  shares  to  be  sold  at  not  less  than  twice  the 
par  jvaluej  thereof,  or  if  it  is  absolutely  necessary  to 
sell  for  less  than  twice  the  par, then  the  price  for  my 
shares  shall  be  the  same  as  those  sold  by  you  and  Mr. Dick, 
(signed)  THOS.A. EDISON 




Name . 

prior  to 
,2nd  Issue. 

2nd  Issue 
of  now 


Loss  Sold 





(less  30) 



Mr.  DICK. 















O fhxJtiisrriJZ^^ 



Cash  reoeived  by  Lawrence  16  800 

,,  Diok  and  Lawrence  4,800 

Dick  3,300 

Representing  124£  Shares  at  £200  ~ 

(Dillon’s  being  sold  for  £100) 

—  say  125  Shares  — 

Add:  Consul  Persson's  renewed  Eill  10,000 

Interest  on  ditto  250 


Total  Cash  and  Bill  received 

The  following  sums  were  advanced  to 
the  Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate 

Cash  by  Lawrence 

, ,  Dick  and  Lawrenc  e 
, ,  Diok 

Proceeds  of  Bill  of  £10,250 
Discounted  by  Standard 
Construction  Company 

Bank  Interest  charged  to  Diok  and 

Due  twmfr  byASyndicate 

Balance  - - - 

10,000  0  0  (Out  of  £16,800) 

4,800  0  0  (Out  of  £4,800) 

nil  ,  (Out  of  £3,300) 


0  ■  0 


0  0 


0  0 


13  0 


7  0 


0  0 


7  0 

■f/r  (  PJcovio  fiL^oyv  ( 



1,600  0  O') 

1,234  7  Oj 

£2,834  7  0 


Consul  Persson’s  Bill  duo  by  Edison  Ora  Milling 
Syndicate  ° 

Interest  on  ditto  to  date  of  payment 
Balance  of  Sales  due  by  Lawrence 
,,  ,,  ,,  Dick 

Advanoe  due  by  Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate 
Interest  on  ditto 

Balance  in  Bank  (Dick  and  Lawrence) 

Interest  on  ditto 


Less  due  to  Construction  Co. 

(subject  to  Discount.  Charges)  8,000 


(Subjeot  to  further  additions  and  deductions.) 

£.  ■ 


...  (?) 
•••  (?) 
...  (?) 

Out  of  Balance  of  £2,834  a  further 
advance  was  made  to  Syndicate 
by  Dick  and  Lawrence 

Leaving  Balance  in  Bank  due  to  Dick 
and  Lawrence  (plus  interest) 



Mr.  Diok  is  registered  for  240  Shares,  on  which  he  .got  120 
allotted  to  him. 

Mr.  .Lawrence  went  guarantee  to  Child’s  Bank  for  £20,000 

as  follows  (on  security  of  Sorip  for  222  Shares): _ 

Mr.  Diok’s  Shares  120 

Mr.  Edison's  ,,  102 

222  =  £22,£do 

Less  Mr.  Edison's  Cash  s  3,000 


Paid  from  Joint  Deposit  Account  of  Mr.  Lawrenoe  and  Mr.  Diok 
to  the  Edison  Syndicate,  £19,200,  and  left  £800  in  Bank  to  cover 

i  Of  Mr.  Dick's  120  Shares,  55  belong  to  Mr.  Lawrence,  as  he 
owned  110  odt  of  Mr.  Dick’s  original  Shares.  Mr..  Lawrenoe 

thereby  becomes  owner  of  165  Shares,  thus: _ 

Original  110 

2nd  Issue  55 

-  165 

Mr.  Diok  remains  owner  of 

Original  130 

2nd  Issue  65 

- -  195 

-  360.  ‘ 

Mr.  Lawrenoe  and  Mr.  Diok  ea^  also  own  7  Shares  (part  of 
12  each)  Mr.  Arthur  H.  Pollen  took  up  and  paid  for  as  part  of  29 
allotted  to  him  as  part,  of  the  final  balance  of  60  Shares  taken 
up  by  Directors  to  complete  whole  £50,000  Issue. 

Scrip  for  30  Shares  taken  away  to  give  Mr.  Edison  for  his 
£3,000  oash,  Mr.  Diok  replacing  this  Certificate  by  30  of  his  own. 
The  Scrip  for  the  55  Shares  is  at  the  Bank,  and  forms  part  of  the  j 
120  Shares,  but  Mr.  Lawrence  has  the  Transfer  Deed  from  Mr.  Dick  t<j 
himself  (Signed)  H.  E.  DICK. 

Witness:  T.  BOGG.  J*  LAWREN®* 

■  .  ■  1  ,  "HvaJ  3-  I  • 

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—  ......  _  _ _ _  _ 

^JCcyy~J~^y  ^c~r~-Cs  Qoy  'h-^/ty^fj  £>  Sty^C.  C*^!-', 

Dear. Mr.  Edison', 

Mr.  Rudd,  who  4s  you  Enow,  is  one  of  our  principal4  shareholders 
is  very  anxious  that  we  should  take  up  the  problem  of  gol'd  crushing 
in  South' Africa,  and  he  proposes;  if  you  approve,  to  send'  you  ten 
tons  of  Rand  ore;  if  you  would  be  willing  to  make  some  experiments 
with  it. 

Nearly  all  the  ■  material  for  the  Railway  at  Dunderland'  has  been 
ordered  and  already  about  three  hundred'  men  are  at  work. 

Everything  seems  to  be  going  very  smoothly. 

You  will  have  heard  from  Mr.  Dick  that  Mr.  William  Rhodes-; 
a  nephew  of  the  late  Mr.  Cecil  Rhode's,  has  been  made  .a  Director  '■ 
of  the  Ed'iBon  Syndicate,  of  the  Standard  Construction  Corporation 
and'  also  of  the  Dunderl'and  Company  on  Mr.  Rudd's  nomination. 

If  you  will  kindly  tell  me  your  wishes  as  to  t£e  gold  ore', 

I  will  at  once  communicate  with  Mr.  Rudd  and  arrange  for  it  to  be 

Believe  me. 

Yours  very  truly; 


////  -/y/ry^  yy/o  /0  •  "  z*>  A  t*/y. 

.  /  _  \J 

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^  7  /  .  7 


Telegraphic  Address,  ■£:&.< 

Obsession  -  London'.' 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esqr. 

New  Jersey, 

.'ni/ej/'-'  (yt£>e(de', 


<z=^CO??ZC&ny.  w.c. 

1st.  ifally  1603. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison^ 

As  I  promised  Mr.  Dick,  1  sertd  you  .herewith'  some  particulars 
Of  the  Gro'endal  Briquetting  prooesS, 

BelieVfe  me,- 

tours  raittcruiiyj 



- by - 

..Effof.  H.  LQPI3.  M.A. .  A.R.B.M. .  F.T.c. .  g.a.s. 

The  briquettes  axe  made  In  the  form  of  square  prisms  6.3  in. 

X  6.3"  in.  x  2,6  in.  They  are  decidedly  strong  and  will  with¬ 
stand  quite  as  rough  treatment  as  most  natural  oreB.  When  broken 
with  the  hammer,  they  part  into  several  large  pieces'  and  do  not 
fall  to  powder.  They  are  sufficiently  porous  for  easy  reduction 
in  the  blast  furnace,  the  pores  constituting  about  SO  per  cent  of 
the  volume  of  the  briquette.  The  specific  gravity  of  a  piece 
taken  from  the  heart  of  a  briquette  is  Just"  about  4.  This  piece 
when  air  dried  and  left  trader  water  for  SO  hours  only  absorbed 
about  6  per  oenfof  water;  in  the  air  dried  state  it.  contains 
about  0.4  per  cent  of  moisture.  The  briquette  does  not  seem  to 
disintegrate  at  all  by  exposure  to  the  a,lr  or  moisture.  It  is  ob¬ 
vious  that  it  thus  appears  to  possess  all  the  characters  that 
render  it  suitable  to  replace  raw  ore  Wither  in  the  blast  furnace 
or  for  steel  making. 

The  concentrates  containing  6  to  •$  per  oent  of  water  are 
stamped  into  brick  form  in  a  drop  press.  On  leaving  the  press 
the  blocks  are  so  soft  that  they  oan  only  be  lifted’ by  using  both 
hands;  and  they  cannot  be  stacked  ih  an  ordinary  kiln.  They  have 
therefore  to  be  burnt  in  a  sfpial  furnace  into  wHich  they  are 
charged  on  special  oars.  These  latter  are  four-wheeled  iron 
oars,  about  4  feet  broad  and  8  feet  long.  The  top  consists 
of  an  iron  tray  lined  with  firebricks',  the  sides  being  prolonged 
downwards  to  as  to  form  flanges.  The  blocks  are  piled  up  loosely 
3  deep  upon  the  firebrick  surface.  The  furnace  is  100  feet  long 
and  consists  of  a  firebrick  tunnel  just  wide ' enough  to  admit  the 
flat,  iron  cars;  along  either  wall  of  the  furnace  runs  a  channel 
filled  with  sand  into  which'  the  flanges  of  the  oar  top  dip;  the 
ends  of  the  car  are  furnished  with  grooves  and  oorresponiing 
horizontal  ribs  so  as  to  fit  olosely  against  each  other.  When 



the  furnace  1$  full  of  oars  there  is  therefore  a  continuous;- 
•practically  air-tight  channel  heneaLth  them.  The  arch'  of  the 
furnace  is  about  16  In.  above  the  surface  of  the  cars,  these  latter 
forming  a  continuous  furnace  hearth.  The  furnace  is  gas-fired,’ 
there  being  a  combustion  chamber  situated  about  the  middle  of  the 
furnace',  and  consisting  merely  of  a  raised  portion  of  the  arch 
into  which  the  ga,s  (producer  OS’  blast  furnace  feas)  is  admitted. 

The  air  requisite  for  combustion  enters  below  the  line  of  cars 
at  the  charging  end  of  the  furnace,  passes  through  the  channel 
formed  by  the  oars,  and  then  returns  to  the  combustion  chamber  ovep 
the  burnt  briquettes  lying  on  the  cars;  the  air  is  thus  heated  so 
as  to  produce  more  energetio  combustion,  and  at  the  same  time  the 
briquettes  are  so  far  oooled  that  they  can  be  handled  when  they 
leave  the  furnace.  At  definite  intervals  of  time  a  car  of  burnt 
briquettes  is  withdrawn  at  the  delivering  end,  and  a  car  of  new 
blocks  ready  for  burning  is  pushed  in  at  the  charging  end.  It  will 
be  noted  that  the  ore  is  treated  without’  any  admixture;  according 
to  the  inventor,  the  property  of  producing  a  coherent’  briquette 
is  due  to  a  portion  of  the  ore  being  in  a  state  of  very  fine 
division,  and  to  the  heat  in  the  fumaoe  reaching  a  temperature 
of  1200°  0.  A  oarfull  of  burnt  briquettes  is  withdrawn  at 
intervals  of  from  £  and  hour  to  1$  hours,  the  latter  period 
being  only  necessary  when  the  ore  contains  more  sulphur.  The 
briquetting  fumaoe  act’s  at  the  same  time  aB  a  calciner,'  and 
thus  desulphurises  the  ore;  Pitkaranta  concentrates  are  said  to 
contain  about  0. 6  per  cent  Sulphur/  whilst  the  slowly  burnt 
briquettes  contain  only  traces.  Bach  oar  carri'ed  about  1-J  tons 
of  briquettes,  so  that  the  output  of  a  furnace  is  between  24 
and  -60  tons  per  day;  where  there  i3  no  sulphur  to  be  got  rid 
of,  thfe  inventor  thinks  'that  a  furnace  could  bum  up  to  100 
tons  of  briquettes  daily.  He  states  that  the  coal  consumption 
amounts  to  5J6  of  the  weight  of  the  briquettes  burnt.  The 
author  states  that  3  men  and  one  lad  per  shift  suff iOe  for  the 
press  and  furnace;  he  estimates  the  power  consumption  at  2£  horse. 


power.  A  furnace  such  as  described  here  is  said  to  cost  about 
26y000  kroner  fsay  £1,400)  to  which  must  be  added  the  cost  of  a 
small  gas  producer,  or  say  £1,700  altogether.  The  press  cost's 
£600,  including  buildingjtools  &a, ,  the  cost  of  the  plant  may 
be  taken  as  3b out  £3^000. 

The  cost  of  briquetting  concentrates  may  therefore  be  calcu¬ 
lated  as  follows :- 

Upon  a  daily  production  of 

TOO  tons.  24  tons. 

La,bouJb  (say  40/-  per  day)  -5d.  ls.8d. 

Fuel  (at  say  10/*pe.r  ton)  -6d.  -  6d. 

Power  (at  say  £12  per  I.H.P.  per  annum)  -0£d.  -  Id. 

Interest  and  depredation  (at  10  per 

cent  per  annum)  -2|fd.  -TOd. 

Cost  of  briquetting  per  ton  of 

briquettes.  ls.lfd.  3s. Id. 

No  doubt  cheaper  work  than  here  indicated  could  be  done  with 
a  large  plant  laid  out  for  continuous  work,  the  above  figures 
being  for  a  small  plant  worked  on  a  little  more  than  an  experiment¬ 
al  soale.  The  cost  is  no  doubts  even  so;  considerably  below  the 

increased  value  that  the  concentrates  or  fine  ore  will  attain 
by  this  treatment.  The  inventor  states  that  he  has  applied  the 
process  successfully  not  only  to  the  Pitkaranta.  oonoentrates  but 
also  to  ores  of  all  olaases,  including  red  hematites  and  brown 
hematites  of  various  kinds,  and  to  burnt  pyrites  residues  (purple 

Newcastle-on-Tyne . 

May  1901. 


Referring  to  your  enquiry  as  to  the  trade  in  Sweden  in  Con¬ 
centration  and  Briquetting  of  low  grade  Iron  Ores,-  I  beg  to  inform 
you  that  there  are  several,  places  in  Sweden  where  low  grade  Ores 
are  being  Crushed  and  Concentrated,-  but  there  are  not  plaoes  in 
Sweden  at  the  moment  tbhere  concentrates  are  briquetted.  There 
are  two  or  three  plaoes  including  the  Sagnner  property  which  Consul 
Persson  and  others  are  developing  where  Groendal  Briquetting 
plant  will  find  application  in  addition  to  his  CrushingbMachine 
and  Separating  plant. 

The  Groendal  Crusher  Separator'  and  Briquetting  plant  has  been 
in  use  for  a  number  of  years  at  the  Pitkaranta  Works  in  Finland 
and  I  think  I  am  in  a  position  to  obtain  from  'these  Works  actual 
data  as  to  cost  and  I  will  supply  you  with  these  as  soon  as 
possible.  The  Groendal  Briquetting  plant  is  in  addition  also 
in  use  in  Germany  by  Oberbergrath  Praihere  von  Morsey-Pickard  at 
St.  Christopher. 

In  Austria  by  the  Witkowitaer  Bisen  &  Hutten,'  GewerkerBchaft. 

In  Russia  by  the  SudrUBBische  Bergwerks  Gessellschaft,  Charkow. 

I  may  tell  you  that  the  costs  supplied  to  me  by  Mr.  Groendal" 
in  connection  with  the  t,Sagmurtt  Mine  which  is  being  exploited  at 
the  present  moment  and  where  very  shortly  will  be  erected  the 
Groendal  Crushing,  Separating  and  Briquetting  plant,  gives  a 
crushing  and  separating  oost  of  l/l  per  ton  of  Ore  worked;  and 
.1/7  per  ton  of  Ore  Briquetted, 

The  Ore  as  mined  contains j- 

Iron  60JS.  Phosphorus  0.004.  Sulphur  1.00.  Silica  8.00.  and  the 
finished  Briquette  will  analyse  -  Iron  88 f>.  Phosphorus  0.002. 

Sulphur  0.108.  Silica  lj$6,'  thus  producing  an  ideal  Ore  for 
manufacture  of  steel  by  the  Open  Hearth  prooess. 

This  Ore  would  for  the  purpose  described  be  worth  approximately 
27/»  per  ton-,  being  used  for  the  manufacture  of  high  class  steel 


Th'6  estimated  output  per  annum  at  the  "Sagm^r0  Mine  is  30.000 
tons  of  briquettes. 

I  wish  to  draw  your  attention  to  the  fact  that  the  Ooltness 
Iron  Go.  is  a,t  the  present  moment  briquetting  small  OreB  on  the 
same  method,  as  used  by  Mr.  Groendal-,  the  briquettes  being  a  great' 
success.  We  are  at  the  present  in  treaty  with  them  to  put  up 
a  Groendal  Briquetting  Furnace  which  would  do  away  with  any  handling 
of  the  briquette  at  all  and  reduce  the  cost  enormously. 

Please  peruse  Prof.  Louis's  repojrt  on  the  Groendal  briquette. 

Yours  faithfully; 

for  A.P.FEHRSON. 



"t  of  letter  to  the  Ore 

Dear  Mr.  Mallory,- 

I  enclose  proposed  c 
Milling  Syndicate  on  the  questipfi  of  reassignment  of  the  ce¬ 
ment  patents.  Kindly  suhm this  to  Mr.  Edison  and  make 
such  corrections  as  you  ttfinlc  should  he  made,  returning  it 
»  so  that  I  cjtn  fq/ward  it  to  the  Syndicate. 

W.  S.  Mallory,  Esq., 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  H.  J, 




Edison  Ore  Milling  Syndicate  Li 
4  to  7  .Amberley  House, 
Norfolk  Street, 

London,  VI 

July  26,  1902. 

Gentlemen,  - 

Replying  further  to  your  favor  of  June  25th  1902  i 
earding  the  reassignment  of  oertain  of  Mr.  Edison's  patents, 
we  have  submitted  this  matter  to  Mr.  Edison,  with  the  fol¬ 
lowing  result : 

Your  oontraot  calls  for  the  patentB  and  applications 
set  out  in  the  schedule  annexed  thereto  and  for  improvements 
upon  auoh  inventions.  These  inventions,  while  primarily 
designed  for  the  handling  of  iron  ore,  inolude  maohines 

whioh  have  a  more  general  utility.  Eor  illustration, - 

the  giant  rolls  for  breaking  rock  and  the  3-high  rolls  for 
grinding  may  he  found  to  he  usoful,  not  only  for  iron  ore, 
hut  also  for  cement  rock  and  for  various  other  purposes 
where  rock  or  other  hard  substance  is  to  he  broken  and  ground 

There  is  no  question  hut  what  you  are  entitled  to  the  inven¬ 
tions  of  the  schedule  attached  to  the  original  oontraot  and 
all  improvements  upon  suoh  inventions  for  whatever  use  such 
inventions  and  improvements  may  he  put  to;  hut  as  to  inven¬ 
tions  made  later  than  the  date  of  the  oontraot  and  whioh  can- 


not  be  regarded  as  improvements  upon  the  inventions  scheduled 
suoh,  for  instance,  as  the  special  cement  inventions  which 
are  under  discussion,  these,  are  not  covered 

by  the  contract,  and  their  assignment  without  further  con¬ 
sideration  cannot  be  demanded  under  that  contract,  but  such 
a  demand  must  be  based  upon  some  other  or  later  contract. 

Mr.  "Edison  denies  any  intention  to  enlarge  the  contract  be¬ 
yond  its  clear  terms  and  spirit.  We  therefore  feel  com¬ 
pelled  to  again  request  the  reassignment  of  the  inventions 
referred  to  in  our  letter  of  June  11,  1903. 

Yours  very  truly, 


.  .fe  %,M. 

*  ■>/..&■>'*""■  Uf™t. 

AugUBt  14,  1902. 

W.  S.  Mallory,  Esq.,, 

Edison  Laboratory, 

0  rang* 

I  an  in  receipt  ot\rojd  letter  of  the  12th  instant, 
returning  draft  of  proposed  ^tetter  to  he  sent  to  the  Edison 
Ore  Milling  Syndioate,  Linited\and  note  that  Mr.  Edison 
thinks  the  letter  is  all/Vight  with  the  exception  that  on 
the  second  page  he  des/es  the  word\"it  would  seen"  erased. 
I  have  had  this  ohang/  made  in  the  le\er,  and  an  to-day 
forwarding  it  to  the/ Syndicate.  \ 

/  Youtb  truly,  \  n 

/  . 





1st  September  1902, 

Thomas  A  Edison,  Esq., 

_  —  Orange, 

New  Jersey.  U.S. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison, 

I  was  pleased  to  receive  yours  of  the  13th  ult.  with  the  infor¬ 
mation  as  to  your  progress  the  briquetting  problem  and  look  anxious¬ 
ly  for  the  receipt  of  some  of  the  briquettes  so  soon  as  you  feel  yourself 
sufficiently  satisfied  with  the  results  as  to  be  in  a  position  to  send 
them.  Inasmuch  as  Mr.  Simpkin  seems  to  be  pretty  well  forward  with  his 
plans  and  drawings  for  the  crushing  plant  and  will  soon  be  putting  them 
before  makers  for  tenders  it  is  very  desirable  the  briquetting  machinery 
should  not  be  unduly  delayed,  though,  of  course,  if  some  Turther  experi¬ 
ment  will  tend  to  reduce  cost,  we  might  slightly  delay,  hoping  by  pressure 
or  premium  to  hurry  up  the  delivery  of  this  particular  machinery. 

You  will,  I  have  no  doubt,  learn  with  some  interest  X  have  just 
returned  from  a  visit  to  Dunderland,  to  which  place  I  accompanied  Sir 
Joseph  Lawrence.  We  found  excellent  progress  had  been  made  with  the  rail¬ 
way  considering  the  short  time  Mr.  Roberts  and  his  assistants  have  been 
out  there;  and,  with  the  exception  of  the  large  cutting  at  Guldsmedvik 
and  the  bridges  over  the  Plura,  and  Dunderland  rivers,  it  seems  to  me  there 

would  be 

difficulty  in  being  ready  to  transport  machinery 

the  pro- 

posed  site  of  the  crushing  plant  at.  Storforshei  almost  within  the  limit 
of  this  yeaf,  and  even  the  above  portions  of  the  work  should  not  take 
very  long  for  completion  assuming  operations  are  not  exceptionally  retar¬ 
ded  by  winter  conditions.  The  cutting  at  Guldsmedvik  is  perhaps  the 
greatest  obstacle  at  present  but  arrangements  are  being  made  by  which  the 
locomotives,  steam  shovels,  and  other  material  now  delivered  at  the  port 
may  be  hauled  over  this  bank  and  utilised  generally  on  the  line  of  track. 

It  will  be  desirable,  so  soon  as  Mr.  Simpkin  has  placed  the 
bulk  of  his  contracts  for  the  machinery  of  the  crushing  plant,  for  him  to 
go  out  to  Dunderland  to  decide  upon  the  spot  as  to  the  exact  site  for  its 
erection,  as  well  as  of  some  minor  details  which  require  to  be  considered 
in  connection  with  local  conditions. 

I  am  glad  to  learn  that  the  crushing  plant  at  the  Cement  Works 
promises  to  give  such  satisfaction.  Crushing  limestone  is  very  different 
to  dealing  with  the  iron  ore  from  Dunderland,  but,  as  you  say,  it  proves 
the  capacity  of  the  dryers  and  conveyors. 

The  phonograph  has  afforded  my  family  and  our  friends  many 
hours'  genuine,  enjoyable  amusement,  and  I  thank  you  much  for  it.  It  is 
extremely  kind  of  you  to  offer  to  send  me  more  records,  but  you  have  been 
so  generous  in  this  respect,  I  hesitate  to  trespass  further;  but,  if  I 
might  presume,  we  enjoy  the  instrumental  solos  so  much  that,  if  you  have 
a  few  recent  ones  of  this  description  which  you  say  are  very  much  improv¬ 
ed,  I  should  gratefully  accept  a  small  number  at  any  time  when  convenient. 

With  very  king  regards,  believe  me, 

Yours  faithfully. 


October  31st  1902., 

Mr  Thomas  A.  Edison/ 


.  New  Jersey. 

W  dear  Edison,- 

Will  yon  please  write  the  Syndicate  giving  them  the 
general  plan  you  use  for  proving  your  cement  deposits.  We  have 
in  view  several  likely  deposits/  and  considerable  wohk  has  been 
done  only  in  a  general  way,  but  it  is  now  time  to  go-  into'  this 
matter  thoroughly  "and  see  which  are  mo'st  desirable. 

I  am  sure  if  you  can  give  us  a  few  hints  respecting 
youi  methods  it  will  saVe  us  a  lot  of  time  and’ expense. 

Sincerely  yours. 




Westminster  Palace  Hotel,  S.W., 

On  FRIDAY,  31st  OCTOBER,  1902. 




Proceedings  at  an  Extraordinary  General  Meeting  held  at 
Westminster  Palace  Hotel,  S.W.,  on  Friday,  31st  October,  1902. 

Chairman  -  Sir  JOSEPH  LAWRENCE,  M.P. 

The  following  Members,  amongst  others,  were  present  at  the  Meeting:— 

Mr.  W.  H.  Allhusen,  Mr.  E.  Windsor  Richards,  D.L.,  Mr.  W.  Rhodes,  Mr.  R- 
W.  Wallace,  K.C.,  Mr.  B.  F.  Hawksley  (representing  Mr.  C.  D.  Rudd),  Col.  Sir 
Charles  Euan-Smith,  K.C.B.,  Mr.  M.  Dillon,  Mr.  E.  Steinkopff,  Mr.  T.  W.  Elliott, 
Mr.  L.  Sterne,  Mr.  S.  Thompson,  Mr.  Ernest  Day,  Mr.  C.  H.  T.  Price,. 
Mr.  H.  E.  Dick,  Mr.  W.  D.  Ross,  Mr.  A.  P.  Pehrson,  Mr.  W.  H.  Lock, 
Mr.  S.  H.  Pollen,  Mr.  J.  M.  Burnup,  Mr.  H.  R.  Schmettau,  Mr.  F.  H.  Pollen 
(Managing  Director),  Mr.  J.  Hall,  Jnr.  (Secretary),  Mr.  C.  P.  Maw  (Auditor),  &c„  &c. 

The  Secretary  read  the  notice  convening  the  meeting. 

Letters  were  read  from  Admiral  the  Rt.  Hon.  Lord  John  Hay  and  Mr  E. 

The  Chairman  stated  that  the  meeting  was  called  to  report  progress,  and  to 
consult  Members  of  the  Syndicate  as  to  the  most  desirable  course  to  be  adopted 
with  regard  to  the  proceeds  of  the  formation  of  the  Dunderland  Iron  Ore  Company, 
Limited,  the  first  offshoot  of  the  parent  Syndicate. 

Mr  T.  A.  Edison, 


New  Jersey. 

Dear  Si-i, 

It  having  heen  suggested  to'  the  Syndicate  that  possibly 
O'Ur  British  Patents  Nos.  14354  and  14366  of  1900.  infringe  in  some 
way  upon  certain  other  patents  we  thereupon  caused  Ooun&el' S  opinion 
ttf  be  taken  on  the  subject. 

ihe  opinion  of  Mr  J.  Fletcher  Moulton  and  MT  J.  W.  Cordon;1 
who  are'  both  leading  ahthoritiie's  pn  patent  law  In  this  Country,,  was 
■token,-  and  herewith  we  have  pleasure  in  sehding  them  to  you. 

We  are  sending  you  Under  Separate  coVe*  all  the  documents 
referred  to  In  the  instructions  given  by  dub  Patent  Agent  to'  Counsel,, 
except  Patent  NO.  1798  of.  1691,  which  ha?  been  abandoned. 

The  opinions  above  referred  tp  relate  to:  patents  granted 
in  the  United  Kingdom,,  and  the  opli^Lon  0t  Eorwegian  Patent  Lawyers 
is  now  being  obtained  upon  the  question  of  the  possible  infringement 
of  the  Norwegian  patents,’  the  specifications  of  which.  '0196015?  cdfrha- 
pond  to  those  taken  out  in  the  United  kingdom. 

As  soon  as’  the  Norwegian  Lawyer's'  opinions  axe  received, 
we  shall  have  pleasure  in  sending  them  oh  to  you. 

The  Directors 'axe  desirous  that  ycrU  should  he  fuily 
acquainted  with  what  Has  been  done,  ‘and  they  would  he  glad" if  yo'U 
would  communicate  to  them  any  views  which  :y6uofiay  H61d  af.ter...pefrus’ing 
the  various  documents. 

Yours  faithfully,, 







AND  MR  J.  W.  (JORDON. 

It  is  strongly  hinted  to  the  owners  of  British  Patents 
14354  and  14365  both  of  1900  that  the  exploitation  of  either  or 
both  of  them  would  constitute  an  infringement  of  one  or  both  of 
Wetherill’s  British  Patents  4806  and  4806  of  1896  or  of  the  Metal - 
lurgisohe  Gesellsohaft  British  Patents  7586  and  31317  of  1898. 

The  state  of  the  art  at  the  date  of  these  Watherlll 
Patents  la  disolosed  by  the  following 

1891  A.D.  1793,  143719  of  1889,  19963  of  1891,.  8690  of 
1896  and  16886  of  1898. 

The  Prospectus  of  a  Company  formed  to  exploit  the  inven¬ 
tions  described  in  the  patents  14364  and  14366  is  sent  herewith. 

A  copy  of  each  patent  specification  referred  to  is  sent 


Counsel  is  requested  to  answer  the  following  question  in 


Would  the  exploitation  of  the  invention  described  in  the 
specification  of  either  of  the  British  Patents  14364  or  14365  of 
1900  or  of  both  infringe  either  of  the  British  Patents  48061896, 
48061896,  .76861898  or  313171898,? 

. ’  OHAS.  S.  W00DR0FFE,  . 

188  Fleet  Street,  E, 0. 


I  am  of  opinion  that  the  exploitation  of  the  invention 
described  in  the  Specification  ofi  British  Patents  14364 .and  14366  of 



1900  would  not  infringe  any  valid  claims  of  Letters  Patent  48061898, 
4806189?,  76861898,  313171898.  The  broad  claims  of  313171898  which 
would  otherwise  give  rise  to  some  difficulty  are  invalid  by  reason 
of  the  publication  of  Carter  86901896,  and  they  cannot  be  amended  in 
suoh  a  way  as  to  give  trouble. 


August  16th  1903. 


I  think  that  the  exploitation  of  the  inventions  described 
in  the  British  specifications  Nos*  14364  or  14366  of  1900  would  not 

infringe  any  valid  claims  under  any  of  the  following  British  Patents, 
q«  and  4806/96  go 

that  is  to  Bay  4806  ^both  granted  to  Wetherill '  and  mA  7386  and 

3131798  both  granted  to  Clark.  But  as  the  case  presents  points  of 
special  difficulty  I  will  state  fully  the  grounds  of  this  opinion. 
Dealing  first  with  the  three  later  grants  whioh  can  be  aaBily  dis¬ 
posed  of,  I  observe  that  : 

480696  -  Wetherill  relates,  to  a  machine  in  which  a  Conveyor 
is  used  and  the  pole  piece  is  arranged  transversely  to  the  direction 
of  movement  of  the  ore.  These  two  conditions  exclude  both  the  pro¬ 
cesses  now  in  question,  .  . 

788698  -  Clark.  This  relates  to  a  maohine  in  which  the 
separated  material  paaBeB  between  the  poles  of  the  operating  magnet 
-  a  clear  distinction  between  it  and  the  Edison  processes. 

S131798  -  Clark.  ■  This  relates  in  truth  to  a  mechanism 
in  whioh  three  or  more  pole  pieoes  are  employed.  Some  of  the  claims 
are  inaccurately  expressed  and  aB  they  stand  they  would  in  terms 
cover  the  process  described  in  the  Edison  specification  No.  143661900. 
But  these  wide  claims  are  only  dangerous  to  the  patentee  for  they  awe 



clearly  anticipated  by  two  of  the  earlier  opacifications  sent  with 
the  case  -  that  la  to  say,  by  858096  Carter  and  480696  Wetherill. 
Having  regard  to  what  1b,  aa  above  stated,  the  essential  nature  of 
thla .Invention  I  do  not  think  that  these  erroneous  claims  can  be 
amended  In  buoIi  a  way  as  to  cover  the  Edison  processes  or  either  of 
them  and  the  Patent,  so  long  as  these  claims  remain  unamended,  lo 
clearly  invalid, 

I  come  now  to  Wether! 11* a  specification  No.  4806  of  1896 
which  undoubtedly  presents  difficulties.  But  I  think  that  on  a  true 
interpretation  the  Invention  here  must  be  understood  to  be  limited 
to  an  arrangement  in  which  the  separated  material  is  passed  over 
one  pole  only  of  the  magnet  and  through,  not  over,  the  gap  between 
the  poles.  This  is  said  on  p.  3,  line  6,  to  be  a  feature  "of  extra¬ 
ordinary  importance"  and  its  Importance  is  further  emphasised  on  p, 3 
lines  46  to  56.  It  is  quite  true  that  some  of  the  claiming  clauses 
are  inaccurately  expressed  if  this  be  the  essence  of  the  invention 
and  I  think  that  they  are  inaccurately  expressed  -  particularly  the 
4th  end  6th  which  as  they  stand  undoubtedly  cover  the  Edison  process. 
But  these  two  olalms  do  not  I  think  disclose  any  sufficient  subject 
matter  for  a  valid  patent  grant  and  1  think  that  while  they  stand 
in  their  present  form  they  render  the  patent  itself  invalid.  They 
can  no  doubt  be  amended  but  only  properly  amended,  I  think,  in 
such  a  way  as  to  bring  them  within  the  general  soope  of  the  inven¬ 
tion  as  above  defined.  The  8th  claim  again  has  no  reference  to  the 
real  nature  of  the  invention  but  it  is  fully  anticipated  by  Hoffman’s 
specification  No.  19953  of  1891  and  therefore  cannot  be  used  effec¬ 
tively  to  interfere  with  the  working  of  the  Edison  processes.  Some 
of  the  remaining  olaims  are  perhaps  open  to  exception  on  the  same 
grounds  but  it  is  not  necessary  to  consider  such  objections  to  them 
for  they  are  all  limited  by  reference  to  the  UBe  of  conveyors  or  to 
other  features  of  the  patented  invention  which  are  not  to  be  found 



in  the  Edison  processes,  l’he  phrase  "progressively  removing  the 
withdrawn  materials"  in  the  and  and  3rd  olalmB,  though  very  ambigu¬ 
ous,  means  I  think  the  use  of  a‘' conveyor  or  its  mechanical  equivalent 
to  prevent  the  formation  of  a  fringe  of  attracted  partioleB  upon  the 
edge  of  the  magnet,  I  do  not  find  any  suoh  contrivance  in  the  Edi¬ 
son  machine,  but  on  the  other  hand  I  do  not  know  how  thiB  inconven¬ 
ience  is  avoided  in  tue  working  of  the  Edison  process  of  concentration. 

I  think  that  I  have  now  fully  stated  the  grounds  of  the 
opinion  above  expressed  and  X  wish  only  to  add  that  while  they  lead 
me  to  the  definite  conclusion  already  stated  I  think  that  We therill's 
first  patent  is  a  very  dangerous  grant  and  that  as  the  Dynderland  Com¬ 
pany  is  about  to  Invest  a  large  capital  in  an  industry  which  is 
apparently  threatened  with  attack  from  the  owners  of  this  patent  it 
may  be  worth  considering  whether  steps  Bhould  not  be  taken  to  revoke 
the  patent  and  so  to  obtain  a  Judicial  decision  upon  the  questions 
at  issue. 

(Signed)  J.W. Gordon. 

s.s.  "Trent", 

nearing  Barbados 3, 

16th  Aug.  1903. 

I  Save  .today  received  notice  from  Mr  Rudd  that  twoi 
tons  of  gold  ore' have  teen  shipped  from  South  Africa  to.-  the  care  of 
Ifeasra  Young  &  Part  of  New  York,  with  Instructions  to  forward’  them 
to  You. 

Qjie  ton'  of  ore  comes  from  the  Roh'inson  Deep  Mine 
'and  one  from  the  Simmer  &  Jack  Mine. 

We  are  delighted  toi  hear  'such  good  hews  of  the  pro>- 
gress  of  the  cement  plant. 

Believe  me’;. 

Xours  Yery  truly,; 

November  26th  1908. 

Mr  H.  E.  Dick,; 

Edison  Laboratory',- 

New  Jersey. 

Dear  Mr  Dick,' 

.Mr  Simpkin  has  a  very  excellent  large  photograph  of  .Mr 
Edison  sitting  in  a  chair.  If  you  ct?uld  get  hol'd  of  two.  oopies  of 
this  'we  should  very  much  like  to  have  them  as  the  photos  we  have  at 
present  of  Mr  Edison  are  not  at  all  worthy: 

Captain  Pollen  has  been  in  the  North  o'f  England  during  the 
past  week  looking'  round  various  cement  deposits,-  'and  it  is  probable 
that  Dr.  Lehmann  will  be  in  England  during  December,;  when  we  3hall 
utilize  him  for  a  few  days  in  making  a  rapid  survey  of  those  depo¬ 
sits  presenting  most  favourable  possibilities. 

All  are  well  here,  andf'we  hope  you  are  the  same. 

Tours  faithfully, 


December  1st  1903. 

H.  E.  Dick,/  Esq. ,, 

Edison'  Laboratory, . 


New  Jersey. 

My  dear  Dick,.- 

In  reply  to'  your  letter  of  the  11th  November  on  the  new 
process  for  making  cement,'  yon  do:  not  make  it  quite  clear,  what  is 
required  in  the  shape  of  ro'ck  deposit.  Tfoii  say1  -  'lIt  is  not  neces¬ 
sary  now  to  find  cement  rock;  what  you  want  to'  lobk  for  is  almost 
any  kind  of  shal-e  or  Slate.  You  will  always  find  -a  limestone  (car¬ 
bonate  of  lime)  adjoining". 

Dobs  this  mean  that  there .is  any  difference  in  the  deposits 
required'  from  what  we  have  already  been  looking  for/,  and  does  it  mean 
that  limestone'  is  no*  longei  required  in  'such  great  quantities  7 

I  daintrb  think  you  can  reckon  . in  this  country  oh  always 
finding  a  suitable  limestone  next  to  the  Slate,  Although  there  are 
vast  deposits  of  mountain  limestone  ih  this  country,  jjfc  is  exceed¬ 
ingly  difficult  to  get  anything  like  a  large  quantity  which  is  free 

Kihdiy  let  me  know  this  at  the  earliest  possible  moment 
as  we  are  now  getting  options  on  the  large  deposits  of  limestone 
arid  shale  that  we  know  of. 

I  need  riot  say  that  we  are  Very  anxious  indeed  to.  get  a 
report  on  the  running  of  the  cement  mill,  as  hitherto-  we  have  heard 
nothing  but  that  it  is  doing  very  well. 

I  have'  heard  casually  that  the  rotary  kiln  is  turning 
out  cement  at  the  rate  of  50.  barrels  instead'  of  40.  as  anticipated, 
and  that  the  cement  has  been  tested,  with  very  good  results,  but  I 
need  not  tell  you  how  very  anxious-  we  are  to'  have  these  things  more- 
officially  communicated,  arid  that  as  early  as  possible. 

Xorirs  very  trfily,, 


graph ic  Address.  -£  &.  6‘ Z Stf/tc/ei/sy '  £^OOde-,  ‘.yk/t/^/^f> 

<^=~y.o//<:w?o.  me. 

13th.  Deo ember  1901. 

Herman  jE.  Diok  JEsqr. 

Dear  Sir, 

The'  following  are  -the  analyses  of  the  Balham  concentrate's:- 




Magnetite  Concentrate 
after  '■’’Sucking  Billy*'. 




Magnetite  Concentrate 
before  "*Sucking  Billy.*' 




Hematite  Concentm  t'e 
after  "Sucking  Billy." 




Hematite  Concentrate 
before  "Sucking  Billy.'11 






0,416  ' 


First  Magnetite  concentrate 
from  1st.  Bank  of  Magnets 



Final  Magnetite  concentrate 
from  1st.  Bank  of  Magnets 

o.c4 m 

Hematite  concentrate  after 
passing,  over  two  sections  of 
Bank  Vir 



Mnal  Ifematite  after  passing 
•"Sucking  Billy." 



’Crude  ore  being  .used  for  experiments 
at  Baiba®  Bee.  Cth* 

05,8800  ' 

£ 0  .'1 


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Its nsttZ\vM~  ■ 

SvU^ldX^a^  Asbnridr  // 


Sir  .David.  Dale's  letter 

Sir  Lawrence's  letter  to  Sir  David  Dale. 

Manager's  Report  of  Newcastle  Meeting  with  Sir  David  Dale 
Manager's  Report  of  second ‘Meeting  with  Sir  David  Dale. 

2  copies  of  Now  Book 

Six  copies  of  Draft  Prospectus  dated  12th.  December. 




April  6,  1901. 

Oonaett  Iron  Company  United. 

Dear  Hr.  Sheriff  Lawrence, 

Proposed  Company  for  aoquiring  the  Dunaerland 
Iron  Ore  Property  ana  a  lioense  to  use  in 
aonneotibn  .therewith  the  Edison  Milling 
Separating,  ana  Concentrating  Patents. 

It  was  only  at  the  olose  of  our  conference  last  Monday 
that  I  learnt  that  your  scheme  waB-~ 

1.  To  set  the  value  of  the  Dunderland  property 

( dear  I  presume  of  any  oharge  for  purchase 
money  or  any  royalty  rent )  and  the  value  of  the 
lioense  ( dear  I  presume  of  any  royalty  pay¬ 
ment)  at  £1,000,000  to  be  taken  in  fully  paid 
ordinary  shares  by  members  of  the  existing 
Edison  Syndicate. 

2.  To  appeal  to  the  publio  only  for  £500,000  of 
6  per  oent.  Preference  Capital,  I  presume. to 
rank  before  the  ordinary  Capital  not  only  in 
dividend  but  in  return  of  capital,  and  to  be 
a  first  oharge  on  the  whole  undertaking  in 
priority  to  all  other  obligations  of  the 

This  £500,000  is  I  presume  to  be  devoted  to  developing 
the  Dunderland  Property  --in  faot ,  devoted  entirely  to  new 



expenditure.  I  understand  also  that  the  Ordinary  shares  will 
be  oonfined  to  the  £1,000,000  above  described  as  being  taken 
by  the  members  of  the  present  Edison  Syndicate,  and  that  the 
holders  will  appoint  the  Directors  from  among  their  own  class. 

I  am  not  entitled  to  oritioise  the  lines  on  whioh  you 
propose  to  proceed  either  as  to  the  value  put  upon  the  Dunder- 
land  property  and  free  lioense  or  as  to  the  constitution  in 
oapital  and  restricted  holding  of  it,  but  it  seems  to  me  that 
your  scheme,  if  I  have  oofreotly  understood  it,  offers  no 
inducement  to  any  representatives  of  the  firms  who  may  become 
large  oUBtomers  for  the  ore,  to  take  any  interest  in  the  new 
Company.  It  oannot  be  said  that  their  subscribing  for  the 
Ereferenoe  Stock  is  neoessary  to  enable  the  project  to  go 
forward,  and  thus  a  new  source  of  supply  of  iron  ore  be  made 
available ,  nor  would  they  care  merely  to  have  an  opportunity 
of  investing  money  at  6  per  cent,  or  even  at  some  higher  rate 
if  they  under-wTote.  Their  only  inducement  to  take  an  invest¬ 
ment  interest  in  the  Company  would  lie  in  its  being  taken  in 
Ordinary  Shares,  the  property  being  put  at  a  value  whioh  left  a, 
prospeot  of  a  pretty  large,  say  20  per  oent ,  return  on  the  Ordia 
ary  oapital.  They  would  also  expeot  to  be  given  some  repre¬ 
sentation  on  the  Board  so  that  their  experience  might  be  brought 
to  bear  on  the  operations  of  the  Company.  They  would  then  feel 
that  their  participation  as  described  would  secure  to  them  a  sort 


of  self-adjusting  balanoe  of  advantage  between  the  price  that 
they  might  be  charged  for  the  ore  and  the  dividends  they  might 
receive  from  their  investment  in  the  Company,  i.e.  ,  if  the 
ore  price  seemed  high  they  would  feel  that  they  got  it  back  in 
dividend,  or  vioe  versa. 

,  If  you  think  it  worth  while  approaching  me  again  on 

lines  generally  correspondent  with  the  above  views,  I  shall  be 
ready  to  entertain  the  matter.  Otherwise  my.  present  feelipg 
would  be  simply  to  await  the  completion  of  your  arrangements 
and  the  opening  out  of  your  mines ,  and  then  to  entertain  such 
proposals  as  you  may  have  to  make  for  the  sale  of  your  ore. 

In  any  case  I  desire  to  reoognise  the  courtesy  with 
which  you  have  laid  before  me  your  views. 

Yours  faithfully, 

(signed)  David  Dale 

Joseph  Lawrence  Esq. , 



The  MANAGER  to  Mr.  J.  LAWRENCE. 

30th.  October  1901. 

A  Dear  Sir: 

In  acoordanoe  with  the  Board's  instructions  received,  I 
prooeec'ed  to  Newcastle  on  the  29th.  inst.  where  I  had  an  interview 
with  Sir.  David  Dale  and  Mr.  Ainsworth,  Directors  of  the  Consett 
Co.  and  of  the  Oroonera  Mines,  Bilboa,  at  the  Central  Station 

The  Survey  of  Dunderland  was  gone  into  very  closely  and  the 
questions  of  cost  of  Mill,  Plant,  Railway,  Waterpower,  Harbour 
and  freights  disoussed  &o.  Sir.  David  Dale  ashed  as  to  the 
character  and  thoroughness  of  the  Survey. 

Mr.  Ainsworth  who  had  been  to  Araerioa  and  seen  Mr.  EdiBon 
answered  these  questions  by  saying  that  he  thought  the  immense 
size  and  importance  of  the  Dunderland  deposits  were  now  quite 
established,  and  that  Prof.  Louis  v/ho  had  been  to  Dunderland 
was  quite  satisfied  to  take  Dr.  Lehmann's  figures.  Sir.  David 
Dale  asked  Mr.  Ainsworth  whether  he  oonsidered  the  Edison 
Crushing  and  Concentrating  Prooess  sufficiently  proved  to  warrant 
such  a  large  outlay,  namely  £600,000.  Mr.  Ainsworth  said  that 
in  his  opinion  the  separation  was  entirely  successful  and  the 
question  of  Milling  and  Briquetting  was  alBo  quite  oertain 
enough  to  warrant  this  expenditure  and  he  did  not  see  any  good 
in  building  any  further  experimental  plant,  or  wasting  further 


Mr.  Ainsworth  asked  whom  we  wished  to  oonvinoe  by  bringing 
the  magnets  to  London,  an.d  I  said  "people  like  you".  He  rejoined 
"I  am  convinced  already  by  what  I  saw  in  Amerioa". 

They  told  me  that  the  main  objeot  the  Consett  Company 

would  have  in  joining  the /Sunderland  Co.  would  be  to  get 
some  preferential  arrangement  as  to  the  supply  of  briquettes  in 
the  way  of  a  oall  at  market  prioe  and  representation  on  the 
Board.  Mr.  Ainsworth  said  to  Sir  David  Dale  "I  oan't  see  what  good 
it  would  do  us  to  put  a  .very  large  sum  of  money  into  this  thing 
unless  we  get  a  preferential  oontraot  of  some  sort".  I  represented 
that  of  course  it  would  generally  speaking  be  undesirable  for 
the  Edison  Syndicate  to  make  Contracts  binding  the  Mew  Co.  if 
it  oould  be  avoided.  This,  however,  they  answered  by  saying 
that  a  good  oontraot  with  the  Consett  Company  was  a  very  valuable 
asset,  since  others  would  follow  suit.  , 

The  subject  of  the  Edison  Syndicate  Shares  was  touohed  upon, 
Sir  David  Dale  asked  a  good  many  questions  as  to  other  prospects 
of  the  syndicate,  such  as  oement,  gold,  zino,  &o. ,  and  then 
stated  he  was  going  to  write  to  Mr.  Lawrenoe  about  purchasing 
of  some  Syndicate  shares. 

They  both  urged  me  very  strongly  to  bring  out  our  prospectus 
at  once,  and  in  very  full  detail,  as  they  said  that  the  thing 
was  exciting  a  good  deal  of  interest  amongBt  iron  men,  and  that  now 
was  the  time  to  strike. 

Before  I  left  Newcastle,  X  met  Messrs.  Dunford  &  Elliott  and 
Mr.  A.P.Pehrson,  who  also  urged  very  strongly  the  production  of 
the  prospectus.  They  said  in  their  opinion  there  oould  not  be 
a  better  time.  They  both  think  that  everything  has  been  done 



in  preliminary  work  that  oan  be  done,  people  only 
prospectus  to  begin  underwriting.  There  will  be  a 
supplies  of  our  Ore.  Everyone  will  want  it,  as  Mr 

Yours  faithfully, 

(Signed)  E.  H.Eollen. 

await  the  ■ 
fight  for 
.Windsor  Richards 



Mr.  J.  LAWRENCE . 

to  Sir  DAVID  DALE. 
11th  December  1901, 

My  dear  Sir  David, 

_ Re  Dunderland  Iron  Co. 

We  have  had.  under  consideration  your  letter  of  the  4th  Deer, 
and  have  brought  it  before  the  Solicitors  of  the  new  Co.  two  or 
•  three  times  in  our  Conferences. 

Before  I  deal  with  it,  let  me  say  how  much  indebted  we  are 
to  you  for  the  careful  and  valuable  suggestions  you  have  given, 
and  how  desirous  we  are  to  meet  your  views. 

Of  course  you  are  aware  of  the  initial  difficulty  which 
besets  all  new  undertakings  in  the  drafting  of  prospectuses.  No 
two  minds  seem  ever  to  be  agreed,  in  the  beginning  as  to  the 
form  or  wording.  At  the  best,  the  earlier  drafts  of  a  pros¬ 
pectus,  like  a  Bill  in  Parliament,  are  but  the  crude  outlines 
of  ideas  which  are  susceptible  of  infinite  variation  in  forms 
of  expression. 

Our's  is  no  exception  to  the  rule.  After  the  first  draft 
was  criticised  by  several  &  expert  minds,  it  was  again  re-cast 
severally  by  the  Lawyers  &  Brokers,  each  from  his  own  stand¬ 
point,  until  we  found  them  repeating  the  same  ideas  but  in 
other  words. 

I  remember  in  the  case  of  the  British  Westinghouse  Co., 
out  of  a  Board  of  9  men  and  several  advisers,  we  were  weeks  in 
agreeing  upon  a  prospectus,  one  of  our  number,  the  late  Lord 
Wantage,  bringing  up  every  other  day  a  fresh  batch  of  amendments 
and  alterations,  till  at  last  it  was  left  to  one  Director  and 



the  Solicitor  to  finally  agree  it  without  further  appeal. 

i  In  this  way  many  of  the  very  points  you  now  correctly  call 
attention  to,  were  smothered  beneath  a  heap  of  phraseB  designed 
with  the  test  intentions,  to  "popularize"  and  render  clearer  to  the 
public  or  the  Stock  Exchange-  authorities,  or  to  comply  with  repent 
legislation,  alleged  doubtful  or  too  technically  worded  clauses. 

So  too  were  the  analyses  cut  out,  as  being  matter  only  for  detailed 
report  annexed  to  the  prospectus.  . 

Anyhow  we  have  now  come  back  to  our  original  and  as  we  think, 
better,  thoughts,  more  closely  approximating  to  your  ideas  as  it 
seems  also. 

Taking  your  paragraphs  seriatim:  let  me  say  in  respect  to 
clause  (1)  we  have  made  the  clause  simpler  regarding  Preference 

In  regard  to  (2)  (allotting  ordinary  Shares  to  underwriters 
and  Subscribers)  we  also  go  back  to  our  3°  per  cent  baBis  with 
this  difference. 

Instead  of  attaching  10  per  cent,  as  originally  .outlined,  of 
ordinary  shares  out  of  the  £1,000,000  ordinary  which  the  Vendors 
were  to  take,  and  20  per  cent  to  the  underwriter,  we  acting  on  the 
advice  of  the  Brokers  propose  to  attach  to  the  6$  Preference  Shares, 
themselves,  a  tenth  of  the  profits  which  would -otherwise  go  to  the 
ordinary  shareholders.  They  feel  that  6  per-cent  alone,  iB  not 
sufficient  inducement  to  'the  Ordinary  Investor;'  but  v/e  reserve  pov/er 
to  give  to  Ironmasters  over  and  above  this  a  bonus  in  ordinary  shares 
of  30  per  cent  in  ordinary  shares,  out  of  £1,000,000  for  under- 



writing  or  subscribing  preference  shares,  on  the  amount  so  cub- 
',4  scribed. 

Thus  the  tonus  are  better  for  you  than  they  were. 

The  5  per  cent  will  be  paid  in  cash  to  Brokers  and  others 
for  subscriptions  from  others  than  Ironmasters,  i.e.  "general 

As  regards  clause  (5)  the  reasons  for  the  Vendor  constructing 
and  equipping  Railway,  Mills,  &c.  ,  was  because  the  Solicitors  advised 
that  the  public  would  want  to  see  a  definite  sum  for  cost  of  works 
fixed,  and  it  could 'nt  be  better  fixed  than  by  a  Contract.  Moreover 
it  was  the  only  way  by  which  the  Dunderland  Co.  could  pay  interest 
during  construction. 

But  on  maturer  thoughts,  I  for  one,  raised  strong  objection 
to  this.  First,  because  the  Vendor  Syndicate  waB  not  constituted 
for  such  a  purpose,  (second)  because  it  was  not  fitted  by  experience 
to  be  Contractors,  (thirdly)  the  clause  binding  us  down- to  take  no 
profit  and  bear  all  loss  was  one-sided  and  inequitable;  and  I  point¬ 
ed  to  the  case  of  the  recently  advertised  Mond  Gas  Co.  for 
Staffordshire,  where  they  let  the  contract  to  a  separate  power  and 
Construction  Co.  who  undertook  to  do  the  work  at  cost  price  plus 
7-l/2  per  cent  profit;  Ludwig  Mond  taking  his  profit  as  Vendor  of  a 
patent  (only)  in  ordinary  Bliares  and  cash  separately. 

I  proposed  that  the  best  plan  would  be  to  secure  a  high-class 
firm  of  Contractors  and  put  them  in  the  position  of  this  Construc¬ 
tion  Co. 

We  thereupon  turned  to  a  firm  (Railway  &  Works! Co.)  who  have 



constructed  railways  and  other  works  abroad,  and  the  partners 
in  which  v/ere  trained  under  Brassey. 

They,  in  principal,  are  willing  to  go  into  the  business  with 
a  view  to  a  Contract  based  on  Mr.  Edison's  estimates  of  plant 
built  for  5  already  existing  undertakings;  and  Engineer's  surveys 
which  we  have  carried  out  very  thoroughly  this  summer. 

All  the  data,  and  the  (our)  Engineers  themselves  are  now 
on  their  way  to  America,  and  I  expect  the  proposed  Contracting 
firm's  representative  will  go  over  in  a  few  days,  and  they  will 
draw  up  specifications  and  tenders  before  the  next  4  weeks  eiapse. 

Therefore,  your  (3)  suggestion  is  met  about  the  Vendor. 

We  shall,  therefore,  as  a  Syndicate  have  only  the  patent 
licenses,  and  Land  &  Surveys  to  turn  over.  We  are  to  get, as 
already  generally  understood,  the  ordinary  shares,  and  cash  for 
actual  out  of  pocket  outlays  (on  Dunderland  only)  and  the  new 
Co.  will  take  over  the  mortgage  on  the  Land  and  the  unpaid  (undue) 
instalments  or  v/hat  is  equivalent  give  us  the  exact  money. to 
pay  them. ourselves  -  cither  course  being  agreeable. 

Our  rewards  from  first  to  last  on  Inventions  and  pioneering 
and  prospecting  them  is  paid  for  in  Shares;  whilst  Land  &  Surveys 
expenditure  comes  back  again  in  cash  -  no  profits. 

On  Surveys  and  Prospecting  on  other- Estates  not  purchased, 
we  forego  return  of  cash. 

Of  course  the  new  Co.,  as  is  usual,  refunds  us  the  cost  of 
flotation  -  stamps,  advertising,  &c,  -  or  pays  it  as  part  of 
consideration  money  in  the  customary  way. 



I  trust  if  there  is  anything  I  have  not'  tojiched  upon  or 
made  clear,  you  will  do  me  the  favour  to  mention  it,  and  now  to 
sum  up:- 

We  must  float  the  Co.  early  in  the  year,  preferably  the 
end  of  January  or  beginning  of  February,  or  we  rislk  losing  the 
Spring  and  Summer  operations  in  building  the  Railway  in  Norway. 

It  is  for  this  reason  that  we  are  desirous  of  knowing  early  as 
possible  what  proportion  of  preference  Shares  (at  JO  percent  bonus 
in  ordinary)  you  are  prepared  to  underwrite  or  take  firm  or  both. 

We  can  then  approach  other  firms  who  have  indicated  their 
desire  to  come  in,  and  invite  applications  generally  from  the 
trade  before  public  offer  of  the  Shares. 

This  can  only  be  done  when  the  prospectus  is  settled  and 
Directors  chosen,  and  this  latter  point  we  won't  force  on  till  you 
return  from  Biarritz. 

I  hopeyou  will  forgive  this  long  letter.  I  don't  of  late 
years,  write  long  letters  or  letters  at  all  to  anybody,  but  I 
wanted  to  show  you  I  personally  valued  the  kindly  interest  you 
have  shown  in  a  great  movement,  which  I  have  done  my  best  for 
nearly  4  years,  to  preserve  at  a  high  level  free  from  the 
intrusions  and  schemings  of  the  "hungry  promoter"  class. 

You  will  possibly  be  interested  to  know  that  my  friend,  Mr. 
Charles  Morrison,  the  multi-millionaire,  has  joined  the  Syndicate.  . 

He  lias  been  a  powerful  supporter  of  mine  for  years  past. 

Believe  me,  j 

Yours  faithfully, 

(Signed)  J.  LAWRENCE.  ' 



Manager's  report  on  his  interview  with  Sir  David  Dale,  on  6th 
December  1901. 

In  aooordanoe  with  the  arrangements  made,  I  met  Sir 
David  Dale  at  York  Station,  and  travelled  with  him  to  London. 

After  thanking  him  for  his  letter,  and  discussing  the 
subjeot  a  little,  I  asked  him  point  blank  whether  he  was  ooming 
into  the  new  Company. 

He  does  not.  think  that  the  present  underwriting  scheme 
would  attraot  the  iron  men  at  all.  He  thinks  that  it  is  muo.h  more 
suited  to  City  men  and  capitalists.  If  however  the  underwriting 
was  altered  to  be  more  like  the  terms  whioh  were  originally 
mentioned  to  him,  amounting  in  all  to  30#  in  ordinary  shares, 
the  Consett  Co. ,  would  join  the  Company.  They  would  expect  to 
nominate  a  Direotor,  qnd  would  also  expect  some  preferential 
oontraot,  as  mentioned  before,  with  regard  to  the  purchase  of 
the  ore. 

I  tried  to  get  him  to  say  for  how  muoh  the  Consett  Co. 
would  under-write,  but  he  declined  , to  give  any  figure,  saying  that 
he  had  not  yet  consulted  the  Board  of  the  Company  about  this. 

He  enquired  what  Directors  had  already  been  proposed 
for  the  new  Company,  and  I  informed  him  that  I  believed  Mr.  Windsor 
Riohards  was  willing  to  take  a  plaoe  on  the  Board,  and  that  this 
Syndicate  had  already  nominated  Mr.  Diok,  and  would  nominate  one 
other . 

While  not  stating  anything  very  definite ,  he  oonveyed 
the  impression  that  he  himself  would  be  the  Direotor  nominated 
1.  ■ 


by  the  Consett  Co. ,  and  said  that  if  he  was  so  nominated,  he  would 
be  willing  to  go  on  the  Board,  but  emphasized  very  strongly  that  his 
name  should  under  no  oonditionB  be  mentioned  in  this  connection. 

He  spoke  very  strongly  on  the  subjeot  of  the  under¬ 

He  explained  the  position  of  the  Oroonera  Co.;the  shares 
are  praotically  held  by  four  parties:  The  Spanish  owners  of • the 
mine;  the  Consett  Co.;  Messrs.  Krupp;  and  Bolokow  Vaughan  &  Co.; 

The  interested  Iron  Companies  oontraot  to  take  a 
maximum  or  minimum  quantity  of  ore  at  oost  prioe,  plus  l/7  per 
ton  . 

In  faot ,  this  has  worked  out  that  these  three  Companies 
have  taken  about  600,000  tons  per  year,  leaving  400,000  tons  for 
market,  as  the  Oroonera  output  is  about  1,000,000  tons  a  year. 

In  addition  to  this,  the  Oroonera  Co.  haB  made  a  good 
deal  of  money  by  carrying  and  shipping  other  peoples  ore .  The 
profits  of  the  Company  from  first  to  last  have  amounted  to  100  $. 

He  stated  that  he  was  very  favourably  impressed  with  the 
names  of  the  Solicitors,  Broker,  eto.  in  the  new  Company,  and'  also 
with  the  whole  business.  He  specially  mentioned  Dr.  Lehmann,  and 
thoroughly  approved  of  the  proposal  to  put  him. in  oharge  at  . 

He  showed  me  a  letter  from  Mr.  Ainsworth  about  the 
phosphorus  in  the  sample  taken  from  the  magnets  at  Balham,  but 
was  satisfied  when  I  explained  to  him  that: the  magnets  were  not 
yet  properly  adjusted. 

He  left  laBt  night  for  Biarritz,  and  returns  about  the 
middle  of  January,  when  he  proposes  to  have  a  ..meeting  on  the 



His  attitude  altogether  was  extremely  satisfactory. 

(signed)  F.  H.  Pollen. 




Iron  Ore  Company , 

Share  Capital  -  -  £2,000,000. 

This  Pamphlet  is  issued  by  the  Edison  Ore 
Milling  Syndicate,  Limited. 

Xonbon : 

Printed  by  A.  P.  BLUNDELL.  TAYLOR  ft  CO..  173 



Dunderland  Iron  Ore  Company, 


SHARE  CAPITAL!  -  £2,000,000 

Participating  Shares  of  £5  each 

'J'HE  profits  of  the  Company  available  for  dividend 




)  DALE,  Bart.,  D.C.L.,  D.L.  (Chairman).  (Past 
it  of  the  Iron  &  Steel  Institute;  Chairman,  Consctt 
>mpany,  Limited,  and  Orconera  Iron  Ore  Company, 

I  LAWRENCE,  M.P.  (Deputy  Chairman),  (Chairman, 

*,  Britisli  Westinghouse  Electric  and  Manufacturing 
ly.  Limited).. 

D.L.,  (Director,  Sir  W.  G.  Armstrong,  Whitworth  &  Co.. 
,  North  Eastern  Railway  Company,  and  Chairman, 

STOWE  BRIGHT  McLAREN,  Esq.  (Director, 
ly,  Limited,  James  Dunlop  &  Co.  (1900)  Limited, 

ffccbnfcnl  aovtsers. 

HENRY  LOUIS,  M.A.,  Newcastle-on-Tyr 

STEAD,  Esq.,  F.I.C.*  (Messrs.  Pattinson  &  £ 
Chemists,  Middlesbrough). 

Solicitors  to  tbc  Company 
Messrs.  NORTON,  ROSE,  NORTON  &  CO., 
Street,  E.C. 



ersrs.  COATES.  SON  &  CO.,  99.  Gresham  Strc 
and  Messrs.  R.  A.  ARMITAGE  &  SON,  10,  S 

Secretary  ant>  ©Rices. 


Dunderland  Iron  Ore  Company, 



LIMITED,  was  formed  in  May,  1902,  with  a 
capital  of  £2,000,000, divided  into£i, 000,000  Preference 
Shares  fully  subscribed,  and  £1,000,000  Ordinary 
Shares  issued  as  fully  paid,  for  the  purpose  of  acquiring 
the  Dunderland  iron  ore  deposits  in  Norway,  and  working 
them  by  a  series  of  patented  processes  devised  by 
Mr.  Thomas  Alva  Edison,  the  famous  American  inventor. 

The  Dunderland  deposits  are  situated  at  tile  head  locality;. 



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Alabama  Power  Company 



Atlantic  Electric 

Association  of  Edison  Illuminating 

Battelle  Memorial  Institute 
The  Boston  Edison  Foundation 
Cabot  Corporation  Foundation,  Inc. 
Carolina  Power  &  Light  Company 
Consolidated  Edison  Company  of  New 
York,  Inc. 

Consumers  Power  Company 
Cooper  Industries 
Corning  Incorporated 
Duke  Power  Company 
Entergy  Corporation  (Middle  South 
Electric  System) 

Exxon  Corporation 

Florida  Power  &  Light  Company 

General  Electric  Foundation 

Gould  Inc.  Foundation 

Gulf  States  Utilities  Company 

David  and  Nina  Heitz 

Hess  Foundation,  Inc. 

Idaho  Power  Company 

IMO  Industries 

International  Brotherhood  of  Electrical 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Stanley  H.  Katz 
Matsushita  Electric  Industrial  Co.,  Ltd. 
Midwest  Resources,  Inc. 

Minnesota  Power 
New  Jersey  Bell 
New  York  State  Electric  &  Gas 

North  American  Philips  Corporation 
Philadelphia  Electric  Company 
Philips  Lighting  B.V. 

Public  Service  Electric  and  Gas  Company 

RCA  Corporation 

Robert  Bosch  GmbH 

Rochester  Gas  and  Electric  Corporation 

San  Diego  Gas  and  Electric 

Savannah  Electric  and  Power  Company 

Schering-Plough  Foundation 

Texas  Utilities  Company 

Thomas  &  Betts  Corporation 

Thomson  Grand  Public 

Transamerica  Delaval  Inc. 

Westinghouse  Foundation 
Wisconsin  Public  Service  Corporation 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  National  Park  Service 
Jersey  John  Maounis 

Francis  L.  Lawrence  Maryanne  Gerbauckas 

Joseph  J.  Seneca  Roger  Durham 

Richard  F.  Foley  George  Tselos 

David  M.  Osliinsky  Smithsonian  Institution 

New  Jersey  Historical  Commission  Bernard  Finn 

Howard  L.  Green  Arthur  P.  Moiella 


James  Brittain,  Georgia  Institute  of  Technology 
R.  Frank  Colson,  University  of  Southampton 
Louis  Galambos,  Johns  Hopkins  University 
Susan  Hockey,  University  of  Alberta 
Thomas  Parke  Hughes,  University  of  Pennsylvania 
Peter  Robinson,  Oxford  University 

Philip  Scranton,  Georgia  Institute  of  Technology/Hagley  Museum  and  Library 
Merritt  Roe  Smith,  Massachusetts  Institute  of  Technology 


Robert  A.  Rosenberg 
Director  and  Editor 

Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 
Associate  Director  and  Coeditor 

Paul  B.  Israel 

Managing  Editor,  Book  Edition 
Helen  Endlck 

Assistant  Director  for  Administration 

Associate  Editors 
Theresa  M.  Collins 
Lisa  Gitelman 
Keith  A.  Nier 

Research  Associates 
Gregory  Jankunis 
Lorie  Stock 

Assistant  Editors 
Louis  Cariat 
Aldo  E.  Salerno 

Grace  Kurkowski 

Amy  Cohen 
Bethany  Jankunis 
Laura  Konrad 
Vishal  Nayak 

Student  Assistants 

Jessica  Rosenberg 
Stacey  Saelg 
Wojtek  Szymkowiak 
Matthew  Wosniak 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Papers 

Rutgers,  The  State  University 
endorsed  by 

National  Historical  Publications  and  Records  Commission 
18  June  1981 

Copyright  ©  1999  by  Rutgers,  The  Slate  University 

All  rights  reserved.  No  part  of  this  publication  including  any  portion  or  the  guide  and  index  or  of 
the  microfilm  may  be  reproduced,  stored  in  a  retrieval  system,  or  transmitted  in  any  form  by  any 
means — graphic,  electronic,  mechanical,  or  chemical,  includingphotocopying,  recordingor  taping, 
or  information  storage  and  retrieval  systems— without  written  permission  of  Rutgers,  The  State 
University,  New  Brunswick,  New  Jersey. 

The  original  documents  in  this  edition  are  from  the  archives  at  the  Edison  National  Historic  Site 
at  West  Orange,  New  Jersey. 

ISBN  0-89093-703-6 

ujma&LI/  Cdt^oru  mp£M> 



Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 
Lisa  Gitelman 
Gregory  Jankunis 
David  W.  Hutchings 
Leslie  Fields 

Theresa  M.  Collins 
Gregory  Field 
Aldo  E.  Salerno 
Karen  A.  Detig 
Lorie  Stock 

Robert  Rosenberg 
Director  and  Editor 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  Of  New  Jersey 
National  Park  Service,  Edison  National  Historic  Site 
New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
Smithsonian  Institution 

University  Publications  of  America 
Bethesda,  MD 

Edison  signature  used  with  permission  of  McGraw-Edison  Compan;